Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 73) Show all publications
Malmqvist, T., Moncaster, A., Rasmussen, F. & Birgisdottir, H. (2020). Circularity in the built environment: – a call for a paradigm shift. In: Brandão, M., Lazarevic, D., Finnveden, G (Ed.), Handbook of the Circular Economy: . Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Circularity in the built environment: – a call for a paradigm shift
2020 (English)In: Handbook of the Circular Economy / [ed] Brandão, M., Lazarevic, D., Finnveden, G, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020
Keywords
Built environment, Circular economy, buildings, human needs, building professionals, life cycle assessment
National Category
Environmental Management
Research subject
Civil and Architectural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261629 (URN)
Note

QC 20191022

Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-08 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved
Hagbert, P. & Malmqvist, T. (2019). Actors in transition: shifting roles in Swedish sustainable housing development. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Actors in transition: shifting roles in Swedish sustainable housing development
2019 (English)In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In planning for a future that fulfils sustainability goals, there is a need to explore how roles taken in socio-ecological transitions are perceived among different types of actors. Empirical insights from interviews with diverse actors involved in Swedish housing development are presented, addressing the roles, conflicting logics and power relations between different sectoral categories of actors and at different organizational levels. Key aspects that emerge relate to the shift from state to market in contemporary Swedish housing development, where private companies emphasize their role in shaping societal development as inherent to working with sustainability. Conflicting logics can be found between short-term economic interests and long-term planning and policy, as well as intra-organizational differences in competency and leadership. Conclusions point to that the role of third sector or community actors in pushing agendas and norms to bring about transitions could be acknowledged further. Yet there is a need to examine the power relations currently reproduced, and how these could be challenged in future housing development. This includes critically assessing the potential for new types of actors and cross-sectoral collaborations, but also instigating more fundamental discussions of the kind of society strived for, and the radical transitions needed.

Keywords
Sustainability transitions Housing development Multi-actor perspective Roles
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256053 (URN)10.1007/s10901-019-09695-7 (DOI)000483725500003 ()2-s2.0-85068864849 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013-1842
Note

QC 20190903

Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Lind, J., Malmqvist, T. & Wangel, J. (2019). Developing Indicators to Evaluate Sustainability of Urban Areas. In: YRSB19 IISBE Forum of Young Researchers in Sustainable Building: . Paper presented at YRSB19 IISBE Forum of Young Researchers in Sustainable Building. Prag: Czech Technical University in Prague
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing Indicators to Evaluate Sustainability of Urban Areas
2019 (English)In: YRSB19 IISBE Forum of Young Researchers in Sustainable Building, Prag: Czech Technical University in Prague , 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Prag: Czech Technical University in Prague, 2019
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256454 (URN)978-80-01-06610-2 (ISBN)
Conference
YRSB19 IISBE Forum of Young Researchers in Sustainable Building
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

QC 20190827

Available from: 2019-08-23 Created: 2019-08-23 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Lind, J., Malmqvist, T. & Wangel, J. (2019). Key Considerations When Designing Certification Systems for Urban Sustainability and Implications for The Swedish Post-Construction System Citylab. Sustainability, 11(9), Article ID 2673.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Key Considerations When Designing Certification Systems for Urban Sustainability and Implications for The Swedish Post-Construction System Citylab
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 2673Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Addressing sustainability in urban planning has led to an increasing number of certification systems to support such processes. Nevertheless, there is no commonly recognised framework listing what is important to consider when developing such systems. Citylab is a certification system that is used in several Swedish urban development projects. Today, Citylab certifies the planning process of urban areas but it will be extended with a post-construction part. This paper presents a three steps analysis of the design of such a post-construction certification system. First, a literature review was performed, which allowed for identifying three principles and 11 sub-principles that make up a generic framework for the design of similar certification systems. Second, 13 semi-structured interviews were conducted in Sweden with key urban development stakeholders to better specify the scope of a post-construction extension of Citylab. As a result, four alternatives emerge for the role and function of this system. Third, crossing the results of both previous steps allowed for an understanding of important considerations and implications for the Citylab post-construction certification system design. The paper concludes on the relevance of such a reflexive procedure for the design of certification systems in general, in which the use of the framework is a key to ensure transparency and enable deliberate choices and priorities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
sustainability, indicators, certification system, urban areas, urban development
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255336 (URN)10.3390/su11092673 (DOI)000469518700221 ()2-s2.0-85067054222 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190731

