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Sopjani, L., Arekrans, J., Laurenti, R. & Ritzén, S. (2020). Unlocking the Linear Lock-In: Mapping Research on Barriers to Transition. Sustainability, 12(3), Article ID 1034.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unlocking the Linear Lock-In: Mapping Research on Barriers to Transition
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 1034Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The linear paradigm of take-make-dispose in production and consumption patterns impedes the achievement of global sustainability goals. Strategies for maintaining the added value of resources and circulating them have been discussed as promising for the future. There are, however, many barriers to be addressed to overcome the linear lock-in. The large body of literature on these barriers is notably diverse in terms of theory, methods, sectors, products, and settings. This demonstrates the complexity of delineating implications to the practice and research needs. Without a common framework to analyse barriers, knowledge does not accumulate, hindering the development and implementation of solutions and policies that could effectively address the barriers. In this article, we developed a systematic map of studies on barriers related to the circular transition. The purpose was twofold: (1) to classify published research on barriers; (2) to provide a searchable database for future more rigorous systematic literature reviews. We reviewed the abstract of 527 publications and classified the study according to a developed scheme. This classification scheme includes the research paradigms (circular economy, sharing economy, collaborative consumption and product-service systems), circular strategy (recycling, remanufacturing, component/product reuse, and access-based consumption), country, sector/industry/product, and research approach and method. The resulting research map is open source, serving also as an adaptive digital database for researchers alike to perform systematic reviews and contribute further to its collaborative development

Keywords
circular economy; sharing economy; collaborative consumption; product-service systems; barriers; systematic map
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Strategies for sustainable development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-268750 (URN)10.3390/su12031034 (DOI)
Projects
ABC Mechanisms: From Ownership to Access-Based Circularity in Sweden
Funder
Vinnova, 2018-04691
Note

QC 20200221

Available from: 2020-02-20 Created: 2020-02-20 Last updated: 2020-02-21Bibliographically approved
Sopjani, L., Laurenti, R., Arekrans, J. & Ritzén, S. (2019). A systematic map for classifying studies on barriers related to circular economy, sharing economy, collaborative consumption, and product-service systems. In: Proceedings of the 19th European Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP 2019) Institute for Sustainability Science and Technology, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, 15-18 October 2019: . Paper presented at 19th European Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP 2019).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A systematic map for classifying studies on barriers related to circular economy, sharing economy, collaborative consumption, and product-service systems
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 19th European Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP 2019) Institute for Sustainability Science and Technology, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, 15-18 October 2019, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The linear paradigm of take-make-dispose in production and consumption threatens global sustainability goals. Strategies for looping resources (e.g. as proposed in circular economy) have been discussed as a promising future, but not without a number of challenges or barriers in the transition phase. Consequently, barriers for realizing such strategies is a prominent topic in an increasing number of empirical studies. Following this trend, several of meta studies have compiled the barriers found in the literature, trying to summarize and generalize them; while others have cited or assumed the existence of a specific barrier and proposed a solution to overcome it. However, understanding of what type of barrier related to what type of circular strategy (e.g. reuse, remanufacture, recycle) is limited because scholars of emerging scientific areas use different concepts and language to frame their findings. Moreover, the fact that contextual factors may play an important role concerning the presence or absence of a specific barrier has been overlooked. Without a common framework to organize the findings, isolated knowledge does not cumulate. In this study, we developed a systematic map for classifying studies on barriers related to the emerging fields of circular economy, sharing economy, collaborative consumption and product-service systems. The purpose is to, first, classify and consolidate research knowledge in order to analyze the progress in these four research paradigms, and second, to provide a searchable database for future more rigorous systematic literature reviews. Five hundred and twenty-seven publications published between 2003 and January 2019 available in Scopus were reviewed and classified in a fine level of granularity, including whether barriers are the focus of the publication, how the barriers were identified by the publication (e.g. empirically, assumed, indirectly mentioned), whether the publication discuss or test a solution, the method used (e.g. case study, survey, interviews) and data source (primary, secondary). The systematic map helped to identify relevant contextual factors for one or a set of barriers in single empirical study, such as the circular strategy, geographical context, (i.e. country), level of analysis (e.g. business model, governance, product, user), and sector (e.g. accommodation, clothing, transport, electronics). Further, the map is an open source adaptive framework serving also as a digital database for researchers alike for extracting knowledge and contributing further to its development, through input and collaboration.

