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Gunnarsson-Östling, U., Robèrt, M. & Fauré, E. (2021). Alternativa resepraktiker?: Potentiella beteendeförändringar ispåren av COVID-19. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alternativa resepraktiker?: Potentiella beteendeförändringar ispåren av COVID-19
2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

COVID-19-pandemin har förändrat resandet. Trots pandemins negativa aspekter i form av allvarlig sjukdom, dödsfall och arbetslöshet kan minskat resande bidra till att de globala hållbarhetsmålen uppnås. I arbetet mot dessa betonas behovet av att involvera olika aktörer och många organisationer har redan fastställt mål för minskad klimatpåverkan. Trots detta var substitutionen från exempelvis flygtrafik till digitala möten modest innan COVID-19. För att förstå mer om pågående resebeteendeförändringar vad gäller affärsresor och arbetspendling och dra lärdomar om möjligheten att vidmakthålla positiva förändringar utifrån ett miljö- och organisationsperspektiv genomfördes projektet “Potential for alternative travel practices? – Behavioural changes due to viruses in the short and longer-term” som den 29 april 2020 beviljade bidrag från Mistra enligt VD-beslut nr 2020-15.

Syftet med projektet var att utforska, kvantitativt och kvalitativt, resebeteendeförändringar inom svenska organisationer vad gäller affärsresor och arbetspendling som följd av COVID 19-pandemiutbrottet. Samtidigt ville vi dra lärdomar om möjligheten att vidmakthålla positiva förändringar utifrån ett miljö och organisationsperspektiv och undvika negativa förändringar för framtida mer hållbara resvanor.

Studien visar att resande till och från arbetet och i tjänsten förändrats markant under pandemin. Det blev tydligt att restriktionerna för fysiska resor inneburit att medarbetarna (beroende på arbetsplats och arbetsuppgift) i högre grad tillämpat flexibla arbetsformer och digitala mötesvanor och en stor andel av medarbetarna upplevde en ökad kunskapsnivå kring hantering av digitala möten. För att befästa de positiva förändringarna bör målorienterade handlingsplaner implementeras nu, annars finns en risk att pendeln svänger tillbaka till ett än mer ohållbart resande post COVID-19 eftersom pandemin inte bara inneburit en mängd digitala möten, utan också ett bilberoende. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2021
Series
TRITA-ABE-RPT ; 212
Keywords
resepraktiker; resvanor; tjänsteresor; pendling; digitala möten; klimat; pandemi; covid-19;
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Strategies for sustainable development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-293166 (URN)978-91-7873-783-3 (ISBN)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, VD-beslut nr 2020-15
Note

QC 20210422

Available from: 2021-04-20 Created: 2021-04-20 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Lind, J., Malmqvist, T., Granth, A., Fauré, E., Walve, S. & Wangel, J. (2020). Bakgrund och motiveringar i utvecklingen av Citylab manual för certifiering av en stadsdels hållbarhet.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bakgrund och motiveringar i utvecklingen av Citylab manual för certifiering av en stadsdels hållbarhet
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2020 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Series
TRITA-ABE-RPT ; 2010
National Category
Civil Engineering
Research subject
Architecture, Urban Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-268991 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

QC 20200302

Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved
van der Voorn, T., Svenfelt, Å., Edvardsson Björnberg, K., Fauré, E. & Milestad, R. (2020). Envisioning carbon-free land use futures for Sweden: a scenario study on conflicts and synergies between environmental policy goals. Regional Environmental Change, 20(2), Article ID 35.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Envisioning carbon-free land use futures for Sweden: a scenario study on conflicts and synergies between environmental policy goals
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2020 (English)In: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 20, no 2, article id 35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In climate change mitigation, backcasting scenarios are often used for exploring options for achieving a single environmental goal, albeit at the expense of other goals. This paper assesses potential conflicts and synergies between multiple environmental policy goals based on four future scenarios on Swedish rural land use, assuming zero GHG emissions in 2060. The assessment shows that goal conflicts are apparent, and policy makers need to make trade-offs between goals. The choice of strategy for dealing with these trade-offs yields conflicts or synergies. The assessment shows that a transition to zero GHG emissions provides opportunities for Sweden to shift to carbon free land-use planning. Overall, there are alternative ways with different underlying assumptions to achieve zero GHG emissions, which will feed discussions on new opportunities to overcome multi-scale and multi-sectoral goal conflicts. Multi-target backcasting scenarios are considered more suited to account for the multi-dimensional aspects of goal conflicts. This requires a comprehensive multi-target backcasting approach, which combines the strengths of multicriteria analysis, nexus approaches and backcasting, for supporting a transition to zero GHG emissions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2020
Keywords
Backcasting scenarios, Goal conflicts, Synergies, Climate change mitigation
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-271504 (URN)10.1007/s10113-020-01618-5 (DOI)000519139500001 ()2-s2.0-85081283981 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20200428