Available from: 2019-07-31 Created: 2019-07-31 Last updated: 2019-07-31Bibliographically approved
Francart, N., Erlandsson, M., Malmqvist, T., Larsson, M. & Florell, J. (2019). Requirements set by Swedish municipalities to promote construction with low climate change impact. Journal of Cleaner Production, 208, 117-131
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Requirements set by Swedish municipalities to promote construction with low climate change impact
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 208, p. 117-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates how Swedish municipalities work to reduce the climate change impact of building construction. It focuses on current practices related to promoting the use of sustainable construction materials and on barriers to environmental requirements in construction, in particular environmental performance requirements based on LCA procedures. Municipalities were surveyed about the existence of municipal policies dealing with environmental issues in construction, the knowledge level about these issues, and the measures and requirements used to promote materials with low climate change impact. The survey was followed by semi-structured interviews about current practices and barriers to environmental requirements in construction. Results show that large municipalities are more likely to have dedicated policies and implement more measures than their smaller counterparts. However, willingness to implement future measures and knowledge of sustainable construction do not vary significantly with municipality population. Efforts are often limited to procurement, municipal construction projects and discussions with stakeholders. When requirements are set, they are almost always based on prescribing a technical solution (e.g. use of timber) rather than assessing environmental performance (e.g. calculating greenhouse gases emissions with a LCA tool). Measures that municipalities can take as public authorities are restricted by the law, which remains ambiguous as to the legality of environmental performance requirements. Legal issues, limited knowledge and resources appear to be the main barriers to environmental performance requirements in construction. A strategy is proposed to o​v​e​r​

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
LCA; life cycle assessment; livscykelanalys; municipality; kommun; construction; requirement; krav
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-244046 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.053 (DOI)000451362200011 ()2-s2.0-85056186787 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190218

Available from: 2019-02-14 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-02-18Bibliographically approved
Svenfelt, Å., Alfredsson, E., Bradley, K., Fauré, E., Finnveden, G., Fuehrer, P., . . . Ohlund, E. (2019). Scenarios for sustainable futures beyond GDP growth 2050. Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, 111, 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scenarios for sustainable futures beyond GDP growth 2050
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 111, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The idea of continued economic growth is increasingly questioned and critically analysed on the basis of its potential negative sustainability impact. Along with the critique, visions and strategies for alternative systems need also be brought onto the agenda. The aim of this paper is to present the qualitative content of scenarios that explore sustainability strategies for the Swedish society when economic growth is not seen as an end in itself, and instead the objective is other values/targets that society might wish to achieve. Multi-target backcasting scenarios are developed that illustrate future states in which four sustainability targets (climate, land use, participation, and resource security) are to be attained. The focus of these four scenarios is: 1) a Collaborative economy, 2) Local self-sufficiency, 3) Automation for quality of life, and 4) Circular economy in the welfare state. In the paper, we also present the process of the development of the scenarios, and feedback from stakeholders. Although the focus is on Sweden, the process and scenarios may also be relevant for other similar countries. The scenarios are discussed in terms of their relevance and their purpose, the fulfilment of the sustainability targets, and the multi-target approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
Keywords
Multi-target, Sustainability targets, Backcasting, Scenarios, Beyond growth
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257561 (URN)10.1016/j.futures.2019.05.001 (DOI)000478703800001 ()2-s2.0-85066049333 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190925

Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Moncaster, A. M., Rasmussen, F. N., Malmqvist, T., Wiberg, A. H. & Birgisdottir, H. (2019). Widening understanding of low embodied impact buildings: Results and recommendations from 80 multi-national quantitative and qualitative case studies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 235, 378-393
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Widening understanding of low embodied impact buildings: Results and recommendations from 80 multi-national quantitative and qualitative case studies
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 235, p. 378-393Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper publishes the results from a major five year International Energy Agency research project which investigated the reduction of embodied energy and greenhouse gas emissions over the whole life ('cradle to grave') of buildings. Annex 57 collated and analysed over 80 detailed quantitative and qualitative building case studies from the participating nations. For many years the multiple variations in methodological approach of case studies to assess the whole life embodied impacts of buildings have presented a major challenge for politicians and other decision makers. Any real change in design and construction practice has also proved elusive. This paper describes a modified research synthesis and meta analysis as a novel and valid method for drawing meaningful conclusions from large sets of significantly diverse studies. The quantitative analyses consider embodied impacts of the product stage, replacement, and end of life stages, of new and refurbished buildings, and of different building assemblies and construction materials. The product stage is shown to dominate in most cases, with the median value around two thirds of the whole life embodied impacts, with replacements the next highest with a median figure of around 25%; however replacements in five studies were over 50% of the whole life impacts. It should be noted that several life cycle stages are still missing from these studies. The case studies included eleven refurbishment projects, in which energy efficient measures and low carbon technologies were retrofitted to existing buildings; for these projects the median product stage impact was found to be just under half that for the new build projects. While further research is required to compare the operational energy use in the new and refurbished buildings, this suggests that such energy refurbishments have a significantly lower impact than new buildings. Several other studies considered the impacts from technical equipment and internal fixtures and fittings, both frequently excluded, and demonstrated that they can be responsible for up to 45% of the whole life embodied greenhouse gases and up to 48% of the whole life embodied energy. Finally, the paper combines the analysis of the quantitative case studies with that of qualitative studies, to explore the impact of contextual factors at both policy and project level in significantly reducing the embodied environmental impacts of buildings. The case studies have shown that planning authorities, major clients, developers, and individual designers, can all play an important role in reducing embodied impacts through encouraging innovation. The paper concludes with recommendations for policy makers, designers and LCA modelers which will support and effect real reductions in the whole life embodied impacts of buildings. rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
Keywords
Embodied carbon, Meta-analysis and research synthesis, Case study analysis
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-259406 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.06.233 (DOI)000482491500032 ()2-s2.0-85068398053 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190925

Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Rasmussen, F. N., Malmqvist, T., Moncaster, A., Wiberg, A. H. & Birgisdóttir, H. (2018). Analysing methodological choices in calculations of embodied energy and GHG emissions from buildings. Energy and Buildings, 158, 1487-1498
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysing methodological choices in calculations of embodied energy and GHG emissions from buildings
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 158, p. 1487-1498Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of embodied energy and embodied greenhouse gas emissions (EEG) from buildings is gaining increased interest within building sector initiatives and on a regulatory level. In spite of recent harmonisation efforts, reported results of EEG from building case studies display large variations in numerical results due to variations in the chosen indicators, data sources and both temporal and physical boundaries. The aim of this paper is to add value to existing EEG research knowledge by systematically explaining and analysing the methodological implications of the quantitative results obtained, thus providing a framework for reinterpretation and more effective comparison. The collection of over 80 international case studies developed within the International Energy Agency's EBC Annex 57 research programme is used as the quantitative foundation to present a comprehensive analysis of the multiple interacting methodological parameters. The analysis of methodological parameters is structured by the stepwise methodological choices made in the building EEG assessment practice. Each of six assessment process steps involves one or more methodological choices relevant to the EEG results, and the combination potentials between these many parameters signifies a multitude of ways in which the outcome of EEG studies are affected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2018
Keywords
Embodied energy, Embodied GHG emissions, EN15978 standard, Life cycle assessment, Methodological choices, Sustainable building, Buildings, Gas emissions, Intelligent buildings, Life cycle, GHG emission, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Greenhouse gases
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227101 (URN)10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.11.013 (DOI)000428010300045 ()2-s2.0-85034968199 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180515

Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved
Berglund, D., Kharazmi, P., Miliutenko, S., Björk, F. & Malmqvist, T. (2018). Comparative life-cycle assessment for renovation methods of waste water sewerage systems for apartment buildings. Journal of Building Engineering, 19, 98-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparative life-cycle assessment for renovation methods of waste water sewerage systems for apartment buildings
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Journal of Building Engineering, E-ISSN 2352-7102, Vol. 19, p. 98-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This comparative life-cycle assessment highlights three main alternatives for renovation of waste water sewerage: pipe replacement, cured- in- place pipe (CIPP) lining (also called sliplining) and renovation by coatings. The functional unit of this study is a six-story block house that was built in 1960 and has 29 apartments. The characterized results of environmental impacts display an advantage for CIPP-lining over pipe replacement in 14 of the 18 studied impact categories. Regarding those categories in which impacts were comparatively large, when looking at the average impact from a European citizen according to the ReCiPe methodology for life cycle inventory list, pipe replacement has greater impacts than CIPP-lining. In general, the impacts of pipe replacement are related to new tiles, expanded polyester cement, the screed, and the material for waterproofing, as well as the electricity needed for drying the structure. The CIPP-lining method displays higher impacts than pipe replacement in just four categories. These impacts are, to a large extent, caused by the use of consumables such as gloves and cotton cloths. From an LCA-perspective, the study shows that the CIPP and coatings relining methods have advantages over pipe replacement under the condition that the technical lifetime is the same for these methods. Still, the uncertainty of service life, as well as Bisphenol A (BPA) emissions, remain as issues of concern for further study. There are also other differences among the alternatives that ultimately influence a property owner's choice of method, such as costs, inconvenience for the residents, renewal of bathroom interiors, and the way in which the property owner values the alternative technologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Cured-in-place pipe, Life-cycle assessment, Relining, Waste water pipeline
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-228701 (URN)10.1016/j.jobe.2018.04.019 (DOI)000438148500011 ()2-s2.0-85046804116 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013-1804
Note

QC 20180529

Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2019-11-14Bibliographically approved
Kharazmi, P., Berglund, D., Miliutenko, S., Björk, F. & Malmqvist, T. (2018). Comparative Life-Cycle Assessment for Renovation Methods of Waste-Water Sewerage Systems in Apartment Buildings – Comprehensive Data used in SimaPro for Model and Analyse LCA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparative Life-Cycle Assessment for Renovation Methods of Waste-Water Sewerage Systems in Apartment Buildings – Comprehensive Data used in SimaPro for Model and Analyse LCA
Show others...
2018 (English)Data set
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225157 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

QC 20180416

Available from: 2018-04-01 Created: 2018-04-01 Last updated: 2019-05-03Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2949-422X

Search in DiVA

Show all publications