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Fröding, Barbro, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9984-7831
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 44) Show all publications
Duarte, F. & Fröding, B. (2022). Watch out!: Cities as data engines (Curmudgeon). AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Watch out!: Cities as data engines (Curmudgeon)
2022 (English)In: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2022
National Category
Computer Sciences Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-324211 (URN)10.1007/s00146-022-01448-5 (DOI)000797752200002 ()2-s2.0-85130507485 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20230223

Available from: 2023-02-23 Created: 2023-02-23 Last updated: 2023-02-23Bibliographically approved
Hansson, S. O. & Fröding, B. (2021). Ethical conflicts in patient-centred care. Clinical Ethics, 16(2), 55-66
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethical conflicts in patient-centred care
2021 (English)In: Clinical Ethics, ISSN 1477-7509, E-ISSN 1758-101X, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 55-66Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It could hardly be denied that healthcare should be patient-centred. However, some of the practices commonly described as patient-centred care may have ethically problematic consequences. This article identifies and discusses twelve ethical conflicts that may arise in the application of (some variants of) person-centred care. The conflicts concern e.g. privacy, autonomous decision-making, safeguarding medical quality, and maintaining professional egalitarianism as well as equality in care. Awareness of these potential conflicts can be helpful in finding the best way to ensure that healthcare has its focus on the needs and interests of the patients. Patient-centred care may have to take different forms, depending of the nature of the disease, the patient’s life situation, and the economic, organizational and technological resources available to the healthcare unit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications, 2021
Keywords
autonomy, egalitarianism, holism, Patient-centred care, personal relationship, privacy, safety, shared decision-making, value conflict
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-291725 (URN)10.1177/1477750920962356 (DOI)2-s2.0-85092128913 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20210318

Available from: 2021-03-18 Created: 2021-03-18 Last updated: 2023-10-10Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. & Peterson, M. (2020). Friendly AI. Ethics and Information Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Friendly AI
2020 (English)In: Ethics and Information Technology, ISSN 1388-1957, E-ISSN 1572-8439Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we discuss what we believe to be one of the most important features of near-future AIs, namely their capacity to behave in a friendly manner to humans. Our analysis of what it means for an AI to behave in a friendly manner does not presuppose that proper friendships between humans and AI systems could exist. That would require reciprocity, which is beyond the reach of near-future AI systems. Rather, we defend the claim that social AIs should be programmed to behave in a manner that mimics a sufficient number of aspects of proper friendship. We call this “as-if friendship”. The main reason for why we believe that ‘as if friendship’ is an improvement on the current, highly submissive behavior displayed by AIs is the negative effects the latter can have on humans. We defend this view partly on virtue ethical grounds and we argue that the virtue-based approach to AI ethics outlined in this paper, which we call “virtue alignment”, is an improvement on the traditional “value alignment” approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
AI, AI systems, Alignment, Friend, Friendly, Important features, Philosophical aspects, Value alignment, Virtue ethics
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-284937 (URN)10.1007/s10676-020-09556-w (DOI)000566325400001 ()2-s2.0-85090299660 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20201214

In press

Available from: 2020-12-14 Created: 2020-12-14 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. (2020). Technology, Cognitive Enhancement, and Virtue Ethics. In: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Technology: (pp. 563-587). Oxford University Press (OUP)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology, Cognitive Enhancement, and Virtue Ethics
2020 (English)In: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Technology, Oxford University Press (OUP) , 2020, p. 563-587Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores how cognitive enhancement, by means of technology, in combination with a commitment to virtue ethics could improve our capacity for responsible decision making. Four examples of cognitive enhancement technologies are discussed: computer training, neurofeedback or electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback, transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) and brain-computer interface (BCI). On describing and critically discussing the potential effects of these technologies it is argued that we ought to adopt a virtue ethical approach to this type of enhancement. Virtue ethics could, for example, provide a moral framework for the heightened cognitive skills to ensure that they are used virtuously and help us make responsible decisions about future technology. It will also be argued that cognitive enhancement and virtue ethics are, in many cases, complementary and indeed necessary for the good life. Plausibly, cultivating the virtues could improve quality of life both for the individual and the collective. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020
Keywords
Aristotle, BCI, cognitive enhancement, computer training, decision making, epistemic, moral, neurofeedback, tDCS, virtue ethics
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-328348 (URN)10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190851187.013.34 (DOI)2-s2.0-85139698348 (Scopus ID)
Note

Part of book ISBN: 9780190851217, 9780190851187

QC 20230607

Available from: 2023-06-07 Created: 2023-06-07 Last updated: 2023-07-17Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. & Juth, N. (2015). Cognitive Enhancement and the Principle of Need. Neuroethics, 8(3), 231-242
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cognitive Enhancement and the Principle of Need
2015 (English)In: Neuroethics, ISSN 1874-5490, E-ISSN 1874-5504, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 231-242Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article we argue that (i) the principle of need, on some interpretations, could be used to justify the spending of publically funded health care resources on cognitive enhancement and (ii) that this also holds true for individuals whose cognitive capacities are considered normal. The increased, and to an extent, novel demands that the modern technology and information society places on the cognitive capacities of agents, e.g., regarding good and responsible decision-making, have blurred the line between treatment and enhancement. More specifically, it has shifted upwards. As a consequence, principles of need on their most reasonable interpretations can be used to support publically funded cognitive enhancement. At least this is so, if broader aims than curing and ameliorating diseases are included in the goals of health care. We suggest that it would be plausible to see health care as accepting such broader goals already today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015
Keywords
Cognitive capacities, Egalitarianism, Enhancement, Goals of health care, Principle of need, Prioritizations
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179159 (URN)10.1007/s12152-015-9234-7 (DOI)000365128000002 ()2-s2.0-84947040795 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20151216

