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Lin, Rui
Publications (10 of 43) Show all publications
Cheng, Y., Lin, R., De Andrade, M., Wosinska, L. & Chen, J. (2019). Disaggregated Data Centers: Challenges and Tradeoffs. IEEE Communications Magazine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaggregated Data Centers: Challenges and Tradeoffs
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2019 (English)In: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Resource utilization of modern data centers is significantly limited by the mismatch between the diversity of the resources required by running applications and the fixed amount of hardwired resources (e.g., number of central processing unit CPU cores, size of memory) in the server blades. In this regard, the concept of function disaggregation is introduced, where the integrated server blades containing all types of resources are replaced by the resource blades including only one specific function. Therefore, disaggregated data centers can offer high flexibility for resource allocation and hence their resource utilization can be largely improved. In addition, introducing function disaggregation simplifies the system upgrade, allowing for a quick adoption of new generation components in data centers. However, the communication between different resources faces severe problems in terms of latency and transmission bandwidth required. In particular,the CPU-memory interconnects in fully disaggregated data centers require ultra-low latency and ultra-high transmission bandwidth in order to prevent performance degradation for running applications. Optical fiber communication is a promising technique to offer high capacity and low latency, but it is still very challenging for the state-of-the-art optical transmission technologies to meet the requirements of the fully disaggregated data centers. In this paper, different levels of function disaggregation are investigated. For the fully disaggregated data centers, two architectural options are presented, where optical interconnects are necessary for CPU-memory communications. We review the state-of-the-art optical transmission technologies and carry out performance assessment when employing them to support function disaggregation in data centers. The results reveal that function disaggregation does improve the efficiency of resource usage in the data centers, although the bandwidth provided by the state-of-the-art optical transmission technologies is not always sufficient for the fully disaggregated data centers. It calls for research in optical transmission to fully utilize the advantages of function disaggregation in data centers.

National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-244839 (URN)
Note

QC 20190301

Available from: 2019-02-28 Created: 2019-02-28 Last updated: 2019-03-01Bibliographically approved
Van Kerrebrouck, J., Pang, X., Ozolins, O., Lin, R., Udalcovs, A., Zhang, L., . . . Yin, X. (2019). High-Speed PAM4-Based Optical SDM Interconnects With Directly Modulated Long-Wavelength VCSEL. Paper presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC), MAR 11-15, 2018, San Diego, CA. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 37(2), 356-362
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High-Speed PAM4-Based Optical SDM Interconnects With Directly Modulated Long-Wavelength VCSEL
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN 0733-8724, E-ISSN 1558-2213, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 356-362Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper reports the demonstration of high-speed PAM-4 transmission using a 1.5-mu m single-mode vertical cavity surface emitting laser (SM-VCSEL) over multicore fiber with 7 cores over different distances. We have successfully generated up to 70 Gbaud 4-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4) signals with a VCSEL in optical back-to-back, and transmitted 50 Gbaud PAM-4 signals over both 1-km dispersion-uncompensated and 10-km dispersion-compensated in each core, enabling a total data throughput of 700 Gbps over the 7-core fiber. Moreover, 56 Gbaud PAM-4 over 1-km have also been shown, whereby unfortunately not all cores provide the required 3.8 x 10(-3) bit error rate (BER) for the 7% overhead-hard decision forward error correction (7% OH-HDFEC). The limited bandwidth of the VCSEL and the adverse chromatic dispersion of the fiber are suppressed with preequalization based on accurate end-to-end channel characterizations. With a digital postequalization, BER performance below the 7% OH-HDFEC limit is achieved over all cores. The demonstrated results show a great potential to realize high-capacity and compact short-reach optical interconnects for data centers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 2019
Keywords
Direct detection, digital signal processing (DSP), multicore fiber (MCF), spatial division multiplexing (SDM), vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL), 4-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4)
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246287 (URN)10.1109/JLT.2018.2875538 (DOI)000459535700016 ()2-s2.0-85054661876 (Scopus ID)
Conference
Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC), MAR 11-15, 2018, San Diego, CA
Note

QC 20190325

Available from: 2019-03-25 Created: 2019-03-25 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Pang, X., Zhang, L., Ozolins, O., Udalcovs, A., Lin, R., Schats, R., . . . Chen, J. (2019). Key technologies to enable terabit-scale digital radio-over-fiber systems. In: Broadband Access Communication Technologies XIII: . Paper presented at Broadband Access Communication Technologies XIII 2019; San Francisco; United States; 4 February 2019 through 5 February 2019. SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 10945, Article ID 109450E.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Key technologies to enable terabit-scale digital radio-over-fiber systems
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2019 (English)In: Broadband Access Communication Technologies XIII, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2019, Vol. 10945, article id 109450EConference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With the approach of the 5G era, stringent requirements are imposed on the data transport solutions, including both of the supported transmission reach and the capacity. Radio-over-fiber technologies are considered to be promising candidates to cope with both aspects, owing to the low-loss and broad-bandwidth nature of the optical fibers. Meanwhile with such optical transport solutions, signals can be collected from the distributed remote radio sites and processed in a centralized manner. In this report, we target on the digital radio-over-fiber systems, and discuss about several key technologies, focusing on the aspects of coding and transmission, which could potentially enable terabit-scale data transport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2019
Series
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, ISSN 0277-786X ; 10945
Keywords
coding, Digital radio-over-fiber, fiber optics communications, modulation, radio frequency photonics
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-251913 (URN)10.1117/12.2509281 (DOI)000465823300012 ()2-s2.0-85062497561 (Scopus ID)9781510625327 (ISBN)
Conference
Broadband Access Communication Technologies XIII 2019; San Francisco; United States; 4 February 2019 through 5 February 2019
Note

