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Avango, D., Högselius, P. & Nilsson, D. (2017). Swedish Explorers, In-Situ Knowledge, and Resource-Based Business in the Age of Empire. Scandinavian Journal of History
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Explorers, In-Situ Knowledge, and Resource-Based Business in the Age of Empire
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The period from 1870 to 1914 plays a unique role in the history of natural resource exploration and extraction. This article analyses, from a Swedish viewpoint, the connections between two actor categories of special importance in this context: scientific-geographical explorers and industrial actors. The article examines their activities in three broadly defined regions: the Arctic, Russia, and Africa. We show that the Swedes generally had far-reaching ambitions, on par with those of the large imperial powers. In some cases, notably in Africa, Sweden was not able to compete with the larger imperial powers; but in other cases, such as the exploration of the Arctic – from Spitsbergen to Siberia – and the industrial exploitation of coal at Spitsbergen and petroleum in Russia’s colonial periphery, Swedish actors played a leading role, in competition with players from the larger European nations. Our paper shows that scientific exploration and industry were closely linked, and that foreign policy also influenced the shaping of these links. We distinguish different types of knowledge produced by the Swedish actors, pointing to local, situated knowledge as the most important type for many resource-based businesses, although modern, scientific knowledge was on the increase during this period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Sweden, natural resources, in-situ knowledge, field sciences, industry, colonialism
National Category
History of Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-215503 (URN)10.1080/03468755.2017.1380923 (DOI)000433995700002 ()2-s2.0-85030853002 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Sweden and the origins of natural resource colonialism
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-33144-92725-40
Note

QC 20171019

Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved
Avango, D. (2016). Acting artefacts: on the meanings of material culture in Antarctica." In Antarctica and the Humanities. In: Peder Roberts, Adrian Howkins and Lize-Marie Van der Watt (Ed.), Antarctica and the Humanities: (pp. 159-179). London: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acting artefacts: on the meanings of material culture in Antarctica." In Antarctica and the Humanities
2016 (English)In: Antarctica and the Humanities / [ed] Peder Roberts, Adrian Howkins and Lize-Marie Van der Watt, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 159-179Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Remains of human activity in Antarctica are generally treated in two different ways – either as unwanted imprints polluting a pristine natural environment, objects alien to the continent which must be removed, or as cultural heritage which needs to be preserved. For this reason artefacts of potentially great importance for understanding and explaining the history of Antarctica are removed, while sites of arguably lesser universal value are preserved as heritage. The objective of this article is to argue for greater caution when assessing what should be treated as trash or heritage in the Antarctic. Before decisions are made to remove remains of human activities there, greater attention should be paid to the fact that these remains may acquire value in the future. Building on theoretical approaches within the fields of industrial heritage studies, history of technology and archaeology, my point of departure is an understanding that material culture can be connected with a multitude of meanings and values, depending on who is reading it and when. Remains of human activities can be ascribed values if there are actors who want to include them as part of their networks and in a historical context that works in their favor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016
Keywords
Antarctica, whaling, heritage, geopolitics, actor-network theory, LASHIPA
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-193129 (URN)978-1-137-54574-9 (ISBN)
Projects
LASHIPA - Large Scale Historical Exploitation of Polar Areas
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilRiksbankens Jubileumsfond
Note

QC 20161013

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2016-10-13Bibliographically approved
Avango, D. (2016). Att konstruera naturresurser: industriella framtidsvisioner om Svalbard 1870-1930. Ottar, 131(2), 41-49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att konstruera naturresurser: industriella framtidsvisioner om Svalbard 1870-1930
2016 (Swedish)In: Ottar, ISSN 0030-6703, Vol. 131, no 2, p. 41-49Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tromsö: , 2016
Keywords
Gruvdrift, Arktis, Svalbard, Social konstruktion av naturrresurser, geopolitik
National Category
History of Technology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-188776 (URN)
Projects
REXSAC - Resource Extraction and Sustainable Arctic CommunitiesMASD - Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development
Funder
Nordic Council of MinistersMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Note

QC 20160617

Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Hacquebord, L. & Avango, D. (2016). Industrial heritage sites in Spitsbergen (Svalbard), South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula: Sources of historical information. Polar Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrial heritage sites in Spitsbergen (Svalbard), South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula: Sources of historical information
2016 (English)In: Polar Science, ISSN 1873-9652, E-ISSN 1876-4428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Industrial heritage sites in Polar Regions are very important as sources of historical information. Togetherwith archival documents this information gives us the possibility to complete the picture of theexploitation of natural resources in those regions. Thirty years of historical-archaeological field researchat whaling and mining sites in Spitsbergen (Svalbard), South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula hasshown that these sites can provide unique evidence about the driving forces behind industrial development,the design of industrial technology, the structure of the settlements, strategies to control naturalresources and achieve political influence, and the impact of resource extraction on the local environment.In this article we will give examples of the results of our research at these sites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Arctic, Antarctic, Natural Resources, Industrial Archeology, Geopolitics
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-189012 (URN)10.1016/j.polar.2016.06.005 (DOI)000384861800028 ()2-s2.0-84977520229 (Scopus ID)
Projects
LASHIPA project
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

