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Publications (10 of 33) Show all publications
Schenk, L. & Wester, M. (2014). Covert chemicals, tangible trust: Risk management of chemicals in the workplace. Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, 12(1), 91-106
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Covert chemicals, tangible trust: Risk management of chemicals in the workplace
2014 (English)In: Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, ISSN 1477-3996, E-ISSN 1477-4003, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 91-106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, as in other industrialised nations, occupational exposure limits are considered to be an important tool for chemical risk management, although many other factors also play a role in occupational safety and health management. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of occupational exposure limits in relation to information about, and the risk perception of, chemicals. An interview study was performed at four Swedish process industry workplaces in order to investigate these issues. For each workplace, the range of informants covered at least one person who spent most of their working time in the production process; one person in a managerial position; one person in the site health, safety and environment department; the main safety ombudsman; and the site manager. The results show that informants' understanding of occupational exposure limits and their use is quite poor, although they do understand that there is epistemic uncertainty in determining the toxicological effects of hazardous substances. The risk perception and safety behaviour of the informants were not affected by the occupational exposure limits, nor did occupational exposure limits have any role as sources of information. Nevertheless, almost all the informants expressed the view that occupational exposure limits are trusted and needed; safety engineers and main safety ombudsmen, generally, also added that occupational exposure limits are useful. What was found to be most important factor for the informants' perception of risk and safety was trust in specific people, often established through long-term relationships.

Keywords
Chemical safety, Occupational exposure limits, Personal protective equipment, Risk management, Workplace health
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161794 (URN)2-s2.0-84901592035 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20150317

Available from: 2015-03-17 Created: 2015-03-17 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Sochor, J. & Wester, M. (2013). The Impact of Parenthood on Perceptions of Positioning Technologies. Surveillance & Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Impact of Parenthood on Perceptions of Positioning Technologies
2013 (English)In: Surveillance & Society, ISSN 1477-7487, E-ISSN 1477-7487Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate public perceptions of three potentially privacy-invasive technologies relevant to daily mobility – video surveillance (CCTV), positioning via mobile phone, and radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags – via contrasting scenarios and items measuring factors such as acceptance and desirability.  The effect of parenthood on perceptions is also explored and proves to generally shift attitudes in a more favorable direction, i.e. parents perceive higher positive effects and lower negative effects of a technology.  Parenthood also proves to affect males and females differently, where female non-parents often perceive technological applications less favorably than do other groups by having heightened risk perception, lower trust, lower acceptance, etc.  For the aggregate respondent group, the analysis indicates that technologies targeting the “crowd” versus the “individual”, and technologies associated with a non-commercial actor can be linked to a trend of relatively greater acceptability, although this does not necessarily lead to high ratings of trust for these data collectors in the absolute sense.  Also, the least favorably perceived scenario does not elicit particularly high ratings of worry or offense.  These results, combined with a lack of willingness to discuss with influential parties (elected representatives or relevant authorities or companies) and a lack of willingness to search for information about a technology regardless of ratings of acceptance or privacy-invasiveness, lead the authors to submit that the respondents feel a sense of resignation towards technological development.  This may have broad implications for decision-making and democratic processes, as perceived lack of influence and perceived lack of interest in participation feed back into each other, which may further divide laypersons from experts, companies, and authorities.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122205 (URN)
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-05-14 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Söderberg, I.-L. & Wester, M. (2012). Lay actions in the face of crisis-Swedish citizens' actions in response to the global financial crisis of 2008. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 41(6), 796-805
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lay actions in the face of crisis-Swedish citizens' actions in response to the global financial crisis of 2008
2012 (English)In: The Journal of Socio-Economics, ISSN 1053-5357, E-ISSN 1879-1239, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 796-805Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study goes beyond attitudes and behavioral indications as response to risk perceptions and focuses on actual behavior of laypeople. We report the results from a survey, conducted among a sample of Swedish citizens in the spring of 2009, looking at lay actions as responses to the financial crisis of 2008. In total, 3138 respondents were asked whether they had done something to protect their money during the recent financial crisis or not. The total sample, 1053 respondents, was divided into two comparable groups and a binary logistic regression tested a model with nine factors hypothesized to be predicting the choice to act or not as a response to the financial crisis. Among the eight factors predicting likelihood to act were gender, age, education, ethnicity, possession of assets affected of the financial crisis, worrying about the everyday household finances, the perception of others' actions, and importance put on being knowledgeable and up-dated about financial matters. The ninth factor-respondents' perception of the crisis to be a greater threat to the U.S. and global economy than to their own personal finances-did not contribute significantly to the model.A second aim of the study was to determine whether any individuals acted rashly and, if so, whether this group differed in any statistically significant way from the group of individuals that acted in a more financially circumspectly manner. In the group of individuals that acted rashly there is a higher propensity of: individuals who do not think they have assets affected by the crisis: individuals who have a lower level of education; and individuals who consider it important to be knowledgeable and up-to-date about financial matters. It should be of interest to policymakers and researchers to further explore features of this group of laypeople because it is the most important target group for consumer information and protection.

