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Arekrans, J., Ritzén, S., Laurenti, R. & Sopjani, L. (2019). Analysis of Innovation Management Issues in Barriers to Circular Economy. In: : . Paper presented at 20th International CINet Conference, Odense, Denmark.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis of Innovation Management Issues in Barriers to Circular Economy
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The current linear system of extract-produce-consume-dispose poses considerable challenges for achieving sustainability goals and will eventually lead to the depletion of non-renewable natural resources. Circular Economy (CE) is promoted as a possible sustainable way forward. The suggested transition questions society at large and the business-as-usual of existing firms in particular.

Barriers to CE implementation have become a growing stream of literature across several sectors and relating to different levels of society. However, this emerging stream of research and how it handles issues of management appears not to be helpful to managers and organizations. This study is, therefore, a systematic review of the current state-of art of circular economy barriers where we scrutinize issues related to management. Attention is brought to matters concerning innovation in management, in particular, business model innovation and innovation ecosystems. 

Our findings suggest that these topics are indeed indicated as important in the CE literature, yet in very diverse ways depending on the studied case. Implications for future studies within CE are drawn, with suggested point of departure in innovation management topics.

Keywords
Circular economy, barriers, organisation, management, innovation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256041 (URN)
Conference
20th International CINet Conference, Odense, Denmark
Funder
Vinnova, 2018-04691
Note

Presented 8-10 September 2019, Odense, Denmark

Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-16
Ritzén, S., Annabeth, A., Arekrans, J. & Laurenti, R. (2019). Analyzing co-creation in business models as going circular. In: : . Paper presented at 4th International Conference on New Business Models, Berlin, July 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyzing co-creation in business models as going circular
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The business potentials of businesses and business models going circular are vast as identified by Nasr (2011). Despite the increase of publications on the topic of circular economy (CE) and circular business models (CBM), there is still a lack of research on the effect on sustainability orientation of the organization (Parida & Vincent, 2019). Also, many firms reveal a lack of integration of sustainability issues in their business strategy and business models, typically hampering a transition to CE (Ritzén and Ölundh Sandström, 2017).

According to Urbinati, Chiaroni and Chiesa (2017) CBMs can be explored based on the degree of adoption of circularity along two major dimensions:

  1. the customer value proposition & interface, i.e. the implementation of the circularity concept in proposing value to customers;
  2. the value network, i.e. the ways through which interacting with suppliers and reorganizing the own internal activities.

The analysis of this study is focused on describing the new business models that these organizations have defined for going circular and specifically scrutinizing the actions (or non-actions) of co-creation that occurs in their value network. T

he selected case organizations are four large mature OEMs, B2C and B2B, and one small C2C service provider. The paper contributes empirically and theoretically with exploration and empirical illustrations of organizations fully in action of innovating their CBMs and identifies the key challenges in integrating CE and business, when innovation is a matter for the companies’ value networks and not only for the individual company.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256042 (URN)
Conference
4th International Conference on New Business Models, Berlin, July 2019
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-16
Sopjani, S., Janhager Stier, J., Ritzén, S., Hesselgren, M. & Georén, P. (2019). Involving users and user roles in the transition to sustainable mobility systems: The case of light electric vehicle sharing in Sweden. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 71, 207-221
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Involving users and user roles in the transition to sustainable mobility systems: The case of light electric vehicle sharing in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 71, p. 207-221Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Low-carbon mobility alternatives, such as shared services integrating light electric vehicles, support transitions to sustainable transport systems. However, new products and services are not enough, as changes must also incorporate the practices of travelling, infrastructure, and mobility cultures in which users of mobility solutions are core stakeholders. This paper argues that userinvolvement is necessary in sustainable innovation processes but that the expected diversity of user roles and their involvement can also lead to contrasting outcomes for sustainable innovation transitions. Guided by theory in user involvement, this study investigated users and nonusers of light electric vehicles in a sharing mobility service system set up as living lab in two large workplaces in Sweden. Fifty-one interviews with employees at the workplaces were conducted during the implementation process and analysed combined with a questionnaire and data from system tracking through sensor technology. The paper finds that both users and non-users are co-creators in building momentum for sustainable mobility alternatives and provides a spectrum of user roles with defined characteristics. Four roles are distinguished within this spectrum: vigilant users, passive collaborators, active decision makers and ambassadors. We suggest that a convergent activation strategy is deployed for involving a full spectrum of users in order to capture their insights in ways that positively affect transition. Such a strategy addresses users and non-users as part of decision-making concerning alternatives and cultivates a culture of user collaboration, while also enabling a plurality of contributions in order to challenge existing regimes and established practices among individuals

Keywords
User roles; User involvement; Sustainable innovation; Shared mobility services; Ambassadors
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250288 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2018.12.011 (DOI)000471361300014 ()
Projects
KTH Mobility Pool
Note

