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Ceccato, Vania, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5302-1698
Alternative names
Biography [eng]

Vania Ceccato is a Professor at the Department of Urban Planning and EnvironmentSchool of Architecture and the Built Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. She coordinates the national network Safeplaces (Säkraplatser) funded by The Swedish National Crime Prevention Council (BRÅ).

Ceccato's research is on the situational conditions of crime and crime prevention in urban and rural environments. She is interested in the relationship between the built environment and crime and perceived safety, in particular, the space-time dynamics of crime and people’s routine activity. Gendered safety and the intersectionality of victimisation are essential components in her research. Main research areas are transit safety, crime geography, housing and community safety, rural crime, retail crime. She has published in international journals, mostly in Criminology, Geography and Urban Planning and is the author of Rural crime and community safety (2016, Routledge), Moving Safely, Crime and perceived safety in Stockholm's subways stations (2013), the editor of The urban fabric of crime and fear (2012) and co-editor of Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach (2015, Palgrave) with Andrew Newton and co-editor of Retail crime: International Envidence and Prevention (2018, Palgrave) with Rachel Armitage.

Biography [swe]

Vania Ceccato studerar förhållandet mellan den byggda och sociala miljön och människors säkerhet och trygghet. En inriktning i forskningen handlar om hur stads miljöer kan utformas för att förebygga brott och öka tryggheten i samhället. Det kan till exempel handla om arkitektur och byggande av bostadsområden, men också om mindre förändringar på en otrygg eller brottsdrabbad plats. Forskningen handlar även om säkerhet som ett folkhälsoproblem, i synnerhet kopplingen av kvalitén på den byggda miljön till risker för till exempel fall bland äldre eller självmord. Vania Ceccato undersöker också brott och rädsla utifrån en interaktion av kön, ålder, fysisk och psykologisk förmåga, socioekonomisk status eller andra individuella egenskaper. Hon menar att en persons rätt till säkra offentliga platser är starkt beroende av samhällets normer och strukturer som antingen främjar eller begränsar friheten att röra sig utan hinder eller rädsla.

Publications (10 of 226) Show all publications
Ceccato, V., Ariel, B., Ercin, E., Sampaio, A., Hazanov, J. & Elfström, S. (2024). Changing environments to promote safety in libraries. European Journal of Criminology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing environments to promote safety in libraries
Show others...
2024 (English)In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this article is to investigate how changes in the environment of a library affect thesafety conditions of both visitors and staff. Using principles of Crime Prevention ThroughEnvironmental Design, crime and incidents of public disturbance from 2017 to 2020 from librariesin Stockholm, Sweden, are analyzed and later mapped using 3D models in CAD. These findings areinspected via fieldwork visits and then compared with answers from a safety survey with libraryvisitors (N=112) and interviews with library personnel (N=6). Analysis of variance shows thatcrime and incidents of public disturbance decrease after these interventions, with clear impactson their geography. A third of visitors indicate that there have been fewer problems after changes in the library are introduced while staff suggests that training prepares them to manage conflictsituations more efficiently. The study concludes with a critical assessment of the methodologyand makes suggestions to improve safety conditions in libraries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications, 2024
Keywords
crime, safety, library, place management, BIM, CPTED
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Urban and Regional Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-342127 (URN)10.1177/14773708231213157 (DOI)
Projects
Safety in libraries
Funder
Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention
Note