QC 20190523

Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved
Cao, Y., Zhao, Y., Lin, R., Yu, X., Zhang, J. & Chen, J. (2019). Multi-tenant secret-key assignment over quantum key distribution networks. Optics Express, 27(3), 2544-2561
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-tenant secret-key assignment over quantum key distribution networks
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2019 (English)In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, E-ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 2544-2561Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Quantum key distribution (QKD) networks are promising to progress towards widespread practical deployment over existing fiber infrastructures in the near future. Given the high cost and difficulty of deploying QKD networks, multi-tenancy becomes promising to improve cost efficiency for future QKD networks. In a multi-tenant QKD network, multiple QKD tenants can sham the same QKD network infrastructure to obtain secret keys for securing their data transfer. Since the secret-key resources are finite and precious in QKD networks, how to achieve efficient multi-tenant secret-key assignment (MTKA) to satisfy the secret-key demands of multiple QKD tenants over QKD networks becomes a significant problem. In this regard, this study addresses the MTKA problem over QKD networks. A new multi-tenant QKD network architecture is proposed based on software defined networking (SDN) and quantum key pool (QKP) techniques. A secret-key rate sharing scheme is presented and a heuristic algorithm is designed to implement efficient MTKA over QKD networks. A new performance metric, namely matching degree (MD) that reflects the balance between QKD network secret-key resources and QKD tenant requests, is defined and evaluated. Simulation studies indicate that high QKD tenant requests accommodation and efficient secret-key resource usage can be achieved via maximizing the value of MD. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OPTICAL SOC AMER, 2019
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-244524 (URN)10.1364/OE.27.002544 (DOI)000457585600068 ()30732291 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060992747 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190403

Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Zhang, L., Van Kerrebrouck, J., Lin, R., Pang, X., Udalcovs, A., Ozolins, O., . . . Yin, X. (2019). Nonlinearity Tolerant High-Speed DMT Transmission With 1.5-mu m Single-Mode VCSEL and Multi-Core Fibers for Optical Interconnects. Paper presented at Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC), MAR 11-15, 2018, San Diego, CA. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 37(2), 380-388
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nonlinearity Tolerant High-Speed DMT Transmission With 1.5-mu m Single-Mode VCSEL and Multi-Core Fibers for Optical Interconnects
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN 0733-8724, E-ISSN 1558-2213, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 380-388Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We experimentally demonstrate the generation of 107-Gbit/s net-rate optical discrete multitone signal using a 1.5-mu m single-mode vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) with modulation bandwidth of 22 GHz. Utilizing a nonlinearity-tolerant channel equalization algorithm for digital signal processing, total net-rates of 726.6-Gbit/s over 2.5-km dispersion-uncompensated 7-core fiber and 533.1-Gbit/s over 10-km dispersion-compensated 7-core fiber below 7% overhead hard-decision forward error correction limit have been experimentally achieved with a 1.5-mu m VCSEL-based intensity-modulation direct-detection system. The features of the 1.5-mu m single-mode VCSEL, 2.5-km/10km multi-core fibers, and fan-in/fan-out modules are presented. Besides, the Volterra series-based nonlinearity-tolerant channel equalization algorithm, which improves the signal-to-noise ratio with more than 5 dB, is mathematically described and experimentally validated. The results have demonstrated that 1.5-mu m single-mode VCSEL and multi-core-fiber-based transmission can be a promising candidate to solve the capacity challenges in short-reach optical interconnects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 2019
Keywords
Digital signal processing (DSP), discrete multitone (DMT), multi-core fiber (MCF), nonlinearity-tolerant channel equalization, vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL), Volterra series model
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246288 (URN)10.1109/JLT.2018.2851746 (DOI)000459535700018 ()2-s2.0-85049320190 (Scopus ID)
Conference
Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC), MAR 11-15, 2018, San Diego, CA
Note

