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Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Daniel, Q., Duan, L., Timmer, B. J. J., Chen, H., Luo, X., Ambre, R., . . . Sun, L. (2018). Water Oxidation Initiated by In Situ Dimerization of the Molecular Ru(pdc) Catalyst. ACS Catalysis, 8(5), 4375-4382
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Water Oxidation Initiated by In Situ Dimerization of the Molecular Ru(pdc) Catalyst
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2018 (English)In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 4375-4382Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The mononuclear ruthenium complex [Ru(pdc)L-3] (H(2)pdc = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, L = N-heterocycles such as 4-picoline) has previously shown promising catalytic efficiency toward water oxidation, both in homogeneous solutions and anchored on electrode surfaces. However, the detailed water oxidation mechanism catalyzed by this type of complex has remained unclear. In order to deepen understanding of this type of catalyst, in the present study, [Ru(pdc)(py)(3)] (py = pyridine) has been synthesized, and the detailed catalytic mechanism has been studied by electrochemistry, UV-vis, NMR, MS, and X-ray crystallography. Interestingly, it was found that once having reached the Ru-IV state, this complex promptly formed a stable ruthenium dimer [Ru-III(pdc)(py)(2)-O-Ru-IV(pdc)(py)(2)](+). Further investigations suggested that the present dimer, after one pyridine ligand exchange with water to form [Ru-III(pdc)(py)(2)-O-Ru-IV(pdc)(py)(H2O)](+), was the true active species to catalyze water oxidation in homogeneous solutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2018
Keywords
solar fuels, water oxidation, electrochemistry, ruthenium dimer, mechanism of O-O bond formation
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-231630 (URN)10.1021/acscatal.7b03768 (DOI)000431727300070 ()2-s2.0-85046695744 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180702

Available from: 2018-07-02 Created: 2018-07-02 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Zhang, P., Chen, H., Wang, M., Yang, Y., Jiang, J., Zhang, B., . . . Sun, L. (2017). Gas-templating of hierarchically structured Ni-Co-P for efficient electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5(16), 7564-7570
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gas-templating of hierarchically structured Ni-Co-P for efficient electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 5, no 16, p. 7564-7570Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the grand challenges for developing scalable and sustainable hydrogen producing systems is the lack of efficient and robust earth-abundant element based catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Herein, a hierarchically structured Ni-Co-P film was fabricated via a gas templating electro-deposition method. This film exhibits remarkably high catalytic performance for the HER in 1 M KOH with respective current densities of -10 and -500 mA cm(-2) at the overpotentials of -30 and -185 mV with a Tafel slope of 41 mV dec(-1). A controlled potential electrolysis experiment demonstrates that the as-prepared Ni-Co-P film is an efficient and robust catalyst with a faradaic efficiency close to 100%. Systematic characterization suggests that the unique hierarchical structure and the mutual participation of nano-sized Ni/Co based components are responsible for the high HER catalytic activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, 2017
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206680 (URN)10.1039/c7ta01716b (DOI)000399390300036 ()2-s2.0-85017596277 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20170510

Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2017-05-10Bibliographically approved
Daniel, Q., Huang, P., Fan, T., Wang, Y., Duan, L., Wang, L., . . . Sun, L. (2017). Rearranging from 6-to 7-coordination initiates the catalytic activity: An EPR study on a Ru-bda water oxidation catalyst. Coordination chemistry reviews, 346, 206-215
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rearranging from 6-to 7-coordination initiates the catalytic activity: An EPR study on a Ru-bda water oxidation catalyst
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2017 (English)In: Coordination chemistry reviews, ISSN 0010-8545, E-ISSN 1873-3840, Vol. 346, p. 206-215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The coordination of a substrate water molecule on a metal centered catalyst for water oxidation is a crucial step involving the reorganization of the ligand sphere. This process can occur by substituting a coordinated ligand with a water molecule or via a direct coordination of water onto an open site. In 2009, we reported an efficient ruthenium-based molecular catalyst, Ru-bda, for water oxidation. Despite the impressive improvement in catalytic activity of this type of catalyst over the past years, a lack of understanding of the water coordination still remains. Herein, we report our EPR and DFT studies on Ru-bda (triethylammonium 3-pyridine sulfonate)(2) (1) at its Ru-III oxidation state, which is the initial state in the catalytic cycle for the O-O bond formation. Our investigation suggests that at this III-state, there is already a rearrangement in the ligand sphere where the coordination of a water molecule at the 7th position (open site) takes place under acidic conditions (pH = 1.0) to form a rare 7-coordinated Ru-III species.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Water oxidation, EPR, Ruthenium, Coordination, DFT
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207807 (URN)10.1016/j.ccr.2017.02.019 (DOI)000402873900014 ()2-s2.0-85014846790 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

