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Risseh, A., Nee, H.-P. & Goupil, C. (2018). Electrical Power Conditioning System for Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery in Commercial Vehicles. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIFICATION (99)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electrical Power Conditioning System for Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery in Commercial Vehicles
2018 (English)In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIFICATION, ISSN 2332-7782, no 99Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A considerable part of the fuel energy in vehicles never reaches the wheels and entirely converts to waste heat. In a heavy duty vehicle (HDV) the heat power that escapes from the exhaust system may reach 170 kW. The waste heat can be converted into useful electrical power using thermoelectric generator (TEG). During the last decades, many studies on the electrical power conditioning system of TEGs have been conducted. However, there is a lack of studies evaluating the electrical instrumentation, the impact of the converter-efficiency, and the TEG arrangement on a real large-scale TEG on-boarda drivable vehicle. In this study, the most important parameters for designing electrical power conditioning systems for two TEGs, developed for a real-scale HDV as well as experimental results demonstrating the recovered electrical power, are presented. Eight synchronous inter-leaved step-down converters with 98 % efficiency with perturb and observe maximum power point tracker was developed and tested for this purpose. The power conditioning system was communicating with the on-board computers through the controller area network and reported the status of the TEGs and the recovered electrical power. The maximum recovered electrical power from the TEGs reached 1 kW which was transmitted to the electrical system of the vehicle, relieving the internal combustion engine.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2018
Keywords
Thermoelectricity, power converter, power management, silicon carbide MOSFET, maximum power point tracker, inter-leaved converter, internal combustion engine, energy harvesting, heavy duty vehicle, thermoelectric generator, renewable energy sources, exhaust system
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222266 (URN)10.1109/TTE.2018.2796031 (DOI)000434447400019 ()2-s2.0-85048237914 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180206

Available from: 2018-02-05 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2019-03-16Bibliographically approved
Risseh, A. & Nee, H.-P. (2017). Design of a Thermoelectric Generator for Waste Heat Recovery Application on a Drivable Heavy Duty Vehicle. SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles, Article ID 2017-01-9178.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of a Thermoelectric Generator for Waste Heat Recovery Application on a Drivable Heavy Duty Vehicle
2017 (English)In: SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles, ISSN 1946-391X, E-ISSN 1946-3928, ISSN 1946-3928, article id 2017-01-9178Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The European Union’s 2020 target aims to be producing 20 % of its energy from renewable sources by 2020, to achieve a 20 % reductionin greenhouse gas emissions and a 20 % improvement in energy efficiency compared to 1990 levels. To reach these goals, the energyconsumption has to decrease which results in reduction of the emissions. The transport sector is the second largest energy consumer in theEU, responsible for 25 % of the emissions of greenhouse gases caused by the low efficiency (<40 %) of combustion engines. Much workhas been done to improve that efficiency but there is still a large amount of fuel energy that converts to heat and escapes to the ambientatmosphere through the exhaust system. Taking advantage of thermoelectricity, the heat can be recovered, improving the fuel economy. Athermoelectric generator (TEG) consists of a number of thermoelectric elements, which advantageously can be built into modules,arranged thermally and electrically, in a way such that the highest possible thermal power can be converted into electrical power. In aunique waste heat recovery (WHR) project, five international companies and research institutes cooperated and equipped a fully drivableScania prototype truck with two TEGs. The entire system, from the heat transfer in the exchangers to the electrical power system, wassimulated, built and evaluated. The primary experimental results showed that approximately 1 kW electrical power could be generatedfrom the heat energy. In this paper the entire system from design to experimental results is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAE International, 2017
Keywords
Thermoelectric generator, thermoelectricity, waste heat recovery, heavy duty vehicle, heat exchanger, power converter, internal combustion engine, power conditioning, vehicle exhaust, fuel economy
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering; Energy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222267 (URN)10.4271/2017-01-9178 (DOI)000408248100004 ()2-s2.0-85018282955 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Waste Heat recovery
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 76467
Note