Keywords
Action, Financial crisis, Laypeople, Logistic regression, Risk perception
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-115489 (URN)10.1016/j.socec.2012.08.007 (DOI)2-s2.0-84871720759 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20130115

Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Wester, M., Sildemark, B. & Bülow, W. (2011). Assessing public acceptance of privacy invasive ICT solutions: Slutrapport Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap, MSB353.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing public acceptance of privacy invasive ICT solutions: Slutrapport Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap, MSB353
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-79227 (URN)
Note
QC 20120209Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2012-02-09Bibliographically approved
Wester, M. (2011). Fight, flight or freeze: assumed reactions of the public during a crisis. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 19(4), 207-214
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fight, flight or freeze: assumed reactions of the public during a crisis
2011 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 207-214Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reports on how professionals at municipal level responsible for crisis communication (N=152) in Sweden judge the probability of 10 different responses occurring among the public, among people within their own emergency organization and themselves in case of a crisis. The direct physical effects of the crisis were kept identical throughout the study, but the cause of the crisis varied over three scenarios: accidental, terrorist and unknown. The results show that there are differences between how the respondents judge the reactions of themselves, their peers and the public, and there are also differences in the three crisis presented. The respondents judged their own reactions to be more logical and rational, and less marked by fear, panic and irrationality compared with the other two groups in all three crises. Also, it was investigated what source of information the crisis communicators thought would be used most by the public. The perceived sources of information varied depending on the cause of the crisis. The merit of these assumptions and implications for crisis communication are discussed.

Keywords
communication, crisis management, information, probability
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-77898 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-5973.2011.00646.x (DOI)000208637600004 ()2-s2.0-82555183993 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20120208

Available from: 2012-02-07 Created: 2012-02-07 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Bülow, W. & Wester, M. (2011). Genmodifierade organismer – hur rädda är vi?. In: Förare, Jonas (Ed.), Genteknik som tar skruv. Stockholm: Formas
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Genmodifierade organismer – hur rädda är vi?
2011 (Swedish)In: Genteknik som tar skruv / [ed] Förare, Jonas, Stockholm: Formas , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Formas, 2011
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-79200 (URN)978-91-540-6061-0 (ISBN)
Note
QC 20120215Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2012-02-15Bibliographically approved
Söderberg, I. & Wester, M. (2011). Konsumenters upplevelse av samhällsrisk och agerande vid finanskrisen 2008. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konsumenters upplevelse av samhällsrisk och agerande vid finanskrisen 2008
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Vad Sveriges konsumenter verkligen gjorde med anledning av finanskrisen hösten 2008 beskrivs i en rapport av två forskare från Kungliga Tekniska högskolan i Stockholm. Här får vi veta att 16,8 procent av de tillfrågade valde att vidta någon som helst åtgärd med anledning av krisen. Inom denna grupp dominerar handlingar som avser att säkra de egna investeringarna. Endast ett fåtal har uppfattat att hela eller delar av det finansiella systemet var hotat och agerat därefter genom att till exempel ta ut alla sina besparingar eller helt byta bank.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. p. 34
Series
TRITA/KTH/CEFIN-SR-12-SE, ISSN 1653-7335
Keywords
risk, finanskris 2008
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-74404 (URN)978-91-978518-4-8 (ISBN)
Note
QC 20120203Available from: 2012-02-14 Created: 2012-02-03 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Wester, M. & Eklund, B. (2011). "My Husband Usually Makes Those Decisions": Gender, Behavior, and Attitudes Toward the Marine Environment. Environmental Management, 48(1), 70-80
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"My Husband Usually Makes Those Decisions": Gender, Behavior, and Attitudes Toward the Marine Environment
2011 (English)In: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 70-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human behavior impacts the environment we live in. In order to better understand how one group, boat owners, in three Nordic countries adjacent to the Baltic Sea; Sweden, Finland and Denmark, viewed the relationship between the marine environment, leisure boats and issues of responsibility, a survey study was conducted (n = 1701). The results show that there are differences between gender in many areas and those women in general are more environmentally friendly than men in their views and behavior. Men and women seek information about boating by different channels and this knowledge may be used in future information campaigns. Both men and women ranked boat owners as having the lowest impact on the marine environment and perceived these to be responsible for addressing environmental issues caused by leisure boat activities. The results also show that it is important to prove the effectiveness of an environmentally safe product since this factor is ranked higher than price when considering buying a product. The results suggest that once environmentally friendly behavior is established, such as recycling, this behavior continues. One implication of this study is that small changes in human behavior are seen as acceptable but larger commitments are more difficult to achieve. If individuals do not feel responsible for causing environmental damage, this aspect needs to be addressed in information aimed at this group. Novel approaches on framing the information and new ways of disseminating information are needed.

