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Publikasjoner (10 av 39) Visa alla publikasjoner
Marcus, L. & Koch, D. (2017). Cities as implements or facilities: The need for a spatial morphology in smart city systems. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 44(2), 204-226
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Cities as implements or facilities: The need for a spatial morphology in smart city systems
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, ISSN 2399-8083, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 204-226Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In light of the urgent threats presented by climate change and rapid urbanisation, interest in ‘smart city systems’ is mounting. In contrast to scholarship that poses ‘smartness’ as something that needs to be added to cities, recent developments in spatial morphology research pursue a view of the built fabric of cities as an extension of the cognitive human apparatus, as well as a material formulation of social, cultural and economic relations and processes. The built fabric of cities needs to be understood as a highly intelligent artefact in itself, rather than simple, dead matter. The current focus on high-tech systems risks concealing the fact that the machine is already there. In contrast to the technological ‘implements’ of smart city systems, this article looks at cities as ‘facilities’ – that is, as technologies that slow down, store and maintain energy as a resource for a variety of purposes. The article builds on space syntax research in order to give precision to the understanding of the affordances the cities offer their various processes and the ways in which cities operate as information storage and retrieval devices for individuals and for society. The city must be considered, we argue, in terms of a range of tangled, interdependent systems, reaching from individual buildings to the whole city, an understanding anchored in notions of ‘diversity’ and ‘density’ (recently gathered under the concept of ‘spatial capital’) and in research addressing how the distribution of space and artefacts serve as means of knowledge communication (specifically, in complex buildings such as libraries and department stores). In conclusion, we argue that existing discussions on ‘smart city systems’ would benefit acknowledgement of the role of cities as facilities.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2017
Emneord
smart city systems, space syntax theory, cognition, spatial capital, spatial positioning
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-199212 (URN)10.1177/0265813516685565 (DOI)000397517300002 ()2-s2.0-85028606941 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

This is the "Online First" article, or Published ahead of Print. Volume, issue, and pages will be added when included in a printed journal issue, but the article is available as published online at the Environment and Planning B website. QC 20170112

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-29 Laget: 2016-12-29 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-15bibliografisk kontrollert
Legeby, A., Berghauser Pont, M. & Marcus, L. (2015). Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 1 Perspektiv och utgångspunkter. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 1 Perspektiv och utgångspunkter
2015 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
Shared city: Urban design and segregation : Part 1
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015
Serie
TRITA-ARK. Forskningspublikationer, ISSN 1402-7453 ; 2015:2
Emneord
stadsbyggnad, segregation, jämlika livsvillkor, social hållbarhet
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179059 (URN)KTH/ARK/FP—15:02—SE (ISRN)978-91-7595-804-0 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra Urban FuturesNational Board of Housing, Building and Planning
Merknad

QC 20151217

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-09 Laget: 2015-12-09 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Legeby, A., Berghauser Pont, M. & Marcus, L. (2015). Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 2 Metoder: sociala stadsbyggnadsanalyser.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 2 Metoder: sociala stadsbyggnadsanalyser
2015 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
Shared city: Urban design and segregation : Part 2
Serie
TRITA-ARK. Forskningspublikationer, ISSN 1402-7453 ; 2015:3
Emneord
stadsbyggnad, segregation, jämlika livsvillkor, social hållbarhet
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179058 (URN)KTH/ARK/FP—15:03—SE (ISRN)978-91-7595-805-7 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra Urban FuturesNational Board of Housing, Building and Planning
Merknad

QC 20151217

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-09 Laget: 2015-12-09 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Legeby, A., Berghauser Pont, M. & Marcus, L. (2015). Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 3 Sociala stadsbyggnadsanalyser i Göteborg. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 3 Sociala stadsbyggnadsanalyser i Göteborg
2015 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
Shared city: Urban design and segregation : Part 3
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015
Serie
TRITA-ARK. Forskningspublikationer, ISSN 1402-7453 ; 2015:4
Emneord
stadsbyggnad, segregation, jämlika livsvillkor, social hållbarhet
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179057 (URN)KTH/ARK/FP—15:04—SE (ISRN)978-91-7595-806-4 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra Urban FuturesNational Board of Housing, Building and Planning
Merknad