QC 20240115

Available from: 2024-01-13 Created: 2024-01-13 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Ariel, B., Ceccato, V., McDonnell, A. & Webster, K. (2024). Experiences and Reporting of Unwanted Sexual Behaviors on Great Britain’s Rail Network: A Survey of Victims and Witnesses with an Embedded Randomized Vignette Experiment on Callback Effects. Victims & Offenders, 1-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences and Reporting of Unwanted Sexual Behaviors on Great Britain’s Rail Network: A Survey of Victims and Witnesses with an Embedded Randomized Vignette Experiment on Callback Effects
2024 (English)In: Victims & Offenders, ISSN 1556-4886, E-ISSN 1556-4991, p. 1-30Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Unwanted-sexual-behaviors (USBs) on Great Britain’s rail network, though often seen as “lesser-harm” incidents, have profound psychological, emotional, and behavioral impacts on victims and witnesses. A national survey reveals these effects, highlighting the traumatizing effect of USBs, even years later. Victims share their dissatisfaction with reporting USBs and the need for empathetic communication in victim recovery and trust in authorities. The study also examines the impact of reassurance callbacks from police. While a single callback enhanced perceptions of safety and police effectiveness, multiple callbacks were favored, suggesting their potential to improve victim support and confidence in law enforcement responses to USBs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa UK Limited, 2024
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Urban and Regional Studies; Architecture, Urban Design; Planning and Decision Analysis, Risk and Safety; Transport Science, Transport Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-345823 (URN)10.1080/15564886.2024.2330094 (DOI)001203842000001 ()2-s2.0-85190438856 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20240425

Available from: 2024-04-21 Created: 2024-04-21 Last updated: 2024-04-25Bibliographically approved
Ceccato, V. (2024). Introduction to the special issue: Implementing environmental criminology for crime prevention. Crime Prevention & Community Safety
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to the special issue: Implementing environmental criminology for crime prevention
2024 (English)In: Crime Prevention & Community Safety, ISSN 1460-3780, E-ISSN 1743-4629Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This introduction aims to showcase the articles of the special issue and highlights the expansive field of environmental criminology, underscoring its role in understanding and preventing crime through situational and environmental strategies. This collection of articles covers a wide array of research from the USA, Sweden, Australia, New Zealand, and Uruguay, demonstrating the global application of environmental criminology principles. Contributions from various disciplines illustrate the field’s multidisciplinary approach to tackling crime, particularly in the face of challenges posed by climate change and the need for social and economic sustainability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2024
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-346286 (URN)10.1057/s41300-024-00203-w (DOI)
Note

QC 20240513

Available from: 2024-05-10 Created: 2024-05-10 Last updated: 2024-05-14Bibliographically approved
Ceccato, V. (2024). Säkra städer: Aktivt arbete mot brottskoncentration (1ed.). Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Säkra städer: Aktivt arbete mot brottskoncentration
2024 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I de flesta städer - från minsta småstad i Sverige till megastäder som New York - finns miljöer där brott begås i större utsträckning än i andra. För att kunna förstå brottslighetens natur och agera både brottspreventivt och trygghetsskapande är det viktigt att veta varför brottslighet sker oproportionerligt mycket just i dessa miljöer. Den här boken handlar om vilka stadsmiljöer som koncentrerar brott och presenterar möjliga förklaringar till varför det är så. Här diskuteras också vad det är som får människor att uppleva dessa miljöer som otrygga. Boken ger exempel på systematiska metoder som används för att kunna identifiera platser med hög brottskoncentration samt diskuterar möjliga relevanta situationsbaserade åtgärder för brottsförebyggande arbete i en svensk kontext. Boken vänder sig till alla verksamma inom det expanderande brottsförebyggande och trygghetsfrämjande fältet. Den är särskilt lämplig för kriminologi- och polisutbildning och passar mycket bra för utbildningar inom stadsplanering, geografi och andra samhällsvetenskapliga områden där säkerhet och trygghet betraktas som en dimension av social hållbarhet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2024. p. 218 Edition: 1
Keywords
Brott, Rädsla för brott, Transit säkerhet, Intersectionality (överlappande diskriminering), Mönsterdetekteringstekniker
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Risk and Safety; Architecture, Urban Design; Planning and Decision Analysis, Urban and Regional Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-342580 (URN)9789144152547 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20240126

Available from: 2024-01-24 Created: 2024-01-24 Last updated: 2024-01-26Bibliographically approved
Hassler, J., Andersson Granberg, T., Steins, K. & Ceccato, V. (2024). Towards more realistic measures of accessibility to emergency departments in Sweden. International Journal of Health Geographics, 23(1), Article ID 6.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards more realistic measures of accessibility to emergency departments in Sweden
2024 (English)In: International Journal of Health Geographics, E-ISSN 1476-072X, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 6Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Assuring that emergency health care (EHC) is accessible is a key objective for health care planners. Conventional accessibility analysis commonly relies on resident population data. However, the allocation of resources based on stationary population data may lead to erroneous assumptions of population accessibility to EHC.

