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Bhattacharya, ProsunORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4350-9950
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Publications (10 of 235) Show all publications
Shah, M., Sircar, A., Varsada, R., Vaishnani, S., Savaliya, U., Faldu, M., . . . Bhattacharya, P. (2019). Assessment of geothermal water quality for industrial and irrigation purposes in the Unai geothermal field, Gujarat, India. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 8, 59-68
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment of geothermal water quality for industrial and irrigation purposes in the Unai geothermal field, Gujarat, India
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2019 (English)In: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 8, p. 59-68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nowadays, a spotlight on the direct manipulation of water from the geothermal fields is laid for manifold applications. This manuscript discusses the utilization of water produced from geothermal wells for irrigation and industrial purposes. In order to identify the suitability of the water for the above mentioned uses, various hydrochemical parameters were evaluated. Samples were collected from three geothermal well sites from Unai village, a prominent geothermal field situated in Navsari district, Gujarat, India. The hydrochemistry of the samples collected from hot spring (depth 30–45 m) was studied and samples were examined by calculating different parameters. The complete study was done individually for both industrial and irrigational uses of geothermal water. The mean surface temperature of the water is 55 °C and average pH of the sample studied is 8.12. The key Water Quality Indices (WQI) such as Langelier Saturation Index (LSI), Ryznar Stability Index (RSI), Puckorius Scaling Index (PSI) and Larson-Skold Index (LS) were examined for industrial utilization and the key indices like Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR), Sodium Percentage (SP), Kelly Ratio (KR) Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC) and Permeability Index (PI) were examined for irrigational utilization of geothermal water. LSI and RSI values show that carbonate and bicarbonate concentration is in the desirable range, however, LS (15.09, 13.54) is very high which indicates higher Cl- content. High value of indices such as SAR, KR, and SP points out the increased concentration of Na+ in the water sample. The results of this study would help the end users to identify the necessary water-treatments before utilizing the water for industrial and irrigation purposes in the study area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Geothermal energy, Geothermal water, Industrial, Irrigation, Water Quality Indices
National Category
Environmental Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236316 (URN)10.1016/j.gsd.2018.08.006 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053822298 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20181116

Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Annaduzzaman, M., Bhattacharya, P., Biswas, A., Hossain, M., Ahmed, K. M. & van Halem, D. (2018). Arsenic and manganese in shallow tubewells: validation of platform color as a screening tool in Bangladesh. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 6, 181-188
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arsenic and manganese in shallow tubewells: validation of platform color as a screening tool in Bangladesh
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2018 (English)In: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 6, p. 181-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to evaluate the potential of handpump tubewell platform color as a low-cost, quick and convenient screening tool for As and Mn in drinking water tubewells. For this study, groundwater samples and corresponding tubewell platform pictures were collected from 272 shallow tubewells in Matlab Upazila of South-Eastern Bangladesh. The result shows that arsenic concentration within the surveyed (n = 272) tubewells, 99% (n = 269) exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value of 10 µg/L, and 98% (n = 267) exceeded the Bangladesh drinking water standards (BDWS) of 50 µg/L. In relation to the platform color concept, within 233 (total 272) red colored platform tubewells, 230 (99%) exceeded the WHO guideline value of 10 µg/L, and 229 (98%) tubewells exceeded BDWS of 50 µg/L. This result shows a strong correlation between the development of red color stain on tubewell platform and As concentrations in the corresponding tubewell water. This study suggests that red-colored platform can be used for primary identification of tubewells with an elevated level of As and thus could prioritize sustainable As mitigation management in developing countries where water comes from reductive shallow aquifers. This study did not confirm the potential for Mn screening, as red discoloration by Fe oxides was found to mask the black discoloration of Mn oxides. It is recommended to further investigate this screening tool in regions with a higher well-to-well variability of As contaminations, as in the presented study As was found >10ug/L in 99% of the tubewells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2018
Keywords
Arsenic, Groundwater, Manganese, Mitigation, Screening, Tubewell platform color
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227427 (URN)10.1016/j.gsd.2017.11.008 (DOI)2-s2.0-85041571981 (Scopus ID)
Note

