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Odnevall Wallinder, IngerORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2206-0082
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Publications (10 of 186) Show all publications
Wang, X., Herting, G., Wei, Z., Odnevall Wallinder, I. & Hedberg, Y. (2019). Bioaccessibility of nickel and cobalt in powders and massive forms of stainless steel, nickel- or cobalt-based alloys, and nickel and cobalt metals in artificial sweat. Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology, 106, 15-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bioaccessibility of nickel and cobalt in powders and massive forms of stainless steel, nickel- or cobalt-based alloys, and nickel and cobalt metals in artificial sweat
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2019 (English)In: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology, ISSN 0273-2300, E-ISSN 1096-0295, Vol. 106, p. 15-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nickel (Ni)and cobalt (Co)are the most common metal allergens upon skin contact at occupational settings and during consumer handling of metals and alloys. A standardized test (EN, 1811)exists to assess Ni release from articles of metals and alloys in massive forms intended for direct and prolonged skin contact, but no corresponding test exists for other materials such as powders or massive forms of alloys placed on the market or to determine the release of Co, for which only limited data is available. Differences in Ni and Co release from massive forms of a range of common stainless steels and some high-alloyed grades compared to Ni and Co metals were therefore assessed in artificial sweat for 1 week at 30 °C according to EN 1811. A comparable modified test procedure was elaborated and used for powders and some selected massive alloys. All alloys investigated released significantly less amount of Ni (100–5000-fold)and Co (200–400,000-fold)compared with Ni and Co metal, respectively. Almost all alloys showed a lower bioaccessible concentration (0.007–6.8 wt% Ni and 0.00003–0.6 wt% Co)when compared to corresponding bulk alloy contents (0.1–53 wt% Ni, 0.02–65 wt% Co). Observed differences are, among other factors, related to differences in bulk composition and to surface oxide characteristics. For the powders, less Ni and Co were released per surface area, but more per mass, compared to the corresponding massive forms. © 2019 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press Inc., 2019
Keywords
Artificial sweat, Classification, Corrosion, EN 1811, Metal release, Particles, Regulation, Skin sensitizer, alloy, cobalt, dermatological agent, nickel, oxide, stainless steel, unclassified drug, Article, calibration, chemical composition, concentration (parameter), particle size, pH, powder, priority journal, surface area, surface property
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252512 (URN)10.1016/j.yrtph.2019.04.017 (DOI)2-s2.0-85064756776 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190710

Available from: 2019-07-10 Created: 2019-07-10 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Hedberg, J., Fransson, K., Prideaux, S., Roos, S., Jönsson, C. & Odnevall Wallinder, I. (2019). Improving the life cycle impact assessment of metal ecotoxicity: Importance of chromium speciation, water chemistry, and metal release. Sustainability, 11(6), Article ID 1655.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving the life cycle impact assessment of metal ecotoxicity: Importance of chromium speciation, water chemistry, and metal release
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2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 6, article id 1655Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Investigations of metal ecotoxicity in life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) are becoming important tools for evaluating the environmental impact of a product or process. There is, however, improvement needed for LCIA of metal ecotoxicity in order to make this assessment more relevant and robust. In this work, three issues within the LCIA of metal ecotoxicity are investigated, mainly focusing on topics related to stainless steel manufacturing. The first issue is the importance of considering regional water chemistry when constructing the characterization factor (CF). A model freshwater of relevance for stainless steel manufacturing in a region of Sweden was created with chemistry different from available options. The second issue is related to the lack of consideration on changes in speciation of Cr(VI) in freshwater for a given emission, as Cr(VI) to some extent will be reduced to Cr(III). Two new options are suggested based on relationships between the Cr(VI)-total Cr ratio as a way to improve the relevancy of LCIA for Cr(VI) in freshwater. The last issue is how to treat metal release from slags in LCIA. Metal release from slags was shown to vary significantly between different ways of modelling slag emissions (differences in total metal content, slag leaching tests, estimated emissions to groundwater). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2019
Keywords
Chromium, Chromium(VI), Ecotoxicity, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle impact assessment, Metal release, Nickel, Slag, Stainless steel, USEtox
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252241 (URN)10.3390/su11061655 (DOI)000465613000110 ()2-s2.0-85063495702 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC20190612

Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved
Hedberg, Y., Znidarsic, M., Herting, G., Milosev, I. & Odnevall Wallinder, I. (2019). Mechanistic insight on the combined effect of albumin and hydrogen peroxide on surface oxide composition and extent of metal release from Ti6Al4V. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials, 107(3), 858-867
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanistic insight on the combined effect of albumin and hydrogen peroxide on surface oxide composition and extent of metal release from Ti6Al4V
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials, ISSN 1552-4973, Vol. 107, no 3, p. 858-867Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The titanium–aluminium (6 wt%)–vanadium (4 wt%) (Ti6Al4V) alloy is widely used as an orthopedic and dental implant material due to its high corrosion resistance in such environments. The corrosion resistance is usually determined by means of electrochemical methods, which may not be able to detect other chemical surface reactions. Literature findings report a synergistic effect of the combination of the abundant protein albumin and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) on the extent of metal release and corrosion of Ti6Al4V. The objectives of this study were to gain further mechanistic insight on the interplay of H 2 O 2 and albumin on the metal release process of Ti6Al4V with special focus on (1) kinetics and (2) H 2 O 2 and albumin concentrations. This was accomplished mainly by metal release and surface oxide composition investigations, which confirmed the combined effect of H 2 O 2 and albumin on the metal release process, although not detectable by electrochemical open circuit potential measurements. A concentration of 30 mM H 2 O 2 induced substantial changes in the surface oxide characteristics, an oxide which became thicker and enriched in aluminum. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) seemed to be able to deplete this aluminum content from the outermost surface or at least to delay its surface enrichment. This effect increased with increased BSA concentration, and for time periods longer than 24 h. This study hence suggests that short-term (accelerated) corrosion resistance measurements are not sufficient to predict potential health effects of Ti6Al4V alloys since also chemical dissolution mechanisms play a large role for metal release, possibly in a synergistic way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2019
Keywords
implant, XPS, inflammation, complexation, dissolution
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-248329 (URN)10.1002/jbm.b.34182 (DOI)000461683400040 ()30102828 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85052655822 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190409

Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-09Bibliographically approved
Atapour, M., Wei, Z., Chaudhary, H., Lendel, C., Odnevall Wallinder, I. & Hedberg, Y. (2019). Metal release from stainless steel 316L in whey protein - And simulated milk solutions under static and stirring conditions. Food Control, 101, 163-172
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metal release from stainless steel 316L in whey protein - And simulated milk solutions under static and stirring conditions
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2019 (English)In: Food Control, ISSN 0956-7135, E-ISSN 1873-7129, Vol. 101, p. 163-172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stainless steel is an important transport and processing contact material for bovine milk and dairy products. Release (migration) of metals, ions, complexes or wear debris/particles, and metal-induced protein aggregation in such environments are hence important to consider both from a corrosion and food safety perspective. This study aims on investigating the release of iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), and nickel (Ni) from AISI 316L stainless steel in contact with whey protein solutions relevant for protein drinks, and on how the whey proteins are influenced by stirring with a magnetic stir bar and metal release. Mechanistic insight is gained by parallel investigations of metal release from two reference non-protein containing solutions, a metal-complexing (citrate-containing) simulated milk solution (SMS) and a low complexing phosphate buffered saline solution (PBS). All immersion exposures were conducted at pH 6.8 for 0.5, 4, 24 and 48 hat room temperature at static and stirring conditions. All solutions and samples were investigated using different chemical, spectroscopic, microscopic, and electrochemical methods. Significantly higher amounts of Fe, Cr, and Ni were released into the whey protein solution (80 g/L) as compared to SMS and PBS. Strong enrichment of Cr in the surface oxide and reduction of the surface oxide thickness were associated with a higher amount of Ni release in the metal-complexing solutions (SMS and whey protein) compared with PBS. Stirring conditions resulted in higher amounts of metal release, enrichment of Cr in the surface oxide, and clear signs of wear of the 316L surface in all solutions compared to static conditions. The wear mechanism in the whey protein solution was different as compared to corresponding processes in SMS and PBS, involving an etching-like process and larger-sized wear debris. Electrochemical measurements at static conditions confirmed observed differences between the solutions, with the lowest corrosion resistance observed for coupons exposed in the whey protein solution, followed by SMS and PBS. Released metals in solution from the 316L coupons in contact with the whey protein solution resulted in enhanced rates of protein aggregation and precipitation of protein aggregates from solution. Further studies should be made to investigate other relevant test conditions and assess toxicological risks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
Keywords
Protein, Whey, Stainless steel, Metal release, Food, Milk, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Photon cross correlation spectroscopy, UV- visible spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy, Polarization resistance, Corrosion
National Category
Corrosion Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-251269 (URN)10.1016/j.foodcont.2019.02.031 (DOI)000465049000023 ()2-s2.0-85063112841 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190513

