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Mazidi, P., Mian, D., Bertling, L. & Sanz Bobi, M. A. (2017). Health Condition Model for Wind Turbine Monitoring through Neural Networks and Proportional Hazard Models. Journal of Risk and Reliability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health Condition Model for Wind Turbine Monitoring through Neural Networks and Proportional Hazard Models
2017 (English)In: Journal of Risk and Reliability, ISSN 1748-006X, E-ISSN 1748-0078Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, a parametric model for health condition monitoring of wind turbines is developed. The study is based on the assumption that a wind turbine’s health condition can be modeled through three features: rotor speed, gearbox temperature and generator winding temperature. At first, three neural network models are created to simulate normal behavior of each feature. Deviation signals are then defined and calculated as accumulated time-series of differences between neural network predictions and actual measurements. These cumulative signals carry health condition–related information. Next, through nonlinear regression technique, the signals are used to produce individual models for considered features, which mathematically have the form of proportional hazard models. Finally, they are combined to construct an overall parametric health condition model which partially represents health condition of the wind turbine. In addition, a dynamic threshold for the model is developed to facilitate and add more insight in performance monitoring aspect. The health condition monitoring of wind turbine model has capability of evaluating real-time and overall health condition of a wind turbine which can also be used with regard to maintenance in electricity generation in electric power systems. The model also has flexibility to overcome current challenges such as scalability and adaptability. The model is verified in illustrating changes in real-time and overall health condition with respect to considered anomalies by testing through actual and artificial data.

Keywords
Wind turbine, condition monitoring, prognostics, maintenance management, neural networks
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Electrical Engineering; Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-219629 (URN)000411218300003 ()2-s2.0-85029321409 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, European Research Council
Note

QC 20171218

Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-03-12Bibliographically approved
Mazidi, P., Bertling, L. & Sanz-Bobi, M. A. (2017). Performance Analysis and Anomaly Detection in Wind Turbines based on Neural Networks and Principal Component Analysis. In: : . Paper presented at 12TH WORKSHOP ON INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS AND ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES (JOSITE2017), MADRID, SPAIN.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performance Analysis and Anomaly Detection in Wind Turbines based on Neural Networks and Principal Component Analysis
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes an approach for maintenancemanagement of wind turbines based on their life. The proposedapproach uses performance analysis and anomaly detection(PAAD) which can detect anomalies and point out the originof the detected anomalies. This PAAD algorithm utilizes neuralnetwork (NN) technique in order to detect anomalies in theperformance of the wind turbine (system layer), and then appliesprincipal component analysis (PCA) technique to uncover theroot of the detected anomalies (component layer). To validatethe accuracy of the proposed algorithm, SCADA data obtainedfrom online condition monitoring of a wind turbine are utilized.The results demonstrate that the proposed PAAD algorithm hasthe capability of exposing the cause of the anomalies. Reducingtime and cost of maintenance and increasing availability and inreturn profits in form of savings are some of the benefits of theproposed PAAD algorithm.

Keywords
Wind Turbine, Anomaly Detection, Maintenance, Performance
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207849 (URN)
Conference
12TH WORKSHOP ON INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS AND ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES (JOSITE2017), MADRID, SPAIN
Note

QC 20170824

Available from: 2017-05-26 Created: 2017-05-26 Last updated: 2017-11-10Bibliographically approved
Yuan, Z., Hesamzadeh, M. R., Cui, Y. & Bertling Tjernberg, L. (2016). Applying High Performance Computing to Probabilistic Convex Optimal Power Flow. In: 2016 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PROBABILISTIC METHODS APPLIED TO POWER SYSTEMS (PMAPS): . Paper presented at International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), OCT 16-20, 2016, Beijing, PEOPLES R CHINA. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applying High Performance Computing to Probabilistic Convex Optimal Power Flow
2016 (English)In: 2016 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PROBABILISTIC METHODS APPLIED TO POWER SYSTEMS (PMAPS), IEEE, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The issue of applying high performance computing (HPC) techniques to computation-intensive probabilistic optimal power flow has not been well discussed in literature. In this paper, the probabilistic convex AC OPF based on second order cone programming (P-SOCPF) is formulated. The application of P-SOCPF is demonstrated by accounting uncertainties of loads. To estimate the distributions of nodal prices calculated from PSOCPF, two point estimation method (2PEM) is deployed. By comparing with Monte Carlo (MC) method, the accuracy of 2PEM is proved numerically. The computation efficiency of 2PEM outperforms MC significantly. In the context of large scale estimation, we propose to apply high performance computing (HPC) to P-SOCPF. The HPC accelerated P-SOCPF is implemented in GAMS grid computing environment. A flexible parallel management algorithm is designed to assign execution threads to different CPUs and then collect completed solutions. Numerical results from IEEE 118-bus and modified 1354pegase case network demonstrate that grid computing is effective means to speed up large scale P-SOCPF computation. The speed up of P-SOCPF computation is approximately equal to the number of cores in the computation node.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2016
Keywords
Probabilistic Convex AC OPF, Grid Computing, Two Point Estimation, Nodal Price, Uncertainty of Load
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202493 (URN)10.1109/PMAPS.2016.7764116 (DOI)000392327900071 ()2-s2.0-85015197150 (Scopus ID)978-1-5090-1970-0 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS), OCT 16-20, 2016, Beijing, PEOPLES R CHINA
Note

