Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Andersson, A. E., Andersson, D. E., Harsman, B. & Daghbashyan, Z. (2015). Complexity, scientific creativity and clustering. In: RISE OF THE CITY: SPATIAL DYNAMICS IN THE URBAN CENTURY (pp. 15-32). EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complexity, scientific creativity and clustering
2015 (English)In: RISE OF THE CITY: SPATIAL DYNAMICS IN THE URBAN CENTURY, EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD , 2015, p. 15-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, 2015
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-186702 (URN)10.4337/9781783475360 (DOI)000372019400002 ()978-1-78347-536-0; 978-1-78347-535-3 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160602

Available from: 2016-06-02 Created: 2016-05-13 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved
Andersson, D. E., Andersson, Å. E., Hårsman, B. & Daghbashyan, Z. (2015). Unemployment in European regions: structural problems versus the Eurozone hypothesis. Journal of Economic Geography,
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unemployment in European regions: structural problems versus the Eurozone hypothesis
2015 (English)In: Journal of Economic Geography,, ISSN 1468-2702Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Unemployment rates differ dramatically across European regions. This article analyses these differences by integrating institutional and spatial perspectives into a unified dynamic framework distinguishing between slow and fast processes of change. The framework forms the basis for an econometric model that is used to analyse labour market differences among European Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques 2 regions. The results of random-effects models indicate that four key factors—all of which are of the slowly changing type—explain a large part of the variation in unemployment as well as employment rates. Flexible labour market regulations and above-average levels of interpersonal trust are institutional factors that reduce unemployment. Accessibility factors such as inter-regional transport connectivity and local access to skilled workers have similarly substantial effects. Whether a region belongs to the Eurozone or not seems to be less important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press: , 2015
Keywords
Unemployment, NUTS2 regions, accessibility, institutions, Euro
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166802 (URN)10.1093/jeg/lbu058 (DOI)
Note

QC 20150623

Available from: 2015-05-18 Created: 2015-05-18 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved
Andersson, A. E., Andersson, D. E., Daghbashyan, Z. & Hårsman, B. (2014). Location and spatial clustering of artists. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 47(1), 128-137
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Location and spatial clustering of artists
2014 (English)In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 128-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Surveys of artists' location choices show that they disproportionately reside in large cities. This paper introduces a model that attempts to explain this urban preference. The model includes four factors: access to other artists; access to consumer demand; access to service jobs; and housing affordability. These four factors are combined in a spatial equilibrium model. An equilibrium spatial distribution of artists is derived from the model and is correlated with the actual distribution among Swedish municipalities. Subsequently, the model is used for an econometric estimation of factor effects. The results show that access to other artists and local access to service jobs are important localization factors. Educated labor used as a proxy for consumer demand has a significant effect on artists' location choices.

Keywords
Artists, Clustering, Knowledge externalities, Location choice
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150971 (URN)10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2013.09.008 (DOI)000342872400012 ()2-s2.0-84906942933 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20140915

Available from: 2014-09-15 Created: 2014-09-12 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Daghbashyan, Z. & Hårsman, B. (2014). University choice and entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 42(4), 729-746
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University choice and entrepreneurship
2014 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 42p. 729-746Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims at shedding light upon the impact of universities on graduates' entrepreneurial choice. Previous studies analyze the relationship between the choice of university and labor market success of graduates in terms of their subsequent wages, employability or over-education, whereas the possible link between the choice of university and entrepreneurial choice is neglected. Using 1998-2008 data on graduates from Swedish higher education institutions, the paper finds significant variation in the impact of universities on the career choice of graduates. The results suggest that graduates with degrees in the social sciences, natural sciences, medicine and teacher education from more prestigious universities systematically differ from others in their entrepreneurial choice. At the same time, no statistically significant difference is found for technical science graduates.

Publisher
p. 42
Keywords
Universities, education, entrepreneurship, graduates
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109506 (URN)10.1007/s11187-013-9501-0 (DOI)000333052900006 ()2-s2.0-84896392717 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20140423. Updated from submitted to published.

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Daghbashyan, Z. (2013). Essays on University Efficiency Analysis and Entrepreneurship among University Graduates. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on University Efficiency Analysis and Entrepreneurship among University Graduates
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis consists of five papers: three deal with the efficiency of higher education institutions (HEI) and two with entrepreneurship among university graduates. The efficiency of HEIs is analyzed at three different levels: units of one university, universities of one country and universities of a group of European countries.

Using data envelopment analysis (DEA) the first paper compares technical efficiency among university units at the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm). An interesting result is that there seems to be a complementary relationship between efficiency of resource utilization in teaching and in research.

The second paper applies stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to estimate the cost efficiency of Swedish higher education institutions. According to the estimates, half of the Swedish HEIs have an above average efficiency of 85 percent. The efficiency differences are mainly influenced by the source of funding, HEI size, the number of students per faculty as well as faculty and student compositions.

The third paper analyses the cost efficiency of universities among a set of public higher education institutions from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. The results suggest small variation in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that the efficiency differences are not explained by country effects. Instead the variations in efficiency are related to organizational differences.

The two essays on entrepreneurship among university graduates are based on a unique dataset encompassing individual level data on all employees registered in the Swedish labor market. The first paper explores the differences in entrepreneurial choice of graduates from different universities. The main finding from this paper is that the entrepreneurial choice of graduates from internationally ranked Swedish universities systematically differs from others with the difference varying by the area of education.

