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Comber, R. & Eriksson, E. (2023). Computing as Ecocide. In: Ninth Computing within Limits 2023: . Paper presented at LIMITS 2023, Ninth Workshop on Computing within Limits, June 14-15 2023, Online. PubPub
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Computing as Ecocide
2023 (English)In: Ninth Computing within Limits 2023, PubPub , 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The environmental impact of computing is significant, distributed, and extensive. In this paper, we examine the extent to which this implies that computing, as an industry and as specific technologies, infrastructures, and practices, can be considered as ecocide. Ecocide is a proposed crime of environmental damage. A significant movement is underway to register ecocide as the fifth law of the International Criminal Court. We examine the definition of ecocide proposed and evaluate computing across the criteria established. Our intention with this paper is not to provide definitive proof, one way or the other, but to raise the question of the extent to which we can consider, be accountable for, and take responsibility for the environmental harm we create as designers of computing technologies. We argue that the establishment of ecocide as an international crime will have significant effects for computing in how we assume and consume natural resources in the advancement of computing, and that a paradigm shift is needed to recognise and account for nature as an equal participant in computing’s future and development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PubPub, 2023
Keywords
ecocide, sustainability, computing, limits
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-329677 (URN)10.21428/bf6fb269.9fcdd0c0 (DOI)
Conference
LIMITS 2023, Ninth Workshop on Computing within Limits, June 14-15 2023, Online
Projects
sflab
Note

QC 20230627

Available from: 2023-06-22 Created: 2023-06-22 Last updated: 2023-06-27Bibliographically approved
Vallis, S. A., Karvonen, A. & Eriksson, E. (2023). Pandemics and the built environment: A human– building interaction typology. Buildings and Cities, 4(1), 158-173
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pandemics and the built environment: A human– building interaction typology
2023 (English)In: Buildings and Cities, E-ISSN 2632-6655, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 158-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Surveys of urban history from ancient times to the present reveal a continuum of collective responses to pandemics ranging from quarantine facilities and monitoring the spread of disease to building new wastewater networks. The contemporary COVID-19 pandemic includes new digital tools and techniques that supplement (and sometimes replace) the existing analogue responses, while raising new ethical issues with respect to privacy. A typology of pandemic responses in cities is created, based on human–building interaction (HBI) principles. This typology can be used to compare and contrast analogue and digital responses relating to distancing, monitoring and sanitising. It provides a summary of a wide range of individual and collective implications of pandemics and demonstrates the indelible connections between pandemics and the built environment. In addition, the typology provides a tool to interpret some of the opportunities and drawbacks of digitalising cities. PRACTICE RELEVANCE The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the enduring co-evolution of cities and disease through history. This study aims to inform future pandemic preparedness by providing a framework for designers, managers and users of public spaces to evaluate the multiple implications of emerging technologies that are integrated within the urban fabric. While the rapid rise of digitalisation to advance urban health agendas continues to raise new questions relating to individual and civic freedoms, HBI qualitatively provides a lens through which to examine the overlapping spatial, ethical, and temporal consequences for humans and the built environment. Urban planning researchers and designers can use HBI principles to humanise the sustainable smart city.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ubiquity Press, Ltd., 2023
Keywords
cities, COVID-19, digital technologies, digitalisation, disease, human–building interaction, pandemics, public health, smart cities, surveillance
National Category
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-331533 (URN)10.5334/bc.280 (DOI)2-s2.0-85160530121 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20230711

Available from: 2023-07-11 Created: 2023-07-11 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, E., Penzenstadler, B., Peters, A.-K. & Venters, C. C. (2023). Preface of the 5th International Workshop on ICT4S Education. In: ICT4S-JP 2023 - Joint Proceedings of ICT4S 2023 Doctoral Symposium, Demonstrations and Posters Track and Workshops, co-located with 9th International Conference on Information and Communications Technology for Sustainability, ICT4S 2023: . Paper presented at ICT4S 2023 Doctoral Symposium, Demonstrations and Posters Track and Workshops; co-located with 9th International Conference on Information and Communications Technology for Sustainability, ICT4S 2023, Rennes, France, Jun 5 2023 - Jun 9 2023 (pp. 103-104). CEUR-WS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preface of the 5th International Workshop on ICT4S Education
2023 (English)In: ICT4S-JP 2023 - Joint Proceedings of ICT4S 2023 Doctoral Symposium, Demonstrations and Posters Track and Workshops, co-located with 9th International Conference on Information and Communications Technology for Sustainability, ICT4S 2023, CEUR-WS , 2023, p. 103-104Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

