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Fauré, E., Dawkins, E., Wood, R., Finnveden, G., Palm, V., Persson, L. & Schmidt, S. (2019). Environmental pressure from Swedish consumption - The largest contributing producer countries, products and services. Journal of Cleaner Production, 231, 698-713
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental pressure from Swedish consumption - The largest contributing producer countries, products and services
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 231, p. 698-713Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to produce goods and services that are consumed in Sweden, natural resources are extracted and pollutants are emitted in many other countries. This paper presents an analysis of the goods and services consumed in Sweden that cause the largest environmental pressures in terms of resource use and emissions, identifying in which countries or regions these pressures occur. The results have been calculated using a hybrid model developed in the PRINCE project combining the multi-regional input-output database EXIOBASE with data from the Swedish economic and environmental accounts. The following environmental pressures are analysed: Use of Land, Water and Material resources, Emissions of Greenhouse gases (GHG), Sulphur dioxides (SO2), Nitrogen oxides (NOx), and Particulate Matters (PM 2.5 and 10). The product groups are those goods and services bought for private or public consumption and capital investments, as listed in the Swedish economic accounts. The results show that Sweden is a net importer of all embodied environmental pressures, except for land use and material use. The most important product groups across environmental pressures are construction, food products and direct emissions from households (except for sulphur dioxide emissions and material use for the latter). Other product groups that are found to have environmental pressures across several indicators are wholesale and retail services, architecture and engineering, dwellings, motor vehicles and machinery and equipment. However, for the three natural resource pressures Use of Water, Land and Material resources, agricultural products are a relatively important product group along with products from forestry for the last two indicators. A considerable proportion of the environmental pressure occurs in Sweden, but when comparing those of domestic origin and that occurring internationally, the majority of all pressures for Swedish consumption occur abroad (except for land use). Other countries stand out as particularly important as origins of pressure for Swedish consumption, most notably China, which is among the top five countries for emissions to air, as well as blue water and material use. Other highly relevant countries or regions are Rest of Asia and Pacific (i.e. Asia and Pacific except Indonesia, Taiwan, Australia, India, South Korea, China and Japan), Russia, Germany as well as Denmark and Spain for certain product groups and environmental pressure combinations. This pattern of geographically spread pressures caused by Swedish consumption indicates the need for addressing the pressures at various levels of collaboration: national, within the European Union, bilateral and international.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255353 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.148 (DOI)000474680100059 ()2-s2.0-85066270262 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190730

Available from: 2019-07-30 Created: 2019-07-30 Last updated: 2019-07-30Bibliographically approved
Fauré, E., Finnveden, G. & Gunnarsson-Östling, U. (2019). Four low-carbon futures for a Swedish society beyond GDP growth. Journal of Cleaner Production, 236, Article ID UNSP 117595.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Four low-carbon futures for a Swedish society beyond GDP growth
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 236, article id UNSP 117595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes how different backcasting scenarios for developments beyond traditional GDP growth 2050, in Sweden may fulfil a climate goal corresponding to keeping global warming to a maximum 1.5 degrees C with 50% likelihood. This corresponds to a 92% decrease of greenhouse gas emissions from Swedish consumption from today's level. The four scenarios illustrate different strategies: 1) collaborative economy, 2) local self-sufficiency, 3) automation for quality of life and 4) circular economy in the welfare state. The aim is to further hone and quantify the scenario narratives with a focus on greenhouse gas emissions occurring as a result of Swedish consumption, both private and public. The results show that the climate target can be met in all scenarios but this requires radical sector-specific as well as general changes, including decarbonisation, technology development, increased efficiencies, innovative practices and reduced demand. The mix of these strategies varies for different sectors and different scenarios, but all are needed to reach the climate goals. As we assume that Sweden is fossil-free 2050, particular areas of attention are diets, travel, emission intensities in other countries and the level of imports. Potential implications for other environmental goals, land use and biodiversity as well as the potential magnitude of negative emissions technologies, although uncertain and limited, that could offset some additional greenhouse gas emissions are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260155 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.07.070 (DOI)000483414000105 ()2-s2.0-85069702281 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20191001

Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
Svenfelt, Å., Alfredsson, E., Bradley, K., Fauré, E., Finnveden, G., Fuehrer, P., . . . Ohlund, E. (2019). Scenarios for sustainable futures beyond GDP growth 2050. Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, 111, 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scenarios for sustainable futures beyond GDP growth 2050
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2019 (English)In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 111, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The idea of continued economic growth is increasingly questioned and critically analysed on the basis of its potential negative sustainability impact. Along with the critique, visions and strategies for alternative systems need also be brought onto the agenda. The aim of this paper is to present the qualitative content of scenarios that explore sustainability strategies for the Swedish society when economic growth is not seen as an end in itself, and instead the objective is other values/targets that society might wish to achieve. Multi-target backcasting scenarios are developed that illustrate future states in which four sustainability targets (climate, land use, participation, and resource security) are to be attained. The focus of these four scenarios is: 1) a Collaborative economy, 2) Local self-sufficiency, 3) Automation for quality of life, and 4) Circular economy in the welfare state. In the paper, we also present the process of the development of the scenarios, and feedback from stakeholders. Although the focus is on Sweden, the process and scenarios may also be relevant for other similar countries. The scenarios are discussed in terms of their relevance and their purpose, the fulfilment of the sustainability targets, and the multi-target approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
Keywords
Multi-target, Sustainability targets, Backcasting, Scenarios, Beyond growth
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257561 (URN)10.1016/j.futures.2019.05.001 (DOI)000478703800001 ()2-s2.0-85066049333 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190925

Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Steinbach, N., Palm, V., Cederberg, C., Finnveden, G., Persson, L., Persson, M., . . . Trimmer, C. (2018). Miljöpåverkan från svensk konsumtion - nya indikatorer för uppföljning.: Slutrapport från forskningsprojektet PRINCE. Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöpåverkan från svensk konsumtion - nya indikatorer för uppföljning.: Slutrapport från forskningsprojektet PRINCE
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket, 2018. p. 86
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250592 (URN)978-91-620-6842-4 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20190821

Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved
Malmaeus, M., Finnveden, G., Sundkvist, Å., Bradley, K., Calmer, Å., Fauré, E., . . . Ölund, E. (2018). Riskabelt att tro att tillväxt ska lösa våra problem.. Svenska Dagbladet, Article ID 28 november.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riskabelt att tro att tillväxt ska lösa våra problem.
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2018 (Swedish)In: Svenska Dagbladet, article id 28 novemberArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250603 (URN)
Note

QC 20190624

Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Fauré, E. (2018). Sharing the doughnut: Exploring sustainable and just futures. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sharing the doughnut: Exploring sustainable and just futures
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Despite decades of international discussions or summits on the need to radically reduce e.g. increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) or biodiversity loss, these are still rising. While these negative environmental trends continue, it is important to discuss alternative futures in an attempt to redirect society on a more sustainable and just path.

The overall aim of the thesis is to develop images of the future and explore what sustainable and just futures might look like. The current environmental impact of Swedish consumption, both in Sweden and abroad, is shown using eight indicators of environmental pressures and resource use – illustrating where in the world the pressures or resource use occur and for which product groups. This gives us a starting point as to where we are today regarding some of the environmental challenges facing Sweden.

Alternative futures that can challenge existing unsustainable trends are explored using four images of the future – so-called backcasting or long-term transformative scenarios. All of these need to fulfil two environmental and two social sustainability goals and do not rely on continued GDP growth.

These images represent different strategies to reach the four selected goals.

Such strategies may however have different consequences not just for these four specific goals but also for other sustainability issues and may have different implications for various groups in society. Therefore, they need to be evaluated accordingly. Existing methods to evaluate future scenarios regarding sustainability aspects are discussed in this thesis as well as the need to develop new methods to encompass all issues.

A combination of methods and data is used to evaluate what it would actually mean if the scenarios were to fulfil a climate target for Swedish consumption in line with the 1.5°C. trajectory suggested as the target to strive for in the Paris Climate Agreement and in the latest IPCC report (IPCC, 2018) as regards reduction of goods consumption and altered consumption patterns in Sweden.

