Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Balfors, B., Azcarate, J., Mörtberg, U., Karlson, M. & Odelius Gordon, S. (2016). Impacts of urban development on biodiversity and ecosystem services. In: Davide Geneletti (Ed.), Handbook on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Impact Assessment: (pp. 167-194). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impacts of urban development on biodiversity and ecosystem services
Show others...
2016 (English)In: Handbook on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Impact Assessment / [ed] Davide Geneletti, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 167-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Global urbanization has increased rapidly and it is expected to continue. Due to the continuing urbanization process, green areas are transformed into areas for housing, industry and infrastructure. As a consequence, ecosystems in urbanizing areas are affected, which results in degradation of habitats, due to fragmentation and disturbances, with significant impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. In cities, green areas are of primary interest to support biodiversity as well as in their role as producers of ecosystem services; that is, services that ecosystems produce to the benefit of humans often without any costs. In addition, publicly accessible urban green areas enhance life quality for urban citizens. To strengthen biodiversity and ecosystem services considerations in the planning process and contribute to the preservation of biodiversity in the long term, a consistent assessment of potential impacts is required. In particular, a landscape approach in urban planning and assessment is needed to address the scales of ecological processes, to strengthen important landscape structures and functions in urban, regional and infrastructure planning. A landscape approach calls for methods for assessing the impacts of human actions on biodiversity at a landscape level, across administrative borders. Such methods should allow an analysis of cumulative impacts of many single planning decisions. Several of the processes involved have a temporal and spatial dimension and are possible to quantify, analyse, and visualize with geographical information systems (GIS) combined with spatial ecological models. This allows for localization and quantification of predicted effects of urbanization on biodiversity components over landscape and regional scales. This chapter addresses impacts of urbanization on biodiversity and urban green areas’ capacity in providing ecosystem services. A brief description of the role of biodiversity and ecosystem services provides a framework for a landscape approach in biodiversity assessments and for the practical examples from the Stockholm region. Related to the assessment, tools for predicting and assessing biodiversity impacts at a landscape level will be discussed as well as planning and management of urban green areas. The chapter concludes with lessons learned and key recommendations for best practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016
National Category
Environmental Management
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168004 (URN)10.4337/9781783478996.00014 (DOI)9781783478989 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasStandUp
Note

Accepted QP 201505

Available from: 2015-05-25 Created: 2015-05-25 Last updated: 2017-07-11Bibliographically approved
Azcarate, J. (2015). Beyond impacts: Contextualizing strategic environmental assessment to foster the inclusion of multiple values in strategic planning. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond impacts: Contextualizing strategic environmental assessment to foster the inclusion of multiple values in strategic planning
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has the potential to improve strategic planning. However, meeting this expectation is a major challenge since SEA practice still constraints itself to assess the impacts of strategic planning initiatives. To advance the role of SEA beyond impact assessment, it has been argued that SEA needs to adapt to strategic planning contexts. Yet, there is a lack of consensus on how SEA should adapt to strategic planning contexts as these are complex, vary considerably and carry high levels of uncertainty. Against this background, the aim of this thesis is to contribute to the development of SEA by creating knowledge on ways in which it can be contextualized to different strategic planning situations. Three case studies addressing different values and strategic planning contexts were designed from which experiences on SEA conceptualization were drawn. The results show that developing strategic focused SEA frameworks that enhance dialogue, collaboration and knowledge generation on multiple values can address issues such as: the lack of data and objectives in developing planning contexts; gaps in knowledge and uncertainty associated to environmental monitoring in transboundary contexts; and the recognition of the importance of ecosystem services and their needed green qualities in urbanizing contexts. Based on the gained case study experiences, it is argued that SEA contextualization can mean addressing strategic planning intentions, identifying and engaging actors, deriving and prioritizing key values, collaborating to generate knowledge on key issues, and using this knowledge to shape strategic planning. Due to the complexity of the issues involved, contextualizing SEA is considered to be challenging to achieve and requires time and resources. However, based on the SEA case studies, it can be argued that the value added to strategic planning outweighs these requirements. Continuing to study the practice of context adaptable, strategic focused and participatory based SEA processes may contribute to advance SEA’s role beyond impact assessment and enable reaching its expected potentials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. p. viii, 44
Series
TRITA-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 2015:02
Keywords
Strategic environmental assessment; Context; Values; Strategic planning; Participation; Ecosystem services; Monitoring
National Category
Environmental Management
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167968 (URN)978-91-7595-623-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-12, D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150525