Available from: 2019-05-13 Created: 2019-05-13 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved
Chang, T., Herting, G., Goidanich, S., Sánchez Amaya, J. M., Arenas, M. A., Le Bozec, N., . . . Odnevall Wallinder, I. (2019). The role of Sn on the long-term atmospheric corrosion of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys in architecture. Corrosion Science, 149, 54-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of Sn on the long-term atmospheric corrosion of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys in architecture
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2019 (English)In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 149, p. 54-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The role of Sn on the atmospheric corrosion performance of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys (4–6 wt.% Sn) compared with Cu metal used in outdoor architecture is elucidated in terms of microstructure, native surface oxide composition, patina evolution, corrosion rates, appearance and metal release. Results are presented for non-exposed surfaces and surfaces exposed at different urban and marine sites in Europe up to 5 years and based on multi-analytical findings from microscopic, spectroscopic, electrochemical and chemical investigations. Alloying influenced the corrosion, aesthetic appearance and patina evolution, differently for urban and marine sites, whereas no effects were observed on the release pattern.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Aesthetic appearance, Atmospheric corrosion, Bronze, Metal release, Patina
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246467 (URN)10.1016/j.corsci.2019.01.002 (DOI)000459839700006 ()2-s2.0-85059532533 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190328

Available from: 2019-03-28 Created: 2019-03-28 Last updated: 2019-03-28Bibliographically approved
Chang, T., Herting, G., Goidanich, S., Sanchez Amaya, J. M., Arenas, M. A., Le Bozec, N., . . . Odnevall Wallinder, I. (2019). The role of Sn on the long-term atmospheric corrosion of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys in architecture. Corrosion Science, 149, 54-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of Sn on the long-term atmospheric corrosion of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys in architecture
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2019 (English)In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 149, p. 54-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The role of Sn on the atmospheric corrosion performance of binary Cu-Sn bronze alloys (4-6 wt.% Sn) compared with Cu metal used in outdoor architecture is elucidated in terms of microstructure, native surface oxide composition, patina evolution, corrosion rates, appearance and metal release. Results are presented for non-exposed surfaces and surfaces exposed at different urban and marine sites in Europe up to 5 years and based on multi-analytical findings from microscopic, spectroscopic, electrochemical and chemical investigations. Alloying influenced the corrosion, aesthetic appearance and patina evolution, differently for urban and marine sites, whereas no effects were observed on the release pattern.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2019
Keywords
Bronze, Atmospheric corrosion, Patina, Metal release, Aesthetic appearance, SLOUIS C, 1993, ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, V38, P2781 yer H.E., 1985, yer J.H., 1992, Bronze Corrosion: Rates and Chemical Processes, the Conservation of Bronze Sculpture in the Outdoor Environment: a Dialogue Among Conservators, Curators, Environmental Scientists, and Corrosion Engineers, P103 hweizer F., 1994, Bronze Objects From Lake Sites: From Patina to Biography, Ancient and Historic Metals: Conservation and Scientific Research, P33 nonymous], ISO 9226, armaraj N, 2006, SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART A-MOLECULAR AND BIOMOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY, V64, P136 W., 2001, Water Air Soil Pollut. Focus, V1, P67 ott DA, 2000, STUDIES IN CONSERVATION, V45, P39 otkova D., 1996, Proc. of Art' 96
National Category
Corrosion Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246227 (URN)10.1016/j.corsci.2019.01.002 (DOI)000459839700006 ()2-s2.0-85059532533 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190404