This thesis stresses the need to clarify the assumptions made when formulating goals such as whether a perspective on intergenerational (between different generations) and intragenerational justice (within the current generation) is considered. It also underlines the need to identify and discuss potential goal conflicts that necessarily occur when considering several sustainability goals, whether they can be avoided or require potential trade-offs. It highlights the importance of making the underlying values embedded in assessment methods more visible. The intention in revealing goal conflicts, contradictions or hidden values is not to reach consensus but to ensure that the decisions are informed and made in a transparent manner.

Indeed, these considerations imply moving from a first and rather vague level of meaning of the concept of sustainability where everyone can agree on a definition but no concrete and practical guidance can be gained to a second level where conflicts arise and values differ.

Abstract [sv]

När de negativa miljötrenderna av t.ex. ökad koncentration av växthusgaser eller förlust av biologisk mångfald fortsätter trots flertalet internationella samtal och toppmöten om behovet av att radikalt minska dem, är det viktigt att diskutera alternativa framtider för att styra om samhället i en mer hållbar och rättvis riktning.

 Det övergripande målet med den här avhandlingen är att utveckla framtidsscenarier och undersöka hur hållbara och rättvisa framtider i Sverige skulle kunna se ut.

 Resultat för den nuvarande miljöpåverkan från svensk konsumtion i Sverige och utomlands presenteras genom åtta indikatorer för utsläpp av växthusgaser och andra utsläpp till luft samt för resursanvändning som visar var i världen utsläppen eller resursanvändningen sker och för vilka produktgrupper. Detta ger en utgångspunkt för var Sverige står idag vad gäller dessa miljöutmaningar.

 Då radikala minskningar av Sveriges miljöpåverkan behövs, undersöks sedan alternativa framtider som kan utmana nuvarande ohållbara trender genom utvecklingen av fyra framtidsbilder för Sverige, år 2050. Dessa så-kallade backcasting eller långsiktiga transformativa scenarier måste alla uppfylla fyra hållbarhetsmål: två miljömål och två sociala mål. Dessutom förutsätter inte scenarierna en fortsatt BNP-tillväxt. De belyser olika strategier för att nå de fyra valda hållbarhetsmålen.

 Sådana strategier kan emellertid ha olika konsekvenser både för de fyra valda målen men också för andra hållbarhetsaspekter och för olika grupper i samhället. Därför måste de utvärderas gentemot flera hållbarhetsmål. Befintliga metoder för att utvärdera framtida scenarier diskuteras i denna avhandling samt behovet av att utveckla nya metoder för att omfatta alla relevanta hållbarhetsaspekter.

En kombination av metoder och data tillämpas för att utvärdera vad det skulle innebära, när det gäller minskad varukonsumtion och förändrade konsumtionsmönster i Sverige, om scenarierna skulle uppfylla ett klimatmål för svensk konsumtion i linje med den i det globala Parisavtalet föreslagna ambition att begränsa den globala uppvärmningen till maximum 1,5°C som också understryks i senaste IPPC rapport (IPCC 2018).

 Denna avhandling betonar behovet av att klargöra de antaganden som görs när man formulerar mål, t.ex. om ett perspektiv på intergenerationell rättvisa (dvs. rättvisa mellan olika generationer) och intragenerationell rättvisa (inom den nuvarande generationen) har beaktats. Den belyser också behovet av att identifiera och diskutera potentiella målkonflikter som nödvändigtvis uppstår när man överväger flera hållbarhetsmål samtidigt, oavsett om de kan undvikas eller innebär potentiella kompromisser. Dessa kompromisser måste lyftas fram. Den här avhandlingen understryker även vikten av att synliggöra de antaganden och underliggande värderingar som är inbäddade i bedömningsmetoder. Syftet med att lyfta fram målkonflikter, värderingar eller implicita antaganden är inte att komma överens utan snarare att se till att beslut fattas på ett transparent och medvetet sätt.