Export Date: 9 May 2018; Article; Correspondence Address: Annaduzzaman, M.; KTH-International Groundwater Arsenic Research Group, Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering, KTH- Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 10B, Sweden; email: M.Annaduzzaman@tudelft.nl; Funding details: Sida, Styrelsen för Internationellt Utvecklingssamarbete; Funding details: IA, Office of International Affairs; Funding details: 73000854, Sidaction; Funding details: Geology Foundation, Geology Foundation, University of Texas at Austin; Funding details: DAAD London, German Academic Exchange Service London; Funding text: This work financed by Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) grant on project “Sustainable Arsenic Mitigation (SASMIT)” (Sida Contributions 73000854 ). The authors thank Mohammad Jahid Alam, Syed Golam Sarwar, Golam Kibria, Mohammad Rofiuddin Robi, Ratnajit Saha, Md. Ileash, Alam, Awlad, Omar Faruk and Chan Mia for their assistance during the field work in Matlab, Ann Fylkner at the Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, KTH as well as Magnus Mörth at the Department of Geology and Geochemistry at Stockholm University for analytical work. MA would like to thank the International Programme Office (IPK), Sweden and Danielle Edvardsson of the KTH International Office for the Linnaeus – Palme Academic Exchange Scholarship. QC 20180529

Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved
Ahmad, A., Cornelissen, E., van de Wetering, S., van Dijk, T., van Genuchten, C., Bundschuh, J., . . . Bhattacharya, P. (2018). Arsenite removal in groundwater treatment plants by sequential Permanganate-Ferric treatment. JOURNAL OF WATER PROCESS ENGINEERING, 26, 221-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arsenite removal in groundwater treatment plants by sequential Permanganate-Ferric treatment
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2018 (English)In: JOURNAL OF WATER PROCESS ENGINEERING, ISSN 2214-7144, Vol. 26, p. 221-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Dutch drinking water sector is actively investigating methods to reduce arsenic (As) to < 1 mu g/L in drinking water supply. We investigated (1) the effectiveness of sequential permanganate (MnO4-)-ferric (Fe(III)) dosing during aeration-rapid sand filtration to achieve < 1 mu g/L As (2) the influence of MnO4--Fe(III) dosing on preestablished removal patterns of As(III), Fe(II), Mn(II) and NH4+ in rapid sand filters and (3) the influence of MnO4--Fe(III) dosing on the settling and molecular-scale structural properties of the filter backwash solids. We report that MnO4--Fe(III) dosing is an effective technique to improve arsenite [As(III)] removal at groundwater treatment plants. At a typical aeration-rapid sand filtration facility in the Netherlands effluent As concentrations of < 1 mu g/L were achieved with 1.2 mg/L MnO4--and 1.8 mg/L Fe(III). The optimized combination of MnO4-and Fe(III) doses did not affect the removal efficiency of Fe(II), Mn(II) and NH4+ in rapid sand filters, however, the removal patterns of Fe(II) and Mn(II) in rapid sand filter were altered, as well as the settling behaviour of backwash solids. The characterization of backwash solids by Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the changed settling velocity of backwash solids with MnO4-Fe(III) in place was not due to changes in the molecular-scale structure of Fe-precipitates that constitute the major portion of the backwash solids.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2018
Keywords
Arsenic removal, Arsenite oxidation, Drinking water, Groundwater treatment, Permanganate, Rapid sand filtration
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239976 (URN)10.1016/j.jwpe.2018.10.014 (DOI)000450943700024 ()2-s2.0-85055672970 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20181211

Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Saha, R., Dey, N. C., Rahman, S., Galagedara, L. & Bhattacharya, P. (2018). Exploring suitable sites for installing safe drinking water wells in coastal Bangladesh. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 7, 91-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring suitable sites for installing safe drinking water wells in coastal Bangladesh
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2018 (English)In: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 7, p. 91-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Development, monitoring and management of drinking water resources, especially groundwater, are essential for sustainable water extraction. The present study aimed to explore suitable locations and depths for installing tubewells for safe drinking water. Tala upazila of Satkhira district, in the coastal area of Bangladesh, was selected as the study area. Groundwater samples were collected from 632 shallow tubewells (STW) and deep tubewells (DTW). In-situ measurements were done for seven important water quality parameters, such as arsenic (As), iron (Fe), electrical conductivity (EC), temperature (T), Total Coliform-TC, E. coli and Faecal Coliform (FC). Weighted arithmetic water quality index (WQI) was used to calculate the suitability of drinking water collected from tubewells. Experimental value based maps for each parameter were prepared and safe aquifer sites were identified using WQI and geo-statistical as well as geo-spatial analysis. Range of As, Fe and EC were found to be 0–500 µg/L, 0–18 mg/L and 165–8715 µS/cm, respectively and for STW, 88%, 99% and 100% and for DTW, 64%, 71% and 100% exceeded WHO drinking water standards. Comparatively high proportion of STW (TC-41%, E. coli−24% and FC-49%) contained coliform bacteria than DTW (TC-23%, E. coli−15% and FC-28%). Only small proportional areas, such as 24 km2 for As, 27 km2 for Fe, 113 km2 for TC, 132 km2 for E. coli and 102 km2 for FC were found safe in DTW. Multiple patches of safe aquifer were identified at greater depths in the northern, north-central, central and south-western part of the study area. According to WQI, overall 39 km2 area (12% of total area) was explored as suitable sites for installing tubewells where good to excellent quality water could be found in greater depth aquifers. The findings will help policy makers, practitioners and local communities to find out the suitable locations and depths for installation of tubewells in the study area for extracting safe drinking water.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227504 (URN)10.1016/j.gsd.2018.03.002 (DOI)2-s2.0-85045109335 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Note