QC 20170301

Available from: 2017-03-01 Created: 2017-03-01 Last updated: 2017-05-19Bibliographically approved
Mazidi, P., Bertling Tjernberg, L. & Sanz Bobi, M. A. (2016). Wind Turbine Prognostics and Maintenance Management based on a Hybrid Approach of Neural Networks and Proportional Hazards Model. Journal of Risk and Reliability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wind Turbine Prognostics and Maintenance Management based on a Hybrid Approach of Neural Networks and Proportional Hazards Model
2016 (English)In: Journal of Risk and Reliability, ISSN 1748-006X, E-ISSN 1748-0078Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes an approach for stress condition monitoring and maintenance assessment in wind turbines (WTs) through large amounts of collected data from the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system. The objectives of the proposed approach are to provide a stress condition model for health monitoring, to assess the WT’s maintenance strategies, and to provide recommendations on current maintenance schemes for future operations of the wind farm. At first, several statistical techniques, namely principal component analysis, Pearson, Spearman and Kendall correlations, mutual information, regressional ReliefF and decision trees are used and compared to assess the data for dimensionality reduction and parameter selection. Next, a normal behavior model is constructed by an artificial neural network which performs condition monitoring analysis. Then, a model based on the mathematical form of a proportional hazards model is developed where it represents the stress condition of the WT. Finally, those two models are jointly employed in order to analyze the overall performance of the WT over the study period. Several cases are analyzed with five-year SCADA data and maintenance information is utilized to develop and validate the proposed approach.

Keywords
Wind turbine, condition monitoring, prognostics, maintenance management, neural networks
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-219630 (URN)
Note

QC 20171215

Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-02-20Bibliographically approved
Bangalore, P. & Tjernberg, L. B. (2015). An Artificial Neural Network Approach for Early Fault Detection of Gearbox Bearings. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 6(2), 980-987
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Artificial Neural Network Approach for Early Fault Detection of Gearbox Bearings
2015 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, ISSN 1949-3053, E-ISSN 1949-3061, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 980-987Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gearbox has proven to be a major contributor toward downtime in wind turbines. The majority of failures in the gearbox originate from the gearbox bearings. An early indication of possible wear and tear in the gearbox bearings may be used for effective predictive maintenance, thereby reducing the overall cost of maintenance. This paper introduces a self-evolving maintenance scheduler framework for maintenance management of wind turbines. Furthermore, an artificial neural network (ANN)-based condition monitoring approach using data from supervisory control and data acquisition system is proposed. The ANN-based condition monitoring approach is applied to gearbox bearings with real data from onshore wind turbines, rated 2 MW, and located in the south of Sweden. The results demonstrate that the proposed ANN-based condition monitoring approach is capable of indicating severe damage in the components being monitored in advance.

Keywords
Artificial neural networks (ANN), condition monitoring system (CMS), maintenance management, smart grid, supervisory control and data acquisition systems (SCADAs), wind power generation
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-163991 (URN)10.1109/TSG.2014.2386305 (DOI)000350338100054 ()2-s2.0-84924077995 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20150423

Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-13 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Babu, S., Jürgensen, J. H., Wallnerström, C. J., Hilber, P. & Tjernberg, L. B. (2015). Analyses of Smart Grid Technologies and Solutions from a System Perspective. In: Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA), 2015 IEEE Innovative: . Paper presented at IEEE Power and Energy Society ISGT Asia 2015,3-6 Nov. 2015, Bangkok (pp. 1-5). IEEE conference proceedings, Article ID 7387089.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyses of Smart Grid Technologies and Solutions from a System Perspective
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2015 (English)In: Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA), 2015 IEEE Innovative, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, p. 1-5, article id 7387089Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper consolidates the data, analysis andobservations from a case study conducted in cooperation withthe Smart Grid Gotland project. The analysis identifies howelectrical power consumption interacts with distributedelectricity generation such as wind and solar power andpresents how it correlates to weather data and smart gridsolutions. The analysis model developed based on the Gotlandnetwork is generic and hence can be functional in investigatingother power networks of different size, voltage level andstructures. The key observations from the study of smart gridsolutions such as dynamic load capacity and energy storagesolutions are specified. Based on the project, an overview offuture risks and opportunities of smart grid systems is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE conference proceedings, 2015
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177625 (URN)10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2015.7387089 (DOI)000380445100131 ()2-s2.0-84964939387 (Scopus ID)978-1-5090-1237-4 (ISBN)
Conference
IEEE Power and Energy Society ISGT Asia 2015,3-6 Nov. 2015, Bangkok
Note

QC 20160215

Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2017-02-20Bibliographically approved
Balram, P., Tuan, L. A. & Bertling Tjernberg, L. (2015). Centralized charging control of plug-in electric vehicles and effects on day-ahead electricity market price. In: Plug In Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids: (pp. 267-299). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Centralized charging control of plug-in electric vehicles and effects on day-ahead electricity market price
2015 (English)In: Plug In Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids, Springer, 2015, p. 267-299Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Global policy targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have led to increased interest in plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) and their integration into the electricity network. Existing electricity markets, however, are not well suited to encourage direct participation of flexible demand from small consumers such as PEV owners. The introduction of an aggregator agent with the functions of gathering, aggregating, controlling and representing the energy needs of PEV owners in the electricity market could prove useful in this regard. In this chapter, a mathematical model of PEV aggregator for participation in the day-ahead electricity market is described. The modeling is done by treating each of the individual vehicle batteries as a single large battery. The centralized charging and discharging of this battery is then scheduled based on the traveling needs of the PEV owners determined by an aggregated driving profile and the cumulative electrical energy needs of vehicles over the optimization horizon. Two methods for scheduling PEV demand named as joint scheduling method (JSM) and aggregator scheduling method (ASM) are presented. The two methods are subsequently used to observe the effects of introducing flexible scheduling of PEVs on the day-ahead market price in an IEEE test system and a Nordic test system. Results from the IEEE test system case studies will indicate that the scheduling of PEV energy through direct centralized control at high PEV penetration levels of 50 % or greater could lead to potential lowering of day-ahead market prices as compared to an indirect control method such as the use of fixed period charging. Results from the Nordic test system case study shows that controlled scheduling of PEV demand could lead to only a small increase in day-ahead market price of electricity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015
Series
Power Systems, ISSN 1612-1287 ; 88
Keywords
Aggregator, Day-ahead market, Demand scheduling, Electricity markets, Plug-in electrical vehicles
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166915 (URN)10.1007/978-981-287-317-0_9 (DOI)2-s2.0-84921666532 (Scopus ID)978-981-287-316-3 (ISBN)978-981-287-317-0 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20150529

Available from: 2015-05-29 Created: 2015-05-21 Last updated: 2015-05-29Bibliographically approved
Arafat, Y., Bertling Tjernberg, L. & Gustafsson, P.-A. -. (2015). Experience from real tests on multiple smart meter switching. In: IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe: . Paper presented at 2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2014, 12 October 2014 through 15 October 2014. (January)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience from real tests on multiple smart meter switching
2015 (English)In: IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, 2015, no JanuaryConference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Smart Meters (SMs) offer remote switching functionalities to the Distribution System Operators (DSOs). The DSO can switch the breaker of the SM of any customer remotely whenever needed. The DSOs are currently applying this technique for customers typically one by one when customers are changing their addresses or when contracts are terminated. The breaker functionalities of the SMs could be used for multiple customers, thereby opening up new possibilities to balance electricity consumption and production. How the technology has been functioning in practice has, however, not been fully investigated with regard to multiple SM switching. In this paper, the experience from real tests on simultaneous multiple SM switching is presented. The tests have been conducted to observe the effect of SM switching on power quality (PQ). Power Quality Meters (PQMs) had been used both at the substation as well as the customer level to measure the PQ during SM switching. This paper presents the results by showing current measurements during switching ON and OFF of multiple SMs belonging to each substation.