QC 20170608

Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Daniel, Q., Anabre, R. B., Zhang, B., Philippe, B., Chen, H., Li, F., . . . Sun, L. (2017). Re-Investigation of Cobalt Porphyrin for Electrochemical Water Oxidation on FTO Surface: Formation of CoOx as Active Species. ACS Catalysis, 7(2), 1143-1149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Re-Investigation of Cobalt Porphyrin for Electrochemical Water Oxidation on FTO Surface: Formation of CoOx as Active Species
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2017 (English)In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1143-1149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of cobalt porphyrin complexes as efficient and cost-effective molecular catalysts for water oxidation has been investigated previously. However, by combining a set of analytical techniques (electrochemistry, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and synchrotron-based photoelectron spectroscopy (SOXPES and HAXPES)), we have demonstrated that three different cobalt porphyrins, deposited on FTO glasses, decompose promptly into a thin film of CoOx on the surface of the electrode during water oxidation under certain conditions (borate buffer pH 9.2). It is presumed that the film is composed of CoO, only detectable by SOXPES, as conventional techniques are ineffective. This newly formed film has a high turnover frequency (TOF), while the high transparency of the CoOx-based electrode is very promising for future application in photoelectrochemical cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017
Keywords
water oxidation, cobalt oxide, decomposition, surface characterization, thin film
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-203830 (URN)10.1021/acscatal.6b01815 (DOI)000393539200026 ()2-s2.0-85012893978 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20170321

Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Li, F. (2016). Design of Water Splitting Devices via Molecular Engineering. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of Water Splitting Devices via Molecular Engineering
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Converting solar energyto fuels such as hydrogen by the reaction of water splitting is a promising solution for the future sustainable energy systems. The theme of this thesis is to design water splitting devices via molecular engineering; it concerns the studies of both electrochemical-driven and photo-electrochemical driven molecular functional devices for water splitting.

The first chapter presents a general introduction about Solar Fuel Conversion. It concerns molecular water splitting catalysts, light harvesting materials and fabrication methods of water splitting devices.

The second chapter describes an electrode by immobilizing a molecular water oxidation catalyston carbon nanotubes through the hydrophobic interaction. This fabrication method is corresponding to the question: “How to employ catalysts in functional devices without affecting their performances?”

In the third chapter, molecular water oxidation catalysts were successfully immobilized on glassy carbon electrode surface via electrochemical polymerization method. The O-O bond formation pathways of catalysts on electrode surfaces were studied. This kinetic studyis corresponding to the question: “How to get kinetic information of RDS whena catalyst is immobilized on the electrode surface?”

Chapter four explores molecular water oxidation catalysts immobilized on dye-sensitized TiO2 electrodeand Fe2O3 semiconductor electrode via different fabrication methods. The reasons of photocurrent decay are discussed and two potential solutions are provided. These studies are corresponding to the question: “How to improvethe stability of photo-electrodes?”

Finally, in the last chapter, two novel Pt-free Z-schemed molecular photo-electrochemical cells with both photoactive cathode and photoactive anode for visible light driven water splitting driven were demonstrated. These studies are corresponding to the question: “How to utilizethe concept of Z-schemein photosynthesis to fabricate Pt-free molecular based PEC cells?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. p. 92
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2016:6
Keywords
electrochemical-driven water splitting, artificial photosynthesis, molecular catalysts
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181107 (URN)978-91-7595-841-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-02-26, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm., 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