QC 20170926

Available from: 2018-02-05 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2019-03-16Bibliographically approved
Risseh, A., Nee, H.-P. & Kostov, K. (2017). Electrical performance of directly attached SiC power MOSFET bare dies in a half-bridge configuration. In: 2017 IEEE 3rd International Future Energy Electronics Conference and ECCE Asia, IFEEC - ECCE Asia 2017: . Paper presented at 3rd IEEE International Future Energy Electronics Conference and ECCE Asia, IFEEC - ECCE Asia 2017, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 3 June 2017 through 7 June 2017 (pp. 417-421). Taiwan: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Article ID 7992074.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electrical performance of directly attached SiC power MOSFET bare dies in a half-bridge configuration
2017 (English)In: 2017 IEEE 3rd International Future Energy Electronics Conference and ECCE Asia, IFEEC - ECCE Asia 2017, Taiwan: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 417-421, article id 7992074Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The demand for high-efficiency power converters is increasing continuously. The switching losses are typically significant in power converters. During the switching time, the component is exposed to a considerable voltage and current causing power loss. The switching time is limited by parasitic inductance produced by traces and interconnections inside and outside the package of a device. Moreover, the parasitic inductances at the input-terminal together with the Miller capacitance generate oscillations causing instability and additional losses. In order to eliminate the package parasitic inductance, four 1.2kV SiC-MOSFET bare dies, two in parallel in each position, were directly attached to a PCB sandwich designed as a half bridge. The obtained structure forms a planar power module. From ANSYS Q3D simulations it was found that the parasitic inductance between drain and source for each transistor in the proposed planar module could be reduced 92 % compared to a TO247 package. The planar module was also tested as a dc-dc converter. Switching waveforms from these experiments are also presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taiwan: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017
Keywords
SiC MOSTEF, bare die, low inductive circuit, fast switching, parasitic inductance, converter, planar Module
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211510 (URN)10.1109/IFEEC.2017.7992074 (DOI)000426696300073 ()2-s2.0-85034023937 (Scopus ID)978-1-5090-5157-1 (ISBN)
Conference
3rd IEEE International Future Energy Electronics Conference and ECCE Asia, IFEEC - ECCE Asia 2017, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 3 June 2017 through 7 June 2017
Note

QC 20170810

Available from: 2017-08-04 Created: 2017-08-04 Last updated: 2019-03-16Bibliographically approved
Risseh, A. & Hans-Peter, N. (2015). High-efficiency step-down converter for on-board thermoelectric generators on heavy duty vehicles. In: : . Paper presented at Power Electronics and ECCE Asia (ICPE-ECCE Asia), 2015 9th International Conference on (pp. 869-873). IEEE conference proceedings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High-efficiency step-down converter for on-board thermoelectric generators on heavy duty vehicles
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Today's combustion engines have low efficiency and a large amount of useful energy converts to heat as waste in different type of vehicles. Improving the dynamics of the car body, injection system, the shape of the internal engine components and manipulating the fuel compositions have had influence on fuel economy, but still less than 50% of energy in the fuel is converted to useful mechanical power. Since the lost energy escapes through the exhaust system as heat, taking advantage of thermoelectricity, part of that energy can be converted to useful electrical energy, improving the overall efficiency. However, the output voltage from a thermoelectric generator is a function of hot and cold side temperature and since, the electrical system of the vehicle operates with constant voltage, the use of a power converter is necessary. In this paper, simulation and experimental results of such a high-efficiency converter(94-96%), designed for thermoelectric generators on heavy duty vehicles is presented and discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE conference proceedings, 2015
Keywords
combustion, electric vehicles, engines, thermoelectric conversion, combustion engines, exhaust system, fuel economy, heavy duty vehicles, high-efficiency step-down converter, on-board thermoelectric generators, power converter, thermoelectricity, Switches, Vehicles, DC-DC converter, power management, synchronous converter, thermoelectric energy harvesting, thermoelectric generator, waste heat recovery
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering; Energy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172928 (URN)10.1109/ICPE.2015.7167884 (DOI)000382948300127 ()2-s2.0-84961956848 (Scopus ID)
Conference
Power Electronics and ECCE Asia (ICPE-ECCE Asia), 2015 9th International Conference on
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 76467
Note

QC 20150904

Available from: 2015-09-02 Created: 2015-09-02 Last updated: 2019-03-16Bibliographically approved
Risseh, A. & Nee, H.-P. (2014). Design of High-Efficient Converter for On-board Thermoelectric Generator. In: Transportation Electrification Asia-Pacific (ITEC Asia-Pacific), 2014 IEEE Conference and Expo: . Paper presented at IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference,Aug. 31 -Sep. 3 , 2014, Beijing, China (pp. 1-6). IEEE conference proceedings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of High-Efficient Converter for On-board Thermoelectric Generator
2014 (English)In: Transportation Electrification Asia-Pacific (ITEC Asia-Pacific), 2014 IEEE Conference and Expo, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, p. 1-6Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The efficiency of internal combustion engines in trucks and passenger cars are low (<40%). Much work has been done to make the engines more efficient internally, by improving the mechanical and electrical components. However, there is still a large amount of fuel power, which gets converted into heat and escapes through exhaust gases as waste heat. Taking advantages of thermoelectricity, part of that heat power can be converted into electrical power. In this paper, the most suitable DC/DC converter for Thermoelectric Generator in Heavy Duty Vehicles is proposed and based on the simulation results, different aspects of designing high-efficient DC/DC converters are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE conference proceedings, 2014
Keywords
Thermoelectricity, Waste Heat Recovery, Converter, Transportation
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering; Energy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152469 (URN)10.1109/ITEC-AP.2014.6941075 (DOI)000349676803077 ()2-s2.0-84916200555 (Scopus ID)
Conference
IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference,Aug. 31 -Sep. 3 , 2014, Beijing, China
Projects
Thermoelectric Generator
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