Available from: 2019-04-04 Created: 2019-04-04 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Chang, T., Leygraf, C., Odnevall Wallinder, I. & Jin, Y. (2019). Understanding the Barrier Layer Formed via Adding BTAH in Copper Film Electrodeposition. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 166(2), D10-D20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the Barrier Layer Formed via Adding BTAH in Copper Film Electrodeposition
2019 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 166, no 2, p. D10-D20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of surface adsorption of benzotriazole (BTAH) and of chloride ions (Cl-) on the kinetics of copper electrodeposition/dissolution in copper sulfate solutions and on copper deposit characteristics have been investigated using electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) combined with cyclic voltammetry (CV). The addition of BTAH alone increases the overpotential of copper deposition, whereas a Cu(I)BTA complex forms at potentials higher than 0.08 V (vs. SCE) accompanied with the occurrence of copper anodic dissolution. With simultaneous addition of BTAH and Cl-, surface adsorption of Cl- competes with that of BTAH during the initial stage of copper nucleation. Different cuprous reaction intermediates form in the examined potential range -0.4 to 0.3 V (vs. SCE), which partly eliminate the favorable effect of BTAH on the deposited copper. A BTAH-containing adsorbed layer formed on the matte side of electrodeposited copper film in the presence of BTAH with or without Cl-, exhibiting a barrier surface property and an improved corrosion resistance compared with the copper film electrodeposited in the electrolyte without addition of BTAH.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC, 2019
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-241310 (URN)10.1149/2.0041902jes (DOI)000455193100001 ()
Note

QC 20190125

Available from: 2019-01-25 Created: 2019-01-25 Last updated: 2019-01-25Bibliographically approved
Zhang, X., Odnevall Wallinder, I. & Leygraf, C. (2018). Atmospheric corrosion of Zn-Al coatings in a simulated automotive environment. Surface Engineering, 34(9), 641-648
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Atmospheric corrosion of Zn-Al coatings in a simulated automotive environment
2018 (English)In: Surface Engineering, ISSN 0267-0844, E-ISSN 1743-2944, Vol. 34, no 9, p. 641-648Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Accelerated NVDA (VDA 233-102) tests were performed on bare Zn and Al sheets, Galfan coating (Zn-5 wt-% Al) and Galvalume coating (Zn-55 wt-% Al) on steel. ZnO, Zn(OH)(2) and Zn-5(OH)(8)Cl-2 center dot H2O were the main corrosion products identified on both bare Zn sheet and Galfan. AlOOH and Al(OH)(3) were preferentially formed on bare Al sheet and Galvalume. In addition, Zn-Al-containing corrosion products, Zn6Al2(OH)(16)CO3 center dot 4H(2)O and/or Zn2Al(OH)(6)Cl center dot 2H(2)O were identified on both Galfan and Galvalume. Corrosion products of Zn6Al2(OH)(16)CO3 center dot 4H(2)O with a platelet morphology were preferentially formed in the zinc-rich interdendritic regions of the Galvalume surface. Galfan revealed a similar corrosion behaviour as bare Zn sheet, whereas Galvalume exhibited similar behaviour as bare Al sheet. Deposition of chlorides highly influenced the corrosion of both Galvalume and Al rather than Galfan and Zn due to the rapid local damage of the compact native thin film of Al2O3.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2018
Keywords
Atmospheric corrosion, NVDA tests, Zn, Al, Galfan, Galvalume, chloride, microstructure
National Category
Corrosion Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-232426 (URN)10.1080/02670844.2017.1305658 (DOI)000437723800001 ()2-s2.0-85016451068 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180724