Available from: 2020-04-28 Created: 2020-04-28 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
Öhlund, E., Malmaeus, M. & Fauré, E. (2020). The significance of different realms of value for agricultural land in Sweden. Land use policy, 96, Article ID 104714.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The significance of different realms of value for agricultural land in Sweden
2020 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 96, article id 104714Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The demand for additional agricultural land is expected to rise by approximately 50 per cent by 2050 on a global level, and agricultural land of high quality needs to be preserved to ensure future food security. However, agricultural land per capita is decreasing. One of the main reasons for this in the EU and globally is the building of houses or infrastructure on agricultural land. There is a possibility that the Swedish agricultural sector will grow in the future and supply more regions than its own territory with food due to, e.g., climate change. Although appropriate regulations exist to support local decision makers in protecting agricultural land in Sweden, the potential to provide such protection is not fully utilised. This paper aims to contribute to explaining why Swedish municipalities build on agricultural land through an analysis of the values behind the arguments for preserving and exploiting agricultural land at the municipal level and the implications of these values for the preservation of agricultural land in Sweden. Assuming value pluralism, we analyse 30 municipal comprehensive plans through a framework of nine realms of value. We find that municipalities deploy at least eight of the nine realms of value to motivate the preservation of agricultural land, but the economic realm is more dominant among arguments to exploit agricultural land. Most plans do not consider food security. Municipalities could become better prepared to handle unexpected events if they worked with longer-term future scenarios. Further research is needed regarding how different values are weighed against each other in actual exploitation issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Food security, Incommensurability of values, Realms of value, Rural planning, Value pluralism
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-276322 (URN)10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104714 (DOI)000541149900051 ()2-s2.0-85084232331 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20200616

Available from: 2020-06-16 Created: 2020-06-16 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved
Fauré, E., Dawkins, E., Wood, R., Finnveden, G., Palm, V., Persson, L. & Schmidt, S. (2019). Environmental pressure from Swedish consumption - The largest contributing producer countries, products and services. Journal of Cleaner Production, 231, 698-713
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental pressure from Swedish consumption - The largest contributing producer countries, products and services
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 231, p. 698-713Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to produce goods and services that are consumed in Sweden, natural resources are extracted and pollutants are emitted in many other countries. This paper presents an analysis of the goods and services consumed in Sweden that cause the largest environmental pressures in terms of resource use and emissions, identifying in which countries or regions these pressures occur. The results have been calculated using a hybrid model developed in the PRINCE project combining the multi-regional input-output database EXIOBASE with data from the Swedish economic and environmental accounts. The following environmental pressures are analysed: Use of Land, Water and Material resources, Emissions of Greenhouse gases (GHG), Sulphur dioxides (SO2), Nitrogen oxides (NOx), and Particulate Matters (PM 2.5 and 10). The product groups are those goods and services bought for private or public consumption and capital investments, as listed in the Swedish economic accounts. The results show that Sweden is a net importer of all embodied environmental pressures, except for land use and material use. The most important product groups across environmental pressures are construction, food products and direct emissions from households (except for sulphur dioxide emissions and material use for the latter). Other product groups that are found to have environmental pressures across several indicators are wholesale and retail services, architecture and engineering, dwellings, motor vehicles and machinery and equipment. However, for the three natural resource pressures Use of Water, Land and Material resources, agricultural products are a relatively important product group along with products from forestry for the last two indicators. A considerable proportion of the environmental pressure occurs in Sweden, but when comparing those of domestic origin and that occurring internationally, the majority of all pressures for Swedish consumption occur abroad (except for land use). Other countries stand out as particularly important as origins of pressure for Swedish consumption, most notably China, which is among the top five countries for emissions to air, as well as blue water and material use. Other highly relevant countries or regions are Rest of Asia and Pacific (i.e. Asia and Pacific except Indonesia, Taiwan, Australia, India, South Korea, China and Japan), Russia, Germany as well as Denmark and Spain for certain product groups and environmental pressure combinations. This pattern of geographically spread pressures caused by Swedish consumption indicates the need for addressing the pressures at various levels of collaboration: national, within the European Union, bilateral and international.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255353 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.148 (DOI)000474680100059 ()2-s2.0-85066270262 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190730