ICT4S as an umbrella concept encompasses several disciplines and areas related to sustainability and ICT, and it can be difficult for an educator to have an overview of all areas and research fronts where interesting, engaging and transformative research is taking place. We provide such a space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CEUR-WS, 2023
Keywords
sustainability well-being resilience computing education
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-341684 (URN)2-s2.0-85180007423 (Scopus ID)
Conference
ICT4S 2023 Doctoral Symposium, Demonstrations and Posters Track and Workshops; co-located with 9th International Conference on Information and Communications Technology for Sustainability, ICT4S 2023, Rennes, France, Jun 5 2023 - Jun 9 2023
Note

QC 20231229

Available from: 2023-12-29 Created: 2023-12-29 Last updated: 2023-12-29Bibliographically approved
Seznec, Y., Pauletto, S., Bogdan, C. M. & Eriksson, E. (2023). The Sound of the Future Home Workshop: Ideating Sonic Prototypes for Sustainable Energy Consumption. In: : . Paper presented at 18th International Audio Mostly Conference, AM 2023, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Aug 30 2023 - Sep 1 2023 (pp. 101-108).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Sound of the Future Home Workshop: Ideating Sonic Prototypes for Sustainable Energy Consumption
2023 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes an ideation workshop aiming to explore the intersection of sonic interactions and energy use. As part of a larger research project exploring the role that sound can play in efficient energy behaviours, the workshop encouraged users to look for overlaps between their home resource use, potential sonic feedback and the feelings and emotions elicited by both. The workshop design was successful in providing non-experts with space and tools to reflect on the complex relationship between household, sound, energy and our feelings towards them. On a more practical level, 15 “hotspots” were identified where sound and energy concerns could be potentially addressed with sonic interventions, and four speculative prototypes were developed during the workshop each one revealing original considerations and relationships between sound and energy to be developed further in future work.

Keywords
sonic interaction design, sustainable energy consumption, workshop design, ideation, prototyping
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Art, Technology and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-335225 (URN)10.1145/3616195.3616213 (DOI)2-s2.0-85175399581 (Scopus ID)
Conference
18th International Audio Mostly Conference, AM 2023, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Aug 30 2023 - Sep 1 2023
Projects
Sound for Energy
Note

QC 20231023

Available from: 2023-09-02 Created: 2023-09-02 Last updated: 2023-11-16Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, E., Peters, A.-K., Pargman, D., Hedin, B., Laurell Thorslund, M. & Sjöö, S. (2022). Addressing Students’ Eco-anxiety when Teaching Sustainability in Higher Education. In: Proceedings - 2022 International Conference on ICT for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022: . Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022, Plovdiv, 13 June 2022 through 17 June 2022 (pp. 88-98). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Addressing Students’ Eco-anxiety when Teaching Sustainability in Higher Education
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2022 (English)In: Proceedings - 2022 International Conference on ICT for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) , 2022, p. 88-98Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The widespread awareness and the sense of urgency and helplessness regarding the ongoing sustainability crisis (climate change, biodiversity loss etc.) can evoke feelings of grief, sorrow, despair and anxiety. Those emotions are seldom discussed in computing or in computing education. They can have detrimental effects on the well-being of students and others, and also lead to inaction. But concern can on the other hand also be a catalyst for learning. In this paper, we present results and reflections from a research and development project in our introductory course to sustainability and ICT focusing on emotions in sustainability education. We focus on “eco-anxiety” and ask: 1) How is eco-anxiety communicated by students and teachers?, 2) In what ways do students receive support to deal with eco-anxiety? and 3) What could be done to better address eco-anxiety in computing education? We here present an analysis of how we have responded to the phenomenon of eco-anxiety, what activities have been added to the course and an evaluation of these interventions. The results are based on joint reflections that have been guided by literature, a small-scale ethnographic study as well as a course evaluation. The paper will end with recommendations for other ICT4S educators on how they can start addressing eco-anxiety in their education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022
National Category
Computer Sciences Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Education and Communication in the Technological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-316826 (URN)10.1109/ICT4S55073.2022.00020 (DOI)000859727000009 ()2-s2.0-85136201135 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022, Plovdiv, 13 June 2022 through 17 June 2022
Projects
SFLAB
Note