Available from: 2015-05-25 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2015-05-25Bibliographically approved
Azcarate, J., Mörtberg, U., Gordon, S. & Balfors, B. (2015). CES provision and pressure in compacting Stockholm. In: : . Paper presented at Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, “Impact Assessment in the Digital Era”, 20-23 April 2015 in Florence, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CES provision and pressure in compacting Stockholm
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering; SRA - Energy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166710 (URN)
Conference
Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, “Impact Assessment in the Digital Era”, 20-23 April 2015 in Florence, Italy
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20150615

Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2015-11-17Bibliographically approved
Mörtberg, U., Deal, B., Cvetkovic, V., Balfors, B., Azcarate, J., Haas, J. & Pang, X. (2015). Integrating ecosystem services in urban energy trajectories. In: : . Paper presented at Biennial International Workshop Advances in Energy Studies (BIWAES) 4-7 May 2015 in Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating ecosystem services in urban energy trajectories
Show others...
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering; SRA - Energy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166711 (URN)
Conference
Biennial International Workshop Advances in Energy Studies (BIWAES) 4-7 May 2015 in Stockholm, Sweden
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20150615

Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2015-06-15Bibliographically approved
Azcarate, J., Balfors, B. & Mörtberg, U. (2013). Green qualities in transport efficient cities. In: : . Paper presented at First congress of the society for urban ecology, 25-27 July 2013 Berlin.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green qualities in transport efficient cities
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A main stream postulation in urban planning is that denser cities enhance energy efficiency and city attractiveness by offering shorter travel distances and a variety of functions that reduce car traffic and facilitate walking, biking and public transit. However, the complex links that exist between city density and its implications for energy efficiency and city attractiveness call for a better understanding of the factors that influence an integrated planning of regional cities. In this context, one factor that could be of interest to study is that of green urban open spaces such as green wedges, parks, wetland areas, shore lines, gardens, cemeteries, golf courses and treed boulevards that provide protection for biodiversity as well as many other valuable ecosystem services. However, discussions on developing compact, energy efficient and attractive regional cities are raising conflicts with policies that aim at conserving green urban open spaces. The aim of this paper is to increase knowledge on and contribute to the development of strategies and measures to best manage the conflicts that are emerging between developing dense, low traffic cities and planning for good quality, valuable and accessible green urban open spaces. To achieve this aim, a conflict mapping exercise is being carried out by identifying, reviewing and assessing literature on the subject. In parallel, relevant examples are being analyzed and seminars, workshops and interviews are taking place with actors of the Stockholm city region. Obtained results are conflicting perceptions on the role that green urban open spaces should play in city development, conflicts of governance and collaboration, conflicts between different objectives at varying decision making scales, and significant limitations to integrated and systemic socio-ecological understandings of the city region and its changing values. The conflict mapping exercise is a valuable starting point to identify the proposal of alternative land use practices, discuss how these can be assessed, and define measures that can enhance compactness, energy efficiency and green qualities in city region planning and development.