Available from: 2019-07-30 Created: 2019-07-30 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
Fauré, E., Finnveden, G. & Gunnarsson-Östling, U. (2019). Four low-carbon futures for a Swedish society beyond GDP growth. Journal of Cleaner Production, 236, Article ID UNSP 117595.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Four low-carbon futures for a Swedish society beyond GDP growth
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 236, article id UNSP 117595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes how different backcasting scenarios for developments beyond traditional GDP growth 2050, in Sweden may fulfil a climate goal corresponding to keeping global warming to a maximum 1.5 degrees C with 50% likelihood. This corresponds to a 92% decrease of greenhouse gas emissions from Swedish consumption from today's level. The four scenarios illustrate different strategies: 1) collaborative economy, 2) local self-sufficiency, 3) automation for quality of life and 4) circular economy in the welfare state. The aim is to further hone and quantify the scenario narratives with a focus on greenhouse gas emissions occurring as a result of Swedish consumption, both private and public. The results show that the climate target can be met in all scenarios but this requires radical sector-specific as well as general changes, including decarbonisation, technology development, increased efficiencies, innovative practices and reduced demand. The mix of these strategies varies for different sectors and different scenarios, but all are needed to reach the climate goals. As we assume that Sweden is fossil-free 2050, particular areas of attention are diets, travel, emission intensities in other countries and the level of imports. Potential implications for other environmental goals, land use and biodiversity as well as the potential magnitude of negative emissions technologies, although uncertain and limited, that could offset some additional greenhouse gas emissions are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260155 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.07.070 (DOI)000483414000105 ()2-s2.0-85069702281 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20191001

Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved
Hagbert, P., Finnveden, G., Feuhrer, P., Svenfelt, Å., Alfredsson, E., Aretun, Å., . . . Öhlund, E. (2019). Futures Beyond GDP Growth: Final report from the research program 'Beyond GDP Growth: Scenarios for sustainable building and planning'. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Futures Beyond GDP Growth: Final report from the research program 'Beyond GDP Growth: Scenarios for sustainable building and planning'
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2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A future society no longer based on economic growth – what would that look like?The research program “Beyond GDP Growth: Scenarios for sustainable building and planning” (www.bortombnptillvaxt.se) is a strong research environment funded by the Swedish Research CouncilFormas, which has run between 2014 and 2018. In collaboration with societal partners, the program hasgathered researchers from diferent disciplines to explore key issues and conditions for planning for asustainable future beyond GDP growth. This is a relevant contribution to a largely under-researchedarea, where few scientific studies have explored what a sustainable society could look like, and what asustainable economy that is not based on growth might actually mean.In economic and political discussions, the notion of continuous economic growth is often taken forgranted and seen as a prerequisite for a safe and sustainable societal development. At the same time,a blind faith in and expectations surrounding growth can constitute a threat to the development of asustainable society if growth declines. Also an optimistic prognosis from the OECD indicates that it islikely that future GDP growth will be lower than what has come to be seen as the normal level duringthe second half of the 20th century. Declining economic growth could mean risks for increased socialgaps and unemployment. However, economic models show that the possibilities for handling these risksincrease if there is an awareness of them, and if this is addressed politically. Therefore, it is important tonot just assume continued economic growth, but to plan also for alternative scenarios.A starting point for the research program has been an understanding of the significant transitionsneeded to approach a safe and just operating space for humanity within planetary boundaries. Fourgoals that should be met in order to consider the societal development sustainable were specified: twoenvironmental goals related to climate and land use, and two social goals regarding power, influence andparticipation, and welfare and resource security.Four scenarios for Sweden 2050 were developed, which show the diferent directions society could taketo reach the set sustainability goals. The scenarios illustrate future societies that do not have to build onthe current economic logic, but that instead are centred around four alternative strategies:Collaborative EconomyLocal Self-SufciencyAutomation for Quality of LifeCircular Economy in the Welfare StateSo, can we reach the selected sustainability targets in the four future scenarios? A transformation ofhistorical proportions are needed – and it needs to start immediately. According to the sustainabilityassessment conducted within the project, the environmental goals of climate and land use can be reachedin all scenarios, even though it demands changing multiple parameters at the same time. Nothing pointsto it being impossible or generally difcult to achieve the social goals in the four scenarios, however theremight be diferent aspects that are particularly tricky. There are both development potentials and risks,which can be diametrically opposite for diferent social groups and parts of the country, depending onthe local prerequisites.Many diferent images of sustainable futures are needed. The scenarios should be seen as a tool fordiscussion and analysis when it comes to planning for a sustainable societal development beyondGDP growth. They challenge notions of what is possible, what changes that can and should be made,6what decisions that are needed and what should be prioritized. The scenarios all suggest a largechange compared the current development trajectory, and for example all point towards the need forredistribution of resources. It might involve economic resources, but could also relate to power andinfluence over production, or the possibility to use land for production of food, materials and energy.This redistribution could happen according to diferent principles in the diferent scenarios.In all the scenarios, the consumption of goods and of meat is reduced. Flight travel also needs to bedrastically reduced to reach the climate target. There is furthermore a need for reducing the constructionof both housing and road infrastructure, although to varying extents in the four scenarios. Other aspectssuch as working hours, the organization of welfare systems, the characteristics of the built environmentand the amount of infrastructure needed are on the other hand diferent in the diferent scenarios.The research program has explored what a development that isn't based on economic growth, in linewith the strategies that are depicted in the scenarios, would mean for rural as well as urban conditions.Three case study municipalities were selected with regards to their diferent geographical location,built form, economic development and size of the population: Övertorneå, Alingsås and Malmö. Insome sub-studies in these diferent contexts, descriptions emerged of cognitive as well as structuralbarriers, a sense of powerlessness and a weak capacity for transition among diferent actors. This isconnected to expectations and general assumptions regarding growth, partly irrespective of the context.Municipalities and companies to a large extent plan for and expect a societal development that buildsupon a further expansion of infrastructure, transport and consumption. Despite visions for sustainabledevelopment, in practice this often leads to a reproduction of current unsustainable structures and waysof life.At the same time, specific empirical studies within the project point toward stories of self-sufciency,of regional upswings and that the population is more important than GDP. There is an increasedawareness and a multitude of examples of experimenting with new sustainable practices that constituteseeds for change. Critiques against planning for continuous growth is being taken more seriously andclearer political visions are demanded. New forms of organizing the economy, society and welfare arealso being developed. Some examples include working from a perspective on socio-ecological justice,integration of sustainability targets in all planning, and developing new roles for consumers andproducers. These ideas can be seen as windows of opportunity, but also show that change can happenwithin the current system.The future means change. In this research program, we point towards some possible futures that aimat reaching certain sustainability targets. The scenarios and the discussion and analysis that they havebrought about show that there is an opportunity to move towards a sustainable development withmaintained or even increased well-being – provided that the understanding of well-being is based onother values than those of our current society. For these possible future trajectories to gain support,there is a need of political instruments and measures that actively drive the development towards a justand safe operating space for humanity