QC 20220901

Part of proceedings: ISBN 978-1-6654-8286-8

Available from: 2022-08-31 Created: 2022-08-31 Last updated: 2022-11-08Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, E., Wolrath Söderberg, M. & Wormbs, N. (2022). Exceptionalism and Evasion: How Scholars Reason About Air Travel. In: Kristian Bjørkdahl & Adrian Santiago Franco Duharte (Ed.), Academic Flying and the Means of Communication: (pp. 159-183). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exceptionalism and Evasion: How Scholars Reason About Air Travel
2022 (English)In: Academic Flying and the Means of Communication / [ed] Kristian Bjørkdahl & Adrian Santiago Franco Duharte, Palgrave Macmillan, 2022, p. 159-183Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Understanding how scholars reason about their own flying habits is important when dealing with the problems of large emissions from academic air travel. This study is based on a travel habits survey with scholars at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. KTH has relatively high emissions from air travel, but at the same time, it has a high profile in matters of sustainability and a lot of research related to this theme. One can therefore assume a high degree of knowledge about the climate crisis and the climate impact of various actions. It is also plausible that KTH scholars meet special expectations to be role models and that practices in conflict with their teaching can have consequences for the public confidence in the university. In this study, we look at how scholars reason about how emissions from their flying could be reduced. Their responses display a spectrum of varying attitudes, from climate scepticism to a commitment to radical transformation, with the majority in between, either suggesting different types of concrete changes or invoking arguments to justify the status quo. The proposed interventions, several of which are ingenious and wise, can guide university managements to strategies that have support from employees. The more reluctant arguments point to cultural and discursive habits that must be understood and met in an empathetic way. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2022
Keywords
Academic flying, Sustainability, Carbon emissions, Reasoning, Topoi
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-306968 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-4911-0_7 (DOI)
Projects
FLIGHT3250SFLAB
Note

Part of book: ISBN 978-981-16-4913-4, QC 20221003

Available from: 2022-01-07 Created: 2022-01-07 Last updated: 2022-10-17Bibliographically approved
Biørn-Hansen, A., Katzeff, C. & Eriksson, E. (2022). Exploring the Use of a Carbon Footprint Calculator Challenging Everyday Habits. In: Nordic Human-Computer Interaction Conference: . Paper presented at NordiCHI '22: Nordic Human-Computer Interaction Conference Aarhus Denmark October 8 - 12, 2022. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the Use of a Carbon Footprint Calculator Challenging Everyday Habits
2022 (English)In: Nordic Human-Computer Interaction Conference, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) , 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Carbon calculators have been put forth as a tool to motivate sustainable behaviour change in people. However, the approach of “just” presenting numbers to communicate climate footprints has not been found to be an effective strategy. In this paper, we investigate the use of an application that combines carbon footprint calculations with gamelike features in order to address the gap between awareness and behaviour. Our results are based on an interview study and show that while respondents appreciate the idea, there are several problem areas which have implications for the design of carbon calculators, including issues with targeting the “right users”, the use of gamification and the absence of a social context. Furthermore, the results point towards general barriers and opportunities for design when the aim is to design for sustainable behaviour change. This includes a need to be adaptive to the transitioning process towards a low carbon lifestyle.  

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2022
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Research subject
Media Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-320583 (URN)10.1145/3546155.3546668 (DOI)2-s2.0-85140927749 (Scopus ID)
Conference
NordiCHI '22: Nordic Human-Computer Interaction Conference Aarhus Denmark October 8 - 12, 2022
Projects
sflabHabitWiseMID4S
Note