Keywords
Systematic Map, Circular Economy, Sharing Economy, Collaborative Consumption, Product- Service Systems
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Strategies for sustainable development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-268752 (URN)978-84-09-16892-7 (ISBN)
Conference
19th European Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP 2019)
Funder
Vinnova, 2018-04691
Note

QC 20200226

Available from: 2020-02-20 Created: 2020-02-20 Last updated: 2020-02-26Bibliographically approved
Arekrans, J., Ritzén, S., Laurenti, R. & Sopjani, L. (2019). Analysis of Innovation Management Issues in Barriers to Circular Economy. In: : . Paper presented at 20th International CINet Conference, Odense, Denmark.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis of Innovation Management Issues in Barriers to Circular Economy
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The current linear system of extract-produce-consume-dispose poses considerable challenges for achieving sustainability goals and will eventually lead to the depletion of non-renewable natural resources. Circular Economy (CE) is promoted as a possible sustainable way forward. The suggested transition questions society at large and the business-as-usual of existing firms in particular.

Barriers to CE implementation have become a growing stream of literature across several sectors and relating to different levels of society. However, this emerging stream of research and how it handles issues of management appears not to be helpful to managers and organizations. This study is, therefore, a systematic review of the current state-of art of circular economy barriers where we scrutinize issues related to management. Attention is brought to matters concerning innovation in management, in particular, business model innovation and innovation ecosystems. 

Our findings suggest that these topics are indeed indicated as important in the CE literature, yet in very diverse ways depending on the studied case. Implications for future studies within CE are drawn, with suggested point of departure in innovation management topics.

Keywords
Circular economy, barriers, organisation, management, innovation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256041 (URN)
Conference
20th International CINet Conference, Odense, Denmark
Funder
Vinnova, 2018-04691
Note

Presented 8-10 September 2019, Odense, Denmark. QC 20190827

Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Ritzén, S., Aagaard, A., Arekrans, J. & Laurenti, R. (2019). Analyzing co-creation in business models as going circular. In: : . Paper presented at 4th International Conference on New Business Models, 1-3 July 2019, ESCP Europe Berlin.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyzing co-creation in business models as going circular
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The business potentials of businesses and business models going circular are vast as identified by Nasr (2011). Despite the increase of publications on the topic of circular economy (CE) and circular business models (CBM), there is still a lack of research on the effect on sustainability orientation of the organization (Parida & Vincent, 2019). Also, many firms reveal a lack of integration of sustainability issues in their business strategy and business models, typically hampering a transition to CE (Ritzén and Ölundh Sandström, 2017).

According to Urbinati, Chiaroni and Chiesa (2017) CBMs can be explored based on the degree of adoption of circularity along two major dimensions:

  1. the customer value proposition & interface, i.e. the implementation of the circularity concept in proposing value to customers;
  2. the value network, i.e. the ways through which interacting with suppliers and reorganizing the own internal activities.

The analysis of this study is focused on describing the new business models that these organizations have defined for going circular and specifically scrutinizing the actions (or non-actions) of co-creation that occurs in their value network. T

he selected case organizations are four large mature OEMs, B2C and B2B, and one small C2C service provider. The paper contributes empirically and theoretically with exploration and empirical illustrations of organizations fully in action of innovating their CBMs and identifies the key challenges in integrating CE and business, when innovation is a matter for the companies’ value networks and not only for the individual company.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256042 (URN)
Conference
4th International Conference on New Business Models, 1-3 July 2019, ESCP Europe Berlin
Note