QC 20151217

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-09 Laget: 2015-12-09 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Legeby, A., Berghauser Pont, M. & Marcus, L. (2015). Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 4 Stadsrumsanalys som designstöd.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 4 Stadsrumsanalys som designstöd
2015 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
Shared city: Urban design and segregation : Part 4
Serie
TRITA-ARK. Forskningspublikationer, ISSN 1402-7453 ; 2015:5
Emneord
stadsbyggnad, segregation, jämlika livsvillkor, social hållbarhet
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179056 (URN)KTH/ARK/FP—15:05—SE (ISRN)978-91-7595-807-1 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra Urban FuturesNational Board of Housing, Building and Planning
Merknad

QC 20151217

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-09 Laget: 2015-12-09 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Legeby, A., Berghauser Pont, M. & Marcus, L. (2015). Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 5 Summerande reflektioner. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dela[d] Stad: Stadsbyggande och segregation: 5 Summerande reflektioner
2015 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
Shared city : Urban design and segregation. Part 5
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. s. 22
Serie
TRITA-ARK. Forskningspublikationer, ISSN 1402-7453 ; 2015:6
Emneord
stadsbyggnad, segregation, jämlika livsvillkor, social hållbarhet
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178427 (URN)KTH/ARK/FP—15:06—SE (ISRN)978-91-7595-808-8 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra Urban FuturesNational Board of Housing, Building and Planning
Merknad

QC 20151215

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-07 Laget: 2015-12-07 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Legeby, A., Marcus, L., Berghauser Pont, M. & Tahvilzadeh, N. (2015). Storstäder i Samverkan: Stadsbyggandets sociala dimension. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Storstäder i Samverkan: Stadsbyggandets sociala dimension
2015 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
Metropolitan Cities in Collaboration : The social dimension of urban design and planning
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. s. 71+170
Serie
TRITA-ARK. Forskningspublikationer, ISSN 1402-7453 ; 2015:7
Emneord
stadsbyggnad, social segregation, social hållbarhet, jämlika livsvillkor, medskapande, urban form, analytiska metoder och verktyg, urban design, social segregation, social sustainability, equal living conditions, co-production, urban form, analytical methods and tools
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180288 (URN)978-91-7595-834-7 (ISBN)
Prosjekter
Storstäder i Samverkan
Forskningsfinansiär
National Board of Housing, Building and Planning
Merknad

QC 20160127

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-01-09 Laget: 2016-01-09 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Legeby, A., Berghauser Pont, M. & Marcus, L. (2015). Streets for co-presence?: Mapping potentials. In: Kayvan Karimi, Laura Vaughan, Kerstin Sailer, Garyfalia Palaiologou, Tom Bolton (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th International Space Syntax Symposium: . Paper presented at The 10th International Space Syntax Symposium (SSS10), London, 13 - 17 July 2015 (pp. 108:1-108:17). London: Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Streets for co-presence?: Mapping potentials
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the 10th International Space Syntax Symposium / [ed] Kayvan Karimi, Laura Vaughan, Kerstin Sailer, Garyfalia Palaiologou, Tom Bolton, London: Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London , 2015, s. 108:1-108:17Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

In  times  of  increasing  residential  segregation  in  cities  the  potential  for  interplay  between  local  inhabitants and non-­‐locals in urban public space becomes increasingly important. By sharing space we gain information and knowledge from our fellow citizens (Granovetter, 1983), and are enabled to participate in processes that negotiate social structures, attitudes, norms and acceptable behaviours (Giddens, 1984; Zukin, 2005). From this point of departure streets as well as local squares and centres appear to have a key role providing an arena for interplay between different social groups and an arena for exchanging information and are seen as crucial for providing access to opportunities and various urban resources (Young, 1996). Many neighbourhoods, however, have proved to fail in this respect and in areas that today face problems related to social exclusion in Sweden the streets are often characterized by co-­‐absence rather than co-­‐presence and there is an evident ruptured interface between  locals  and  non-­‐locals  (Legeby,  2013).  We  argue  that  patterns  of  co-­‐presence  to  a  large  extent are influenced by urban form and by the morphological properties that also is related to what kind of non-­‐residential activities are likely to emerge locally. This paper aims to highlight the critical role of public space and demonstrate how configurational properties may be analysed and described so that it becomes clear if and where urban design interventions can be used in order to create more favourable conditions and improve access to both various urban resources and to an urban life with a mix  of  locals  and  non-­‐locals.  In  a  project  conducted  in  collaboration  with  the  city  of  Gothenburg  seven neighbourhoods are analysed according to the potential for co-­‐presence in public urban space, and according to access to urban resources; two aspects identified as highly relevant from an urban segregation  perspective.  This  paper  uses  a  three  pronged  approach  that  combines  configurational  analysis, accessibility analysis and observations, and various diagrammatical representations of the results  are  presented.  The  findings  establish  that  several  of  the  neighbourhoods  prove  to  hold  unfavourable conditions as a result of their spatial configuration. Nevertheless, the study illustrates a way forward whereby public planning can be supported by socio-­‐spatial analysis and more accurately operate by using urban design to reach more equal living conditions and overcome social exclusion.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
London: Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London, 2015
Emneord
co-presence, public space, share space, social exclusion, urban segregation.
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174038 (URN)2-s2.0-84959207603 (Scopus ID)978-0-9933429-0-5 (ISBN)
Konferanse
The 10th International Space Syntax Symposium (SSS10), London, 13 - 17 July 2015
Prosjekter
Dela[d] Stad. Mistra Urban Futures, Boverket, Göteborgs stad
Forskningsfinansiär
National Board of Housing, Building and PlanningMistra Urban Futures
Merknad

