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Kristoffersson, I., Engelson, L. & Börjesson, M. (2017). Efficiency vs equity: Conflicting objectives of congestion charges. Transport Policy, 60, 99-107.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficiency vs equity: Conflicting objectives of congestion charges
2017 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 60, 99-107 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses the trade-off between equity and efficiency in the design of the Stockholm congestion charging systems. Comparing different designs for Stockholm, the paper shows that the most efficient system is the least equitable. Indeed, we show that moving towards a more efficient system design favours high-income-users most. The reason is the uneven distribution of workplaces and residential areas, combined with richer socio-economic groups living in areas with more workplaces. Hence, the conflict between efficiency and equity of this policy arises from the spatial mismatch of residential areas and locations of employment, and the spatial separation between low-income and high-income groups that characterise most cities. This paper shows that these spatial patterns have a large effect on the distribution effects of the congestion charges and that the system design can have a major impact on equity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keyword
Congestion charging, Efficiency, Equity, Welfare effects
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218308 (URN)10.1016/j.tranpol.2017.09.006 (DOI)000418970300010 ()2-s2.0-85033704828 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Transport AdministrationVINNOVA
Note

QC 20171127

Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Fung, C. M. & Proost, S. (2017). Optimal prices and frequencies for buses in Stockholm. Economics of Transportation, 9, 20-36.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimal prices and frequencies for buses in Stockholm
2017 (English)In: Economics of Transportation, ISSN 2212-0122, E-ISSN 2212-0130, Vol. 9, 20-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many public transport services are heavily subsidized. One of the main justifications is the expected beneficial effect on road congestion. Stockholm introduced congestion pricing in 2006 and the effects on car and public transport demand were carefully monitored. The change in prices provides unique estimates on price-and cross-price elasticities. This paper uses these data to model how the optimal pricing, frequency, bus size and number of bus lanes for a corridor depends on the presence of congestion pricing for cars. Results show that the presence of road pricing makes the current subsidies for peak bus trips too high. However, the major welfare benefits of re-optimizing the current bus supply stem from a decrease in frequencies during the off-peak period and the use of larger buses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keyword
Public transport, Bus fares, Bus lanes, Bus frequency, Public transport subsidies, Congestion pricing
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211622 (URN)10.1016/j.ecotra.2016.12.001 (DOI)000405721700002 ()2-s2.0-85009271410 (Scopus ID)
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-03587
Note

QC 20170810

Available from: 2017-08-10 Created: 2017-08-10 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved
West, J., Börjesson, M. & Engelson, L. (2016). Accuracy of the Gothenburg congestion charges. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 94, 266-277.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accuracy of the Gothenburg congestion charges
2016 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 94, 266-277 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the accuracy of the transport model forecast of the Gothenburg congestion charges, implemented in 2013. The design of the charging system implies that the path disutility cannot be computed as a sum of link attributes. The route choice model is therefore implemented as a hierarchical algorithm, applying a continuous value of travel time (VTT) distribution. The VTT distribution was estimated from stated choice (SC) data. However, based on experience of impact forecasting with a similar model and of impact outcome of congestion charges in Stockholm, the estimated VTT distribution had to be stretched to the right. We find that the forecast traffic reductions across the cordon and travel time gains were close to those observed in the peak. However, the reduction in traffic across the cordon was underpredicted off-peak. The necessity to make the adjustment indicates that the VTT inferred from SC data does not reveal the travellers’ preferences, or that there are factors determining route choice other than those included in the model: travel distance, travel time and congestion charge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keyword
Congestion charges, Decision support, Transport model, Validation, Value of time, Volume delay function
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190863 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2016.09.016 (DOI)000389089700019 ()2-s2.0-84989328016 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20170201

Available from: 2016-08-17 Created: 2016-08-17 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Eliasson, J. & Kågesson, P. (2016). Ett gigantiskt projekt med oklart syfte: DN Debatt [Review]. Dagens nyheter (2016-01-04).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ett gigantiskt projekt med oklart syfte: DN Debatt
2016 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2016-01-04Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AB Dagens nyheter, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183018 (URN)
Note

QC 20160226

Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved
Bastian, A., Börjesson, M. & Eliasson, J. (2016). Explaining “peak car” with economic variables. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 2016(88), 236-250.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explaining “peak car” with economic variables
2016 (Swedish)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 2016, no 88, 236-250 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many western countries have seen a plateau and subsequent decrease of car travel during the 21st century. What has generated particular interest and debate is the statement that the development cannot be explained by changes in traditional explanatory factors such as GDP and fuel prices. Instead, it has been argued, the observed trends are indications of substantial changes in lifestyles, preferences and attitudes to car travel; what we are experiencing is not just a temporary plateau, but a true “peak car”. However, this study shows that the traditional variables GDP and fuel price are in fact sufficient to explain the observed trends in car traffic in all the countries included in our study: the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Sweden and (to a large extent) Australia and Germany. We argue that the importance of the fuel price increases in the early 2000s has been underappreciated in the studies that shaped the later debate. Results also indicate that GDP elasticities tend to decrease with rising GDP, and that fuel price elasticities tend to increase at high price levels and during periods of rapid price increases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keyword
Peak car, Fuel price elasticity, GDP elasticity, Travel demand
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-188946 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2016.04.005 (DOI)000379359800017 ()2-s2.0-84964992773 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20160628

Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Harry, F., Mörth, U. & Jan-Eric, N. (2016). Infrastrukturbeslut måste grundas på samhällsekonomiska kalkyler: DN Debatt [Review]. Dagens nyheter (2016-02-17).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Infrastrukturbeslut måste grundas på samhällsekonomiska kalkyler: DN Debatt
2016 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2016-02-17Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AB Dagens nyheter, 2016
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183016 (URN)
Note

QC 20160226

Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M. (2016). Ministern har fel om infrastrukturen: Debattartikel [Review]. Land.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ministern har fel om infrastrukturen: Debattartikel
2016 (Swedish)In: Land, ISSN 0023-7531Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lantbrukarnas riksförbund, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183242 (URN)
Note

QC 20160318

Available from: 2016-03-03 Created: 2016-03-03 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Harry, F., Mörth, U. & Nilsson, U. (2016). Nästan alla stora byggen av järnvägar är olönsamma: DN Debatt [Review]. Dagens nyheter (Jan 28, 2016).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nästan alla stora byggen av järnvägar är olönsamma: DN Debatt
2016 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no Jan 28, 2016Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AB Dagens nyheter, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183017 (URN)
Note

QC 20160226

Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved
Flam, H., Börjesson, M., Mörth, U. & Nilsson, J.-E. (2016). SNS Konjunkturrådsrapport 2016. Vart är vi på väg?: Systemfel i transportpolitiken (1ed.). SNS - Studieförbundet Näringsliv och Samhälle.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SNS Konjunkturrådsrapport 2016. Vart är vi på väg?: Systemfel i transportpolitiken
2016 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SNS - Studieförbundet Näringsliv och Samhälle, 2016. 183 p. Edition: 1
Series
Konjunkturrådets rapport, ISSN 1652-8050 ; 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183239 (URN)9789186949723 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160311

Available from: 2016-03-03 Created: 2016-03-03 Last updated: 2016-03-11Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M. (2016). Statliga pengar till infrastruktur slösas bort: Debattartikel [Review]. Land (23 februari 2016).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Statliga pengar till infrastruktur slösas bort: Debattartikel
2016 (Swedish)In: Land, ISSN 0023-7531, no 23 februari 2016Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lantbrukarnas riksförbund, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183010 (URN)
Note

QC 20160226

Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9235-0232

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