Method: Therefore, in this paper, we calculate population accessibility to emergency departments in Sweden with a geographical information system based network analysis. Utilizing static population data and dynamic population data, we investigate spatiotemporal patterns of how static population data over- or underestimates population sizes derived from temporally dynamic population data.

Results: Our findings show that conventional measures of population accessibility tend to underestimate population sizes particularly in rural areas and in smaller ED’s catchment areas compared to urban, larger ED’s—especially during vacation time in the summer.

Conclusions: Planning based on static population data may thus lead to inequitable distributions of resources. This study is motivated in light of the ongoing centralization of ED’s in Sweden, which largely depends on population sizes in ED’s catchment areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2024
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-344147 (URN)10.1186/s12942-024-00364-9 (DOI)001177573400001 ()38431597 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85186629491 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-01424KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Note

QC 20240305

Available from: 2024-03-05 Created: 2024-03-05 Last updated: 2024-05-15Bibliographically approved
Ceccato, V. & Ioannidis, I. (2024). Using Remote Sensing Data in Urban Crime Analysis: A Systematic Review of English-Language Literature from 2003 to 2023. International Criminal Justice Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using Remote Sensing Data in Urban Crime Analysis: A Systematic Review of English-Language Literature from 2003 to 2023
2024 (English)In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Drawing from environmental criminology principles, this article explores the existing literature to assess the utility of remote sensing data in detecting and analysing features in the urban environment that are associated with crime occurrence. A systematic review of the literature in the English language from 2003 until the first half of 2023 from two major databases, Scopus and Science Direct, is carried out. As many as 910 publications were selected, from which 36 publications satisfied the selection criteria. Findings show that neighborhood's design has a quantifiable imprint that is possible to be observed with very high spatial-resolution imagery. Given its high spatial and temporal resolution, remote sensing data can to different degrees support the identification of criminogenic features in urban environments (streets and roads, property boundaries, housing density, characteristics and density of vegetation as well as luminosity levels), but when it is used for the detection of potentially illegal activities, infringement of people's privacy and methods lacking validation still present serious concerns. The article concludes with a discussion of the opportunities and challenges of using remote sensing data in crime analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications, 2024
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-346289 (URN)10.1177/10575677241237960 (DOI)001190154300001 ()2-s2.0-85182817690 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20240513

Available from: 2024-05-10 Created: 2024-05-10 Last updated: 2024-05-13Bibliographically approved
Ioannidis, I., Haining, R. P., Ceccato, V. & Nascetti, A. (2024). Using remote sensing data to derive built-form indexes to analyze the geography of residential burglary and street thefts. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 1-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using remote sensing data to derive built-form indexes to analyze the geography of residential burglary and street thefts
2024 (English)In: Cartography and Geographic Information Science, ISSN 1523-0406, E-ISSN 1545-0465, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By deploying remotely sensed data together with spatial statistical modeling, we use regression modeling to investigate the relationship between the density of the built environment and two types of crime. We show how the Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) data set, which is a measure of building density generated from Sentinel 2A satellite imagery, can be used to create different indexes to describe the built environment for the purpose of analyzing crime patterns for indoor crimes (residential burglary) and open space crimes (street theft). Analysis is at neighborhood level for Stockholm, Sweden. Modeling is then extended to incorporate six planning areas which represent different neighborhood types within the city. Modeling is further extended by adding selected social, economic, demographic and land use variables that have been found to be significant in explaining spatial variation in the two crime categories in Stockholm. Significant associations between the GHSL-based indexes and the two crime rates are observed but results indicate that allowance for differences in neighborhood type should be recognized. Average income and transport hubs were also significant variables in the investigated crime categories. The article provides a practical demonstration and assessment of the use of high-resolution satellite data to examine the association between urban density and two common types of crime and offers reflections about the use of satellite image data in crime analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa UK Limited, 2024
National Category
Social Sciences Architecture
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Urban and Regional Studies; Architecture, Urban Design; Geodesy and Geoinformatics, Geoinformatics; Planning and Decision Analysis, Risk and Safety
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-342679 (URN)10.1080/15230406.2023.2296598 (DOI)
Note