QC 20221101

Available from: 2022-10-26 Created: 2022-10-26 Last updated: 2023-06-08Bibliographically approved
Laurell Thorslund, M., Svensson-Höglund, S., Pargman, D. & Eriksson, E. (2022). From (e-)wasteland to Repair Society: Exploring ICT repair through speculative scenarios. In: Proceedings - 2022 International Conference on ICT for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022: . Paper presented at International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022, Plovdiv13 June 2022, through 17 June 2022 (pp. 179-189). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From (e-)wasteland to Repair Society: Exploring ICT repair through speculative scenarios
2022 (English)In: Proceedings - 2022 International Conference on ICT for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) , 2022, p. 179-189Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Circularity in how we handle resources and materials is a key ambition in many sustainability initiatives and policies. Yet, when it comes to the circularity of ICT, much research tends to focus on how raw materials are sourced and later recycled. E-waste has represented the fastest growing waste stream globally for years, and the vast majority is not handled appropriately. In a society where repair is possible, accessible and the normative response to the breakage of devices, this waste stream could be dramatically reduced. In this paper, we describe and discuss the results of a literature review of how repair of ICT has been approached in the proceedings of previous ICT4S conferences (2013–2020). The findings are then analysed in relation to a set of speculative future Repair Society scenarios, which were developed to inform policy recommendations. The paper contributes to the ICT4S community by: 1) identifying aspects of ICT repair that have been studied to date; 2) using the Repair Society scenarios to generate insights and reflect on gaps in the research; and 3) outlining insights and suggestions of areas that could fruitfully be explored by the ICT4S community in future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Research subject
Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-316594 (URN)10.1109/ict4s55073.2022.00029 (DOI)000859727000018 ()2-s2.0-85136179811 (Scopus ID)
Conference
International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022, Plovdiv13 June 2022, through 17 June 2022
Projects
SFLAB
Note

QC 20220824

Part of proceedings: ISBN 978-1-6654-8286-8

Available from: 2022-08-23 Created: 2022-08-23 Last updated: 2022-11-08Bibliographically approved
Pargman, D., Laaksolahti, J., Eriksson, E., Robèrt, M. & Biørn-Hansen, A. (2022). Who Gets to Fly?. In: Kristian Bjørkdahl and Adrian Santiago Franco Duharte (Ed.), Academic Flying and the Means of Communication: (pp. 133-158). Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who Gets to Fly?
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2022 (English)In: Academic Flying and the Means of Communication / [ed] Kristian Bjørkdahl and Adrian Santiago Franco Duharte, Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022, p. 133-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022
Keywords
academic flying, sustainability, carbon emissions, behaviour change
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-318312 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-4911-0_6 (DOI)
Projects
FLIGHT3250SF Lab
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 48156-1
Note

Part of book: ISBN 978-981-16-4910-3, QC 20220920

Available from: 2022-09-19 Created: 2022-09-19 Last updated: 2022-09-20Bibliographically approved
Menon, A. R., Hedin, B. & Eriksson, E. (2021). Expanding Affective Computing Paradigms Through Animistic Design Principles. In: Ardito, C Lanzilotti, R Malizia, A Petrie, H Piccinno, A Desolda, G Inkpen, K (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction, Interact  2021, PT I: . Paper presented at 18th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT), AUG 30-SEP 03, 2021, Bari, Italy (pp. 115-135). Springer Nature, 12932
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expanding Affective Computing Paradigms Through Animistic Design Principles
2021 (English)In: Human-Computer Interaction, Interact  2021, PT I / [ed] Ardito, C Lanzilotti, R Malizia, A Petrie, H Piccinno, A Desolda, G Inkpen, K, Springer Nature , 2021, Vol. 12932, p. 115-135Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Animistic and anthropomorphic principles have long been investigated along with affective computing in both HCI and HRI research, to reduce user frustration and create more emotive yet relatable devices, robots, products and artefacts. Yet such artefacts and research have mainly been from user-centric perspectives and the animistic characteristics localised to single objects. In this exploratory paper, we take these principles in a new direction by attempting to invoke animistic characteristics of a room or a space itself. Designing primarily for space itself rather than the user or a single product, allows us to create new interactions and narratives that can induce animism and empathy for the space, in users. This leads to the creation of a prototype space, which we use to investigate how users approach, interact and behave in such a space, yielding several insights and user behaviour, all of which can be used for further studies, capable of generating new interaction perspectives and providing insights into user behaviour. We conclude by discussing the potentiality of such spaces in developing new strategies for behaviour change and HCI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2021
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743 ; 12932
Keywords
Animism, Spatial interaction, Empathy, HRI
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-303877 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-85623-6_9 (DOI)000697567500009 ()2-s2.0-85115080249 (Scopus ID)
Conference
18th IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT), AUG 30-SEP 03, 2021, Bari, Italy
Projects
SFLAB
Note

Part of proceedings ISBN 978-3-030-85623-6; 978-3-030-85622-9

QC 20211022

Available from: 2021-10-22 Created: 2021-10-22 Last updated: 2022-08-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7662-9687

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