QC 20160713

Available from: 2016-06-26 Created: 2016-06-26 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Avango, D. & Roberts, P. (2016). Resource extraction and sustainable arctic communities. TICCIH bulletin / The International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage, 71, 12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resource extraction and sustainable arctic communities
2016 (English)In: TICCIH bulletin / The International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage, ISSN 1605-6647, Vol. 71, p. 12-Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage, 2016
Keywords
Mining, Industrial Heritage, Arctic, Sustainable development, Kiruna, Greenland, Svalbard
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183433 (URN)
Projects
Resource extraction and sustainable arctic communities
Funder
Nordic Council of Ministers
Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2017-03-28Bibliographically approved
Avango, D., Högselius, P. & Vikström, H. (2015). Colonizing the poles. Seminar : the monthly symposium
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Colonizing the poles
2015 (English)In: Seminar : the monthly symposium, ISSN 0037-1947Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Delhi: Seminar Publications, 2015
Keywords
Climate change, Arctic, Antarctic, Natural Resources, Climate determinism
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183431 (URN)
Projects
Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Note

QC 20160311

Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2016-12-06Bibliographically approved
Avango, D. (2015). Constructing the pasts of competing Spitsbergen futures: Russian heritage in action. In: : . Paper presented at Natural Resources, Landscape and Climate in History of Russia and Neighbouring Countries.. Higher School of Economics, St Petersburg, Russia, November 26-28, 2015
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing the pasts of competing Spitsbergen futures: Russian heritage in action
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Higher School of Economics, St Petersburg, Russia, November 26-28, 2015: , 2015
Keywords
Cultural Heritage, Industrial Heritage, Svalbard, Barentsburg, Pyramiden, Geopolitics, Tourism, Use of History
National Category
History History of Technology Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182576 (URN)
Conference
Natural Resources, Landscape and Climate in History of Russia and Neighbouring Countries.
Projects
Mistra Arctic Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Communities and the Legacies of Mining in the Nordic Arctic
Note

QC 20160226

Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-19 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved
Avango, D. (2015). Creating sustainable development in the Arctic: abandoned extraction sites as assets for new futures. In: : . Paper presented at TICCIH congress Industrial Heritage in the Twenty-First Century, New Challenges. Lille, France, September 2015
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating sustainable development in the Arctic: abandoned extraction sites as assets for new futures
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The impacts of climate change on polar cultural heritage have received an increasing attention in recent years within the field of heritage research. Less attention has been place on other processes of global change affecting the Arctic, where cultural heritage plays an important role – industrialization and de-industrialization. In recent years the circumpolar Arctic has been affected by a global mining boom, triggered by high world market prices on minerals as well as notions of the Arctic as a future arena for resource extraction in the wake of climate change. This mining boom is affecting communities in much of the Arctic region and holds a central place in debates about sustainable development there. A central item of these discussions focus on the question of how to handle the physical remains of mining sites once the boom is over and the activities have seized. The attitudes to abandoned mining sites differ across the Arctic. In some cases they have been perceived as unwanted legacies of problematic pasts, making land reclamation a preferred strategy. In other cases abandoned mines and associated infrastructures have been re-defined as cultural heritage and have become anchor points for local identities and a resource for new economies.

The objective of this paper is to present preliminary results from a research project aiming to explain these differences in order to understand under which circumstances abandoned large-scale resource extraction sites can be turned into resources for new futures in post-industrial Arctic communities. The focus is on the European Arctic, but in a circumpolar and bi-polar comparative perspective. The main questions are: how have different groups of actors interpreted and used physical remains of abandoned resource extraction operations, and why? Which policies are needed to turn abandoned resource extraction sites into resources for constructing new futures in the Arctic? By addressing these questions, the field of industrial heritage studies can make an important contribution to the discussion on sustainable futures in the Arctic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lille, France, September 2015: , 2015
Keywords
Industrial Heritage, Cultural Heritage, Industrial Heritage Research, Mining, Norrbotten, Qullissat, Greenland, Svalbard
National Category
History of Technology History Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182581 (URN)
Conference
TICCIH congress Industrial Heritage in the Twenty-First Century, New Challenges
Projects
Mistra Arctic Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Communities and the Legacies of Mining in the Nordic Arctic
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchNordic Council of Ministers
Note

QC 20160226

Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-19 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved
Avango, D. (2015). Kampen om naturresurserna. In: : . Paper presented at Svalbardseminariet, 2015. Longyearbyen, Svalbard, February 3 2015
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kampen om naturresurserna
2015 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Longyearbyen, Svalbard, February 3 2015: , 2015
Keywords
Mining, Arctic, Svalbard, Geopolitics, Sveagruvan, Colonialism
National Category
History of Technology History Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182583 (URN)
Conference
Svalbardseminariet, 2015
Projects
Sweden and the Emergence of Global Resource Colonialism
Funder
Swedish Research Council, C0104501
Note

QC 20160226

Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-19 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved
Avango, D. & Houltz, A. (2015). Maths Isacson: att förstå det globala i det lokala. Fabrik og bolig, 3-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maths Isacson: att förstå det globala i det lokala
2015 (Swedish)In: Fabrik og bolig, ISSN 0106-3324, p. 3-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nationalmuseets forl., 2015
Keywords
Industrisamhällets kulturarv, Industriminnen, Ekonomisk historia, TICCIH
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183434 (URN)
Note

QC 20160317

Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2016-03-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6461-7734

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