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Publications (10 of 124) Show all publications
Falck, S., Snickars, F. & Westlund, H. (2017). Högskolan i Borås: Om högskolans betydelse för kompetensförsörjning, forskning och samverkan i Västra Götaland. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Högskolan i Borås: Om högskolans betydelse för kompetensförsörjning, forskning och samverkan i Västra Götaland
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie handlar om framtiden för Borås. Den gör det för att dess tema gäller högskolans roll som en central komponent i en kunskapsproducerande ekonomi med global räckvidd. I studien analyseras hur kunskap sprids från utbildnings- och forskningsverksamheten vid Högskolan i Borås till det omgivande samhället samt betydelsen av olika kunskapsspridningsmekaismer. Syftet är att öka förståelsen av högskolans roll för kompetensförsörjning, forskning och samverkan i en regional kontext. Studiens bakgrund är ett tilltagande behov att förstå och förklara hur kunskap sprids och spiller över från universitet och högskolor samt den långsiktiga betydelsen av högre lärosäten för kompetensförsörjning och regional utveckling. För planerare och beslutsfattare kan studien ligga till grund för diskussioner och planeringsarbete om hur främja högskolans roll som motor i en kunskapsdriven ekonomi.En slutsats av den förhållandevis omfattande genomgång som studien görs av utbildning, forskning och samverkan vid Högskolan i Borås är att högskolan uppvisar förhållanden som liknar de som gäller vid andra regionala högskolor i landet. Studenterna sätter sin prägel på stads- och kulturliv. Högskolan framstår som väl etablerad på sin ort. Detta lägger en grund för ekonomisk tillväxt och utveckling. Man behöver dock förbättra det strategiska arbetet med att få fler att stanna kvar, inte minst bland dem med utbildning och kunskap utanför välfärdsrelaterade yrken. Bland dem med utbildning och kunskap typisk inom innovationsrelaterat arbete samt teknisk forskning och utveckling är det relativt få som stannar kvar. För att få studenterna att stanna kvar efter avslutad måste förutsättningarna stärkas för karriärer inom yrken med krav på (fördjupad) högskolekompetens.För att detta ska vara möjligt krävs ett långsiktigt och gränsöverskridande arbete som involverar högskolan, företag, entreprenörer och offentliga arbetsgivare samt planerare och beslutsfattare på lokal, regional och nationell nivå. Ett lyckosamt ett exempel på ett sådant arbete är satsningen Smart Textiles. Man behöver dock ett bredare och mer omfattande engagemang. En central fråga i ett sådant arbete är hur långt man kommit i att främja ett närings- och arbetsliv som skapar en kompetensmultiplikator till nytta för den ekonomiska utvecklingen på längre sikt. En annan fråga är hur kunskapsnyttor från forskningsverksamheten vid Högskolan i Borås kan få ännu större spridning och förankring i regionen.För att komma vidare på det spåret behövs en kritisk granskning från universitetsledningen av hur man ska förhålla sig till frågan om konkurrens eller samverkan mellan universiteten i Västra Götaland. Vid strategivalet kring Högskolan i Jönköping eller som lärosätet nu heter Jönköping University har frågan om lokal förankring eller internationell positionering varit av central betydelse. Det ambitiösa valet att satsa på det internationella spåret och göra hela Jönköping University internationellt har inte skett utan motsättningar och svårigheter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 74 p.
Keyword
Högskolan i Borås, högre utbildning, regional utveckling
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-209410 (URN)10.13140/RG.2.2.25069.79846 (DOI)
Note

