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Leffler, D., Burghout, W., Cats, O. & Jenelius, E. (2024). An adaptive route choice model for integrated fixed and flexible transit systems. Transportmetrica B: Transport Dynamics, 12(1)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>An adaptive route choice model for integrated fixed and flexible transit systems
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transportmetrica B: Transport Dynamics, ISSN 2168-0566, Vol. 12, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the past decade, there has been a surge of interest in the application of agent-based simulation models to evaluate flexible transit solutions characterized by different degrees of short-term flexibility in routing and scheduling. A central modelling decision in the development is how one chooses to represent the mode- and route-choices of travellers. The real-time adaptive behaviour of travellers is important to model in the presence of a flexible transit service, where the routing and scheduling of vehicles is highly dependent on supply-demand dynamics at a near real-time temporal resolution. We propose a utility-based transit route-choice model with representation of within-day adaptive travel behaviour and between-day learning where station-based fixed-transit, flexible-transit, and active-mode alternatives may be dynamically combined in a single path. To enable experimentation, this route-choice model is implemented within an agent-based dynamic public transit simulation framework. We first explore model properties in a choice between fixed- and flexible-transit modes for a toy network. The adaptive route choice framework is then applied to a case study based on a real-life branched transit service in Stockholm, Sweden. This case study illustrates level-of-service trade-offs, in terms of waiting times and in-vehicle times, between passenger groups and analyzes traveller mode choices within a mixed fixed- and flexible transit system. Results show that the proposed framework is capable of capturing dynamic route choices in mixed flexible and fixed transit systems and that the day-to-day learning model leads to stable fixed-flexible mode choices.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Informa UK Limited, 2024
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-343550 (URN)10.1080/21680566.2024.2303047 (DOI)001148712800001 ()2-s2.0-85183167170 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Europeiska forskningsrådet, 804469Trafikverket, RV 2019/27044
Anmärkning

QC 20240219

Tillgänglig från: 2024-02-16 Skapad: 2024-02-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Skoufas, A., Jenelius, E., Cebecauer, M., Cats, O. & Burghout, W. (2024). Ex-post assessment of public transport on-board crowding induced by new urban development. In: : . Paper presented at Transportation Research Board (TRB) 103rd Annual Meeting, Washington DC, USA, 7-11 January 2024.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ex-post assessment of public transport on-board crowding induced by new urban development
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2024 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-344062 (URN)
Konferens
Transportation Research Board (TRB) 103rd Annual Meeting, Washington DC, USA, 7-11 January 2024
Forskningsfinansiär
Region Stockholm, RS 2022-0210
Anmärkning

QC 20240311

Tillgänglig från: 2024-02-29 Skapad: 2024-02-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Hatzenbühler, J., Jenelius, E., Gidofalvi, G. & Cats, O. (2024). Multi-purpose pickup and delivery problem for combined passenger and freight transport. Transportation
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Multi-purpose pickup and delivery problem for combined passenger and freight transport
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transportation, ISSN 0049-4488, E-ISSN 1572-9435Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent advances in the development of modular transport vehicles allow deploying multi-purpose vehicles, which enable alternate transport of different demand types. In this study, we propose a novel variant of the pickup and delivery problem, the multi-purpose pickup and delivery problem, where multi-purpose vehicles are assigned to serve a multi-commodity flow. We solve a series of use case scenarios using an exact optimization algorithm and an adaptive large neighborhood search algorithm. We compare the performance of a multi-purpose vehicle fleet to a mixed fleet of single-purpose vehicles. Depending on cost parameters, our findings suggest that in certain scenarios, the total costs can be reduced by an average of 13% when multi-purpose vehicles are deployed, while at the same time reducing total vehicle trip duration and total distance traveled by on average 33% and 16%, respectively. The required fleet size can be reduced by 35% on average when operating multi-purpose vehicles. The results can be used by practitioners and policymakers to determine if the combined service of passenger and freight demand flows with multi-purpose vehicles in a given system will yield benefits compared to existing transport operations.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Nature, 2024
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-347032 (URN)10.1007/s11116-024-10482-9 (DOI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vinnova, 2020-00565
Anmärkning

QC 20240531

Tillgänglig från: 2024-05-28 Skapad: 2024-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Khan, M. A., Burghout, W., Cats, O., Jenelius, E. & Cebecauer, M. (2023). A comprehensive review of viability and operability of dynamic charging solutions for autonomous electric vehicles. In: : . Paper presented at 12th Annual Swedish Transport Research Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 16-17 October 2023.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A comprehensive review of viability and operability of dynamic charging solutions for autonomous electric vehicles
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2023 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-344137 (URN)
Konferens
12th Annual Swedish Transport Research Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 16-17 October 2023
Forskningsfinansiär
Trafikverket, TRV 2022/8287
Anmärkning