Detta innebär att gå från en första nivå och en ganska vag definition av begreppet hållbarhet som alla är överens om men som inte ger någon konkret och praktisk vägledning till en annan nivå där konflikter uppstår och värderingar skiljer sig åt.

Abstract [fr]

Plusieurs décennies de discussions et une succession de sommets internationaux n’ont toujours pas permis de réduire de façon significative les concentrations croissantes de gaz à effet de serre (GES) ou l’érosion de la biodiversité. Alors que ces tendances environnementales alarmantes se poursuivent, il est important de mettre la pluralité d’avenirs possibles au centre des débats, afin de tenter de réorienter la société sur une voie plus juste et plus durable.

 

L'objectif général de cette thèse est de développer des images de l’avenir et d'explorer ce à quoi pourraient ressembler des futurs durables et justes.

 L’impact actuel de la consommation suédoise sur l’environnement, tant en Suède qu’à l’étranger, est ici mesuré par le biais de huit indicateurs des pressions exercées sur l’environnement (par exemple les émissions de gaz à effet de serre) et de l’utilisation de ressources naturelles - illustrant à quel endroit du monde elles produisent leurs effets et pour quels types de biens et services. Le résultat fournit une description de certains des défis environnementaux auxquels la Suède est aujourd’hui confrontée.

 La thèse examine des visions alternatives d’avenir plus soutenable sur la base de quatre scénarios normatifs en «backcasting», c’est à dire de transformation à long terme. Chacune des quatre représentations du futur doit remplir quatre objectifs de durabilité, dont deux environnementaux et deux sociaux, et cela sans compter sur une croissance continue du PIB.

 Ces représentations ou « images du futur » constituent différentes stratégies pour atteindre les quatre objectifs sélectionnés.

 De telles stratégies peuvent toutefois avoir des conséquences positives ou négatives, non seulement pour ces quatre objectifs spécifiques, mais également pour d'autres aspects environnementaux ou sociaux de la durabilité. Ils peuvent aussi avoir des implications diverses pour différents groupes sociaux. L’évaluation des scénarios doit donc tenir compte de ces impacts. Les outils existants d’évaluation de la durabilité dans les scénarios prospectifs sont discutés dans cette thèse, de même que la nécessité de développer de nouvelles méthodes pour mieux appréhender les différents aspects de la durabilité.

 Un éventail d’outils et de données est déployé pour évaluer les effets pour la Suède de la limitation du réchauffement planétaire à 1,5 degrés pour chacun des quatre scénarios, en termes de réduction de la consommation de biens et de modification des habitudes de consommation. Le seuil d’un réchauffement de 1,5 degrés au-dessus des niveaux préindustriels est en effet l’objectif le plus ambitieux fixé dans l'Accord de Paris sur le climat et confirmé dans le dernier rapport du GIEC (IPCC, 2018).

Cette thèse souligne la nécessité de clarifier les hypothèses retenues lors de la formulation des objectifs, par exemple en mentionnant si on privilégie une perspective de justice intergénérationnelle (entre différentes générations) et intragénérationnelle (au sein de la génération actuelle). Ce travail met également en évidence la nécessité d'identifier et de discuter des conflits qui se produisent nécessairement lorsque plusieurs objectifs de durabilité doivent être conciliés, afin de les éviter ou d’envisager les compromis possibles. Le propos insiste également sur l’importance d’une plus grande transparence quant aux valeurs sous-jacentes aux méthodes d’évaluation. En révélant ces conflits d’objectifs, ces contradictions ou ces valeurs cachées, l’objectif n’est pas d’atteindre un consensus, mais plutôt de veiller à ce que les décisions soient prises en connaissance de cause et de manière transparente.

