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Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Kriukelyte, E. (2019). The transport sector in transition –: different pathways of handling transport data in urban regions of Helsinki, London, Oslo and Singapore. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The transport sector in transition –: different pathways of handling transport data in urban regions of Helsinki, London, Oslo and Singapore
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The fourth industrial revolution is disrupting almost every industry in every country and the transport sector is not an exception in this discussion, with increasing mobility demands and evolving mobility needs in consideration of global sustainability goals. In light of these technological changes and discussions, public authorities are on the path of transition and the role of public transport authorities is still unclear for themselves, for business or even for society at large. This issue extends to transport data policies as there is still a lack a general overview concerning what pathways different cities are working on and implementing. Therefore, this study, as a part of Swedish research programme Mistra SAMS, aims to provide an overview of policies and the management of data connected with the transport sector in four selected city regions: Helsinki, London, Oslo and Singapore. Three research questions have been examined: 1. How do different transport authorities in urban regions approach transport data and perceive the value of data? 2. What kind of action plan is being implemented to create the public value of transport data within the public authorities? 3. How is all of this reflected in collaboration with third parties? Institutional theory is used in the multi-case analysis to guide the collection of data through document analysis and semi-structured interviews and provides a framework for analysis and structuring of the findings. The findings showcased different approaches to data and overall themes in the institutional context in different regions, which included themes such as policies, administrative reforms, technology, interoperability, partnerships and transport data repository. The final discussion identifies two main development paths: technology-led development and other mobility concept-led development. All regions work actively with transport data management, although each builds their approach on different ideas and practices. The proactive role of the public sector in regulating and implementing new technologies is discussed for each of the urban regions. Partnerships between the public and private sectors are more developed in the urban regions with technology-led development. The study outlines key areas of future research, like the role of public authorities, the importance of public-private partnerships, questions related to the digitalization and interoperability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. p. 52
Series
TRITA-ABE-RPT ; 1917
Keywords
transport authorities, transport data, approach to data, decision-making
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-254596 (URN)978-91-7873-261-6 (ISBN)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Note

QC 20190710

Available from: 2019-07-03 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Ringenson, T., Höjer, M., Kramers, A. & Viggedal, A. (2018). Digitalization and environmental aims in municipalities. Sustainability, 10(4), Article ID 1278.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitalization and environmental aims in municipalities
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 4, article id 1278Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many municipalities express a wish to use digital technologies to achieve environmental aims. However, there is still a need for a better understanding of how this should practically be done, both among municipalities and among ICT developers. We have used workshops and literature studies to formulate technological abilities of digitalization.We use two EU directives that are relevant for municipal environmental goals and combine the activities that these directives indicate with technological abilities of digitalization, in order to formulate practical implementations of digital technology to help these activities and reach the directives' goals. We suggest that this method can be used for any municipal goal, as follows: (1) Identify the objective (in our case set by the EU-directives); (2) Identify what activities these points will require or generate; (3a) From a municipal viewpoint: Based on the results of 1 and 2, formulate and structure ideas of how digitalization can support the objectives and how those ideas can be implemented; (3b) From a provider's viewpoint: Investigate what digital solutions supporting 1 and 2 exist, or how existing services can be tweaked to support the objectives and explore how new digital solutions supporting 1 and 2 can be developed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2018
Keywords
Digitalization, Environmental aims, Environmental goals, EU directives, European Union, ICT4S, Municipalities, Smart city, Smart sustainable city
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227603 (URN)10.3390/su10041278 (DOI)2-s2.0-85045761640 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180509

Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved
Ringenson, T., Arnfalk, P., Kramers, A. H. & Sopjani, L. (2018). Indicators for Promising Accessibility and Mobility Services. Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, 10(8), Article ID 2836.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indicators for Promising Accessibility and Mobility Services
2018 (English)In: Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, ISSN 1548-7733, E-ISSN 1548-7733, Vol. 10, no 8, article id 2836Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cities are increasingly facing major transportation challenges, and new sustainable solutions are needed. New ICT-enabled services can be part of solving the problems, including both improving and finding new transportation services and providing digital access to different services. It is important to identify which services have the best potential for environmental benefits (e.g., travel reduction leading to lesser emissions), economic viability and spread. Such identification can be carried out with the help of indicators. This article uses four types of new accessibility services to test out a previously formulated set of indicators and suggest changes to make them more useful. Using common indicators for transportation and digital accessibility services seem to support collecting and condensing information about the services and simplifies understanding their benefits and challenges. However, a challenge for this approach is finding indicators that are both specific and broad enough to be useful. Full article