Keywords
Green urban open spaces; Compactness; Transport systems; Energy efficiencies; Integrated planning
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-127866 (URN)
Conference
First congress of the society for urban ecology, 25-27 July 2013 Berlin
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20131010

Available from: 2013-09-09 Created: 2013-09-09 Last updated: 2013-12-20Bibliographically approved
Azcarate, J. & Balfors, B. (2013). Network Strategic Assessment Approach for Capacity Development and Dialogue in NGOs. International NGO Journal, 8(3), 68-79
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Network Strategic Assessment Approach for Capacity Development and Dialogue in NGOs
2013 (English)In: International NGO Journal, ISSN 1993-8225, E-ISSN 1993-8225, ISSN 1993-8225, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 68-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As platforms for dialogue non-governmental organizations play an important role in facilitating the inclusion of a diversity of views in the debates and decisions that shape society. However, to successfully influence societal development non-governmental organizations need to develop and mobilize their capacities. This paper argues that organizational capacities can be developed and mobilized with strategic dialogues, which can be enabled and fostered with network strategic assessment approaches. Through a case study, research was carried out to draw experiences from designing a network strategic assessment approach in the context of a network-based non-governmental organization that aims to strengthen the development of its members and communities. Even though conceptualizing the network strategic assessment approach was challenging, research results were participant engagement, process ownership and strategic dialogues. It is argued that by fostering strategic dialogues network strategic assessment approaches allow networks to synchronize and mainstream their strategic elements in the daily activities of their member organizations. Moreover, it is claimed that such approaches contribute to integrate aspects of capacity development with network planning and decision making, enhancing organizational understanding and performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic journals, 2013
Keywords
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), networks, capacity development, dialogue, strategic environmental assessment
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-46200 (URN)10.5897/INGOJ2013.0264 (DOI)
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20130424

Available from: 2011-11-02 Created: 2011-11-02 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Azcarate, J., Balfors, B., Destouni, G. & Bring, A. (2013). Scenario-based Transboundary Approach to Shape Arctic Futures. In: : . Paper presented at The Arctic Science Summit Week 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scenario-based Transboundary Approach to Shape Arctic Futures
2013 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Technological advances, climate change and increased strategic interest in the Arctic are causing rapid and long lasting transformations that challenge established governance and collaboration practices, and increase information demands to support regional decision making. In the rapidly transforming Arctic, however, scenarios of environmental change risk being insufficiently accounted for in adaptation planning, as monitoring of key environmental parameters has declined or is poorly optimized. Furthermore, application of support instruments for environmental planning, such as strategic environmental assessment, has been limited. This poster presents recent advancements in efforts to combine quantitative analysis of environmental monitoring in the Arctic with strategic governance research to develop instruments, such as scenarios, projections and assessment processes, which can facilitate relevant planning and decision making for change adaptation. The research explores and aims to improve the preconditions for and links between environmental management, policy-relevant monitoring, and climate change adaptation strategies in the Arctic. Results include environmental monitoring assessment for the Arctic, and design of a transboundary strategic environmental assessment approach that includes scenarios as a main component for enabling strategic dialogues, information exchange and decision support. In this proposed approach, focus is placed on identifying conflicts of interest, gaps of knowledge and uncertainties, and on developing inclusive scenarios and future projections that could be used by different actors to facilitate improved understanding of climate change impacts on sensitive and unique Arctic ecosystems. The approach can be used to discuss and arrive at shared projections, visions and objectives for the Arctic, and its application and testing in research may aid in enabling Arctic actors to establish networks, interact, share information and develop their capacities to improve decisions on Arctic futures.  

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-127867 (URN)
Conference
The Arctic Science Summit Week 2013
Funder
StandUp
Note

