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Publikationer (10 of 32) Visa alla publikationer
Nilsson, A., Lazarevic, D., Brandt, N. & Kordas, O. (2018). Household responsiveness to residential demand response strategies - Results and policy implications from a Swedish field study. Energy Policy
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Household responsiveness to residential demand response strategies - Results and policy implications from a Swedish field study
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

To realize the benefits of smart grids, residential demand response (DR) aims to increase demand flexibility by influence household electricity consumption. Although price-based DR programs have shown potential, there is a need to further investigate the effectiveness of DR in energy strategy and policy development. The evaluation of DR has focused on the impact on overall power demand, assuming that consumers are economically rational decision-maker. However, recent findings suggest that consumer responses have been insufficient and calls have been made to identify novel evaluation approaches that better reflect the human dimension of energy consumption. Continuing this line of enquiry, this paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of DR and explore the potential of environmental incentives for increased consumer engagement. We propose an interdisciplinary evaluation framework to understand variations in household responsiveness to DR strategies, which is tested in a Swedish DR field trial covering 136 households during 2017. Results suggest that the effectiveness of DR varies widely across household type; ranging from substantial reductions in overall consumption and during peak periods, to increases in consumption during peak periods. Furthermore, a clear favor of price incentives, compared to environmental incentives, as the most efficient strategy to increase demand flexibility was observed.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2018
Nationell ämneskategori
Energisystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239302 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2018.07.044 (DOI)000447576700026 ()2-s2.0-85050794561 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20181120

Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-19 Skapad: 2018-11-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Lazarevic, D. & Martin, M. (2018). Life cycle assessment calculative practices in the Swedish biofuel sector: Governing biofuel sustainability by standards and numbers. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27(8), 1558-1568
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Life cycle assessment calculative practices in the Swedish biofuel sector: Governing biofuel sustainability by standards and numbers
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 27, nr 8, s. 1558-1568Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Since the introduction of the European Union's Renewable Energy Directive (RED), biofuel-producing firms are required to perform life cycle assessment (LCA) based greenhouse gas accounting in order to fulfill part of directive's sustainability criteria. This paper adopts the concepts of "governing by standards" and "governing by numbers" to understand the LCA practices of biofuel-producing firms and assess the critical moments of friction between these alternative modes of governance. We focus our analysis on the use of LCA in the Swedish biofuel industry, undertaking case studies on the use of LCA in four Swedish biofuel-producing firms and semistructured interviews with industry associations and governmental bodies. Results indicated that the RED not only influences what biofuel sustainability entails but also structures the calculative practices used to measure it. At the same time, our results point to friction between achieving regulatory compliance and improving biofuel sustainability.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Wiley, 2018
Nyckelord
biofuel, governance, life cycle assessment, standards, sustainability, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-240738 (URN)10.1002/bse.2214 (DOI)000453631500037 ()2-s2.0-85052654828 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20190108

Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-08 Skapad: 2019-01-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Nilsson, A., Wester, M., Lazarevic, D. & Brandt, N. (2018). Smart homes, home energy management systems and real-time feedback- Lessons for influencing household energy consumption from a Swedish field study. Energy and Buildings, 179, 15-25
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Smart homes, home energy management systems and real-time feedback- Lessons for influencing household energy consumption from a Swedish field study
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 179, s. 15-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Home energy management systems (HEMS), providing energy feedback and smart features through in-home displays, have the potential to support more sustainable household decisions concerning energy consumption. However, recent findings from European smart metering trials have reduced the optimism, suggesting only modest savings from energy feedback. In this paper, we investigate the potential of HEMS to foster reductions in energy use, focusing on a population segment of particular relevance; high-income and highly educated households, considered as early adopters of smart grid technologies. Covering 154 households participating in a field trial in a sustainable city district in Stockholm, Sweden during one year, this study draws on the analyses of smart meter electricity and hot tap water data and in-depth interviews to provide an increased understanding of how feedback and features are perceived, used, and acted upon, and resulting effects on awareness, behavior, and consumption. Our results show that impact on energy consumption varies widely across individual households, suggesting that households respond to energy feedback highly individually. Although HEMS may lead to increased awareness of energy consumption, as well as increased home comfort, several obstacles for energy consumption behavioral change are identified. Drawing from these findings, we suggest policy implications and key issues for future research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2018
Nationell ämneskategori
Energisystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239301 (URN)10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.08.026 (DOI)000449901000002 ()2-s2.0-85053516354 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20181120

Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-19 Skapad: 2018-11-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Kangas, H.-L. -., Lazarevic, D. & Kivimaa, P. (2018). Technical skills, disinterest and non-functional regulation: Barriers to building energy efficiency in Finland viewed by energy service companies. Energy Policy, 114, 63-76
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Technical skills, disinterest and non-functional regulation: Barriers to building energy efficiency in Finland viewed by energy service companies
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 114, s. 63-76Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Energy inefficiency in the building stock is a substantial contributor to climate change. Integrated energy service companies (IESCs) have a potentially important role in improving energy efficiency. This paper presents a qualitative analysis of the energy efficiency barriers in the Finnish building sector based on data from interviews with twelve IESCs. Taking a novel supply side perspective, we place IESCs at the centre of the emerging energy services business ecosystem to identify the barriers and hindering factors (real world illustrations of barriers). From this perspective, we also examine cause-effect relationships between the hindering factors and the actors. Hindering factors, reported by IESCs, were categorised under a revised barrier taxonomy consisting of economic market failures and economic market, behavioural, organisational and institutional barriers. The most salient hindering factors—lack of technical skills, disinterest in energy efficiency improvements and non-functional regulation—were analysed with respect to ecosystem actors causing and affected by these factors. Public actors have a key role in overcoming these barriers, for instance, by creating new possibilities for entrants to take part in decision-making, increasing the functionality and practicality of policies and by providing up-to date energy efficiency information.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2018
Nyckelord
Barriers, Buildings, Ecosystem, Energy efficiency, Energy service company, Energy services
Nationell ämneskategori
Energisystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-220191 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2017.11.060 (DOI)000424962800007 ()2-s2.0-85037036350 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20171218

Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-18 Skapad: 2017-12-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Pereverza, K., Pasichnyi, O., Lazarevic, D. & Kordas, O. (2017). Strategic planning for sustainable heating in cities: A morphological method for scenario development and selection. Applied Energy, 186(Part 2), 1115-1125
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Strategic planning for sustainable heating in cities: A morphological method for scenario development and selection
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 186, nr Part 2, s. 1115-1125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The transition to more sustainable heating systems requires socio-technical approaches to strategic planning. Scenario development plays a key role in strategic planning, as the process supports the development of future visions and actions required for their realisation. However, new approaches to scenario development are required to address the limitations of conventional scenario development methods, such as the cognitive barriers of ‘groupthink’, reluctance to consider ‘outside-the-box’ options, handling of complexity, and ad hoc scenario selection and general non-transparency of scenario development processes. This paper describes the development and implementation of a novel method for scenario development and selection in the context of participatory strategic planning for sustainable heating in cities. The method is based on the morphological approach and a number of scenario criteria including transparency,reliabilitycoveragecompletenessrelevance/densitycreativityinterpretabilityconsistencydifferentiation and plausibility. It integrates creativity workshops and interdisciplinary stakeholder participation to enhance the ownership and legitimacy of the scenarios. The approach entails the generation of a complete space of scenarios for heating systems and reduction of this space using cross-consistency analysis and project-specific requirements. Iterative development and implementation of the method is illustrated using two participatory backcasting projects focused on strategic planning for providing a comfortable indoor climate for Bila Tserkva, Ukraine, and Niš, Serbia by the year 2030. The results demonstrate that the method helps overcome the limitations of conventional approaches to scenario development and supports rigorous and transparent selection of a scenario set for participatory analysis. The method fostered the elicitation of consensus-based scenarios for more sustainable heating systems in both cities with regard to the quality of indoor comfort, environmental impact, resource efficiency and energy security.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Energisystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-191480 (URN)10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.07.008 (DOI)000390075400004 ()2-s2.0-84996939042 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20160914

Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-31 Skapad: 2016-08-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Franzese, P. P., Lazarevic, D. & Reddy, S. (2016). Energy and Urban Systems. Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management, 4(2), 99-101
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Energy and Urban Systems
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management, ISSN 2325-6192, E-ISSN 2325-6206, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 99-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Energy and environmental security are major problems facing our global economy. Fossil fuels, particularly crude oil, are confined to a few regions of the world while the continuity of supply is governed by dynamic political, economic, and ecological factors. Cities and urban systems are largely dependent on local and imported resources in support of both quantitative and qualitative growth. However, modern cities are experiencing shortages of energy, water, clean air, social relations and cohesion, social inclusion, and ultimately lack of participatory governance of city complexity. At present about 50% of the world population (i.e., about 3.5 billion people) live in cities. The resource basis seems to be insufficient and unfairly distributed to support an acceptable standard of living for a large fraction of urban and rural population. In addition, the concentration of resources required to support cities places a huge load on surrounding environment. For these reasons, cities must face the challenge of reorganizing their infrastructures and lifestyles to cope with the decreasing availability of resources. The priority in policy making is to identify suitable policies to reorganize urban life in the presence of a shrinking resource basis. Such reorganization will have to make cities less energy and material demanding, although still providing high quality standards of life. This cannot occur without investments, research, and important and shared choices about lifestyles.