QC 20190429

Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2019-07-15Bibliographically approved
Ritzén, S. & Sandström Ö., G. (2017). Barriers to the Circular Economy - Integration of Perspectives and Domains. In: Procedia CIRP: . Paper presented at 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems 2017, 3 May 2017 through 5 May 2017 (pp. 7-12). Elsevier B.V.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers to the Circular Economy - Integration of Perspectives and Domains
2017 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2017, p. 7-12Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainable development requires disruptive changes and radical innovations, and the capability to deliver this in relation to adapt to a sustainable development is needed in mature large industrial companies. Integration between sustainability and business development is needed, which the Circular Economy model offers. Circular Economy is little implemented in practice, and in the present paper barriers to a transition to Circular Economy is identified. Barriers are financial, structural, operational, attitudinal and technological. They are also, as analyzed in relation to innovation management, characterized by a need to increase integration between a number of different perspectives and domains in industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2017
Keywords
Circular Economy, disruptive, innovation management, integration, radical, Innovation, Manufacture, Planning, Sustainable development, Business development, Industrial companies, Radical innovation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-216566 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2017.03.005 (DOI)000414528200002 ()2-s2.0-85021813032 (Scopus ID)
Conference
50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems 2017, 3 May 2017 through 5 May 2017
Note

QC 20171108

Available from: 2017-11-08 Created: 2017-11-08 Last updated: 2017-11-20Bibliographically approved
Sopjani, L., Hesselgren, M., Ritzén, S. & Janhager Stier, J. (2017). Co-creation with diverse actors for sustainability innovation. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017 (pp. 459-468). Design Society (DS87-8)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-creation with diverse actors for sustainability innovation
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Design Society , 2017, no DS87-8, p. 459-468Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainability driven innovations differ from current established technologies imposing new requirements on users and often interdependent with other actors' changes. Strategic Niche Management (SNM) stresses interactions between actors through niches i.e. protected spaces for experimentation to support innovation. However, it is unclear what activities are necessary when different actors are involved in developing and diffusing sustainability innovation. This paper aims at identifying activities crucial for sustainability innovation in an implemented mobility project. The results show that cocreation through iterations and reflections by combinations of diverse actors and users can be considered a core process for sustainability innovation. Six activities are identified as critical: matching the interdependencies by combining the actors' diverse competences and resources; facilitating to steer the group of actors into actions; engaging users at early stages of innovation; trying to drive change by offering the users an opportunity; co-creating through a multitude of actors with the development and usage simultaneously; steering and facilitating to enable co-creation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Design Society, 2017
Keywords
Co-creation, Innovation, Product-service systems (PSS), Sustainability, Engineering, Industrial engineering, Productservice system (PSS), Strategic niche management, Sustainable development
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-216570 (URN)2-s2.0-85029761882 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017
Note

QC 20171107

Available from: 2017-11-07 Created: 2017-11-07 Last updated: 2017-11-07Bibliographically approved
Sopjani, L., Hesselgren, M., Ritzén, S. & Janhager Stier, J. (2017). Co-creation with diverse actors for sustainability innovation. In: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos (Ed.), Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vol. 8: Human Behaviour in Design, Vancouver, Canada, 21.-25.08.2017: . Paper presented at 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED17. Vancouver, 8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-creation with diverse actors for sustainability innovation
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vol. 8: Human Behaviour in Design, Vancouver, Canada, 21.-25.08.2017 / [ed] Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos, Vancouver, 2017, Vol. 8Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainability driven innovations differ from current established technologies imposing new

requirements on users and often interdependent with other actors’ changes. Strategic Niche Management

(SNM) stresses interactions between actors through niches i.e. protected spaces for experimentation to

support innovation. However, it is unclear what activities are necessary when different actors are

involved in developing and diffusing sustainability innovation. This paper aims at identifying activities

crucial for sustainability innovation in an implemented mobility project. The results show that cocreation

through iterations and reflections by combinations of diverse actors and users can be considered

a core process for sustainability innovation. Six activities are identified as critical: matching the

interdependencies by combining the actors’ diverse competences and resources; facilitating to steer the

group of actors into actions; engaging users at early stages of innovation; trying to drive change by

offering the users an opportunity; co-creating through a multitude of actors with the development and

usage simultaneously; steering and facilitating to enable co-creation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vancouver: , 2017
Series
ICED, ISSN 2220-4342
Keywords
Co-creation; Innovation; Sustainability; Product-Service Systems (PSS)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250291 (URN)
Conference
21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED17
Note

QC 20190429

Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Buck, L. S., Nilsson, S. & Ritzén, S. (2017). Improving exploration capability by interacting with start-ups. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017 (pp. 417-426). Design Society (DS87-2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving exploration capability by interacting with start-ups
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Design Society , 2017, no DS87-2, p. 417-426Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes and analyses an exploration-capability model that is currently being introduced in an automotive OEM. An increasingly high environmental dynamism as well as a new level of competition in the automotive industry call for an improved capability to explore and realise more radical innovations to complement the established OEMs exploitation skills and present focus on incremental innovation. The model that is target for the study offers the employees in the OEM five different forms of interactions with start-ups as a way to develop the capability to explore. The different forms of interaction are found to make use of different modes of balancing ambidexterity and to introduce different means to improve and establish individual, entrepreneurial skills, as well as influence the innovation culture of the OEM. The paper lays the foundation for future research by describing how and why an OEM is designing a new model to develop its exploration capability through interacting with start-ups by analysing the model in relation to theory, and presenting propositions that will act as a baseline for further studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Design Society, 2017
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Management, Organizational processes, Competition, Capability model, Entrepreneurial skills, Environmental dynamisms, Incremental innovation, Innovation Culture, Organizational process, Radical innovation, Automotive industry
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-216578 (URN)2-s2.0-85029755004 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017
Note