Qc 20140930

Available from: 2014-09-26 Created: 2014-09-26 Last updated: 2019-03-16Bibliographically approved
Renbi, A., Risseh, A., Qvarnström, R. & Delsing, J. (2012). Impact of etch factor on characteristic impedance, crosstalk and board density. International Symposium on Microelectronics (1), 312-317
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of etch factor on characteristic impedance, crosstalk and board density
2012 (English)In: International Symposium on Microelectronics, no 1, p. 312-317Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Signal integrity becomes more important when the length of the Printed Wiring Board (PWB) traces surpasses λ/10 where λ denotes the wavelength. For fast digital communication purpose and low energy consumption in CMOS technology, faster rise time of the clock which means higher harmonic frequency, has always been preferable. In this case, the importance of considering signal integrity gets a higher priority as issues such reections and crosstalk between adjacent traces cannot be omitted, especially in dense High Density Interconnect (HDI) boards. Several factors control the effect of reections and the crosstalk such as the shape and dimension of the traces, the isolator characteristics which is inserted between the trace and the ground plane, the nearness and the geometry of the nearby conductors. In other words, these factors control the characteristic impedance of the traces and the mutual inductances and capacitances between the adjacent traces. Although these factors have been taken into account during the design phase for good signal integrity, the manufacturing process, which differs from vendor to vendor, has a great impact on the above factors. PWB manufacturing process may result in many different variations, which involve the dielectric constant, the thickness of the insulator, the trace width and the copper foil thickness. In addition to these variations, the etching quality that falls mainly in three different categories of trapezoidal trace form. In this paper we present the effect of three different etching shapes on the characteristic impedance. Moreover, it is concluded that one could gain space which can be used for shrinking the electronics and/or saving the raw material when trading the characteristic impedance error for space. Similar method is followed to investigate the crosstalk reduction between two adjacent microstriplines when tolerating the error in the characteristic impedance. This procedure can only be applied when a 90° etch angle process is feasible.

National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222474 (URN)10.4071/isom-2012-TP24 (DOI)2-s2.0-84876914789 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180212

Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-02-12Bibliographically approved
Risseh, A., Nee, H.-P. & Kostov, K.Fast Switching Planar Power Module With SiC MOSFETs and Ultra-low Parasitic Inductance.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fast Switching Planar Power Module With SiC MOSFETs and Ultra-low Parasitic Inductance
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Parasitic inductances, caused by the package of semiconductor devices in power converters, are limiting theswitching speed and giving rise to higher switching losses than necessary. In this study a half-bridge planar power module with Silicon Carbide (SiC) MOSFET bare dies was designed and manufactured for ultra-low parasitic inductance. The circuit structure was simulated and the parasitic inductances were extracted from ANSYS-Q3D. The values were then fed into LT-Spice to simulate the electrical behavior of the half-bridge.The experimental and simulation results were compared to each other and were used to adjust and easily extend the simulation model with additional MOSFETs for higher current capability. It was shown that the proposed planar module, with four parallel SiC MOSFETs at each position, is able to switch 600V and 400A during 40 and 17ns with EON and EOFF equal to 3.1 and 1.3 mJ, respectively. Moreover, unlike the commercial modules, this design allows double-sided cooling to extract the generated heat from the device, resulting in lower operating temperature.

Keywords
SiC MOSFET, planar power module, bare die, ultra-low parasitic inductance, fast switching, PCB, double sided cooling
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222269 (URN)
Note

QC 20180208

Available from: 2018-02-05 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2018-02-09Bibliographically approved
Risseh, A., Nee, H.-P. & Kostov, K.Realization of a Planar Power Circuit With Silicon Carbide MOSFETs on Printed Circuit Board.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Realization of a Planar Power Circuit With Silicon Carbide MOSFETs on Printed Circuit Board
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Silicon Carbide (SiC) MOSFETs offer excellent properties as switches in power converters. However, the package of the device is an issue that prevents utilizing the advantages of SiC, as for instance fast switching speed. The packages of currently available SiC devices are the same as those previously used for silicon devices with moderate electrical and thermal characteristics resulting in accelerated aging and reliability issues. Furthermore, the parasitic inductance caused by the package, limits the switching time and operating frequency. By excluding the package, the parasitic inductances will be eliminated to a large extent. In this study, the procedure of manufacturing a half-bridge planar power module, using four SiC MOSFET bare dies and PCB, is described. According to simulations in ANSYS-Q3D, the parasitic inductance Lstray of the structureis approximately 96% lower than most commercial half-bridge modules. It is also shown that double-side cooling can bee mployed for the proposed module if substrates with low thermal resistance are used.

Keywords
SiC MOSFET, planar power module, bare die, ultra-low parasitic inductance, double-sided cooling, PCB, DBC, high power density
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222244 (URN)
Note

QC 20180209

Available from: 2018-02-05 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0933-6945

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