National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-233466 (URN)10.3390/su10082836 (DOI)000446767700252 ()2-s2.0-85054931286 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchIntegrated Transport Research Lab (ITRL)Swedish Transport Administration
Note

QC 20180822

Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2019-06-14Bibliographically approved
Kramers, A., Nyberg, M., Höjer, M. & Söderholm, M. (2015). Work hubs: Location considerations and opportunities for reduced travel. In: PROCEEDINGS OF ENVIROINFO AND ICT FOR SUSTAINABILITY 2015: . Paper presented at Joint Conference on 29th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection / 3rd International Conference on ICT for Sustainability (EnviroInfo and ICT4S),Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, DENMARK, 2015 (pp. 126-135). Atlantis Press, 22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work hubs: Location considerations and opportunities for reduced travel
2015 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF ENVIROINFO AND ICT FOR SUSTAINABILITY 2015, Atlantis Press , 2015, Vol. 22, p. 126-135Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cities worldwide are suffering from congestion among public transport users and motorists. Mayors have set ambitious targets to reduce traffic and improve public transportation, while at the same time reducing energy use. This paper investigates the option of using flexible workplaces in local nodes within urban regions in order to transform transportation needs. The business characteristics of this type of flexible workplace and the driving forces and potential barriers in its establishment are examined in an interview study with existing hub owners. The results provide novel information on emerging technologies related to urban transportation solutions and highlight how ICT solutions can affect the accessibility and relevance of flexible workplaces and thereby support their energy reduction potential.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Atlantis Press, 2015
Series
ACSR-Advances in Comptuer Science Research, ISSN 2352-538X
Keywords
flexible workplace, co-working hub, ICT, energy reduction, transport reduction, transport needs, travel planners
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153019 (URN)000365044700015 ()978-94-62520-92-9 (ISBN)
Conference
Joint Conference on 29th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection / 3rd International Conference on ICT for Sustainability (EnviroInfo and ICT4S),Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, DENMARK, 2015
Note

QC 20151218

Available from: 2014-10-02 Created: 2014-10-02 Last updated: 2017-01-19Bibliographically approved
Kramers, A. (2014). Designing next generation multimodal traveler information systems to support sustainability-oriented decisions. Environmental Modelling & Software, 56, 83-93
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing next generation multimodal traveler information systems to support sustainability-oriented decisions
2014 (English)In: Environmental Modelling & Software, ISSN 1364-8152, E-ISSN 1873-6726, Vol. 56, p. 83-93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores functionality that could be included in the next generation multimodal travel information system to support sustainability-oriented decisions. It identifies situations in the journey's three phases, pre-, on- and post-trip that have the potential to change travel patterns and also transport choices that the individual makes in order to perform activities in their daily life. Requirements on a traveler information system were derived from these situations and choices. The identified requirements are then transferred into functionalities in a travel information system that has potentials to encourage decisions that could lead to lower energy usage. Nine traveler information systems for multimodal and public transport travel are systematically investigated to find out if they include the proposed functionality. The investigated systems are in operation primarily in Sweden, Germany, the UK and one has global coverage. The investigation results in a discussion about future opportunities with proposal to encourage sustainability oriented travel decisions in the next generation travel information system.

Keywords
Energy reduction, Multimodal transport, Travel decisions, Travel patterns, Traveler information system
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology; Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142914 (URN)10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.01.017 (DOI)000337555500009 ()2-s2.0-84901481001 (Scopus ID)
Projects
TRACS - Travel Planners for Sustainable Cities
Funder
Vinnova
Note

QC 20140805

Available from: 2014-03-13 Created: 2014-03-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Kramers, A., Höjer, M. & Wangel, J. (2014). Planning for smart sustainable cities: Decisions in the planning process and actor networks. In: Mattias Höjer, Patricia Lago, Josefin Wangel (Ed.), : . Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on ICT for Sustainability (ICTS), Stockholm, SWEDEN, AUG 24-27, 2014 (pp. 299-305). Atlantis Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planning for smart sustainable cities: Decisions in the planning process and actor networks
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have been ascribed an important role for decreasing energy use and mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in urban areas. Through automation, dematerialisation, persuasion and soft transformation ICT holds the potential of making urban life more sustainable, without cutting back in quality of life. To fully utilise the potential of ICT for sustainable cities there is a need to reconsider the design and technical specification of buildings and infrastructure systems, as well as what actors to involve in the planning and management of the city. A ubiquitous introduction of ICT for sustainability may also influence the spatial and institutional organisation of the city. In spite of this, there is little research on ICT for sustainable cities from the perspective of planning and governance. This paper aims to abate parts of this knowledge gap through exploring two aspects of planning that we see as crucial for a successful implementation of ICT for sustainable cities. The first of these aspects concerns when in the planning process decisions regarding ICT need to be taken. The second aspect deals with what actor networks are needed to implement the ICT solutions and how these can be managed, or meta-governed. These aspects are explored through literature studies, workshops and interviews with urban planners and other actors engaged in the Royal Seaport project in Stockholm, Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Atlantis Press, 2014
Series
ACSR, ISSN 2352-538x ; 2
Keywords
Smart sustainable cities, planning process, actors
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148437 (URN)000346245500036 ()2-s2.0-84928034835 (Scopus ID)978-94-62520-22-6 (ISBN)
Conference
2nd International Conference on ICT for Sustainability (ICTS), Stockholm, SWEDEN, AUG 24-27, 2014
Note