QC 20151001

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-09-28 Laget: 2015-09-27 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-15bibliografisk kontrollert
Marcus, L., Berghauser Pont, M. & Gren, Å. (2014). Can spatial form support urban ecosystem services: Developing descriptions and measures to capture the spatial demands for pollination using the framework of space syntax. A/Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, 11(2), 255-270
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Can spatial form support urban ecosystem services: Developing descriptions and measures to capture the spatial demands for pollination using the framework of space syntax
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: A/Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, ISSN 1302-8324, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 255-270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

For sustainable urban development the idea of ecosystem services (ESS) is crucial, since it pinpoints how cities are dependent on local ecosystems and the wide range of services they provide for their welfare and survival. Pollination is an essential ESS for the majority of food production in the world and therefore also represents a tremendous monetary value that is provided by ecosystems for free. That wild pollinators are facing increasing threats due to urbanization and habitat fragmentation is therefore a distressing development. At the same time, it is also pointed out how cities have a great potential to sustain pollinator populations if properly designed and managed. However, the role of spatial form in supporting ecosystems services has so far not been studied. This is unfortunate, since it is at this scale that urban designers need knowledge if they are to support ESS. This paper presents, firstly, a conceptual discussion on the topic of spatial form of ESS and, secondly, a principal description of a methodological approach in which we propose to capture the spatial demands for pollination by developing descriptions and measures used in the framework of Space syntax. Thirdly, some preliminary results from a study in Stockholm will be presented as the ground for a discussion about the principal potentials of a spatial morphology of urban ecosystems.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161015 (URN)2-s2.0-84921421442 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

QC 20150313

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-03-13 Laget: 2015-03-06 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Marcus, L. & Colding, J. (2014). Toward an integrated theory of spatial morphology and resilient urban systems. Ecology and Society, 19(4), 55
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Toward an integrated theory of spatial morphology and resilient urban systems
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Ecology and Society, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 55-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We take the first step in the development of a new field of research with the aim of merging spatial morphology and resilience science. This involves a revisiting and reunderstanding of the meaning of sustainable urban form. We briefly describe the fields of resilience science and spatial morphology. Drawing on a selected set of propositions in both fields, we put urban form in the context of the adaptive renewal cycle, a dynamic framework model used in resilience science to capture the dynamics of complex adaptive systems, of which urban systems are prime examples. We discuss the insights generated in this endeavor, dealing with some key morphological aspects in relation to four key attributes of resilience, i.e., "change," "diversity," "self-organization," and "learning." We discuss and relate these to urban form and other social variables, with special attention paid to the " backloop phase" of the adaptive renewal cycle. We conclude by postulating ways in which resilience thinking could contribute to the development of a new research frontier for addressing designs for resilient urban social-ecological systems, and end by proposing three strategic areas of research in such a field.

Emneord
adaptive renewal cycle, resilience theory, space syntax, spatial morphology, urban design
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160012 (URN)10.5751/ES-06939-190455 (DOI)000347440700032 ()2-s2.0-84924414320 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

QC 20150216

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-02-16 Laget: 2015-02-12 Sist oppdatert: 2024-07-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2616-2422