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Gustavsson, L., Nuur, C. & Söderlind, J. (2016). An impact analysis of regional industry–university interactions:the case of industrial PhD schools. Industry and Higher Education, 30(1), 41-51
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An impact analysis of regional industry–university interactions:the case of industrial PhD schools
2016 (English)In: Industry and Higher Education, ISSN 0950-4222, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 41-51Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The authors discuss Triple Helix collaborations in the context of regional competitiveness. Through an exploratory case study, they identify and analyse the impact of the establishment of industrial PhD schools for participating industry and universities. The study was conducted in Sweden in 2014 and focuses on three industry–university initiatives involving a total of 57 doctoral students, 9 universities and 39 companies. The results indicate that PhD schools based on the dynamics of the Triple Helix can be of great benefit for both industry and regional universities. In addition, the paper identifies critical success factors for industry–university collaborations involving joint PhD education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2016
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-178116 (URN)10.5367/ihe.2016.0291 (DOI)2-s2.0-85033778032 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, MMW 2013.0194
Note

QC 20171128

Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, L., Nuur, C. & Laestadius, S. (2012). Between the regional and the global: regional innovation systems policy and industrial knowledge formation. In: Rickne, A, Laestadius, S and Etzkowitz (Ed.), Innovation Governance in an open Economy: Shaping Regional Nodes in a Globalized world.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between the regional and the global: regional innovation systems policy and industrial knowledge formation
2012 (English)In: Innovation Governance in an open Economy: Shaping Regional Nodes in a Globalized world / [ed] Rickne, A, Laestadius, S and Etzkowitz, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10926 (URN)978-0-415-50493-5 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20100715

Available from: 2009-08-21 Created: 2009-08-21 Last updated: 2013-01-11Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, L., Laestadius, S. & Nuur, C. (2011). Policy Induced Regional Interactions in Enhancing Global Industrial Competitiveness. In: Piotr Pachura (Ed.), Economic Geography of Globalization: (pp. 83-98). INTECH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy Induced Regional Interactions in Enhancing Global Industrial Competitiveness
2011 (English)In: Economic Geography of Globalization / [ed] Piotr Pachura, INTECH , 2011, p. 83-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INTECH, 2011
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47757 (URN)978-953-307-502-0 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20111116

Available from: 2011-11-12 Created: 2011-11-12 Last updated: 2016-04-28Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, L. (2009). Creating Advantage: On the complexity of industrial knowledge formation in the knowledge-based economy. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating Advantage: On the complexity of industrial knowledge formation in the knowledge-based economy
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Knowledge as a resource and knowledge formation as a process are seen as central to providing nations and regions as well as firms with a competitive advantage. This is captured by the view that the economic and industrial landscape is currently undergoing a transformation towards a knowledge-based economy. This dissertation engages with two views that have gained great influence in the discussions – in academia as well as in policy – on this industrial transformation. This concerns the view on which types of knowledge formation processes that are seen to actually provide a competitive advantage. There is today a prevailing tendency to connect the creation of competitive advantage to research-intensive, so-called high-tech, activities. It also concerns the view on where these knowledge formation processes take place. Much inspired by innovative and high-tech regions, competitive advantage is often closely associated with the role of geographical proximity for knowledge formation. The aim of this dissertation is to develop our understanding of the role of those knowledge formation processes that currently fall outside what is captured by these prevailing views. Three research questions are addressed. First, what is the role of non-research intensive knowledge formation processes in the creation of competitive advantage? Second, how can knowledge formation processes connected to the creation of regional competitive advantage be promoted? Third, what is the role of proximity in knowledge formation processes in the creation of competitive advantage? A qualitative case study approach is adopted for the empirical part of the research, consisting of one case study where low- and medium-tech industrial activities are studied and one case study where the regional dimension of knowledge formation is studied. Personal interviews constitute the major part of the empirical material. The research findings give evidence that reveals shortcomings in theory as well as in policy practice in regards both these prevailing views. It is shown that low- and medium-tech activities are still highly relevant, not only on their own but for the industry as a whole. Further, current forces of globalisation call for an approach to regional development that includes a dual focus of strengthening regional connections as well as facilitating and promoting extra-regional connections. This is particularly important in small, open economies such as Sweden. Further, the finings are in line with those requesting a multidimensional approach to the concept of proximity – one that regards proximity not only as a concept with geographical connotation but also with reference to proximity in context, cognition or value-systems. The dissertation suggests instead that an approach to industrial activities that assumes that those firms, regions and countries that can manage complex knowledge formation processes may develop competitive advantages. It is this ability to achieve and manage sticky processes in a slippery world that is essential for the creation of competitive advantage. And we are more likely to identify these particular competitive advantages on the firm level than on the industry level. Within every industry, there are firms that can manage more suitable ‘bundles’ of knowledge bases, network connections etc, which enable them to adapt at a lesser cost (costs can for instance be measured in terms of efforts, money or time) than other firms within the same industry. This is important to acknowledge – in policy as well as in theory – in order to not exclude important parts of what contributes to industrial competitive advantage in the knowledge-based economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2009. p. vii, 52
Series
Trita-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2009:05
Keyword
knowledge formation, competitive advantage, complexity, proximity, regional innovation systems policy, low- and medium-technology industries
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10928 (URN)978-91-7415-333-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-06-11, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100715Available from: 2009-08-28 Created: 2009-08-21 Last updated: 2010-07-15Bibliographically approved
Nuur, C., Gustavsson, L. & Laestadius, S. (2009). Promoting regional innovation systems in a global context. Industry and Innovation, 16(1), 123-139
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting regional innovation systems in a global context
2009 (English)In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 123-139Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ever since the innovation systems (IS) concept was coined in the late 1980s, it has been accepted as a mechanism of economic and technological development in policy circles. This recognition follows a change in our understanding of the characteristics of the innovation process as a non-linear process and having a systemic character. This changed understanding is also reflected in the movement in policy focus from science and technology (S&T) policy towards innovation policy. In recent years, the IS approach has been downscaled from the national level (NIS) to the regional level (RIS), a system's level that has gained the interest of policy makers. There are many rationales for this regionalization of innovation policy. However, as this paper points out, there are several challenges to implement an IS policy on the regional level. Based on a case study of a Swedish regional policy programme, this paper highlights (some of) the challenges related to defining the regional system's domain, implementing functional regions and securing sufficient regional knowledge infrastructure. This paper argues that when the IS approach is put into policy practice and downscaled to the regional level, it stands the risk of losing its strength as a tool for coping with the structural problems connected to innovation and globalization. Based on the identified challenges, the paper is concluded with a number of more general policy implications for IS-based policies with regional intentions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2009
Keyword
Innovation systems; regional innovation systems; innovation policy; regionalization of innovation policy
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-10924 (URN)10.1080/13662710902728142 (DOI)000264846700007 ()2-s2.0-70350217435 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20100715