QCR 20190823

Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Sopjani, L., Janhager Stier, J., Ritzén, S., Hesselgren, M. & Georén, P. (2019). Involving users and user roles in the transition to sustainable mobility systems: The case of light electric vehicle sharing in Sweden. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 71, 207-221
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Involving users and user roles in the transition to sustainable mobility systems: The case of light electric vehicle sharing in Sweden
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 71, p. 207-221Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Low-carbon mobility alternatives, such as shared services integrating light electric vehicles, support transitions to sustainable transport systems. However, new products and services are not enough, as changes must also incorporate the practices of travelling, infrastructure, and mobility cultures in which users of mobility solutions are core stakeholders. This paper argues that userinvolvement is necessary in sustainable innovation processes but that the expected diversity of user roles and their involvement can also lead to contrasting outcomes for sustainable innovation transitions. Guided by theory in user involvement, this study investigated users and nonusers of light electric vehicles in a sharing mobility service system set up as living lab in two large workplaces in Sweden. Fifty-one interviews with employees at the workplaces were conducted during the implementation process and analysed combined with a questionnaire and data from system tracking through sensor technology. The paper finds that both users and non-users are co-creators in building momentum for sustainable mobility alternatives and provides a spectrum of user roles with defined characteristics. Four roles are distinguished within this spectrum: vigilant users, passive collaborators, active decision makers and ambassadors. We suggest that a convergent activation strategy is deployed for involving a full spectrum of users in order to capture their insights in ways that positively affect transition. Such a strategy addresses users and non-users as part of decision-making concerning alternatives and cultivates a culture of user collaboration, while also enabling a plurality of contributions in order to challenge existing regimes and established practices among individuals

Keywords
User roles; User involvement; Sustainable innovation; Shared mobility services; Ambassadors
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250288 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2018.12.011 (DOI)000471361300014 ()2-s2.0-85059134890 (Scopus ID)
Projects
KTH Mobility Pool
Note

QC 20190429

Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Ritzén, S. & Sandström Ö., G. (2017). Barriers to the Circular Economy - Integration of Perspectives and Domains. In: Procedia CIRP: . Paper presented at 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems 2017, 3 May 2017 through 5 May 2017 (pp. 7-12). Elsevier B.V.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers to the Circular Economy - Integration of Perspectives and Domains
2017 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2017, p. 7-12Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainable development requires disruptive changes and radical innovations, and the capability to deliver this in relation to adapt to a sustainable development is needed in mature large industrial companies. Integration between sustainability and business development is needed, which the Circular Economy model offers. Circular Economy is little implemented in practice, and in the present paper barriers to a transition to Circular Economy is identified. Barriers are financial, structural, operational, attitudinal and technological. They are also, as analyzed in relation to innovation management, characterized by a need to increase integration between a number of different perspectives and domains in industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2017
Keywords
Circular Economy, disruptive, innovation management, integration, radical, Innovation, Manufacture, Planning, Sustainable development, Business development, Industrial companies, Radical innovation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-216566 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2017.03.005 (DOI)000414528200002 ()2-s2.0-85021813032 (Scopus ID)
Conference
50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems 2017, 3 May 2017 through 5 May 2017
Note

QC 20171108

Available from: 2017-11-08 Created: 2017-11-08 Last updated: 2017-11-20Bibliographically approved
Sopjani, L., Hesselgren, M., Ritzén, S. & Janhager Stier, J. (2017). Co-creation with diverse actors for sustainability innovation. In: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos (Ed.), Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vol. 8: Human Behaviour in Design, Vancouver, Canada, 21.-25.08.2017: . Paper presented at 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED17. Vancouver, 8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-creation with diverse actors for sustainability innovation
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vol. 8: Human Behaviour in Design, Vancouver, Canada, 21.-25.08.2017 / [ed] Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos, Vancouver, 2017, Vol. 8Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainability driven innovations differ from current established technologies imposing new

requirements on users and often interdependent with other actors’ changes. Strategic Niche Management

(SNM) stresses interactions between actors through niches i.e. protected spaces for experimentation to

support innovation. However, it is unclear what activities are necessary when different actors are

involved in developing and diffusing sustainability innovation. This paper aims at identifying activities

crucial for sustainability innovation in an implemented mobility project. The results show that cocreation

through iterations and reflections by combinations of diverse actors and users can be considered

a core process for sustainability innovation. Six activities are identified as critical: matching the

interdependencies by combining the actors’ diverse competences and resources; facilitating to steer the

group of actors into actions; engaging users at early stages of innovation; trying to drive change by

offering the users an opportunity; co-creating through a multitude of actors with the development and

usage simultaneously; steering and facilitating to enable co-creation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vancouver: , 2017
Series
ICED, ISSN 2220-4342
Keywords
Co-creation; Innovation; Sustainability; Product-Service Systems (PSS)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250291 (URN)000455207100047 ()2-s2.0-85029761882 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED17
Note