QC 20171101

Available from: 2017-11-01 Created: 2017-11-01 Last updated: 2017-11-01Bibliographically approved
Sopjani, L., Hesselgren, M., Janhager Stier, J. & Ritzén, S. (2016). Aligning private and public domains for sustainable disruptive innovation. In: Dr. Paolo Neirotti (Ed.), Proceedings og 17th International CINet Conference: . Paper presented at 17th International CINet Conference. Turin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aligning private and public domains for sustainable disruptive innovation
2016 (English)In: Proceedings og 17th International CINet Conference / [ed] Dr. Paolo Neirotti, Turin, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the constellation of various actors from private and public

sectors represented by three companies, a municipality, a non-profit

organization, a research lab and users to collaborate on bringing forward a

sustainability driven disruptive innovation. The purpose of the paper is to

investigate how the various actors’ interests and contributions influence the

management of the collaboration setup and what barriers and enablers boost or

impede the outcome of the setup, i.e. deploying an innovation with sustainability

promise. We argue that the alignment of diverse actors’ interests and aims for

the innovation in collaborative settings is crucial for the collaboration to lead to

desirable outcomes. However, only alignment at an abstract level cannot ensure

success even when actors bring competencies that balance the innovation

requirements. Rather, creating cohesion and commitment of all actors

simultaneously at a concrete level is necessary. The integration of new

approaches to collaboration such as design methods may strengthen

commitment despite actors coming from different organizational cultures and

traditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turin: , 2016
Keywords
Strategic niche management; sustainable innovation; transportation; collaboration
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250290 (URN)
Conference
17th International CINet Conference
Note

QC 20190429

Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Hagman, J., Ritzén, S. & Stier, J. J. (2016). New vehicle buyers that are Battery Electric Vehicle Compatible (BEV-C). In: EVS 2016 - 29th International Electric Vehicle Symposium: . Paper presented at 29th World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, EVS 2016, 19 June 2016 through 22 June 2016. Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New vehicle buyers that are Battery Electric Vehicle Compatible (BEV-C)
2016 (English)In: EVS 2016 - 29th International Electric Vehicle Symposium, Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition , 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper aim to identify and investigate a group of potential adopters that are compatible with Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) in terms of range and charging, a group labeled as BEV Compatible (BEV-C). The results reveal that the BEV-C group constitutes 14 % of new vehicle buyers and that their intention to adopt BEVs are stronger compared to the non BEV-C group. The BEV-C group can be characterized as individuals that are less likely to conduct occasional longer drives (over 150 km), perceive BEVs more positively, have higher environmental awareness and have been exposed to more BEV information compared to the non BEV-C group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, 2016
Keywords
Battery electric vehicle, Charging, Marketing, Range, Sales, Charging (batteries), Charging (furnace), Electric batteries, Electric vehicles, Secondary batteries, Vehicles, Environmental awareness, Exposed to, Battery electric vehicles
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207555 (URN)2-s2.0-85013988447 (Scopus ID)9781510832701 (ISBN)
Conference
29th World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, EVS 2016, 19 June 2016 through 22 June 2016
Note

Conference code: 125226; Export Date: 22 May 2017; Conference Paper. QC 20170531

Available from: 2017-05-31 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved
Hagman, J., Ritzén, S., Janhager Stier, J. & Susilo, Y. (2016). Total cost of ownership and its potential implications for battery electric vehicle diffusion. Research in Transportation Business and Management (RTBM), 18, 11-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Total cost of ownership and its potential implications for battery electric vehicle diffusion
2016 (English)In: Research in Transportation Business and Management (RTBM), ISSN 2210-5395, E-ISSN 2210-5409, Vol. 18, p. 11-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) have been slow to diffuse on the international as well as the Swedish market. Previous studies have indicated situational factors such as economic factors, size and performance to be of major importance for vehicle purchasers in their choice of vehicle. In this paper, the authors explore a consumer centric total cost of ownership (TCO) model to investigate the possible discrepancy between purchase price and the TCO between internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and BEVs. The creation and testing of the TCO model reveals that computation could be a challenging task for consumers due to bounded access of relevant data and the prediction of future conditions. The application of the model to the vehicle sample found that BEVs could be cheaper compared to ICEVs and HEVs. The findings in this paper could prove to be of importance for policy and marketing alike in designing the most appropriate business models and information campaigns based on consumer conditions in order to further promoting the diffusion of BEVs in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Battery electric vehicles, Diffusion of innovation, Sustainability, TCO, Total cost of ownership
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187290 (URN)10.1016/j.rtbm.2016.01.003 (DOI)000377615800003 ()2-s2.0-84956875250 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20160519

Available from: 2016-05-19 Created: 2016-05-19 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4488-1028

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