QC 20180518

Available from: 2018-05-18 Created: 2018-05-18 Last updated: 2018-05-18Bibliographically approved
Abu-Khader, M. M., Shawaqfeh, A. T., Naddaf, Z., Maity, J. P. & Bhattacharya, P. (2018). Radon in the groundwater in the Amman-Zarqa Basin and related environments in Jordan. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 7, 73-81
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radon in the groundwater in the Amman-Zarqa Basin and related environments in Jordan
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2018 (English)In: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 7, p. 73-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The occurrence of radon (222Rn) in environment (groundwater and indoor air) from geogenic sources is receiving an growing attention due to its adverse impact on human health worldwide including Jordan. Highlighting the current status of radon in Jordan, the present study of radon concentrations in ground waters in the Amman-Zarqa basin (AZB) was investigated. Groundwater samples were collected from fifteen wells located in three main areas of Ras Al-Ain, Al-Rsaifeh and Al-Hashemite. Radon concentration was measure using Liquid scintillation counting (LSC) Tri- Carb 3110 with discriminator and the highest values for radon concentration in water were observed in Al-Rsaifeh area and ranged from 4.52 up to 30.70 Bq/l with an average of 11.22 Bq/l, which were attributed to the decay of naturally distributed uranium in phosphate rock from Al-Rsaifeh mines. In Ras Al-Ain area, the radon concentration were noted ranged from 0.6 to 5.55 Bq/l with an average of 2.82 Bq/l, and also in Al-Hashemite area were ranged from 0.77 to 5.37 Bq/l with an average of 4.04 Bq/l. The overall average concentration of tested samples was 5.77 Bq/l and found within the acceptable international levels. Ground water samples of Ras Al-Ain area showed good quality as was tested of low salinity. It recorded the lowest average radon concentration of 2.82 Bq/l. Also, Radon indoor and building materials was reviewed. In conclusion, this study presented an urged need for developing national regulations and standards as well as awareness program concerning the radon status in Jordan.Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Amman-Zarqa Bain, Groundwater, Indoor, Liquid-scintillation counting, Radon gas
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227507 (URN)10.1016/j.gsd.2018.03.009 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044655565 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180518