QC 20170627

Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-11-07Bibliographically approved
Ekane, N., Mertz, C. K., Slovic, C., Kjellén, M. & Westlund, H. (2016). Risk and benefit judgment of excreta as fertilizer in agriculture: An exploratory investigation in Rwanda and Uganda. Paper presented at Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy, Chapel HillGlobal Dry Toilet Conference, Tampere. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 22(3), 639-666.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk and benefit judgment of excreta as fertilizer in agriculture: An exploratory investigation in Rwanda and Uganda
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2016 (English)In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, ISSN 1080-7039, E-ISSN 1549-7860, Vol. 22, no 3, 639-666 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research explores the use of psychometric techniques to improve understanding of psychological mechanisms underlying judgment of excreta as fertilizer in agriculture including other excreta related activities. Participants consisted of environmental health students, smallholder farmers and traders in rural and urban Rwanda and Uganda. The finding reveals an inverse relationship between risk and benefit judgments. This relationship holds for the three groups of participants with significant risk-benefit correlations of p<.0001. This finding is consistent with other studies showing that affect plays a key role in risk perception, judgment and decision making.Building on this finding, we conclude that individuals with high risk and low benefit judgment for excreta related practices would eschew them or emphasize strict standards. Individuals with a high benefit and low risk judgment would engage in excreta management practices regardless of the actual risks involved. This finding is relevant for risk communication and risk management as it indicates that individuals do not rely only on risk management information they receive concerning excreta and related risks but also depend to an extent on their feelings about these substances when making judgments and decisions regarding the purpose for using excreta as fertilizer and the level of exposure they can tolerate and manage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keyword
Excreta, Fertilizer, Affect, Risk, Benefit, Judgment
National Category
Agricultural Science
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179467 (URN)10.1080/10807039.2015.1100515 (DOI)000371914500005 ()2-s2.0-84960369901 (Scopus ID)
Conference
Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy, Chapel HillGlobal Dry Toilet Conference, Tampere
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2013–6364Lars Hierta Memorial Foundation, FO2010-0322 and FO2011-0501
Note

Funding also from: Kungl. Skogs och Lantbruksakademien (H10-0233-ADA-01).

Travel grants were also provided by Stiftelsen Futura.

QC 20160411

Available from: 2015-12-17 Created: 2015-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H., von Friedrichs, Y. & Kiyoshi, K. (Eds.). (2016). Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 10. Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas Vol. 10
2016 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School, 2016. 280 p.
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184892 (URN)978-91-86345-64-8 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20161129

Available from: 2016-04-06 Created: 2016-04-06 Last updated: 2016-11-29Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H., Kobayashi, K., Matsushima, K. & Ohno, S. (Eds.). (2016). Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas, Volume 11. Kyoto: MARG.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas, Volume 11
2016 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kyoto: MARG, 2016
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184893 (URN)978-4-907830-11-3 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160408

Available from: 2016-04-06 Created: 2016-04-06 Last updated: 2016-04-08Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H. & Li, Y. (2015). Analysis of local social capital. In: Karlsson C, Andersson M, Norman T (Ed.), Handbook of Research methods and Applications in Economic Geography: (pp. 321-341). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis of local social capital
2015 (English)In: Handbook of Research methods and Applications in Economic Geography / [ed] Karlsson C, Andersson M, Norman T, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, 321-341 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-184895 (URN)978-0-85793-266-2 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160407

Available from: 2016-04-06 Created: 2016-04-06 Last updated: 2016-04-07Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Westlund, H. & Johansson, M. (2015). Determinants of net migration to rural areas, and the impacts of migration on rural labor markets and self-employment in rural Sweden. European Planning Studies, 23(4), 693-709.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of net migration to rural areas, and the impacts of migration on rural labor markets and self-employment in rural Sweden
2015 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 4, 693-709 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Across most of Europe, the countryside seems to show a polarized development in which large districts are depopulating, while certain areas, mainly around big- and mid-sized cities, are increasing in population. The latter development is often described in concepts of “rural gentrification” and “rurbanization”, symbolizing a transformation of rural communities to communities with urban values and lifestyles. Most studies of the effects of these processes have focused on social and cultural consequences, as e.g. the displacements of lower-income households with higher-income residents and of rural culture and values with urban ones. This paper examines the phenomenon from another perspective, namely the effects of the “rurbanization” processes on countryside’s labour markets and economic life. This paper aims at analysing the determinants of net migration to rural areas in general and to different types of regions, and the impacts of inmigration on rural labour markets, self-employment and other socio-economic conditions in Sweden for the period of 2003–2005. We find that net migration into rural areas increases with the size of adjacent local and regional centres, whereas net migration decreases with the average commuting distance of workers in the rural areas. When comparing in-migrants to rural areas with rural area stayers, our results indicate that the former has lower incomes, a lower employment ratio and a lower degree of entrepreneurial activities. These differences could—at least partly—be explained by the fact that rural area stayers were on average 6 years older than rural area inmigrants, i.e. the two groups were in different stages of their life cycles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keyword
commuting, labor market, labor migration, rural area, rural economy, self employment, socioeconomic conditions, urbanization
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161245 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2014.945814 (DOI)000349090500004 ()2-s2.0-84923190641 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