 En effet, ces considérations impliquent de passer d'un premier niveau de définition assez vague du concept de durabilité, sur les termes duquel tout le monde peut s'accorder sans qu’aucune orientation concrète et pratique ne puisse être obtenue, à un deuxième niveau plus précis, où les valeurs diffèrent et les conflits surgissent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 66
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 1840
Keywords
Sustainability goals, goal conflicts, trade-offs, environmental justice, futures studies, backcasting, future scenarios, climate and energy targets, sustainability assessments, Objectifs de durabilité, Conflit d'objectifs de durabilité, justice environnementale, prospective, backcasting, évaluation d'impacts de durabilité, Hållbarhetsmål, målkonflikter, miljörättvisa, framtidsstudier, backcasting, framtidsscenarier, klimat och energimål, hållbarhetsutvärderingar
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239419 (URN)978-91-7873-038-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-12-19, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20181121

Available from: 2018-11-22 Created: 2018-11-22 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Fauré, E., Arushanyan, Y., Ekener, E., Miliutenko, S. & Finnveden, G. (2017). Methods for assessing future scenarios from a sustainability perspective. European Journal of Futures Research, 5(1), Article ID UNSP 17.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methods for assessing future scenarios from a sustainability perspective
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Futures Research, ISSN 2195-4194, E-ISSN 2195-2248, Vol. 5, no 1, article id UNSP 17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Future scenarios are often used to address long-term challenges characterised by uncertainty and complexity, as they can help explore different alternative future pathways. Scenarios can therefore be a useful tool to support policy and guide action towards sustainability. But what sustainability aspects are put forward in scenarios and how are they assessed? This paper aims to explore how to assess future scenarios, categorised according to Borjeson et al. (Futures 38: 723-739, 2006) i.e. predictive, explorative and normative scenarios. By conducting a literature review and a document analysis, we map tools and methods that are currently used to assess environmental and social sustainability aspects in scenarios. We also draw on experiences from methods for impact assessments of Swedish municipal comprehensive plans, which can be considered as future scenarios. We identify whether some sustainability aspects are less recurrent than others in the reviewed assessments or even left out. We find that there is no single tool that can be used to assess scenarios. Some quantitative tools based on databases may be more suitable for assessing scenarios within a shorter time horizon, whereas qualitative assessment methods might better fit the purpose of long-term transformative scenarios. We also find that assessment frameworks may be useful to guide the assessment, as to what its intended purpose is and which sustainability aspects to include. Finally we discuss whether further assessment tools are needed in order to include a wider array of potential environmental or social consequences of the content of scenarios.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG, 2017
Keywords
Future scenarios, Backcasting, Sustainability assessments, Assessment methods, Assessment tools, Environmental, Social
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-220828 (URN)10.1007/s40309-017-0121-9 (DOI)000418373900001 ()2-s2.0-85041582321 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180122

Available from: 2018-01-22 Created: 2018-01-22 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Bradley, K., Fauré, E., Finnveden, G., Fuehrer, P., Gunnarsson Östling, U., Hagbert, P., . . . Öhlund, E. (2016). Därför är ekonomisk tillväxt en risk. Dagens samhälle, Article ID 9 mars.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Därför är ekonomisk tillväxt en risk
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2016 (Swedish)In: Dagens samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, article id 9 marsArticle, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dagens Samhälle AB, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183479 (URN)
Note

QC 20160316

Available from: 2016-03-14 Created: 2016-03-14 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Svenfelt, Å., Alfredsson, E., Aretun, Å., Bradley, K., Fauré, E., Fuehrer, P., . . . Stigson, P. (2015). Testversion av scenarier för hållbart samhällsbyggande bortom BNP-tillväxt. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Testversion av scenarier för hållbart samhällsbyggande bortom BNP-tillväxt
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2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den starka forskningsmiljön “Bortom BNP-tillväxt - Scenarier för hållbart samhällsbyggande” undersöker vad som skulle kunna hända i det svenska samhället när tillväxt inte ses som ett självändamål, utan målet istället är kvaliteter samhället kan tänkas vilja uppnå. Syftet med denna rapport är att beskriva testversionen av scenarier för Sverige 2050. Scenarierna är kvalitativa och ska skapa underlag för fortsatt utveckling, diskussioner och analys. Scenarierna är så kallade normativa backcasting-scenarier vilket innebär att de visar på framtida tillstånd där fyra hållbarhetsmål (klimat, markanvändning, delaktighet och försörjningstrygghet) ska uppfyllas. Inriktningen på de fyra scenarier är 1) kollaborativ ekonomi, 2) lokal självförsörjning, 3) automatisering för livskvalitet, och 4) cirkulär ekonomi i välfärdsstaten. Scenarierna presenteras som beskrivningar av framtiden i Sverige och med en kort beskrivning av den globala utvecklingen och utvecklingen i Sverige som kan förklara scenariots antaganden. Mycket arbete återstår. Till exempel ska scenarierna presenteras och diskuteras i flera forum det kommande året och återkoppling från diskussionerna ska arbetas in i en ny version av scenarierna. Ekonomiska modelleringar av scenarierna kommer också att genomföras, och därefter hållbarhetsutvärderingar och fördjupningar av delar av scenarierna