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2019. p. 57
Series
TRITA-ABE-RPT ; 1835
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis, Strategies for sustainable development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-340632 (URN)978-91-7873-044-5 (ISBN)
Projects
Beyond GDP Growth: Scenarios for sustainable building and planning
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Translation of DiVA 1524798

QC 20231211

Available from: 2023-12-08 Created: 2023-12-08 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Svenfelt, Å., Alfredsson, E., Bradley, K., Fauré, E., Finnveden, G., Fuehrer, P., . . . Ohlund, E. (2019). Scenarios for sustainable futures beyond GDP growth 2050. Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, 111, 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scenarios for sustainable futures beyond GDP growth 2050
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2019 (English)In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 111, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The idea of continued economic growth is increasingly questioned and critically analysed on the basis of its potential negative sustainability impact. Along with the critique, visions and strategies for alternative systems need also be brought onto the agenda. The aim of this paper is to present the qualitative content of scenarios that explore sustainability strategies for the Swedish society when economic growth is not seen as an end in itself, and instead the objective is other values/targets that society might wish to achieve. Multi-target backcasting scenarios are developed that illustrate future states in which four sustainability targets (climate, land use, participation, and resource security) are to be attained. The focus of these four scenarios is: 1) a Collaborative economy, 2) Local self-sufficiency, 3) Automation for quality of life, and 4) Circular economy in the welfare state. In the paper, we also present the process of the development of the scenarios, and feedback from stakeholders. Although the focus is on Sweden, the process and scenarios may also be relevant for other similar countries. The scenarios are discussed in terms of their relevance and their purpose, the fulfilment of the sustainability targets, and the multi-target approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
Keywords
Multi-target, Sustainability targets, Backcasting, Scenarios, Beyond growth
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257561 (URN)10.1016/j.futures.2019.05.001 (DOI)000478703800001 ()2-s2.0-85066049333 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190925

Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
Steinbach, N., Palm, V., Cederberg, C., Finnveden, G., Persson, L., Persson, M., . . . Trimmer, C. (2018). Miljöpåverkan från svensk konsumtion - nya indikatorer för uppföljning.: Slutrapport från forskningsprojektet PRINCE. Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöpåverkan från svensk konsumtion - nya indikatorer för uppföljning.: Slutrapport från forskningsprojektet PRINCE
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket, 2018. p. 86
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250592 (URN)978-91-620-6842-4 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20190821

Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Malmaeus, M., Finnveden, G., Svenfelt, Å., Bradley, K., Callmer, Å., Fauré, E., . . . Ölund, E. (2018). Riskabelt att tro att tillväxt ska lösa våra problem.. Svenska Dagbladet, Article ID 28 november.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riskabelt att tro att tillväxt ska lösa våra problem.
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2018 (Swedish)In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, article id 28 novemberArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-250603 (URN)
Note

QC 20221003

Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2022-11-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4389-8984

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