Keywords
Marine environment, Pro-environmental behavior, Gender, Anti-fouling, Boat owners
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-36249 (URN)10.1007/s00267-011-9676-6 (DOI)000291748500006 ()2-s2.0-79959378168 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20110711Available from: 2011-07-11 Created: 2011-07-11 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Palm, E. & Wester, M. (2011). Privacy and public access in the light of eGovernment: the case of Sweden. In: Dark, M (Ed.), Information Assurance and Security Ethics in Complex Systems: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (pp. 206-225). IGI Global
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Privacy and public access in the light of eGovernment: the case of Sweden
2011 (English)In: Information Assurance and Security Ethics in Complex Systems: Interdisciplinary Perspectives / [ed] Dark, M, IGI Global, 2011, p. 206-225Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter addresses the competing interests of privacy versus public access to information. The chapter explores the collective and individual value of privacy and public access in a manner that considers information at the macrosocial and macroethical level. By using Sweden as a case study, we exemplify the classic and irresolvable tension between issues of information availability and confidentiality, integrity, and privacy. Given that privacy and public access interests will constantly need to be rebalanced, we present the views of government officials due to their unique role in implementing this balance. We conclude with an analysis of the reasonableness of this conduct.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IGI Global, 2011
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-79205 (URN)10.4018/978-1-61692-245-0.ch010 (DOI)9781616922450 (ISBN)1616922451 (ISBN)
Note
QC 20120330Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2012-03-30Bibliographically approved
Bülow, W. & Wester, M. (2011). Privacy issues and Paternalism in the context of Social Networking Sites. In: Bisset, A., Bynum, T. W., Light, A., Lauener, A., Rogerson, S. (Ed.), The Social Impact of Social Computing. Paper presented at 12th International conference on the Social and Ethical Impacts of Information and Communication Technology (ETHICOMP). Sheffield Hallam University, UK, 14 September - 16 September 2011 (pp. 88-93).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Privacy issues and Paternalism in the context of Social Networking Sites
2011 (English)In: The Social Impact of Social Computing / [ed] Bisset, A., Bynum, T. W., Light, A., Lauener, A., Rogerson, S., 2011, p. 88-93Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-79372 (URN)
Conference
12th International conference on the Social and Ethical Impacts of Information and Communication Technology (ETHICOMP). Sheffield Hallam University, UK, 14 September - 16 September 2011
Note
QC 20120411Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2012-04-11Bibliographically approved
Projects
Public Discourse and Environmental Risks: Exploring gas pipeline plan and flooding scenarios in the Baltic Sea Region [A042-2009_OSS]; Södertörn UniversityNovel Strategies to Reduce Diffuse Emissions of Micropollutants from On-Site Sewage Facilities [2012-2101_Formas]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4671-758X

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