QC 20160129

Available from: 2016-01-29 Created: 2016-01-29 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved
Yamamoto, M., Wang, L., Li, F., Fukushima, T., Tanaka, K., Sun, L. & Imahori, H. (2016). Visible light-driven water oxidation using a covalently-linked molecular catalyst-sensitizer dyad assembled on a TiO2 electrode. Chemical Science, 7(2), 1430-1439
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visible light-driven water oxidation using a covalently-linked molecular catalyst-sensitizer dyad assembled on a TiO2 electrode
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2016 (English)In: Chemical Science, ISSN 2041-6520, E-ISSN 2041-6539, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1430-1439Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The combination of porphyrin as a sensitizer and a ruthenium complex as a water oxidation catalyst (WOC) is promising to exploit highly efficient molecular artificial photosynthetic systems. A covalently-linked ruthenium-based WOC-zinc porphyrin (ZnP) sensitizer dyad was assembled on a TiO2 electrode for visible-light driven water oxidation. The water oxidation activity was found to be improved in comparison to the reference systems with the simple combination of the individual WOC and ZnP as well as with ZnP solely, demonstrating the advantage of the covalent linking approach over the non-covalent one. More importantly, via vectorial multi-step electron transfer triggered by visible light, the dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cell (DSPEC) achieved a broader PEC response in the visible region than DSPECs with conventional ruthenium-based sensitizers. Initial incident photon-to-current efficiencies of 18% at 424 nm and 6.4% at 564 nm were attained under monochromatic illumination and an external bias of -0.2 V vs. NHE. Fast electron transfer from the WOC to the photogenerated radical cation of the sensitizer through the covalent linkage may suppress undesirable charge recombination, realizing the moderate performance of water oxidation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis of the photoanodes before and after the DSPEC operation suggested that most of the ruthenium species exist at higher oxidation states, implying that the insufficient oxidation potential of the ZnP moiety for further oxidizing the intermediate ruthenium species at the photoanode is at least the bottleneck of the system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-182791 (URN)10.1039/c5sc03669k (DOI)000368835300074 ()2-s2.0-84961310434 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20160223

Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-23 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Gabrielsson, E., Tian, H., Eriksson, S. K., Gao, J., Chen, H., Li, F., . . . Sun, L. (2015). Dipicolinic acid: a strong anchoring group with tunable redox and spectral behavior for stable dye-sensitized solar cells. Chemical Communications, 51(18), 3858-3861
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dipicolinic acid: a strong anchoring group with tunable redox and spectral behavior for stable dye-sensitized solar cells
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2015 (English)In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 51, no 18, p. 3858-3861Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dipicolinic acidwas investigated as a new anchoring group for DSSCs. A pilot dye (PD2) bearing this new anchoring group was found to adsorb significantly stronger to TiO2 than its cyanoacrylic acid analogue. The electrolyte composition was found to have a strong effect on the photoelectrochemical properties of the adsorbed dye in the device, allowing the dye LUMO energy to be tuned by 0.5 eV. Using a pyridine-free electrolyte, panchromatic absorption of the dye on TiO2 extending to 900 nm has been achieved. Solar cells using PD2 and a Co(bpy)(3) based electrolyte showed unique stability under simulated sunlight and elevated temperatures.

Keywords
Core-Level Shift, Electrolytes, Additives, Molecules
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-163486 (URN)10.1039/c4cc06432a (DOI)000349990600035 ()25655483 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84923136577 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Energy AgencyVINNOVASwedish Research Council
Note

QC 20150407

Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Wang, L., Fan, K., Daniel, Q., Duan, L., Li, F., Philippe, B., . . . Sun, L. (2015). Electrochemical driven water oxidation by molecular catalysts in situ polymerized on the surface of graphite carbon electrode. Chemical Communications, 51(37), 7883-7886
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electrochemical driven water oxidation by molecular catalysts in situ polymerized on the surface of graphite carbon electrode
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2015 (English)In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 51, no 37, p. 7883-7886Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A simple strategy to immobilize highly efficient ruthenium based molecular water-oxidation catalysts on the basal-plane pyrolytic graphite electrode (BPG) by polymerization has been demonstrated. The electrode 1@BPG has obtained a high initial turnover frequency (TOF) of 10.47 s-1 at ∼700 mV overpotential, and a high turnover number (TON) up to 31600 in 1 h electrolysis.

National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167712 (URN)10.1039/c5cc00242g (DOI)000353639300026 ()2-s2.0-84928537759 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20150602