The second paper on entrepreneurship aims at explaining the high interest in entrepreneurship among arts graduates and finds that the need for self-expression is among the main motivations for their high interest in entrepreneurship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. p. iv, 13
Series
Trita-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2012:09
Keywords
universities, efficiency, entrepreneurship, education, graduates, arts education
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109298 (URN)978-91-7501-601-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-01-25, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130107

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2012-12-30 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved
Hårsman, B. & Daghbashyan, Z. (2012). Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education. In: EDULEARN12: 4th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (EDULEARN), JUL 02-04, 2012, Barcelona, Spain (pp. 6244-6255). IATED
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education
2012 (English)In: EDULEARN12: 4th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies, IATED , 2012, p. 6244-6255Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to shed light upon entrepreneurship among university graduates having different kinds of arts related education. After demonstrating large differences concerning entrepreneurship rates, an occupational choice model is outlined. The choice set includes three options: wage employment, owning and combining the two. The utility function governing the choice includes income as well as an indicator of the tension between the skills required and the skills supplied implying that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using Swedish data we show that arts educated are more interested in using their special skills than earning high income.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IATED, 2012
Series
EDULEARN Proceedings, ISSN 2340-1117
Keywords
entrepreneurship, education
National Category
Educational Sciences Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-169007 (URN)000326239306038 ()978-84-695-3491-5 (ISBN)
Conference
4th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (EDULEARN), JUL 02-04, 2012, Barcelona, Spain
Note

QC 20150611

Available from: 2015-06-11 Created: 2015-06-10 Last updated: 2015-06-11Bibliographically approved
Hårsman, B. & Daghbashyan, Z. (2012). Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education. In: : . Paper presented at Western Regional Science Association 51st Annual Meeting, Hawaii, February 8-11, 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to shed light upon entrepreneurship among university graduates having different kinds of arts related education. After demonstrating the large differences between the nine groups concerning entrepreneurship rates, a dynamic model for occupational choice is outlined. The choice is assumed to be governed by the related demand and income and by the match between the skills required and the skills supplied implying that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using data for Swedish graduates we show that the probability of becoming entrepreneur is strongly influenced by the area of education. We further show that compared to engineers artists are more interested in using their special skills and ready to “sacrifice” higher income against the possibility to express their talent.

Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Arts, Education
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-76158 (URN)
Conference
Western Regional Science Association 51st Annual Meeting, Hawaii, February 8-11, 2012
Note

QC 20120516

Available from: 2012-05-16 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2017-02-23Bibliographically approved
Daghbashyan, Z., Deiaco, E. & McKelvey, M. (2012). How and why does cost efficiency of universities differ across European countries?: An explorative attempt using new micro data. In: Banaccorsi (Ed.), The European Higher Education Landscape: Diversity and Performance. Paper presented at ERSA 2010 Congress. Paper presented at ERSA 2010 Congress. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How and why does cost efficiency of universities differ across European countries?: An explorative attempt using new micro data
2012 (English)In: The European Higher Education Landscape: Diversity and Performance / [ed] Banaccorsi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study analyses the cost efficiency of universities in a set of public higher education institutions (HEI) from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. Using a new cross-national set of university input and output variables as well as series of university-related exogenous variables, it explores cross-country variation in cost efficiency and the impact of institutional factors on efficiency variation.

The results suggest small variations in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from the UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that efficiency differences in HEIs of these countries are not explained by country effects. Austrian HEIs are an exception in this respect. Furthermore, according to our results big universities and those with a high proportion of teaching and research personnel are more efficient, everything else equal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012
Keywords
Cost efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, universities
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109503 (URN)
Conference
ERSA 2010 Congress
Note

QC 20130107

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved
Hårsman, B. & Daghbashyan, Z. (2011). Avkastning på högre utbildning bland examinerade vid Stockholms lärosäten. Stockholm: Stockholm Akademiska Forum
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Avkastning på högre utbildning bland examinerade vid Stockholms lärosäten
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna rapport är att uppskatta avkastningen på högre utbildning för olika utbildnings- grupper examinerade från lärosäten i Stockholms län och att härvid beakta både grundutbildning och forskarutbildning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm Akademiska Forum, 2011. p. 43
Series
StAF ; 2011:1
Keywords
Avkastning på högre utbildning, Stockholms lärosäten
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-74335 (URN)
Note
QC 20120214Available from: 2012-02-14 Created: 2012-02-02 Last updated: 2012-02-14Bibliographically approved
Daghbashyan, Z. (2011). The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education Institutions. CESIS, KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education Institutions
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The paper investigates the economic efficiency of higher education institutions (HEI) in Sweden to determine the factors that cause efficiency differences. Stochastic frontier analysis is utilized to estimate the economic efficiency of 30 HEI using both pooled and panel data approaches. HEI specific factors such as size, load, staff and student characteristics as well as government allocations are suggested to be the potential determinants of economic efficiency.The results suggest that HEI are not identical in their economic efficiency; though the average efficiency is high, they do perform differently. This variation is explained by the joint influence of HEI specific factors; the quality of labor is found to be highly significant for the cost efficiency of Swedish HEI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CESIS, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. p. 23
Series
CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation ; 245
Keywords
Cost efficiency, Stochastic Frontier Analysis, Universities
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-67484 (URN)
Note
QC 20120213Available from: 2012-02-13 Created: 2012-01-27 Last updated: 2012-02-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9464-213X

Search in DiVA

Show all publications