Available from: 2015-12-16 Created: 2015-12-11 Last updated: 2023-03-21Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. & Osika, W. (2015). Cognitive Flexibility. In: SpringerBriefs in Ethic: (pp. 63-72). Springer Nature
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cognitive Flexibility
2015 (English)In: SpringerBriefs in Ethic, Springer Nature , 2015, p. 63-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter takes a closer look at cognitive flexibility. Firstly, we define this core cognitive capacity and explain why it is good to have it to a high degree. Secondly, we examine the link between the meditation techniques promoted here (see Chap. 2 ) and increased cognitive flexibility, as well as the impact on other psychological capacities. Thirdly, we point out that high cognitive flexibility (as an example of such improved psychological capacities) does not guarantee responsible moral decision-making. Consequently we need a robust, and action guiding, moral framework which can anchor these capacities and guide vacillating agents. The chapter finishes with a brief discussion of the connection between improved core cognitive capacities and the installing of a set of key epistemic virtues. This subject is then expanded on in Chap. 5.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2015
Keywords
Cognitive flexibility, Decision-making, Epistemic virtues, Experiential avoidance, Well-being
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-302310 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-23517-2_4 (DOI)2-s2.0-85103979094 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20210923

Available from: 2021-09-23 Created: 2021-09-23 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. & Osika, W. (2015). Conclusions. In: SpringerBriefs in Ethic: (pp. 99-110). Springer Nature
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conclusions
2015 (English)In: SpringerBriefs in Ethic, Springer Nature , 2015, p. 99-110Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

On providing a brief summary of the arguments presented in the book Chap. 6 turns to discuss the potential for combining a wider range of life-style practices for greater effects. Examples include classical education, physical as well as mental training and playing specialized computer games. A brief resume of Aristotle’s account of eudaimonia including the idea that agents who are successful in instilling virtues plausibly can be taken to lead happier lives than those who fail to do so is presented. This Chapter also comments on the potential of embedding structures and how such measures might incentivize more pro-social behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2015
Keywords
Decision-making, Life-style, Mental training, Neuroenhancement, Pro-social, Virtue
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-302311 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-23517-2_6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85103969007 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20210923

Available from: 2021-09-23 Created: 2021-09-23 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. & Peterson, M. (2015). How to be a virtuous recipient of a transplant organ. In: Organ Transplantation in Times of Donor Shortage: Challenges and Solutions (pp. 89-98). Springer Netherlands, 59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to be a virtuous recipient of a transplant organ
2015 (English)In: Organ Transplantation in Times of Donor Shortage: Challenges and Solutions, Springer Netherlands, 2015, Vol. 59, p. 89-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2015
Series
International Library of Ethics Law and the New Medicine, ISSN 1567-8008 ; 59
National Category
Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187137 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-16441-0_9 (DOI)000368274200010 ()2-s2.0-84955686177 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-16441-0 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160518

Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-17 Last updated: 2022-06-22Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. & Osika, W. (2015). Introduction. In: SpringerBriefs in Ethic: (pp. 1-22). Springer Nature
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction
2015 (English)In: SpringerBriefs in Ethic, Springer Nature , 2015, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter provides a background and a schematic overview of the book. In this volume we argue that meditation enables us to influence some aspects of our biological make-up and could, for example, boost our cognitive flexibility as well as our ability (and propensity) to act compassionately. Then we proceed to seek to connect a number of such changes to an improved capacity for instilling and maintaining a range of character traits (primarily epistemic virtues) as identified by Aristotle and some modern virtue epistemologists. Cultivating the virtues is of course beneficial for the individual but it seems likely that it also has a positive effect on the surrounding society and their fellow citizens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2015
Keywords
Behaviour, Cognitive flexibility, Compassion, Decision-making, Information, Meditation, Mental training, Virtue
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-302312 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-23517-2_1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85103964403 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20210923

Available from: 2021-09-23 Created: 2021-09-23 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved
Fröding, B. & Osika, W. (2015). Neuroenhancement: How mental training and meditation can promote epistemic virtue. Springer Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuroenhancement: How mental training and meditation can promote epistemic virtue
2015 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book explores how one can bring about changes in the brain through meditation, both through attention-focus training and through compassion training. Recent findings in the natural sciences have confirmed that it is possible for humans to achieve these structural and functional changes through various life-style practices. It is argued that meditation enables us to influence some aspects of our biological make-up and, for example, could boost our cognitive flexibility as well as our ability to act compassionate. Such changes are likely to facilitate the instilling of a number of epistemic virtues which have great bearing on our quality of life. This book offers the reader an accessible introduction to a set of neuro-enhancement methods, with a special focus on meditation techniques, and explores how such practices could contribute to make us better decision-makers and improve our moral virtues. The book is suitable for anyone looking for a text discussing the effects of neuro-enhancement from a secular ethics perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Publishing Company, 2015. p. 111
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187123 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-23517-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-84955089915 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-23516-5 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160519

Available from: 2016-05-19 Created: 2016-05-17 Last updated: 2022-06-22Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9984-7831

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