Qc 20131010

Available from: 2013-09-09 Created: 2013-09-09 Last updated: 2013-12-20Bibliographically approved
Azcarate, J., Balfors, B., Bring, A. & Destouni, G. (2013). Strategic environmental assessment and monitoring: Arctic key gaps and bridging pathways. Environmental Research Letters, 8(4), 044033
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic environmental assessment and monitoring: Arctic key gaps and bridging pathways
2013 (English)In: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 044033-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Arctic region undergoes rapid and unprecedented environmental change. Environmental assessment and monitoring is needed to understand and decide how to mitigate and/or adapt tothe changes and their impacts on society and ecosystems. This letter analyzes the application of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and the monitoring, based on environmental observations, that should be part of SEA, elucidates main gaps in both, and proposes an overarching SEA framework to systematically link and improve both with focus on the rapidly changing Arctic region. Shortcomings in the monitoring of environmental change are concretized by examples of main gaps in the observations of Arctic hydroclimatic changes. For relevant identification and efficient reduction of such gaps and remaining uncertainties under typical conditions of limited monitoring resources, the proposed overarching framework for SEA application includes components for explicit gap/uncertainty handling and monitoring, systematically integrated within all steps of the SEA process. The framework further links to adaptive governance, which should explicitly consider key knowledge and information gaps that are identified through and must be handled in the SEA process, and accordingly (re)formulate and promote necessary new or modified monitoring objectives for bridging these gaps.

Keywords
Arctic, strategic environmental assessment, hydroclimatic change, climate change
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136076 (URN)10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044033 (DOI)000329604900040 ()2-s2.0-84891934551 (Scopus ID)
Funder
StandUpSwedish Research Council, 2007-8393
Note

QC 20140207

Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Azcarate, J. & Balfors, B. (2012). Network Strategic Environmental Assessment for Capacity Development and Dialogue. Paper presented at 32ND ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IMPACT ASSESSMENT Energy Future The Role of Impact Assessment, Porto, Portgal, 27 May - 1 June 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Network Strategic Environmental Assessment for Capacity Development and Dialogue
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Non-governmental organisations are playing an increasingly important role in facilitating the inclusion of a diversity of perspectives in the debates and decisions that shape society by acting as platforms for dialogue. However, to enable and maintain dialogues that influence decision making it is acknowledged that these organisations need to focus on developing their key capacities and design appropriate approaches. For these purposes, planning and decision making support processes like strategic environmental assessment can be useful. This paper suggests a network approach for capacity development and dialogue generation for network based non-governmental organisations through the design of a network strategic environmental assessment process. Experiences are drawn from developing the network strategic environmental assessment in Samp Intercontinental Museum Network, a Swedish non-governmental organisation working with the development of museums and their communities. The results were process ownership, participant engagement and iterative dialogues. Even though it is challenging to develop network strategic environmental assessments, it is argued that these processes can benefit network organisations by setting the bases for their capacity development programmes and by operationalising and mainstreaming their higher level concepts, allowing these organisations to reach their goals and contribute to long lasting transformations in society.

Keywords
Participation, Capacity development, Strategic environmental assessment, Non-governmental organisations, Networks
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-99197 (URN)
Conference
32ND ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IMPACT ASSESSMENT Energy Future The Role of Impact Assessment, Porto, Portgal, 27 May - 1 June 2012
Funder
StandUp
Note

Qc 20120730

Available from: 2012-07-30 Created: 2012-07-18 Last updated: 2013-01-14Bibliographically approved
Balfors, B., Azcarate, J. & Elmlund, L. (2012). Strategic Environmental Assessment - a planning tool for ecological considerations in transport infrastructure: experiences on how ecological aspects listed in the Directive are assessed in EU. In: Safeguarding Ecological Functions Across Transport Infrastructure, 2012 IENE International Conference, October 21-24, Potsdam Germany: . Paper presented at Safeguarding Ecological Functions Across Transport Infrastructure, 2012 IENE International Conference, October 21-24, Potsdam Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic Environmental Assessment - a planning tool for ecological considerations in transport infrastructure: experiences on how ecological aspects listed in the Directive are assessed in EU
2012 (English)In: Safeguarding Ecological Functions Across Transport Infrastructure, 2012 IENE International Conference, October 21-24, Potsdam Germany, 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-107886 (URN)
Conference
Safeguarding Ecological Functions Across Transport Infrastructure, 2012 IENE International Conference, October 21-24, Potsdam Germany
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20130114

Available from: 2012-12-18 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2013-06-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2914-7538

Search in DiVA

Show all publications