Available from: 2009-08-21 Created: 2009-08-21 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Laestadius, S., Gustavsson, L. & Long, V. (2008). High-tech Innovation in catching-up countries; conditions and perspectives. In: Hirsch-Kreinsen, H. & Jacobson, D. (Ed.), Innovation in Low-Tech Firms and Industries: (pp. 245-266). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High-tech Innovation in catching-up countries; conditions and perspectives
2008 (English)In: Innovation in Low-Tech Firms and Industries / [ed] Hirsch-Kreinsen, H. & Jacobson, D., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, p. 245-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-66506 (URN)2-s2.0-84881849595 (Scopus ID)978-1-84720-823-1 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20120207

Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2012-01-26 Last updated: 2016-08-18Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, L., Laestadius, S. & Nuur, C. (2007). Aligning Triple Helix Framework with Regional Innovation Systems: insights and challenges from Swedish policy practice. In: : . Paper presented at 6th Biennial International Conference on University, Industry & Government Linkages- Singapore 16-18 May 2007.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aligning Triple Helix Framework with Regional Innovation Systems: insights and challenges from Swedish policy practice
2007 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47771 (URN)
Conference
6th Biennial International Conference on University, Industry & Government Linkages- Singapore 16-18 May 2007
Note

QC 20111118

Available from: 2011-11-12 Created: 2011-11-12 Last updated: 2016-05-25Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, L. (2007). Global knowledge creation - Exploring dimensions of proximity. In: Chen, J; Xu, QR; Wu, XB (Ed.), ISMOT'07: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Management of Technology, Vols 1 and 2: Managing Total Innovation And Open Innovation In The 21st Century. Paper presented at 5th International Symposium on Management of Technology Location: Hangzhou, China, Date: JUN 01-03, 2007 (pp. 48-52).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global knowledge creation - Exploring dimensions of proximity
2007 (English)In: ISMOT'07: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Management of Technology, Vols 1 and 2: Managing Total Innovation And Open Innovation In The 21st Century / [ed] Chen, J; Xu, QR; Wu, XB, 2007, p. 48-52Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to explore the connection between proximity and knowledge creation. As firms are acting in an increasingly distributed fashion, the understanding and analysis of complex knowledge creation cannot be restricted primarily to geographically close relations. Instead, in line with current theories on the actual spatiality of innovation and learning, it is suggested that an alternative view on proximity - relational proximity - better captures knowledge creation in transnational firms.

National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-41077 (URN)000248091800010 ()978-7-89490-375-4 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Symposium on Management of Technology Location: Hangzhou, China, Date: JUN 01-03, 2007
Available from: 2011-09-27 Created: 2011-09-23 Last updated: 2011-09-27Bibliographically approved
Gustavsson, L. & Laestadius, S. (2007). Innovationssystem som politisk praktik. In: Laestadius, Nuur & Ylinenpää (Ed.), Regional växtkraft i en global ekonomi: det svenska Vinnväxtprogrammet (pp. 161-188). Santérus Academic Press Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovationssystem som politisk praktik
2007 (Swedish)In: Regional växtkraft i en global ekonomi: det svenska Vinnväxtprogrammet / [ed] Laestadius, Nuur & Ylinenpää, Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2007, p. 161-188Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2007
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-66519 (URN)978-91-7335-008-2 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20120228

Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2012-01-26 Last updated: 2016-08-18Bibliographically approved
Nuur, C., Gustafsson, L. & Laestadius, S. (2007). The role of regional innovation systems The cases of Robotdalen and Triple Steelix. In: 10th Uddevalla symposium. Paper presented at 10th Uddevalla symposium. Uddevalla. 14-16 June 2007..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of regional innovation systems The cases of Robotdalen and Triple Steelix
2007 (English)In: 10th Uddevalla symposium, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-47770 (URN)
Conference
10th Uddevalla symposium. Uddevalla. 14-16 June 2007.
Note
QC 20111116Available from: 2011-11-12 Created: 2011-11-12 Last updated: 2011-11-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2932-4335

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