Available from: 2018-05-18 Created: 2018-05-18 Last updated: 2018-05-18Bibliographically approved
Kumar, M., Ramanatahn, A. L., Tripathi, R., Farswan, S., Kumar, D. & Bhattacharya, P. (2017). A study of trace element contamination using multivariate statistical techniques and health risk assessment in groundwater of Chhaprola Industrial Area, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. Chemosphere, 166, 135-145
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A study of trace element contamination using multivariate statistical techniques and health risk assessment in groundwater of Chhaprola Industrial Area, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
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2017 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 166, p. 135-145Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study is an investigation on spatio-chemical, contamination sources (using multivariate statistics), and health risk assessment arising from the consumption of groundwater contaminated with trace and toxic elements in the Chhaprola Industrial Area, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. In this study 33 tubewell water samples were analyzed for 28 elements using ICP-OES. Concentration of some trace and toxic elements such as Al, As, B, Cd, Cr, Mn, Pb and U exceeded their corresponding WHO (2011) guidelines and BIS (2012) standards while the other analyzed elements remain below than those values. Background γ and β radiation levels were observed and found to be within their acceptable limits. Multivariate statistics PCA (explains 82.07 cumulative percent for total 6 of factors) and CA indicated (mixed origin) that natural and anthropogenic activities like industrial effluent and agricultural runoff are responsible for the degrading of groundwater quality in the research area. In this study area, an adult consumes 3.0 L (median value) of water therefore consuming 39, 1.94, 1461, 0.14, 11.1, 292.6, 13.6, 23.5 μg of Al, As, B, Cd, Cr, Mn, Pb and U from drinking water per day respectively. The hazard quotient (HQ) value exceeded the safe limit of 1 which for As, B, Al, Cr, Mn, Cd, Pb and U at few locations while hazard index (HI) > 5 was observed in about 30% of the samples which indicated potential health risk from these tubewells for the local population if the groundwater is consumed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Background radiation, Hazard index, Hazard quotient, Industrial area, National capital region, Spatio-chemical, Agricultural runoff, Aluminum, Chemical hazards, Effluents, Groundwater, Hazards, Health, Health risks, Industrial research, Lead, Manganese, Manganese removal (water treatment), Multivariant analysis, Potable water, Risk assessment, Sewage, Trace elements, Uranium, Water quality, Hazard indices, Hazard quotients, National capital regions, Groundwater pollution
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-195128 (URN)10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.086 (DOI)000386186400014 ()27693874 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84988938294 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20161118

Available from: 2016-11-16 Created: 2016-11-02 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Vega, M. A., Kulkarni, H. V., Mladenov, N., Johannesson, K., Hettiarachchi, G. M., Bhattacharya, P., . . . Datta, S. (2017). Biogeochemical controls on the release and accumulation of Mn and As in shallow aquifers, West Bengal, India. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 5(JUN), Article ID 29.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biogeochemical controls on the release and accumulation of Mn and As in shallow aquifers, West Bengal, India
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2017 (English)In: Frontiers in Environmental Science, ISSN 2296-665X, Vol. 5, no JUN, article id 29Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2017
Keywords
Arsenic, Manganese, Organic matter, Shallow aquifer, West Bengal
National Category
Water Treatment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-216448 (URN)10.3389/fenvs.2017.00029 (DOI)2-s2.0-85026841070 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding details: EAR-1014946, NSF, National Science Foundation; Funding details: EAR1014947, NSF, National Science Foundation; Funding text: The authors would like to thank the National Science Foundation (NSF), Sigma Xi, and Kansas State University for support for field trips and project management to West Bengal. The authors would also like to thank the Department of Geology at K-State for funding, as well as the Departments of Agronomy and Biology for analytical assistances. Finally, the authors are greatly indebted to the inhabitants of Murshidabad who willingly helped in the logistical aspects of field sampling throughout the field excursions, and for their understanding and continuous support for these research efforts. This work has been funded by National Science Foundation Grant Proposal Numbers (1) NSF-EAR1014947 (Datta-KState) and (2) NSF EAR-1014946 (Johannesson-Tulane), and (3) Sigma Xi Grants in Aid G20141015720343 (Vega-KState).

QC 20171205

Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Patel, K. S., Sahu, B. L., Dahariya, N. S., Bhatia, A., Patel, R. K., Matini, L., . . . Bhattacharya, P. (2017). Groundwater arsenic and fluoride in Rajnandgaon District, Chhattisgarh, northeastern India. Applied water science, 7(4), 1817-1826
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Groundwater arsenic and fluoride in Rajnandgaon District, Chhattisgarh, northeastern India
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2017 (English)In: Applied water science, ISSN 2190-5487, E-ISSN 2190-5495, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1817-1826Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The groundwater of Ambagarh Chouki, Rajnandgaon, India, shows elevated levels of As and F-, frequently above the WHO guidelines. In this work, the concentrations of As, F-, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl-, SO42-, HCO3-, Fe, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in the groundwater of Ambagarh Chouki are described. The sources of dissolved components in the groundwater are investigated using the cluster and factor analysis. Five factors have been identified and linked to processes responsible for the formation of groundwater chemistry. High concentrations of dissolved As seems to be linked to high concentrations of DOC, suggesting reductive dissolution of ferric oxyhydroxides as arsenic mobilization process. Fluoride is found in shallow depth water, presumably as a consequence of evaporation of water and removal of Ca2+ by precipitation of carbonates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG, 2017
Keywords
Arsenic, Fluoride, Trace element, Groundwater
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-215480 (URN)10.1007/s13201-015-0355-2 (DOI)000411095500022 ()
Note

