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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Pang, X. (2016). Modelling trade-offs between forest bioenergy and biodiversity. (Licentiate dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling trade-offs between forest bioenergy and biodiversity
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Globally, biodiversity is declining due to loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, which undermines ecosystem functioning and therefore threatens also the ability of ecosystems to supply ecosystem services. Moreover, there is a need for adapting to climate change as well as securing the supply of energy, which have led to a shift in energy consumption from fossil fuel to renewables, especially biomass, which in turn put increasing pressure on ecosystems and biodiversity. In Sweden, forest bioenergy has an important role, and high forest biomass production is an important societal objective. Intensified forestry could increase the biomass production through monocultures of native or introduced tree species as well as forest fertilization. However, due to negative effects on natural forest structures and processes, a more intensive forestry could be detrimental to forest biodiversity. The balance between energy demand and the long-term capacity of ecosystems to supply goods and services as well as support biodiversity is therefore crucial. The existing energy models and research have relatively low concerns on land use, landscape and biodiversity, comparing with high enthusiastic on energy economics, climate change and greenhouse gas emission research. Consequently, it would be difficult to provide comprehensive decision support by using only these economy and climate change oriented tools. However, ecological assessment models and multi-criteria approaches exist with great potential for linking with suitable energy models. This will enable the development of more comprehensive decision support tools for assessing future energy scenarios, integrating main policy concerns when assessing renewable energy options. The research was based on a survey on existing energy models and a case study of forest biomass extraction in Kronoberg, a region in southern Sweden. The aim of this project was to develop and test methods for integrated the sustainability assessment of forest biomass extraction for bioenergy purposes by incorporating effects on biodiversity. Forest growth was simulated under two management scenarios: Even-aged-forestry (EAF) and continuous-cover-forestry (CCF), in a time period between 2010-2110. The GIS-based approaches for assessment of biomass impacts on biodiversity involved an ecological network assessment of prioritized ecological profiles across the landscape under the two scenarios.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. p. xvi, 44
Series
TRITA-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2015:03
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180333 (URN)978-91-7595-815-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2016-01-27, V2, Teknikringen 76, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
StandUp
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QC 20160111

Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-01-12Bibliographically approved
Mörtberg, U., Deal, B., Cvetkovic, V., Balfors, B., Azcarate, J., Haas, J. & Pang, X. (2015). Integrating ecosystem services in urban energy trajectories. In: : . Paper presented at Biennial International Workshop Advances in Energy Studies (BIWAES) 4-7 May 2015 in Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating ecosystem services in urban energy trajectories
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2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering; SRA - Energy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166711 (URN)
Conference
Biennial International Workshop Advances in Energy Studies (BIWAES) 4-7 May 2015 in Stockholm, Sweden
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QC 20150615

Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2015-06-15Bibliographically approved
Mörtberg, U., Pang, X. & Sallnäs, O. (2015). Policy assessment of forest bioenergy options. In: : . Paper presented at Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, “Impact Assessment in the Digital Era”, 20-23 April 2015 in Florence, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy assessment of forest bioenergy options
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Bioenergy from forestry is promoted for climate change mitigation, which may increase biodiversity impacts. GIS-based models were applied to estimate bioenergy yields and biodiversity impacts of forest management policy scenarios.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering; SRA - Energy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166713 (URN)
Conference
Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, “Impact Assessment in the Digital Era”, 20-23 April 2015 in Florence, Italy
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QC 20150615

Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2015-06-15Bibliographically approved
Pang, X., Mörtberg, U., Sallnäs, O., Nordström, E.-M. & Böttcher, H. (2015). Trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem services and biodiversity under different forest management scenarios: Case study of a forest landscape in southern Sweden. In: 9th International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE) World Congress: . Paper presented at 9th International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE) World Congress, 5-9 July 2015, Portland, Oregon, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem services and biodiversity under different forest management scenarios: Case study of a forest landscape in southern Sweden
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2015 (English)In: 9th International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE) World Congress, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-171202 (URN)
Conference
9th International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE) World Congress, 5-9 July 2015, Portland, Oregon, USA
Funder
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QC 20150804