Keywords
Circuit Breaker, Distribution System Operator (DSO), Power Quality, Remote Switching, Smart Grid, Smart Meter, Electric circuit breakers, Sales, Smart meters, Switching, Customer level, Distribution systems, Electricity-consumption, Smart power grids
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175095 (URN)10.1109/ISGTEurope.2014.7028806 (DOI)2-s2.0-84936980677 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2014, 12 October 2014 through 15 October 2014
Note

QC 20151211

Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2015-10-09 Last updated: 2015-12-11Bibliographically approved
Arafat, Y., Bertling Tjernberg, L. & Gustafsson, P.-A. -. (2015). Field test on multiple Smart Meter switching to study the effect on power quality at customers level. In: 2015 IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech, PowerTech 2015: . Paper presented at IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech, PowerTech 2015, 29 June 2015 through 2 July 2015. IEEE conference proceedings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Field test on multiple Smart Meter switching to study the effect on power quality at customers level
2015 (English)In: 2015 IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech, PowerTech 2015, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Smart Meters (SMs) are undergoing an increasing deployment all over the world and have been introduced to several regions. The SMs generally have remotely accessible breakers which offer remote switching functionalities to the Distribution System Operators (DSOs). The DSOs have the possibility of using this unique functionality of SMs for various future applications, e.g., switching some loads during peak loads crisis or outage management during natural disasters. Under these conditions, the DSO can disconnect selected customers by using SM switching while continuing power supply to risk customers and emergency service providers. During multiple SM switching, the power quality (PQ) of the connected loads might be affected. This paper presents results on the impact of multiple SM switching at customer level. Data are used from a field test on multiple SM switching from a DSO in Sweden. The number of customers in this test was higher compared to the previous two tests of the work. Moreover, all customers in the selected test area were not switched in this test. Almost half of the customers in the test area were disconnected remotely using SMs while the other half of the customers remained connected with power supply to investigate the impact of SMs switching in a different way. This work observed some transient events during the SMs switching. Voltage quality was stable during the test except some flickering effects beyond the limit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE conference proceedings, 2015
Keywords
Electricity Distribution, Power Quality, Remote Switching, Smart Grid, Smart Meter, Disasters, Electric power measurement, Electric power systems, Electric power transmission networks, Electric utilities, Emergency services, Sales, Smart meters, Smart power grids, Switching, Connected loads, Distribution systems, Future applications, Natural disasters, Outage management, Transient events
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181168 (URN)10.1109/PTC.2015.7232585 (DOI)000380546800352 ()2-s2.0-84951310284 (Scopus ID)9781479976935 (ISBN)
Conference
IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech, PowerTech 2015, 29 June 2015 through 2 July 2015
Note

QC 20160203

Available from: 2016-02-03 Created: 2016-01-29 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved
Steen, D., Balram, P., Tuan, L. A., Reichenberg, L. & Bertling Tjernberg, L. (2015). Impact assessment of wind power and demand side management on day-ahead market prices. In: IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe: . Paper presented at 2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2014, 12 October 2014 through 15 October 2014. IEEE Computer Society (January)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact assessment of wind power and demand side management on day-ahead market prices
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2015 (English)In: IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, IEEE Computer Society, 2015, no JanuaryConference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper provides an approach to investigate the impacts of wind power (WP) and demand side management (DSM) on the day-ahead electricity market prices. A market model incorporating demand scheduling has been developed for the study, to assess whether there are any mutual economic benefits between WP and scheduling of electric heating demand. A case study performed on a representative Nordic system with a scenario for future WP development in the Nordic electricity market has been carried out. The study results show that DSM could reduce the revenue for the WP producers, up to 2%. On the other hand, WP could result in reduced heating cost, up to 10%, for the customers. However, with an objective of reducing the total system cost, customers in some areas could experience an increase in electricity price even after providing their flexible demand to the market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2015
Keywords
Demand side management, electricity price, wind power, Commerce, Cost reduction, Costs, Economics, Electric industry, Electric power transmission networks, Electric utilities, Scheduling, Smart power grids, Day ahead market, Day-ahead electricity market, Demand side managements, Economic benefits, Electricity market, Electricity prices, Impact assessments, Nordic Systems, Power markets
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175082 (URN)10.1109/ISGTEurope.2014.7028819 (DOI)2-s2.0-84936976826 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2014, 12 October 2014 through 15 October 2014
Note

QC 20151211

Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2015-10-09 Last updated: 2015-12-11Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4763-9429

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