Available from: 2018-07-24 Created: 2018-07-24 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved
Di Bucchianico, S., Gliga, A. R., Åkerlund, E., Skoglund, S., Odnevall Wallinder, I., Fadeel, B. & Karlsson, H. L. (2018). Calcium-dependent cyto- and genotoxicity of nickel metal and nickel oxide nanoparticles in human lung cells. Particle and Fibre Toxicology, 15, Article ID 32.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Calcium-dependent cyto- and genotoxicity of nickel metal and nickel oxide nanoparticles in human lung cells
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2018 (English)In: Particle and Fibre Toxicology, ISSN 1743-8977, E-ISSN 1743-8977, Vol. 15, article id 32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Genotoxicity is an important toxicological endpoint due to the link to diseases such as cancer. Therefore, an increased understanding regarding genotoxicity and underlying mechanisms is needed for assessing the risk with exposure to nanoparticles (NPs). The aim of this study was to perform an in-depth investigation regarding the genotoxicity of well-characterized Ni and NiO NPs in human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells and to discern possible mechanisms. Comparisons were made with NiCl2 in order to elucidate effects of ionic Ni. Methods: BEAS-2B cells were exposed to Ni and NiO NPs, as well as NiCl2, and uptake and cellular dose were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The NPs were characterized in terms of surface composition (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), agglomeration (photon cross correlation spectroscopy) and nickel release in cell medium (ICP-MS). Cell death (necrosis/apoptosis) was investigated by Annexin VFITC/PI staining and genotoxicity by cytokinesis-block micronucleus (cytome) assay (OECD 487), chromosomal aberration (OECD 473) and comet assay. The involvement of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium was explored using the fluorescent probes, DCFH-DA and Fluo-4. Results: NPs were efficiently taken up by the BEAS-2B cells. In contrast, no or minor uptake was observed for ionic Ni from NiCl2. Despite differences in uptake, all exposures (NiO, Ni NPs and NiCl2) caused chromosomal damage. Furthermore, NiO NPs were most potent in causing DNA strand breaks and generating intracellular ROS. An increase in intracellular calcium was observed and modulation of intracellular calcium by using inhibitors and chelators clearly prevented the chromosomal damage. Chelation of iron also protected against induced damage, particularly for NiO and NiCl2. Conclusions: This study has revealed chromosomal damage by Ni and NiO NPs as well as Ni ionic species and provides novel evidence for a calcium-dependent mechanism of cyto- and genotoxicity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC, 2018
Keywords
Nickel/nickel oxide nanoparticles, Chromosomal aberrations, Endoreduplication, Calcium homeostasis, Carcinogenic potential
National Category
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-232767 (URN)10.1186/s12989-018-0268-y (DOI)000439340800001 ()30016969 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85050147056 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-0832Swedish Research Council, 2014-4598 2017-03931
Note

QC 20180803

Available from: 2018-08-03 Created: 2018-08-03 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved
Wei, Z., Edin, J., Karlsson, A. E., Petrovic, K., Soroka, I. L., Odnevall Wallinder, I. & Hedberg, Y. (2018). Can gamma irradiation during radiotherapy influence the metal release process for biomedical CoCrMo and 316L alloys?. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied biomaterials, 106(7), 2673-2680
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can gamma irradiation during radiotherapy influence the metal release process for biomedical CoCrMo and 316L alloys?
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied biomaterials, ISSN 1552-4973, E-ISSN 1552-4981, Vol. 106, no 7, p. 2673-2680Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The extent of metal release from implant materials that are irradiated during radiotherapy may be influenced by irradiation-formed radicals. The influence of gamma irradiation, with a total dose of relevance for radiotherapy (e.g., for cancer treatments) on the extent of metal release from biomedical stainless steel AISI 316L and a cobalt-chromium alloy (CoCrMo) was investigated in physiological relevant solutions (phosphate buffered saline with and without 10 g/L bovine serum albumin) at pH 7.3. Directly after irradiation, the released amounts of metals were significantly higher for irradiated CoCrMo as compared to nonirradiated CoCrMo, resulting in an increased surface passivation (enhanced passive conditions) that hindered further release. A similar effect was observed for 316L showing lower nickel release after 1 h of initially irradiated samples as compared to nonirradiated samples. However, the effect of irradiation (total dose of 16.5 Gy) on metal release and surface oxide composition and thickness was generally small. Most metals were released initially (within seconds) upon immersion from CoCrMo but not from 316L. Albumin induced an increased amount of released metals from AISI 316L but not from CoCrMo. Albumin was not found to aggregate to any greater extent either upon gamma irradiation or in the presence of trace metal ions, as determined using different light scattering techniques. Further studies should elucidate the effect of repeated friction and fractionated low irradiation doses on the short- and long term metal release process of biomedical materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2018
Keywords
BSA, implant, passivation, radicals, radiotherapy
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Corrosion Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225956 (URN)10.1002/jbm.b.34084 (DOI)000445449800017 ()29424962 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85041712415 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015–04177Carl Tryggers foundation , CTS 15:353
Note

QC 20180611

Available from: 2018-04-11 Created: 2018-04-11 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2206-0082

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