Available from: 2015-07-20 Created: 2015-07-20 Last updated: 2015-08-04Bibliographically approved
Pang, X., Mörtberg, U. & Brown, N. (2014). Energy models from a strategic environmental assessment perspective in an EU context: What is missing concerning renewables?. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 33, 353-362
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy models from a strategic environmental assessment perspective in an EU context: What is missing concerning renewables?
2014 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 33, p. 353-362Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change and security of energy supply are main sustainability issues today and an energy systems shift towards renewable energy sources is therefore urgent. However, unless environmental impacts of such a shift are carefully taken into account, imposed resource and land use changes may counteract other sustainability goals, such as preserving biodiversity and ecosystem services. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) provides a comprehensive framework for assessment of policies and plans where a full range of environmental issues are addressed. The aim of this article was to find possibilities for comprehensive sustainability assessment among published energy-environment models and the linking of renewable energy analysis to landscape and biodiversity issues through land use concerns. Based on the review of relevant energy, environmental and linking models, a survey on publications and a case study on the EU Energy Roadmap 2050, the results show that existing energy models and research have low concerns on land use, landscapes and biodiversity. Consequently, it would be difficult to provide comprehensive decision support by using only these tools. However, suitable energy models, ecological assessment models and multi-criteria approaches exist with great potential for inter-linking. The development of energy models could thus have new orientations, connecting them to involve renewable energy options with land use, landscape and biodiversity concerns, which could be advanced into powerful SEA tools for integrated policy assessment. This will enable the development of more comprehensive decision support tools for assessing future energy scenarios, integrating main policy concerns when assessing renewable energy options.

Keywords
Energy models, Strategic environmental assessment, Landscape, Land use, Biodiversity, Policy assessment
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138637 (URN)10.1016/j.rser.2014.02.005 (DOI)000335423900033 ()2-s2.0-84897724026 (Scopus ID)
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QC 20140610

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved
Pang, X., Mörtberg, U. & Balfors, B. (2013). A GIS-based approach to assessment of impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. In: : . Paper presented at Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Impact Assessment IAIA Special Symposium 7-8 February 2013, Washington DC.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A GIS-based approach to assessment of impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services
2013 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138641 (URN)
Conference
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Impact Assessment IAIA Special Symposium 7-8 February 2013, Washington DC
Funder
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QC 20140131

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2014-01-31Bibliographically approved
Pang, X. & Mörtberg, U. (2013). Integrated sustainability assessment of forest bioenergy options in multiple-use landscapes. In: : . Paper presented at KTH Energy Dialogue, 7 November 2013, Stockholm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated sustainability assessment of forest bioenergy options in multiple-use landscapes
2013 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138824 (URN)
Conference
KTH Energy Dialogue, 7 November 2013, Stockholm
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20140131

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2014-01-31Bibliographically approved
Suwala, W., Wyrwa, A., Pluta, M., Jedrysik, E., Karl, U., Fehrenbach, D., . . . Nijs, W. (2013). Shaping our energy system – combining European modelling expertise: Case studies of the European energy system in 2050. Energy System Analysis Agency (ESA2), KIC InnoEnergy, European Institute of Innovation and Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaping our energy system – combining European modelling expertise: Case studies of the European energy system in 2050
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2013 (English)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Energy System Analysis Agency (ESA2), KIC InnoEnergy, European Institute of Innovation and Technology, 2013. p. 55
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
SRA - Energy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138628 (URN)
Funder
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QC 20140829

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2014-08-29Bibliographically approved
Pang, X. & Mörtberg, U. (2013). Sustainability assessment of forest bioenergy options in multiple-use landscapes. In: : . Paper presented at Standup Academy Conference, 23 October 2013, Uppsala.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability assessment of forest bioenergy options in multiple-use landscapes
2013 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138787 (URN)
Conference
Standup Academy Conference, 23 October 2013, Uppsala
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20140131

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2014-01-31Bibliographically approved
Pang, X., Nordström, E.-M., Mörtberg, U., Böttcher, H. & Sallnäs, O. (2013). Trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem services and biodiversity under different forest management scenarios: A case study of a forest landscape in southern Sweden. Laxenburg, Austria: Young Scientists Summer Program at International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem services and biodiversity under different forest management scenarios: A case study of a forest landscape in southern Sweden
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2013 (English)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Laxenburg, Austria: Young Scientists Summer Program at International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2013
Series
Interim report
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138634 (URN)
Funder
StandUp
Note

QC 20140131

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-20 Last updated: 2014-01-31Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6417-4497

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