QC 20190429

Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2020-03-03Bibliographically approved
Buck, L. S., Nilsson, S. & Ritzén, S. (2017). Improving exploration capability by interacting with start-ups. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017 (pp. 417-426). Design Society (DS87-2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving exploration capability by interacting with start-ups
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Design Society , 2017, no DS87-2, p. 417-426Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes and analyses an exploration-capability model that is currently being introduced in an automotive OEM. An increasingly high environmental dynamism as well as a new level of competition in the automotive industry call for an improved capability to explore and realise more radical innovations to complement the established OEMs exploitation skills and present focus on incremental innovation. The model that is target for the study offers the employees in the OEM five different forms of interactions with start-ups as a way to develop the capability to explore. The different forms of interaction are found to make use of different modes of balancing ambidexterity and to introduce different means to improve and establish individual, entrepreneurial skills, as well as influence the innovation culture of the OEM. The paper lays the foundation for future research by describing how and why an OEM is designing a new model to develop its exploration capability through interacting with start-ups by analysing the model in relation to theory, and presenting propositions that will act as a baseline for further studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Design Society, 2017
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Management, Organizational processes, Competition, Capability model, Entrepreneurial skills, Environmental dynamisms, Incremental innovation, Innovation Culture, Organizational process, Radical innovation, Automotive industry
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-216578 (URN)000455237100043 ()2-s2.0-85029755004 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017
Note

QC 20171101

Available from: 2017-11-01 Created: 2017-11-01 Last updated: 2020-03-03Bibliographically approved
Sopjani, L., Hesselgren, M., Janhager Stier, J. & Ritzén, S. (2016). Aligning private and public domains for sustainable disruptive innovation. In: Dr. Paolo Neirotti (Ed.), Proceedings og 17th International CINet Conference: . Paper presented at 17th International CINet Conference. Turin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aligning private and public domains for sustainable disruptive innovation
2016 (English)In: Proceedings og 17th International CINet Conference / [ed] Dr. Paolo Neirotti, Turin, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the constellation of various actors from private and public

sectors represented by three companies, a municipality, a non-profit

organization, a research lab and users to collaborate on bringing forward a

sustainability driven disruptive innovation. The purpose of the paper is to

investigate how the various actors’ interests and contributions influence the

management of the collaboration setup and what barriers and enablers boost or

impede the outcome of the setup, i.e. deploying an innovation with sustainability

promise. We argue that the alignment of diverse actors’ interests and aims for

the innovation in collaborative settings is crucial for the collaboration to lead to

desirable outcomes. However, only alignment at an abstract level cannot ensure

success even when actors bring competencies that balance the innovation

requirements. Rather, creating cohesion and commitment of all actors

simultaneously at a concrete level is necessary. The integration of new

approaches to collaboration such as design methods may strengthen

commitment despite actors coming from different organizational cultures and

traditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turin: , 2016
Keywords
Strategic niche management; sustainable innovation; transportation; collaboration
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250290 (URN)
Conference
17th International CINet Conference
Note

QC 20190429

Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Hagman, J., Ritzén, S. & Stier, J. J. (2016). New vehicle buyers that are Battery Electric Vehicle Compatible (BEV-C). In: EVS 2016 - 29th International Electric Vehicle Symposium: . Paper presented at 29th World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, EVS 2016, 19 June 2016 through 22 June 2016. Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New vehicle buyers that are Battery Electric Vehicle Compatible (BEV-C)
2016 (English)In: EVS 2016 - 29th International Electric Vehicle Symposium, Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition , 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper aim to identify and investigate a group of potential adopters that are compatible with Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) in terms of range and charging, a group labeled as BEV Compatible (BEV-C). The results reveal that the BEV-C group constitutes 14 % of new vehicle buyers and that their intention to adopt BEVs are stronger compared to the non BEV-C group. The BEV-C group can be characterized as individuals that are less likely to conduct occasional longer drives (over 150 km), perceive BEVs more positively, have higher environmental awareness and have been exposed to more BEV information compared to the non BEV-C group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, 2016
Keywords
Battery electric vehicle, Charging, Marketing, Range, Sales, Charging (batteries), Charging (furnace), Electric batteries, Electric vehicles, Secondary batteries, Vehicles, Environmental awareness, Exposed to, Battery electric vehicles
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207555 (URN)2-s2.0-85013988447 (Scopus ID)9781510832701 (ISBN)
Conference
29th World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, EVS 2016, 19 June 2016 through 22 June 2016
Note

Conference code: 125226; Export Date: 22 May 2017; Conference Paper. QC 20170531

Available from: 2017-05-31 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4488-1028

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