QC 20240126

Available from: 2024-01-25 Created: 2024-01-25 Last updated: 2024-01-26Bibliographically approved
Ceccato, V., Sungling, C. & Gliori, G. (2024). Vad gör en järnvägsstation säker och för vem?: Effekten av stationsmiljön för brott och resenärers trygghet - Slutlig rapport.. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad gör en järnvägsstation säker och för vem?: Effekten av stationsmiljön för brott och resenärers trygghet - Slutlig rapport.
2024 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

I denna rapport sammanfattar vi arbetet av projektet ”Effekten av stationsmiljön för resenärerssäkerhet och trygghet, Trafikverket, 2021–2023”. Ett övergripande syfte med projektet är attskapa förutsättningar för ökad trygghet vid kollektivtrafikresor för resenärer, främst för utsattagrupper, med ett specifikt fokus på järnvägsstationer, inklusive omgivande område. Projektetsyftar till att rekommendera säkerhetsåtgärder och trygghetsskapande strategier för att görajärnvägsstationer säkrare och tryggare, attrahera fler resenärer till allmän kollektivtrafik och påså sätt bidra till ett mer hållbart samhälle. Studien fokuserar på att undersökasäkerhetsaspekter på järnvägsstationer och vilka resenärsgrupper som kan vara mer utsattaför brott eller känna sig mer otrygga än andra. En unik aspekt med studien är att den byggs påsvensk evidens om hur stationsmiljön påverkar brottslighet och resenärers trygghet, särskiltmed fokus på grupper som kvinnor, HBTQI-individer, äldre, personer medfunktionsnedsättningar eller allergier. Studien omfattar 47 stationer, varav en fjärdedel ärbelägna i små kommuner, och sträcker sig över olika regionala kontexter i Sverige.Metodologin inkluderar fältinspektioner och analys av primär- och sekundärdata med hjälp avstatistiska modeller. Resultaten visar att 14 procent har blivit utsatta för brott när de rest medtåg under de senaste 5 åren, där de vanligaste brottstyperna var stalking (bli förföljd) ochsexuella trakasserier. Hot och hatbrott samt stölder var också vanligt förekommande, ochtypen av brott varierade beroende på plats i stationsområdet. Brottsutsattheten var högre påtåget och plattformen, där majoriteten ändå kände sig trygga, vilket indikerar en diskrepansmellan upplev trygghet och viktimisering. Totalt kände en tredjedel av resenärerna sig otrygganär de reser med tåg, och resultat pekar på att upplevd trygghet påverkas av fysiska ochsociala egenskaper i stationsmiljöer. Brist på personal och dåligt stationsunderhåll kopplas tilllägre säkerhetsnivåer och ökad brottslighet. Kvinnor, särskilt de som identifierar sig somHBTQI, samt personer med funktionsnedsättning känner sig oftare mindre trygga och tidigareviktimisering påverkar alla grupper. Resultaten belyser skillnader mellan olika grupper avresenärer och betonar behovet av att anpassa åtgärder för att skapa en tryggarekollektivtrafikmiljö, vilket varierar beroende på om stationen är belägen i ett ruralt eller urbantområde. För att förbättra säkerheten och tryggheten på järnvägsstationer föreslår vi fleraåtgärder. En centraliserad rapporteringsmekanism bör införas för att synliggöra och följa uppbåde kriminella och icke-kriminella händelser som ofta bidrar till otrygghet. Digitala lösningar,inklusive appar och hjälpknappar, har potential att öka tillgänglighet och effektivitet irapportering. Som ett verktyg för utvärdering och uppföljning föreslår vi också införandet av ennationell enkät om säkerhet och otrygghet i kollektivtrafiken. Ett system för kontinuerligutvärdering är avgörande för att säkerställa långsiktig uppföljning av implementeradetrygghetsåtgärder på stationer. Rekommendationerna inkluderar även att skräddarsy åtgärderbaserat på brottstyper, tidsvariationer och säsongsmönster. Förbättrad samordning mellanolika aktörer, både privata och offentliga, samt fokus på användares säkerhets- ochtrygghetsbehov, särskilt för utsatta grupper som kvinnor HBTQI-personer samt personer medfunktionsnedsättning, är centrala för att skapa en övergripande strategi för trygghet ochsäkerhet på järnvägsstationer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2024. p. 35
Series
TRITA-ABE-RPT ; 241
Keywords
railway, security, victimisation, fear, crime prevention, partnerships
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-344126 (URN)
Projects
Effekten av stationsmiljön för brott och resenärers trygghet, Trafikverket, 2021–2023
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2024-03-01 Created: 2024-03-01 Last updated: 2024-03-05Bibliographically approved
Ceccato, V., Sundling, C. & Gliori, G. (2024). What makes a railway station safe and for whom?: The impact of transit environments on passengers’ victimisation and safety perceptions. European Transport Research Review, 16(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What makes a railway station safe and for whom?: The impact of transit environments on passengers’ victimisation and safety perceptions
2024 (English)In: European Transport Research Review, ISSN 1867-0717, E-ISSN 1866-8887, Vol. 16, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study assesses patterns of victimisation and safety perceptions among passengers using railway stations across neighbouring municipalities in Sweden. Exploratory data analysis and logistic regression models underlie the methodology of the study, which shows that the geography of passengers’ victimisation differs from the geographical patterns found for the perception of safety. Findings show that passengers’ safety perceptions are more affected by the physical and social characteristics of transit environments than passengers’ victimisation. Yet, for those who have reduced mobility, the station affects the likelihood of their being victimised. Lack of staff and poor maintenance of the station are two significant attributes associated with the lower levels of safety perceived by passengers as well as levels of crime and panhandling at both the station and on the way to it. Compared with all passengers, women, but in particular those who identify as LGBTQI+ /Non-binary/Other, run a higher likelihood of feeling less safe. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2024
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-346287 (URN)10.1186/s12544-024-00641-5 (DOI)001216128500001 ()2-s2.0-85192369530 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20240513

