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Berggren, B., Fili, A. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2019). Homeownership and entrepreneurship A regional and industrial analysis of house prices and startups. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, 12(3), 456-473
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Homeownership and entrepreneurship A regional and industrial analysis of house prices and startups
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 456-473Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between housing markets and new firm formation in six different industries in all 284 municipalities in Sweden. Design/methodology/approach The authors have used data from Statistics Sweden and The Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth to develop a model to analyze the relationship between house prices and industry-specific new firm formation, with the interaction effect of financial infrastructure. Findings In the data, stable high house prices have no effect on entrepreneurship. However, a market with rising house prices has a positive effect on new firm formation, in retail, construction, business-to-business services and miscellaneous sectors, but produced no effect in either mining, agriculture and fishing or in manufacturing. The interaction between rising house prices and financial infrastructure does not change the positive effect on retail, business-to-business services and miscellaneous sectors, but within the construction industry, the positive effect on new firm formation disappears. In manufacturing, the authors observe the opposite - a positive effect, instead of no effect previously. Originality/value The contribution of this study is to provide evidence of how house prices are associated with entrepreneurship in different industries, as well as analyzing how the interaction between house prices and financial infrastructure is associated with entrepreneurship. By separating observations in time, endogeneity is controlled and a causal relationship where higher house prices is postulated, which leads to an increase in entrepreneurial activity in different industries. By using a spatial Durbin model, the authors control for spatial dependency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD, 2019
Keywords
Sweden, Entrepreneurship, Industry, Home ownership, Financing, House prices, R11, R31, M13
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257585 (URN)10.1108/IJHMA-01-2018-0007 (DOI)000479229100007 ()
Note

QC 20190920

Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Berggren, B., Fili, A. & Wilhelmsson, M. H. (2017). Does the increase in house prices influence the creation of business startups?: The case of Sweden. Region, 4(1), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the increase in house prices influence the creation of business startups?: The case of Sweden
2017 (English)In: Region, ISSN 2409-5370, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurs are at the core of economic development in that they start new businesses or make existing firms grow. To fulfill this important role, entrepreneurs need access to financing. Owing to information asymmetry and the relatively high risk associated with business startups, many financiers shy away from engaging in relationships with firms during the early stages of their development. Based on the existing body of knowledge on the financing of entrepreneurship, we know that insider finance is of paramount importance in the early stages of firms’ development. We expand this knowledge base by analyzing the influence of house prices on business startups across municipalities in Sweden. In our analysis, we include data from all municipalities in Sweden. Our data on house prices and control variables are collected in period one, and our data on the frequency of startups are collected in period two. We find that rising house prices in a municipality lead to a higher frequency of startups. In our spatial Durbin model, we find that a 1% increase in house prices leads to around 0.15% increase in startups. Our findings are in line with the limited international research that has been previously conducted, and therefore, our study might make a small but vital addition to this growing body of knowledge within the area of entrepreneurship and regional development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Regional Science Association, 2017
Keywords
Business startups, Entrepreneurship, Financing, House prices, Mortgages
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225944 (URN)10.18335/region.v4i1.95 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044753357 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180411

Available from: 2018-04-11 Created: 2018-04-11 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Silver, L., Berggren, B. & Fili, A. (2016). The role of crowdfunding in entrepreneurial ventures: An analysis of recent trends in Sweden. Investment Management and Financial Innovations, 13(1), 221-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of crowdfunding in entrepreneurial ventures: An analysis of recent trends in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Investment Management and Financial Innovations, ISSN 1810-4967, E-ISSN 1812-9358, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 221-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The financing of entrepreneurial ventures has been at the forefront of academic debate as well as policy-making discussion for almost a century. In general, there seems to be an agreement that the risks associated with business startups are higher than for mature firms, hence, these ventures will have to pay a higher interest rate than more mature and large firms. In this paper the authors analyze the role of a relatively new form of financing for entrepreneurial ventures - crowdfunding - And how this form of financing is similar and different from traditional sources of finance. The authors are also presenting different forms and models of crowdfunding available on the market together with illustrations from the crowdfunding industry in Sweden. The analysis indicates that the positive effects with crowdfunding are numerous but that the size of the crowdfunding sector is relatively small in comparison with the banking and venture capital industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
LLC CPC Business Perspectives, 2016
Keywords
Crowdfunding, Entrepreneurship, Financing, SMEs, Venture capital
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-195553 (URN)2-s2.0-84969756457 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20161121

Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-03 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Berggren, B., Fili, A. & Nordberg, O. (2015). EXPERIENCE OF DIGITAL EXAMINATION IN SWEDEN - SOME PRELIMINARY FINDINGS FROM THREE DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES. In: Chova, LG Martinez, AL Torres, IC (Ed.), INTED2015: 9TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE. Paper presented at 9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED), MAR 02-04, 2015, Madrid, SPAIN (pp. 4001-4007). IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION A& DEVELOPMENT
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EXPERIENCE OF DIGITAL EXAMINATION IN SWEDEN - SOME PRELIMINARY FINDINGS FROM THREE DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES
2015 (English)In: INTED2015: 9TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE / [ed] Chova, LG Martinez, AL Torres, IC, IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION A& DEVELOPMENT , 2015, p. 4001-4007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Assessment through new technology has gained a firm foothold within the university system in the last decade. This paper summarizes the experiences that have been made during the introduction of digital examination over the past two years. The experiences are divided between three different perspectives; the teachers, the students and the administrators. From the teachers perspective the experiences have been very positive - less time have been allocated to grading written exams, the grades are perceived as more just and the saved time can be spent on increasing the quality on other parts of the course. From a student perspective the experiences have been positive - most students are positive in that they get the results much quicker, that they can edit their answers on the exam easier and that the grades are more just. The experiences from the final perspective - that from the administrators' point of view - are far more complex. Some parts of the administrative system encouraged the projects, whereas other parts tried to stop it, using different measures. The paper concludes with some advice on implementing changes in written exams, based on the experiences from the Swedish case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION A& DEVELOPMENT, 2015
Series
INTED Proceedings, ISSN 2340-1079
Keywords
Digital examination, change, assessment, incentives, efficiency in education
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-243730 (URN)000398586304006 ()978-84-606-5763-7 (ISBN)
Conference
9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED), MAR 02-04, 2015, Madrid, SPAIN
Note