Abstract [en]

The strong research environment ”Beyond GDP growth - Scenarios for sustainable building and planning” explores what could happen in the Swedish society when growth is not seen as an end in itself but the goal is instead other qualities that society might wish to achieve. The purpose of this report is to describe the test version of scenarios for Sweden in 2050. The scenarios are qualitative and aim to create a basis for further development, discussion and analysis. The scenarios are so-called normative backcasting scenarios which means that they illustrate future states in which four sustainability targets (climate, land use, participation and resource security) are to be attained. The focus of the four scenarios are: 1) collaborative economy, 2) local self-sufficiency, 3) automisation for quality of life, and 4) circular economy in the welfare state. The scenarios are presented as descriptions of the future in Sweden, with a brief description of global trends and developments in Sweden that may explain the scenario assumptions. A lot of work remains. For example, the scenarios will be presented and discussed in several forums in the coming year, and the feedback from the discussions will be incorporated into a new version of the scenarios. Economic modeling of the scenarios will also be performed, and after that sustainability assessments of scenarios and in depth studies of parts of the scenarios.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. p. 51
Series
TRITA-INFRA-FMS, ISSN 1652-5442 ; 2015:05
Keywords
scenarier, hållbar utveckling, välfärd, ekonomisk tillväxt
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183075 (URN)978-91-7595-798-2 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160303

Available from: 2016-02-26 Created: 2016-02-26 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Fauré, E., Finnveden, G., Palm, V., Persson, L., Schmidt, S. & Wood, R.Environmental pressure from Swedish consumption: - the largest contributing producer countries, products and services.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental pressure from Swedish consumption: - the largest contributing producer countries, products and services
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In order to produce goods and services that are consumed in Sweden, natural resources are extracted and pollutants are emitted in many other countries. This paper presents an analysis of which products and services cause the largest environmental pressures in terms of resource use and emissions and in which countries or regions these pressures occur. The results have been calculated using a hybrid model developed in the PRINCE project combining the multi-regional input-output database Exiobase with data from the Swedish economic and environmental accounts. The following environmental pressures are analysed: Use of Land, Water and Material resources, Emissions of Greenhouse gases (GHG), Sulphur dioxides (SO2), Nitrogen oxides (NOx), and Particulate Matters (PM 2.5 and 10). The product groups include a range of goods and services bought for private or public consumption and investments. The results show that Sweden is a net importer of all embodied environmental pressures, except for land use and material use. The most important product groups across environmental pressures are construction, food products and direct emissions from households (except for sulphur dioxide emissions and material use for the latter). Other recurrent product groups across several indicators are wholesale and retail services, architecture and engineering, dwellings, motor vehicles and machinery and equipment. However, for the three natural resource pressures Use of Water, Land and Material resources, agricultural products are a relatively important product group along with products from forestry for the last two indicators. The environmental pressures occur to a large degree in Sweden but also some other countries stand out as particularly important. One significant country is China, which is among the top ten countries for all indicators. Other highly relevant countries or regions are Rest of Asia and Pacific, Russia, Denmark, Germany and Spain. This variation indicates the need to work on policies at various levels: national, EU, bilateral and international.

Keywords
Environmental pressures, footprints, hotspots, generational goal, consumption-based accounting, multi-regional input-output analysis
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239396 (URN)
Projects
PRINCE
Note

QC 20181127

Available from: 2018-11-21 Created: 2018-11-21 Last updated: 2018-11-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
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