QC 20150316

Available from: 2015-03-11 Created: 2015-03-11 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Rader Olsson, A., Westlund, H. & Larsson, J. P. (2015). Entrepreneurial Governance for Local Growth. In: K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, RR Stough (Ed.), The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century (pp. 135). Edward Elgar Publishing.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurial Governance for Local Growth
2015 (English)In: The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century / [ed] K. Kourtit, P. Nijkamp, RR Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, 135- p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182403 (URN)2-s2.0-84957944243 (Scopus ID)978 1 78347 535 3 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160302

Available from: 2016-02-18 Created: 2016-02-18 Last updated: 2016-03-02Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, G., Finnveden, G., Heshmati, A., Hultkrantz, L., Lööf, H., Stephan, A. & Westlund, H. (2015). Ojnare kan bli ett svenskt exempel i FN. Dagens Opinion.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ojnare kan bli ett svenskt exempel i FN
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2015 (Swedish)In: Dagens OpinionArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dagens Opinion, 2015
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-186059 (URN)
Note

QC 20160510

Available from: 2016-04-29 Created: 2016-04-29 Last updated: 2016-05-10Bibliographically approved
Li, Y., Wang, X., Westlund, H. & Liu, Y. (2015). Physical Capital, Human Capital, and Social Capital: The Changing Roles in China’s Economic Growth. Growth and Change, 46(1), 133-149.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical Capital, Human Capital, and Social Capital: The Changing Roles in China’s Economic Growth
2015 (English)In: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 46, no 1, 133-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the roles of physical capital, human capital, and social capital in China’s economic growth during the reform period 1981–2010. Empirical estimation confirms that physical capital and human capital contribute to the economic growth, probably due to the capital accumulation and the improvement of labor productivity. The impact of social capital turns from being insignificant in the 1980s and the 1990s to be positive in the 2000s, suggesting its rising importance in recent decades. A declining role of physical capital in the economic growth in China from 1990s to 2000s is also found. The findings hold for several additional robustness checks, including focusing on longer term determinants of the economic growth, subregional analysis, and endogeneity. Furthermore, the foreign direct investment inflows and adjustment of economic ownership structure are also important for economic growth in China

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161240 (URN)10.1111/grow.12084 (DOI)000350811200008 ()2-s2.0-84924046526 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20150317

Available from: 2015-03-11 Created: 2015-03-11 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Yuheng, L., Zhenghe, Z., Westlund, H. & Yansui, L. (2015). Rural Household Income in Transitional China: Spatio-Temporal Disparity and Its Interpretation. China: An International Journal, 13(2), 151-168.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rural Household Income in Transitional China: Spatio-Temporal Disparity and Its Interpretation
2015 (English)In: China: An International Journal, ISSN 0219-7472, E-ISSN 0219-8614, Vol. 13, no 2, 151-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article aims to investigate the evidence of spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income at the provincial level in China during the 1978-2007 period. A research framework is developed to study the transitional processes of decentralisation, marketisation, urbanisation and globalisation. By computing the Moran's I index and using the spatial regression model, the findings indicate a highly clustered, spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income across the eastern, central and western regions in China during the post-reform era. Rural household income tends to be higher in the eastern provinces in comparison to inland provinces. This disparity is attributed to the impacts from the institutional, economic, social and external transitions that become increasingly significant in the recent decades in China.

National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173778 (URN)000360141000009 ()2-s2.0-84940520925 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20150921

Available from: 2015-09-21 Created: 2015-09-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2080-6859

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