QC 20190226

Available from: 2019-02-26 Created: 2019-02-26 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Berggren, B., Fili, A. & Nordberg, O. (2015). Experience of digital examination in Sweden: Some preliminary findings from three different perspectives. In: INTED2015 Proceedings: . Paper presented at 9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference Madrid, Spain, 2015 (pp. 4001-4007). iated Digital Library
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience of digital examination in Sweden: Some preliminary findings from three different perspectives
2015 (English)In: INTED2015 Proceedings, iated Digital Library , 2015, p. 4001-4007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish higher educational system is under pressure. The competition from international universities is getting fiercer, and the demographical projections indicate that the number of students entering the university system is peaking right now. At the same time, the financial support from the government is decreasing. In order to stay competitive Swedish universities are trying to find strategies for using the scarce resources in the optimal way. The problem is to strike a balance between quality and efficiency.Over the past ten years a lot of improvement has been made within the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) regarding quality and innovation in education. Pedagogical courses are mandatory for the staff, and the merits of educational experience have been emphasized in hiring new staff members. Even though problem-based learning, constructive alignment and peer instruction are common in most courses today, some other aspects of education and learning remains the same. One such conservative trait has to do with written examinations. Since the founding of the university in 1827, all written examinations have been done using paper and pen at the Royal Institute of Technology. It is interesting to note that even the school of computer science is using paper and pen for their final written examinations. The problems with using paper and pen are numerous and includes; problems with reading and grading because of poor handwriting, distribution of exams between teachers in the same course, written exams getting lost, etc. In comparison with other parts of the educational system, little has happened to improve quality and efficiency when it comes to written examinations.During 2013 and 2014 a number of teachers initiated a project for increasing the efficiency in written exams. There was a general understanding that the final part of the courses consumed too much time and effort in relations to the other parts. Hence, new software for digital examinations was identified and a license was purchased. This paper summarizes the experiences that the teachers have made during this trial period. The experiences are divided between three different perspectives; the teachers, the students and the administrators. From the teachers perspective the experiences have been very positive – less time have been allocated to grading written exams, the grades are perceived as more just and the saved time can be spent on increasing the quality on other parts of the course. From a student perspective the experiences have been positive – most students are positive in that they get the results much quicker, that they can edit their answers on the exam easier and that the grades are more just. The experiences from the final perspective – that from the administrators’ point of view – are far more complex. Some parts of the administrative system encouraged the projects, whereas other parts tried to stop it, using different measures.The paper concludes with some advice on implementing changes in written exams, based on the experiences from the Swedish case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
iated Digital Library, 2015
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179316 (URN)978-84-606-5763-7 (ISBN)
Conference
9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference Madrid, Spain, 2015
Note

QC 20160119

Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2016-11-23Bibliographically approved
Berggren, B., Hullgren, M. & Söderberg, I. (2015). Housing finance in Sweden: The development of local PPP-solutions and the role of savings banks. In: : . Paper presented at ARES Conference, Fort Myers, USA, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Housing finance in Sweden: The development of local PPP-solutions and the role of savings banks
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179314 (URN)
Conference
ARES Conference, Fort Myers, USA, 2015
Note

NV 20160119

Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2016-01-19Bibliographically approved
Berggren, B., Fili, A. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2015). The relationship between house prices and business start-ups: A research note. In: : . Paper presented at ARES Conference, Fort Myers, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between house prices and business start-ups: A research note
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179312 (URN)
Conference
ARES Conference, Fort Myers, USA
Note

NV 20160119

Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2016-01-19Bibliographically approved
Silver, L., Berggren, B. & Fili, A. (2015). The role of crowdfunding in entrepreneurial ventures: A research note. In: : . Paper presented at EBES Conference, Istanbul, Turkey.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of crowdfunding in entrepreneurial ventures: A research note
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179315 (URN)
Conference
EBES Conference, Istanbul, Turkey
Note

QC 20160128

Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2016-01-28Bibliographically approved
Silver, L. & Berggren, B. (2014). Sustatining entrepreneurship in subarctic peripheral regions. In: : . Paper presented at ICSB, Dublin, Ireland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustatining entrepreneurship in subarctic peripheral regions
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179318 (URN)
Conference
ICSB, Dublin, Ireland
Note

NQC 201601

Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2016-01-28Bibliographically approved
Berggren, B. & Fili, A. (2013). Entreprenörskap och tillväxt i Högsby och Mönsterås: En förstudie.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entreprenörskap och tillväxt i Högsby och Mönsterås: En förstudie
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Series
TRITA-FOB ; 2013-2
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-60979 (URN)
Note

QC 20120217. QC 20160211

Available from: 2012-01-16 Created: 2012-01-16 Last updated: 2016-02-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8205-5918

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