Available from: 2015-06-02 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Duan, L., Wang, L., Li, F., Li, F. & Sun, L. (2015). Highly Efficient Bioinspired Molecular Ru Water Oxidation Catalysts with Negatively Charged Backbone Ligands. Accounts of Chemical Research, 48(7), 2084-2096
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Highly Efficient Bioinspired Molecular Ru Water Oxidation Catalysts with Negatively Charged Backbone Ligands
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2015 (English)In: Accounts of Chemical Research, ISSN 0001-4842, E-ISSN 1520-4898, Vol. 48, no 7, p. 2084-2096Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The oxygen evolving complex (OEC) of the natural photosynthesis system II (PSII) oxidizes water to produce oxygen and reducing equivalents (protons and electrons). The oxygen released from PSII provides the oxygen source of our atmosphere; the reducing equivalents are used to reduce carbon dioxide to organic products, which support almost all organisms on the Earth planet. The first photosynthetic organisms able to split water were proposed to be cyanobacteria-like ones appearing ca. 2.5 billion years ago. Since then, nature has chosen a sustainable way by using solar energy to develop itself. Inspired by nature, human beings started to mimic the functions of the natural photosynthesis system and proposed the concept of artificial photosynthesis (AP) with the view to creating energy-sustainable societies and reducing the impact on the Earth environments. Water oxidation is a highly energy demanding reaction and essential to produce reducing equivalents for fuel production, and thereby effective water oxidation catalysts (WOCs) are required to catalyze water oxidation and reduce the energy loss. X-ray crystallographic studies on PSII have revealed that the OEC consists of a Mn4CaO5 cluster surrounded by oxygen rich ligands, such as oxyl, oxo, and carboxylate ligands. These negatively charged, oxygen rich ligands strongly stabilize the high valent states of the Mn cluster and play vital roles in effective water oxidation catalysis with low overpotential. This Account describes our endeavors to design effective Ru WOCs with low overpotential, large turnover number, and high turnover frequency by introducing negatively charged ligands, such as carboxylate. Negatively charged ligands stabilized the high valent states of Ru catalysts, as evidenced by the low oxidation potentials. Meanwhile, the oxygen production rates of our Ru catalysts were improved dramatically as well. Thanks to the strong electron donation ability of carboxylate containing ligands, a seven-coordinate Ru-IV species was isolated as a reaction intermediate, shedding light on the reaction mechanisms of Ru-catalyzed water oxidation chemistry. Auxiliary ligands have dramatic effects on the water oxidation catalysis in terms of the reactivity and the reaction mechanism. For instance, Ru-bda (H(2)bda = 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylic acid) water oxidation catalysts catalyze Ce-IV-driven water oxidation extremely fast via the radical coupling of two Ru-V=O species, while Ru-pda (H(2)pda = 1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxylic acid) water oxidation catalysts catalyze the same reaction slowly via water nucleophilic attack on a Ru-V-O species. With a number of active Ru catalysts in hands, light driven water oxidation was accomplished using catalysts with low catalytic onset potentials. The structures of molecular catalysts could be readily tailored to introduce additional functional groups, which favors the fabrication of state-of-the-art Ru-based water oxidation devices, such as electrochemical water oxidation anodes and photo-electrochemical anodes. The development of efficient water oxidation catalysts has led to a step forward in the sustainable energy system.

National Category
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172721 (URN)10.1021/acs.accounts.5b00149 (DOI)000358556400032 ()26131964 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84937690571 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Energy AgencyKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

QC 20150828

Available from: 2015-08-28 Created: 2015-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Fan, K., Li, F., Wang, L., Quentin, D., Chen, H., Gabrielsson, E., . . . Sun, L. (2015). Immobilization of a Molecular Ruthenium Catalyst on Hematite Nanorod Arrays for Water Oxidation with Stable Photocurrent. ChemSusChem, 8(19), 3242-3247
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Immobilization of a Molecular Ruthenium Catalyst on Hematite Nanorod Arrays for Water Oxidation with Stable Photocurrent
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2015 (English)In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 8, no 19, p. 3242-3247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells for light-driven water splitting are prepared using hematite nanorod arrays on conductive glass as the photoanode. These devices improve the photocurrent of the hematite-based photoanode for water splitting, owing to fewer surface traps and decreased electron recombination resulting from the one-dimensional structure. By employing a molecular ruthenium co-catalyst, which contains a strong 2,6-pyridine-dicarboxylic acid anchoring group at the hematite photoanode, the photocurrent of the PEC cell is enhanced with high stability for over 10000s in a 1M KOH solution. This approach can pave a route for combining one-dimensional nanomaterials and molecular catalysts to split water with high efficiency and stability.

Keywords
hematite, heterogeneous catalysis, nanorods, ruthenium, water oxidation
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174709 (URN)10.1002/cssc.201500730 (DOI)000362729800009 ()2-s2.0-84943583520 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20151111

Available from: 2015-11-11 Created: 2015-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3455-0855

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