QC 20150122

Available from: 2014-08-07 Created: 2014-08-07 Last updated: 2015-01-22Bibliographically approved
Kramers, A. (2014). Smart Cities and Climate Targets: Reducing cities' energy use with ICT and travel information. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smart Cities and Climate Targets: Reducing cities' energy use with ICT and travel information
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines use of ICT in helping to reduce energy use in cities, thereby contributing to sustainable development and achievement of cities’ climate targets. It explores how targets can be developed in a consistent and transparent way, how to identify the main ICT ‘hotspots’ as regards reducing citizens’ energy use and how they can be included in city planning. Implementation of mobility management principles and climate targets was tested in two existing solutions, a traveller information system and a flexible work hub solution.

Four key methodological considerations when setting climate targets for cities were identified. These concerned decisions on: target setting object, temporal scope, units and target range. A tool was developed for identifying promising ICT hotspots. The tool can also be used to monitor implementation of ICT solutions and the associated technological and socio-technical difficulties. In a case study in Greater Stockholm, the ICT hotspots identified were intelligent building heating systems, intelligent transport system and potential transformation of the physical environment (buildings and roads) enabled by ICT solutions.

Two aspects of planning identified as crucial for successful implementation of energy saving ICT solutions were studied in detail: i) Timing of ICT-related decisions in the planning process; and ii) the actor networks needed to implement the ICT solutions and their management. There are few decision points in the current planning process, so the municipality as property owner and its decision-making process are of crucial importance. Two collaborative approaches to govern, network governance and coordination through meta-governance as a way of indirect steering, are proposed.

An investigation of nine traveller information systems and a case study in Stockholm of flexible work hub solutions revealed that mobility management approaches to reduce transport demand and encourage environmentally friendly transport modes are poorly reflected in the implementation. To support mobility management approaches, traveller information systems should primarily offer, or be integrated with, other solutions that support the choices “no travel” and “shorter journey”. Flexible work hubs should be located in local nodes closer to people’s homes.

The main conclusions from this work were that ICT solutions can be modified to support achievement of cities’ climate targets and that climate targets must be defined using transparent methodology that clarifies the target content, ensuring that the most promising energy saving ICT solutions are implemented.

 

Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling undersöker hur informations- och kommunikationsteknologi (IKT) kan användas till att bidra till minskning av energianvändning i städer och därmed bidra till att nå städers klimatmål. Den undersöker hur städers klimatmål kan utvecklas på ett konsekvent och transparent sätt, hur de mest lovande IKT-lösningarna kan identifieras när det gäller att minska invånarnas energianvändning och hur de kan ingå i stadsplanering. Genomförande av principer för mobility management samt samhälleliga mål testas i två befintliga lösningar, - ett resenärsinformationssystem och en flexibel arbetsplatslösning.

Fyra centrala metodologiska överväganden för att bestämma städers klimatmål identifieras. Dessa gäller: föremålet för målformuleringen, den tidsmässiga omfattningen, mätenheten och målets räckvidd. Ett verktyg togs fram för att identifiera de IKT- lösningarna som är mest lovande vad gäller att minska stadsbornas energianvändning. Verktyget kan också användas för att observera de identifierade IKT-lösningarnas utnyttjandegrad samt de tekniska och sociotekniska svårigheter som är förenade med införande. I en fallstudie i Storstockholmsområdet identifierades de IKT-lösningar som var mest lovande: intelligenta värmesystem för byggnader, intelligenta transportsystem samt den potentiella förändringen av den fysiska miljön (byggnader och vägar) som görs möjliggörs av IKT-lösningar.

Två aspekter av planering som identifierats som avgörande för ett framgångsrikt införande av energibesparande IKT-lösningar har studerats i detalj: i) Tidpunkten för IKT-relaterade beslut i planeringsprocessen; och ii) de aktörsnätverk som behövs för att införa och förvalta IKT-lösningarna. Det finns få beslutspunkter i den aktuella planeringen vilket gör att beslutsprocessen och kommunens roll som fastighetsägare är av avgörande betydelse. Två strategier för samarbete föreslås, styrning genom samordning i nätverk och samordning via metastyrning (indirekt styrning).