QC 20240304

Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-04 Skapad: 2024-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Peftitsi, S., Jenelius, E. & Cats, O. (2023). Evaluating skip-stop policy in urban rail transit systems based on passenger cost. Journal of Public Transportation, 25, Article ID 100064.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Evaluating skip-stop policy in urban rail transit systems based on passenger cost
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Public Transportation, ISSN 1077-291X, Vol. 25, artikel-id 100064Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing the operating speed in public transport systems can increase the system capacity, reduce the overall passenger travel time and improve experienced comfort. Skip-stop operation, where subsets of the trains operating on the same tracks skip certain intermediate stops, can accelerate the service and improve passengers’ overall travel experience. This paper considers the problem of deciding whether skip-stop operation is beneficial for a given line and which stopping scheme is the most effective. In particular, we investigate whether a simple decision rule for determining the stopping pattern under a skip-stop strategy, derived from the expected weighted time benefits to the passengers, can reliably determine the most suitable skip-stop scheme. To evaluate the impact of alternative stop-skipping strategies, we adopt the existing public transit assignment model BusMezzo, which allows for a realistic representation of passengers’ experienced waiting and in-vehicle travel times and the resulting trade-offs between passenger costs and benefits. The decision rule is applied to a set of high-frequency urban rail lines in Stockholm, Sweden. We show that a simple decision rule may not be a robust way of determining a beneficial skip-stop scheme. The results from the case study reveal that the skip-stop operation can have an overall positive impact on passenger generalized travel time but only under certain conditions at the stops along the line.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier BV, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-337216 (URN)10.1016/j.jpubtr.2023.100064 (DOI)001082280200001 ()2-s2.0-85171630626 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Trafikverket, TRV2019/16219
Anmärkning

QC 20230928

Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-27 Skapad: 2023-09-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Cats, O. (2023). Identifying human mobility patterns using smart card data. Transport reviews, Article ID 2251688.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Identifying human mobility patterns using smart card data
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transport reviews, ISSN 0144-1647, E-ISSN 1464-5327, artikel-id 2251688Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Human mobility is subject to collective dynamics that are the outcome of numerous individual choices. Smart card data which originated as a means of facilitating automated fare collection has emerged as an invaluable source for analysing mobility patterns. A variety of clustering and segmentation techniques has been adopted and adapted for applications ranging from market segmentation to the analysis of urban activity locations. In this paper we provide a systematic review of the state-of-the-art on clustering public transport users based on their temporal or spatial-temporal characteristics as well as studies that use the latter to characterise individual stations, lines or urban areas. Furthermore, a critical review of the literature reveals an important distinction between studies focusing on the intra-personal variability of travel patterns versus those concerned with the inter-personal variability of travel patterns. We synthesise the key analysis approaches as well as substantive findings and subsequently identify common trends and shortcomings and outline related directions for further research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Informa UK Limited, 2023
Nyckelord
Travel patterns, public transport, smart card data, market segmentation, clustering, urban analytics
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-336990 (URN)10.1080/01441647.2023.2251688 (DOI)001057517300001 ()2-s2.0-85168903277 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20230922

Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-22 Skapad: 2023-09-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Kolkowski, L., Cats, O., Dixit, M., Verma, T., Jenelius, E., Cebecauer, M. & Rubensson, I. J. (2023). Measuring activity-based social segregation using public transport smart card data. Journal of Transport Geography, 110, Article ID 103642.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Measuring activity-based social segregation using public transport smart card data
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 110, artikel-id 103642Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

While social segregation is often assessed using static data concerning residential areas, the extent to which people with diverse background travel to the same destinations may offer an additional perspective on the extent of urban segregation. This study further contributes to the measurement of activity-based social segregation between multiple groups using public transport smart card data. In particular, social segregation is quantified using the ordinal information theory index to measure the income group mix at public transport journey destination zones. The method is applied to the public transport smart card data of Stockholm County, Sweden. Applying the index on 2017-2020 data sets for a selected week, shows significant differences between income groups' segregation along the radial public transport corridors following the opening of a major rail project in the summer of 2017. The overall slight decrease in segregation over the years can be linked to declining segregation in the city center as a travel destination and its public transport hubs. Increasing zonal segregation is observed in suburban and rural zones with commuter train stations. This method helps to quantify social segregation, enriching the analysis of urban segregation and can aid in evaluating policies based on the dynamics of social life.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier BV, 2023
Nyckelord
Social segregation, Public transport, Ex-post transport appraisal, Smart card data
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-333756 (URN)10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2023.103642 (DOI)001032026400001 ()2-s2.0-85163927737 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20230810

Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-10 Skapad: 2023-08-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-08-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Hatzenbühler, J., Jenelius, E., Gidofalvi, G. & Cats, O. (2023). Modular vehicle routing for combined passenger and freight transport. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 173, 103688-103688, Article ID 103688.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Modular vehicle routing for combined passenger and freight transport
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 173, s. 103688-103688, artikel-id 103688Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the potential of modular vehicle concepts and consolidation to increasethe efficiency of urban freight and passenger transport. Modularity is achieved by connectingmultiple vehicles together to form a platoon. Consolidation is realized by integrating passengerand freight demand in the routing problem. Vehicles are specific for each demand type but canbe connected freely, allowing the transport of multiple demand types in the same platoon. Therouting problem formulation considers travel time costs, travel distance costs, fleet size costs,and unserved requests costs. The operations are modeled in a novel modular multi-purposepickup and delivery problem (MMP-PDP) which is solved using CPLEX and Adaptive LargeNeighborhood Search (ALNS). In an extensive scenario study, the potential of the modularvehicle type is explored for different spatial and temporal demand distributions. A parameterstudy on vehicle capacity, vehicle range and platoon cost saving is performed to assess theirinfluence on efficiency. The experiments indicate a cost saving of 48% due to modularity and anadditional 9% due to consolidation. The reduction mainly stems from reduced operating costsand reduced trip duration, while the same number of requests can be served in all cases. Emptyvehicle kilometers are reduced by more than 60% by consolidation and modularity. A large-scalecase study in Stockholm highlights the practical applicability of the modular transport system.The proposed model and optimization framework can be used by companies and policy makersto identify required fleet sizes, optimal vehicle routes and cost savings due to different typesof operation and vehicle technology

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier BV, 2023
Nyckelord
Public transportation, Freight transportation, Modular vehicles, Heuristic optimization
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-328193 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2023.103688 (DOI)001053303900001 ()2-s2.0-85154022246 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Integrated Transport Research Lab (ITRL)Vinnova, 2020-00565Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC)
Anmärkning

QC 20230608

Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-05 Skapad: 2023-06-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Cats, O., Derrible, S. & Chow, J. (2023). Special issue on "Reliability and resilience of emerging mobility systems", an editorial note. Transportmetrica B: Transport Dynamics, 11(1), 1092-1094
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Special issue on "Reliability and resilience of emerging mobility systems", an editorial note
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transportmetrica B: Transport Dynamics, ISSN 2168-0566, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1092-1094Artikel i tidskrift, Editorial material (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Abstract [en]

This Editorial Note accompanies the special issue devoted to the development of new concepts, theories and methods that address reliability and resilience related to the planning, dynamic operation, and level of service of novel mobility systems. This special issue on 'Reliability and Resilience of Emerging Mobility Systems' consists of seven papers which are dedicated to methodological and theoretical developments as well as advanced applications in this domain. Several of the contributions originated from works presented at INSTR2021 (the 8th International Symposium on Transport Network Reliability). In this Editorial note we reflect on the contributions made in each of the articles included in this special issue.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Informa UK Limited, 2023
Nyckelord
Network robustness, service reliability, disruptions, travel time variability
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-325000 (URN)10.1080/21680566.2023.2176274 (DOI)000942658800001 ()2-s2.0-85149363605 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20230404

Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-29 Skapad: 2023-03-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-04-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Kolkowski, L., Dixit, M., Cats, O., Verma, T. & Jenelius, E. (2022). Measuring activity-based social segregation using public transport smart card data. In: : . Paper presented at 10th Symposium of the European Association for Research in Transportation (hEART), Leuven, Belgium, 1-3 June 2022.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Measuring activity-based social segregation using public transport smart card data
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2022 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

While social segregation is often assessed using static data concerning residential areas, the extentto which people with diverse background travel to the same destinations may offer an additional perspective on the extent of urban segregation. This study further contributes to the measurement of activity-based social segregation between multiple groups using public transport smart card data. In particular, social segregation is measured using the ordinal information theory index to measure the income group mix at public transport journey destination zones. The method isapplied to the public transport smart card data of Stockholm County, Sweden. Applying the index on 2017-2020 smart card data sets for a selected week, shows significant differences between income groups’ segregation along the radial public transport corridors. The overall slight decrease in income segregation over the years can be linked to declining segregation in the city center as a travel destination and its public transport hubs. Increasing zonal segregation is observed in suburban and rural zones with commuter train stations. This method helps to quantify social segregation, enriching the analysis of urban segregation and can aid in evaluating policies based on the dynamics of social life.

Nyckelord
Social segregation, Public transport, Ex-post transport appraisal, Smart card data analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-333691 (URN)
Konferens
10th Symposium of the European Association for Research in Transportation (hEART), Leuven, Belgium, 1-3 June 2022
Forskningsfinansiär
Region Stockholm, RS 2019-0499
Anmärkning

QC 20230809

Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-09 Skapad: 2023-08-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-08-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4506-0459

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