Nyckelord
Energy; Urban systems; Sustainable development
Nationell ämneskategori
Energisystem
Forskningsämne
Industriell ekologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-191477 (URN)10.5890/JEAM.2016.06.001 (DOI)000407585900001 ()2-s2.0-85006852834 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20160901

Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-31 Skapad: 2016-08-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-09-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Lazarevic, D. & Martin, M. (2016). Life cycle assessments, carbon footprints and carbon visions: Analysing environmental systems analyses of transportation biofuels in Sweden. Journal of Cleaner Production, 137, 249-257
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Life cycle assessments, carbon footprints and carbon visions: Analysing environmental systems analyses of transportation biofuels in Sweden
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 137, s. 249-257Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

To ensure the sustainable production and consumption of biofuels, an increasing body of scientific literature has become available in recent years focusing on the environmental impacts of biofuels. Whilst the climate change mitigation is perhaps the primary driver behind the promotion of biofuels, climate change is not the only crucial impact associated with biofuel production and consumption systems. This study aims at analysing the extent of the dominant focus on climate impacts in Swedish research applying environmental systems analysis (ESA) tools to investigate the environmental impacts of biofuels, and why this may exist. A systematic literature review of Swedish research applying ESA tools in the study of transportation biofuels between 2000 and 2015 was conducted; identifying 64 studies. The results indicate that studies using life cycle assessment include a range of impact categories in addition to climate impacts, e.g. acidification and eutrophication. However, when also considering environmental footprints (i.e., carbon and water footprints) and material flow analyses, the dominance of carbon footprints leads to an overly dominant focus on climate impacts at the expense of other impact categories. The consideration of environmental impacts other than those related to climate impacts is discussed in terms of the influence of the dominant science-policy framework in Sweden and study dependent variables, such as data uncertainty and methodological limitations. Whilst biofuel production is inextricably linked to climate policy, the environmental impacts of Swedish biofuel production and consumption should also consider the broader context of the Swedish National Environmental Objectives.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2016
Nyckelord
Analysis, Biofuels, Carbon footprint, Environmental systems, Greenhouse gas emissions, Life cycle assessment, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan naturresursteknik
Forskningsämne
Industriell ekologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-191478 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.075 (DOI)000391079300025 ()2-s2.0-84991627427 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20160901

Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-31 Skapad: 2016-08-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Martin, M., Lazarevic, D., Larsson, M. & Aid, G. (2015). A review of biofuel environmental systems analysis research in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at Advanced Biofuels Symposium 2015, July 22-24 2015, Montreal, Canada.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A review of biofuel environmental systems analysis research in Sweden
2015 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturresursteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172940 (URN)
Konferens
Advanced Biofuels Symposium 2015, July 22-24 2015, Montreal, Canada
Anmärkning

NQC 20150903

Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-02 Skapad: 2015-09-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-09-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Martin, M. & Lazarevic, D. (2015). A Review of North American Biofuel Production, Policies and Research. Swedish Knowlege Center
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A Review of North American Biofuel Production, Policies and Research
2015 (Engelska)Rapport (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Swedish Knowlege Center, 2015. s. 34
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturresursteknik
Forskningsämne
Industriell ekologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183152 (URN)
Anmärkning

QC 20160415

Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-02 Skapad: 2016-03-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-04-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Martin, M., Lazarevic, D., Larsson, M. & Aid, G. (2015). Carbon Vision? A Review of Environmental Systems Analyses Research in Sweden. The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Carbon Vision? A Review of Environmental Systems Analyses Research in Sweden
2015 (Engelska)Rapport (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels, 2015. s. 46
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturresursteknik
Forskningsämne
Industriell ekologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179703 (URN)
Anmärkning

QC 20160120

Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-21 Skapad: 2015-12-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-01-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9869-9707

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