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Högselius, P. & Kaijser, A. (2019). Energy dependence in historical perspective: The geopolitics of smaller nations. Energy Policy, 127, 438-444
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy dependence in historical perspective: The geopolitics of smaller nations
2019 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 127, p. 438-444Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies of energy and geopolitics have been almost totally monopolized by analyses of the largest and most powerful countries in the world. This article argues that it is crucial to include the world's smaller and less powerful nations, too, into the analysis. Adopting a systems perspective, the article discusses Europe's smaller nations that have come to depend on other countries for various activities relating to their fuel supplies, and how they have sought to cope with these dependencies over time. It discusses, in particular, two overarching strategies in this context: first, investments in domestic energy sources, and secondly, efforts to cope with – rather than to reduce – energy imports. Smaller nations have often been more dependent and more vulnerable than the larger countries in the geopolitical energy arena. However, there are numerous exceptions to this pattern, especially in terms of the critical hub positions that a range of smaller nations have managed to secure in the international energy trade. Furthermore, Europe's smaller countries have had a more narrow range of methods at their disposal than the larger countries when it comes to coping with energy dependence – but perhaps not as narrow as commonly believed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Energy dependence, Energy systems, Geopolitics, Smaller nations, Vulnerability
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246468 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2018.12.025 (DOI)000463688200042 ()2-s2.0-85059353021 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190319

Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Balmaceda, M., Högselius, P., Johnson, C., Pleines, H., Rogers, D. & Tynkkynen, V.-P. (2019). Energy materiality: A conceptual review of multi-disciplinary approaches. Energy Research & Social Science, 56, Article ID UNSP 101220.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy materiality: A conceptual review of multi-disciplinary approaches
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2019 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 56, article id UNSP 101220Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This jointly authored essay reviews recent scholarship in the social sciences, broadly understood, that focuses on the materiality of energy. Although this work is extraordinarily diverse in its disciplinary and interdisciplinary influences and its theoretical and methodological commitments, we discern four areas of convergence and divergence that we term the locations, uses, relationalities, and analytical roles of energy materiality. We trace these convergences and divergences through five recent scholarly conversations: materiality as a constraint on actors' behavior; historical energy systems; mobility, space and scale; discourse and power via energy materialities; and energy becoming material.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER, 2019
Keywords
Materiality, Technology, Actor-Network Theory, Infrastructure, Large Technical Systems, Spatiality
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-259413 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2019.101220 (DOI)000482238000016 ()2-s2.0-85067615063 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190924

Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-11-26Bibliographically approved
Högselius, P. (2019). Taking on Technocracy: nuclear power in Germany, 1945 to the present [Review]. Social history (London), 44(2), 269-271
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Taking on Technocracy: nuclear power in Germany, 1945 to the present
2019 (English)In: Social history (London), ISSN 0307-1022, E-ISSN 1470-1200, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 269-271Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2019
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252641 (URN)10.1080/03071022.2019.1583870 (DOI)000467731200012 ()
Note

QC 20190610

Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. & Högselius, P. (2019). Under the Damocles Sword: Managing Swedish energy dependence in the twentieth century. Energy Policy, 157-164
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Under the Damocles Sword: Managing Swedish energy dependence in the twentieth century
2019 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1900 a Swedish member of parliament argued that Sweden had a Damocles Sword hanging over it due to the country's rapidly growing imports of coal. This energy import dependence has continued to plague Sweden ever since. While coal dominated imports in the first half of the twentieth century, oil and uranium dominated in the second half. This article examines how Swedish public and private actors coped with the country's energy dependence. Several crises prompted such efforts. Coal strikes in the Interwar years and oil embargoes in the 1970s spurred diversification and collaboration with other importing countries. During World War II Sweden built trustful coal relations with Nazi Germany and stockpiled coal. In the post-war era fear of the international oil majors spurred attempts to increase public control over energy imports, and a state-owned company for foreign oil exploration was set up. Moreover, during and after wars and other acute crises Swedish actors intensified their efforts to exploit more of the country's domestic energy resources. However, when the crisis was over it often proved to be cheaper to import energy from abroad. Thus imports have remained high and the Damocles Sword is still hanging over Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Crisis management, Energy dependence, Energy history, Imports, Sweden
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246495 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2018.11.023 (DOI)000457952000015 ()2-s2.0-85056884420 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190319

Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-19Bibliographically approved
Avango, D., Högselius, P. & Nilsson, D. (2018). Swedish Explorers, In-Situ Knowledge, and Resource-Based Business in the Age of Empire. Scandinavian Journal of History, 43, 324-347
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Explorers, In-Situ Knowledge, and Resource-Based Business in the Age of Empire
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 43, p. 324-347Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The period from 1870 to 1914 plays a unique role in the history of natural resource exploration and extraction. This article analyses, from a Swedish viewpoint, the connections between two actor categories of special importance in this context: scientific-geographical explorers and industrial actors. The article examines their activities in three broadly defined regions: the Arctic, Russia, and Africa. We show that the Swedes generally had far-reaching ambitions, on par with those of the large imperial powers. In some cases, notably in Africa, Sweden was not able to compete with the larger imperial powers; but in other cases, such as the exploration of the Arctic – from Spitsbergen to Siberia – and the industrial exploitation of coal at Spitsbergen and petroleum in Russia’s colonial periphery, Swedish actors played a leading role, in competition with players from the larger European nations. Our paper shows that scientific exploration and industry were closely linked, and that foreign policy also influenced the shaping of these links. We distinguish different types of knowledge produced by the Swedish actors, pointing to local, situated knowledge as the most important type for many resource-based businesses, although modern, scientific knowledge was on the increase during this period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Sweden, natural resources, in-situ knowledge, field sciences, industry, colonialism
National Category
History of Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-215503 (URN)10.1080/03468755.2017.1380923 (DOI)000433995700002 ()2-s2.0-85030853002 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Sweden and the origins of natural resource colonialism
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-33144-92725-40
Note

QC 20171019

Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved
Högselius, P., Kaijser, A. & van der Vleuten, E. (2016). Europe's Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europe's Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature
2016 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Europe's infrastructure both united and divided peoples and places via economic systems, crises, and wars. Some used transport, communication, and energy infrastructure to supply food, power, industrial products, credit, and unprecedented wealth; others mobilized infrastructure capacities for waging war on scales hitherto unknown. Europe's natural world was fundamentally transformed; its landscapes, waterscapes, and airscapes turned into infrastructure themselves. Europe's Infrastructure Transition reframes the conflicted story of modern European history by taking material networks as its point of departure. It traces the priorities set and the choices made in constructing transnational infrastructure connections - within and beyond the continent. Moreover, this study introduces an alternative set of historically-key individuals, organizations, and companies in the making of modern Europe and analyzes roads both taken and ignored.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. p. 454
Series
Making Europe
Keywords
Infrastructure, Europe
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177624 (URN)978-0-230-30799-5 (ISBN)
Projects
The Infrastructural Transformation of Europe, 1850-2000
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Note

QC 20160412

Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2016-04-20Bibliographically approved
Högselius, P. & Avango, D. (2016). Small countries and European resource colonialism. In: : . Paper presented at Technology, natural resources and crises in the past and present of Europe and beyond, Higher School of Economics (HSE) at St Petersburg, Russia, October 21-22.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Small countries and European resource colonialism
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
History of Technology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-204624 (URN)
Conference
Technology, natural resources and crises in the past and present of Europe and beyond, Higher School of Economics (HSE) at St Petersburg, Russia, October 21-22
Projects
Sweden and the emergence of global resource colonialism
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

QC 20170412

Available from: 2017-03-30 Created: 2017-03-30 Last updated: 2017-04-12Bibliographically approved
Avango, D., Högselius, P. & Vikström, H. (2015). Colonizing the poles. Seminar : the monthly symposium
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Colonizing the poles
2015 (English)In: Seminar : the monthly symposium, ISSN 0037-1947Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Delhi: Seminar Publications, 2015
Keywords
Climate change, Arctic, Antarctic, Natural Resources, Climate determinism
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183431 (URN)
Projects
Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Note

QC 20160311

Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2016-12-06Bibliographically approved
Högselius, P. (2015). Die deutsch-deutsche Geschichte des Kernkraftwerkes Greifswald: Atomenergie zwischen Ost und West (2ed.). Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Die deutsch-deutsche Geschichte des Kernkraftwerkes Greifswald: Atomenergie zwischen Ost und West
2015 (German)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2015. p. 127 Edition: 2
Keywords
nuclear energy, GDR, Germany, Greifswald, kärnkraft, DDR, Tyskland, Greifswald
National Category
History of Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71026 (URN)978-3-8305-3574-4 (ISBN)
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20170202

Available from: 2012-01-30 Created: 2012-01-30 Last updated: 2017-02-02Bibliographically approved
Högselius, P. (2015). The Conquest of the Russian Arctic [Review]. Technology and culture, 56(3), 761-763
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Conquest of the Russian Arctic
2015 (English)In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 761-763Article, book review (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173785 (URN)000360256800015 ()
Note

QC 20150918

Available from: 2015-09-18 Created: 2015-09-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9687-1940

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