Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 64) Show all publications
Högselius, P. & Kaijser, A. (2019). Energy dependence in historical perspective: The geopolitics of smaller nations. Energy Policy, 127, 438-444
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy dependence in historical perspective: The geopolitics of smaller nations
2019 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 127, p. 438-444Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies of energy and geopolitics have been almost totally monopolized by analyses of the largest and most powerful countries in the world. This article argues that it is crucial to include the world's smaller and less powerful nations, too, into the analysis. Adopting a systems perspective, the article discusses Europe's smaller nations that have come to depend on other countries for various activities relating to their fuel supplies, and how they have sought to cope with these dependencies over time. It discusses, in particular, two overarching strategies in this context: first, investments in domestic energy sources, and secondly, efforts to cope with – rather than to reduce – energy imports. Smaller nations have often been more dependent and more vulnerable than the larger countries in the geopolitical energy arena. However, there are numerous exceptions to this pattern, especially in terms of the critical hub positions that a range of smaller nations have managed to secure in the international energy trade. Furthermore, Europe's smaller countries have had a more narrow range of methods at their disposal than the larger countries when it comes to coping with energy dependence – but perhaps not as narrow as commonly believed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Energy dependence, Energy systems, Geopolitics, Smaller nations, Vulnerability
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246468 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2018.12.025 (DOI)000463688200042 ()2-s2.0-85059353021 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190319

Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. & Högselius, P. (2019). Under the Damocles Sword: Managing Swedish energy dependence in the twentieth century. Energy Policy, 157-164
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Under the Damocles Sword: Managing Swedish energy dependence in the twentieth century
2019 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1900 a Swedish member of parliament argued that Sweden had a Damocles Sword hanging over it due to the country's rapidly growing imports of coal. This energy import dependence has continued to plague Sweden ever since. While coal dominated imports in the first half of the twentieth century, oil and uranium dominated in the second half. This article examines how Swedish public and private actors coped with the country's energy dependence. Several crises prompted such efforts. Coal strikes in the Interwar years and oil embargoes in the 1970s spurred diversification and collaboration with other importing countries. During World War II Sweden built trustful coal relations with Nazi Germany and stockpiled coal. In the post-war era fear of the international oil majors spurred attempts to increase public control over energy imports, and a state-owned company for foreign oil exploration was set up. Moreover, during and after wars and other acute crises Swedish actors intensified their efforts to exploit more of the country's domestic energy resources. However, when the crisis was over it often proved to be cheaper to import energy from abroad. Thus imports have remained high and the Damocles Sword is still hanging over Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Crisis management, Energy dependence, Energy history, Imports, Sweden
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246495 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2018.11.023 (DOI)000457952000015 ()2-s2.0-85056884420 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190319

Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-19Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. & Meyer, J.-H. (2018). Nuclear Installations at the Border.: Transnational connections and international implications. An Introduction. Journal for the History of Environment and Society, 3, 1-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nuclear Installations at the Border.: Transnational connections and international implications. An Introduction
2018 (English)In: Journal for the History of Environment and Society, ISSN 2506-6730, Vol. 3, p. 1-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gent: Brepols, 2018
Keywords
nuclear installations, borders, transnational relations, conflict, cooperation
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-247974 (URN)10.1484/J.JHES.5.116793 (DOI)
Projects
HoNEST
Note