QC 20171013

Available from: 2017-10-13 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Maity, J. P., Chen, C.-Y. -., Bundschuh, J., Bhattacharya, P., Mukherjee, A. & Chang, Y.-F. -. (2017). Hydrogeochemical reconnaissance of arsenic cycling and possible environmental risk in hydrothermal systems of Taiwan. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 5, 1-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hydrogeochemical reconnaissance of arsenic cycling and possible environmental risk in hydrothermal systems of Taiwan
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2017 (English)In: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 5, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hydrothermal activity creates geo-hydro-chemical interactions between hot water/fluid and the host rocks, which changes the hydro-chemical composition of the geothermal water/fluid and enriches trace elements. Existence of arsenic (As) is reported from different hydrothermal systems as well as several region in groundwater system at elevated concentration globally, compared to 10 μg/L WHO (World health Organization) guideline. The distribution of dissolved major and minor elements, including arsenic (As) was studied in hydrothermal systems of Taiwan. For the first time in Taiwan As(V) and As(III) species were researched from the three principal geological settings of Taiwan. Aim was to understand the cycling, fate and transport and potential impact of As on the surficial hydrological systems. Water samples were collected from sixteen hydrothermal springs of 3 different geological settings. Three groups of hydrothermal spring water samples could be distinguished: (i) strongly acidic (pH&lt;3), sulfate-enriched waters of H-SO4-type (Yangmingshan, and Taipu, Beitou), (ii) slightly alkaline waters (pH: 8–8.95) (Jiben, Antung and Kung-Tzu-Ling), and (iii) circum-neutral waters (pH 6.47–7.41) of Na-HCO3/Na-Cl-HCO3-type (Wulai, Hongye, Rueisuei, Chung-Lun and Biolai). The waters are enriched with alkali and alkali earth metals compared to drinking water. Similarly, the water of most of the geothermal springs were found to be enriched with As (highest concentration at Beitou: 1.456 mg/L) with As(III) being the principal As species. Arsenic concentrations of hydrothermal spring waters in igneous rock terrains exhibit highest concentrations (0.69±0.71 mg/L) followed by those of sedimentary (0.16±0.14 mg/L) and metamorphic (0.06±0.02 mg/L) terrains. The discharged geothermal springs water contaminate the surface and groundwater (including drinking and irrigation water resources), where significant levels of arsenic and other toxic element have detected and hence being a significant risk for human health and environmental.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Arsenic, Hydrochemistry, Hydrothermal spring, Trace element
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207280 (URN)10.1016/j.gsd.2017.03.001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85015402028 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20170619

Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-11-10Bibliographically approved
Bundschuh, J., Maity, J. P., Mushtaq, S., Vithanage, M., Seneweera, S., Schneider, J., . . . Chen, C.-Y. (2017). Medical geology in the framework of the sustainable development goals. Science of the Total Environment, 581, 87-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medical geology in the framework of the sustainable development goals
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2017 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 581, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Exposure to geogenic contaminants (GCs) such as metal(loid)s, radioactive metals and isotopes as well as transuraniums occurring naturally in geogenic sources (rocks, minerals) can negatively impact on environmental and human health. The GCs are released into the environment by natural biogeochemical processes within the near-surface environments and/or by anthropogenic activities such as mining and hydrocarbon exploitation as well as exploitation of geothermal resources. They can contaminate soil, water, air and biota and subsequently enter the food chain with often serious health impacts which are mostly underestimated and poorly recognized. Global population explosion and economic growth and the associated increase in demand for water, energy, food, and mineral resources result in accelerated release of GCs globally. The emerging science of "medical geology" assesses the complex relationships between geo-environmental factors and their impacts on humans and environments and is related to the majority of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals in the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations for Sustainable Development. In this paper, we identify multiple lines of evidence for the role of GCs in the incidence of diseases with as yet unknown etiology (causation). Integrated medical geology promises a more holistic understanding of the occurrence, mobility, bioavailability, bio-accessibility, exposure and transfer mechanisms of GCs to the food-chain and humans, and the related ecotoxicological impacts and health effects. Scientific evidence based on this approach will support adaptive solutions for prevention, preparedness and response regarding human and environmental health impacts originating from exposure to GCs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Medical geology, Geogenic contaminants, Toxic trace elements, Public health, Water resources, Food chain
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-205051 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.11.208 (DOI)000394635300010 ()28062106 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85008476101 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20170601

Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-11-10Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4350-9950

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