En undersökning av nio reseplanerare och en fallstudie i Stockholm av flexibla arbetsplatslösningar visade att mobility management metoder för att minska efterfrågan på transporter och uppmuntra miljövänliga transportsätt inte återspeglas tillräckligt i genomförandet. För att stödja mobility management-principer bör resenärsinformations-system främst erbjuda, eller integreras med andra lösningar som stödjer valen "ingen resa" och "kortare resa". Hubbar för flexibla arbetsplatser bör placeras i lokala noder närmare bostäder.

De viktigaste slutsatserna i denna avhandling är att IKT-lösningar kan modifieras för att stödja städers klimatmål och att klimatmål måste definieras med hjälp av transparenta metoder för att säkerställa att de mest lovande IKT-lösningar för energiminskning införs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. p. 67
Series
TRITA - FMS - PHD ; 2014:01
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152821 (URN)978-91-7595-265-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-24, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Vinnova
Note

QC 20141002

Available from: 2014-10-02 Created: 2014-10-02 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
Kramers, A., Höjer, M., Lövehagen, N. & Wangel, J. (2014). Smart sustainable cities - Exploring ICT solutions for reduced energy use in cities. Environmental Modelling & Software, 56, 52-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smart sustainable cities - Exploring ICT solutions for reduced energy use in cities
2014 (English)In: Environmental Modelling & Software, ISSN 1364-8152, E-ISSN 1873-6726, Vol. 56, p. 52-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the opportunities of using ICT as an enabling technology to reduce energy use in cities. An analytical framework is developed in which a typology of ICT opportunities is combined with a typology of household functions, i.e. all the activities that require energy. The energy used for household functions is calculated using a consumption-based lifecycle perspective. The analytical framework is intended to be of use to researchers, city and regional authorities and ICT companies interested in acquiring a better understanding of how ICT investments could contribute to reduce energy use in cities.

Keywords
Smart cities, Energy use, ICT, Smart sustainable cities, Household
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142907 (URN)10.1016/j.envsoft.2013.12.019 (DOI)000337555500006 ()2-s2.0-84901306975 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova
Note

QC 20140814

Available from: 2014-03-13 Created: 2014-03-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Kramers, A. & Söderholm, M. (2013). Flexibla arbetsplatsers betydelse för hållbar utveckling i storstadsregioner. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flexibla arbetsplatsers betydelse för hållbar utveckling i storstadsregioner
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport presenterar en intervjuundersökning som genomförts under våren 2013. Syftet med studien var att undersöka drivkrafter och barriärer för att etablera flexibla arbetsplatser i förorter.

Genom flexibla arbetsplatser går det att uppnå miljövinster i form av minskat energiutnyttjande genom minskat resande och bättre utnyttjande av uppvärmda ytor. Studien undersöker ocksåmöjligheten att presentera flexibla arbetsplatser i en reseplanerare som ett alternativ till att pendla till arbetet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013
Series
TRITA-SUS-2013, ISSN 1654-479X ; 2013:1
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology; Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142915 (URN)
Projects
TRACS - Travel Planners in Sustainable Cities
Note

QC 20140314

Available from: 2014-03-13 Created: 2014-03-13 Last updated: 2014-03-14Bibliographically approved
Kramers, A. (2013). ICT Applications to Lower Energy Usage in the Already Built Environment. In: Anne Håkansson, Mattias Höjer, Robert J. Howlett, Lakhmi C. Jain (Ed.), Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12). Paper presented at 4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12) (pp. 127-135). Springer Berlin/Heidelberg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ICT Applications to Lower Energy Usage in the Already Built Environment
2013 (English)In: Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12) / [ed] Anne Håkansson, Mattias Höjer, Robert J. Howlett, Lakhmi C. Jain, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, p. 127-135Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

ICT could play a role as a key enabler for decreasing energy usage in buildings. This study identifies, list and describe ICT applications that can reduce energy use in buildings without the need for refurbishment or extensive change. For each area of application, there is a study from the actor perspective to understand who can make use of the different ICT applications to influence energy usage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013
Series
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 2190-3018 ; 22
Keywords
ICT, buildings, energy efficiency
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-124425 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-36645-1_12 (DOI)2-s2.0-84879424457 (Scopus ID)978-364236644-4 (ISBN)
Conference
4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12)
Note

QC 20140214

Available from: 2013-07-04 Created: 2013-07-04 Last updated: 2014-02-14Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7466-1448

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