QC 20190513

Available from: 2019-03-30 Created: 2019-03-30 Last updated: 2019-05-13Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. & Meyer, J.-H. (2018). ’The World´s Worst Located Nuclear Power Plant‘: Danish and Swedish cross-border perspectives on the Swedish nuclear power plant Barsebäck. journal for the history of environment and society, 3, 71-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>’The World´s Worst Located Nuclear Power Plant‘: Danish and Swedish cross-border perspectives on the Swedish nuclear power plant Barsebäck
2018 (English)In: journal for the history of environment and society, ISSN 2506-6730, Vol. 3, p. 71-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Barsebäck power plant is located 20 km from Copenhagen and the large Swedish cities Malmö, Lund and Karlskrona are within a 30 km radius. When the power plant was planned in the mid-1960s the location seemed ideal with short distances to many consumers in both Sweden and Denmark. In the early 1970s a critical debate on nuclear power began in both countries and Barsebäck became a symbol for the risks of nuclear energy, attracting large-scale annual protest marches from 1976 onwards with participants from both Sweden and Denmark. Once Denmark decided not to pursue nuclear power in the mid-1980s, the Danish Parliament demanded Barsebäck´s closure. Indeed, Barsebäck was the the first Swedish nuclear power plant to be phased out. This article systematically examines the implications of the border location for transboundary relations involving both conflict and cooperation of those engaged in promoting, building and opposing the Barsebäck nuclear power plant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
gent: Brepols, 2018
Keywords
nuclear power, border, transnational cooperation, international conflict, anti-nuclear movements
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-247973 (URN)10.1484/J.JHES.5.116795 (DOI)
Projects
HoNEST
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 662268
Note

QC 20190513

Available from: 2019-03-30 Created: 2019-03-30 Last updated: 2019-05-13Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. (2017). Sweden Short Country Report: Report for the HoNEST project. HoNESt (History of Nuclear Energy and Society)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden Short Country Report: Report for the HoNEST project
2017 (English)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
HoNESt (History of Nuclear Energy and Society), 2017. p. 65
Keywords
Sweden, nuclear power, history, public engagement, referendum, repository, chernobyl
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-248030 (URN)
Note

QC 20190403

Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-04-03Bibliographically approved
Högselius, P., Kaijser, A. & van der Vleuten, E. (2016). Europe's Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europe's Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature
2016 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Europe's infrastructure both united and divided peoples and places via economic systems, crises, and wars. Some used transport, communication, and energy infrastructure to supply food, power, industrial products, credit, and unprecedented wealth; others mobilized infrastructure capacities for waging war on scales hitherto unknown. Europe's natural world was fundamentally transformed; its landscapes, waterscapes, and airscapes turned into infrastructure themselves. Europe's Infrastructure Transition reframes the conflicted story of modern European history by taking material networks as its point of departure. It traces the priorities set and the choices made in constructing transnational infrastructure connections - within and beyond the continent. Moreover, this study introduces an alternative set of historically-key individuals, organizations, and companies in the making of modern Europe and analyzes roads both taken and ignored.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. p. 454
Series
Making Europe
Keywords
Infrastructure, Europe
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177624 (URN)978-0-230-30799-5 (ISBN)
Projects
The Infrastructural Transformation of Europe, 1850-2000
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Note

QC 20160412

Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2016-04-20Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. (2016). Sweden and Chernobyl: Disclosing the disaster, receiving much fallout, but not changing energy policy. In: : . Paper presented at The Conference ”Chernobyl – Turning Point or Catalyst?”, Berlin, Germany, 2-3 December 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden and Chernobyl: Disclosing the disaster, receiving much fallout, but not changing energy policy
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-248035 (URN)
Conference
The Conference ”Chernobyl – Turning Point or Catalyst?”, Berlin, Germany, 2-3 December 2016
Note

QC 20190403

Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-04-03Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. (2016). The rise and fall of anti-nuclear movements: The case of Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at The 11th European Social Science History Conference in Valencia, Spain, 30 March – 2 April 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The rise and fall of anti-nuclear movements: The case of Sweden
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-248032 (URN)
Conference
The 11th European Social Science History Conference in Valencia, Spain, 30 March – 2 April 2016
Note

QC 20190403

Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-04-03Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. (2015). Teknik och vetenskap (1:1ed.). In: Henrik Ågren (Ed.), Perspektiv på historia: En introduktion till historiestudier (pp. 89-112). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teknik och vetenskap
2015 (Swedish)In: Perspektiv på historia: En introduktion till historiestudier / [ed] Henrik Ågren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1:1, p. 89-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I detta kapitel ska jag beröra några av de frågor som teknikhistoriker har ägnat sig åt de senaste årtiondena. Jag börjar med frågan om vad teknik och tekniska system är. Därefter reflekterar jag kring: Kontinuitet eller förändring? Hur sprids teknik? Hur utvecklas ny teknik? Vad är förhållandet mellan teknik och vetenskap?  Hur utvecklas tekniska system, och hur har sådana system påverkat samhälle och natur? Avslutningsvis diskuterar jag varför teknik är en så manlig domän och i vilken mån teknikhistoria ger nya perspektiv.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015 Edition: 1:1
Keywords
history of technology introduction
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment; History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177623 (URN)9789144097381 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20151215

Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2015-12-15Bibliographically approved
Kaijser, A. (2015). Växlande förbindelser: Konkurrens och samverkan mellan stat och näringsliv i utvecklingen av svensk teleindustri. In: Jan Gulliksen (Ed.), Om Sverige i framtiden – en antologi om digitaliseringens möjligheter (SOU 2015:65): (pp. 213-240). Stockholm: Regeringskansliet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Växlande förbindelser: Konkurrens och samverkan mellan stat och näringsliv i utvecklingen av svensk teleindustri
2015 (Swedish)In: Om Sverige i framtiden – en antologi om digitaliseringens möjligheter (SOU 2015:65) / [ed] Jan Gulliksen, Stockholm: Regeringskansliet , 2015, p. 213-240Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Kabelvåg är en gudomligt vacker plats belägen i Lofoten i norra Norge. Alldeles särskilt vackert är det kring midsommar när solen lyser dygnet runt. Detta var säkert ett bidragande skäl till att den 34:e nordiska telekonferensen anordnades i denna lilla ort midsommaren 1969 med ett 30-tal deltagare från de nordiska televerken. Vid konferensen presenterade delegationen från det svenska Televerket ett förslag om att inleda ett nordiskt samarbete inom mobiltelefoni som fick en positiv respons från de övriga delegaterna. Detta blev startskottet för ett utvecklingsprojekt som resulterade i att de nordiska länderna etablerade en gemensam standard för mobiltelefoni, NMT, och därmed blev pionjärer inom mobiltelefoni. Och även till att företagen LM Ericsson och Nokia med avstamp i Norden blev världsledande tillverkare av mobilutrustning.

Två månader senare, den 2 september 1969, ägde ett annat möte som skulle få stor betydelse för svensk telefoniutveckling. Marcus Wallenberg var värd för ett lunchmöte med Björn Lundvall och Bertil Bjurel. De två förstnämnda var styrelseordförande resp. VD för LM Ericsson medan den sistnämnde var generaldirektör för Televerket. Syftet med lunchen var att föra en förtrolig diskussion om förutsättningarna för ett samarbete kring utveckling av digitala telefonväxlar, och det resulterade i en gentlemen’s agreement att skapa ett gemensamt forskningsbolag. Ett halvår senare etablerades det samägda bolaget Ellemtel Utvecklings AB, som på sex år lyckades utveckla en digital telefonväxel, AXE, som blev en grundbult i LM Ericssons försäljningi ett kvartssekel.

Dessa två utvecklingsprojekt bidrog till att Sverige kunde behålla och förstärka sin traditionella ställning som en framgångsrik IT nation i en ny teknologisk era. Båda projekten skedde i en nära samverkan mellan stat och näringsliv, en samverkan som hade en lång, historisk tradition och inleddes redan på 1920-talet. Dessförinnan hade den svenska teleindustrin istället präglats av intensiv konkurrens, inte minst mellan det statliga Telegrafverket och privata telefonbolag. Denna konkurrens bidrog till att Sverige tidigt fick en i internationell jämförelse mycket hög telefontäthet. Tesen i denna artikel är att dessa växlande relationer mellan stat och näringsliv med ömsom intensiv konkurrens och ömsom nära samverkan har haft en avgörande betydelse för det svenska telesystemets utveckling och för Sveriges ställning som en ledande IT-nation idag. Artikeln behandlar tidsepoken från telefonens introduktion år 1880 fram till liberaliseringen av telemarknaden vid mitten av 1990-talet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Regeringskansliet, 2015
Series
Statens offentliga utredningar ; 2015:65
Keywords
History, Telephone Industry, Sweden, Public-private cooperation, historia, telefonindustri, Sverige, offentlig-privat samverkan
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177621 (URN)978-91-38-24321-3 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20151215

Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2015-12-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7285-7455

Search in DiVA

Show all publications