Available from: 2024-05-10 Created: 2024-05-10 Last updated: 2024-05-16Bibliographically approved
Ceccato, V. & Westman, J. (2024). Where Does Firearm-Related Violence Occur in Cities?. Journal of Planning Literature, 1-18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Where Does Firearm-Related Violence Occur in Cities?
2024 (English)In: Journal of Planning Literature, ISSN 0885-4122, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reviews five decades of literature in English investigating the nature of locations where most firearm-related violenceoccurs in public places, with a focus on neighbourhood-level and land-use characteristics. A search for peer-reviewed articles inScopus,Web of Science and PubMed from 1970 to 2022 resulted in 112 articles. A bibliometric followed by a thematic analysis ofthe articles shed light on two questions: Which types of neighbourhood characteristics attract firearm-related violence? andWhat are the typical land uses associated with firearm-related violence? The article concludes by reporting examples fromresearch of safety interventions implemented to tackle firearm violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2024
Keywords
homicide, lethal violence, land use, neighbourhood, public place, outdoor, green area, crime prevention
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Architecture, Urban Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-341719 (URN)10.1177/08854122231219918 (DOI)001134706600001 ()
Note

QC 20240102

Available from: 2024-01-02 Created: 2024-01-02 Last updated: 2024-04-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5302-1698

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