QC 20190325

Available from: 2019-03-25 Created: 2019-03-25 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Zhang, L., Udalcovs, A., Lin, R., Ozolins, O., Pang, X., Gan, L., . . . Chen, J. (2019). Toward Terabit Digital Radio over Fiber Systems: Architecture and Key Technologies. IEEE Communications Magazine, 57(4), 131-137
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Toward Terabit Digital Radio over Fiber Systems: Architecture and Key Technologies
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2019 (English)In: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 131-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To support massive deployment of broadband radio applications, such as 5G and high-definition videos for terrestrial televisions, large system capacity and high spectrum efficiency are highly demanded in radio over fiber (RoF) systems. In this article, we propose a terabit digital RoF system capable of providing high-speed transmission, where multicore fiber (MCF) is introduced for the access segment between the central unit and remote unit. Two key technologies that greatly enhance system capacity and spectrum efficiency, namely MCF enabled self-homodyne detection and compressed quantization, are demonstrated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 2019
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252405 (URN)10.1109/MCOM.2019.1800426 (DOI)000466916300020 ()2-s2.0-85065453398 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190716

Available from: 2019-07-16 Created: 2019-07-16 Last updated: 2019-07-16Bibliographically approved
Ozolins, O., Udalcovs, A., Pang, X., Lin, R., Djupsjöbacka, A., Mårtensson, J., . . . Jacobsen, G. (2018). 112 Gbps/λ PAM4 inter-DCI with continuous-fiber Bragg grating based dispersion compensators. In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers: . Paper presented at Photonic Networks and Devices, Networks 2018, 2 July 2018 through 5 July 2018. OSA - The Optical Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>112 Gbps/λ PAM4 inter-DCI with continuous-fiber Bragg grating based dispersion compensators
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2018 (English)In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, OSA - The Optical Society , 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We demonstrate 56 Gbaud/λ PAM4 inter - data center interconnects over 81 km single core single mode fiber and 33.6 km 7-core single mode fiber with continuous-fiber Bragg grating based chromatic dispersion compensators covering C-band.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OSA - The Optical Society, 2018
Keywords
Chromatic dispersion, Fiber Bragg gratings, Fibers, Photonic devices, Photonics, Pulse amplitude modulation, C-bands, Chromatic dispersion compensators, Continuous fibers, Data centers, Dispersion compensator, Single mode fibers
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236422 (URN)10.1364/NETWORKS.2018.NeTh3F.3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051272180 (Scopus ID)9781557528209 (ISBN)
Conference
Photonic Networks and Devices, Networks 2018, 2 July 2018 through 5 July 2018
Note

QC 20181025

Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2018-10-26Bibliographically approved
Pang, X., Van Kerrebrouck, J., Ozolins, O., Lin, R., Udalcovs, A., Zhang, L., . . . Chen, J. (2018). 7×100 Gbps PAM-4 transmission over 1-km and 10-km single mode 7-core fiber using 1.5-μm SM-VCSEL. In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers: . Paper presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2018, 11 March 2017 through 15 March 2017. Optical Society of America
Open this publication in new window or tab >>7×100 Gbps PAM-4 transmission over 1-km and 10-km single mode 7-core fiber using 1.5-μm SM-VCSEL
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2018 (English)In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, Optical Society of America, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

100 Gbps/λ/core PAM-4 transmission is successfully demonstrated over 1-km and 10- km single mode 7-core fiber links, enabled by directly modulated 1.5-μm single mode VCSEL of 23 GHz modulation bandwidth with pre- and post- digital equalizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Optical Society of America, 2018
Keywords
Optical fibers, Pulse amplitude modulation, Digital equalization, Directly modulated, Fiber links, Modulation bandwidth, Single mode, Single mode VCSEL, Optical fiber communication
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236374 (URN)10.1364/OFC.2018.M1I.4 (DOI)2-s2.0-85047122570 (Scopus ID)9781557528209 (ISBN)
Conference
Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC 2018, 11 March 2017 through 15 March 2017
Note

QC 20181105

Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-05Bibliographically approved
Ozolins, O., Pang, X., Udalcovs, A., Lin, R., Van Kerrebrouck, J., Gan, L., . . . Yin, X. (2018). 7×149 Gbit/s PAM4 transmission over 1 km multicore fiber for short-reach optical interconnects. In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers: . Paper presented at CLEO: Science and Innovations, CLEO_SI 2018, 13 May 2018 through 18 May 2018. Optics Info Base, Optical Society of America
Open this publication in new window or tab >>7×149 Gbit/s PAM4 transmission over 1 km multicore fiber for short-reach optical interconnects
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2018 (English)In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, Optics Info Base, Optical Society of America, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We transmit 80 Gbaud/λ/core PAM4 signal enabled by 1.55 μm EML over 1 km 7-core fiber. The solution achieves single-wavelength and single-fiber 1.04 Tbit/s post-FEC transmission enhancing bandwidth-density for short-reach optical interconnects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Optics Info Base, Optical Society of America, 2018
Keywords
Optical interconnects, Multicore fiber, Single fiber, Single wavelength, Pulse amplitude modulation
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236408 (URN)10.1364/CLEO_SI.2018.SM4C.4 (DOI)2-s2.0-85048973061 (Scopus ID)9781557528209 (ISBN)
Conference
CLEO: Science and Innovations, CLEO_SI 2018, 13 May 2018 through 18 May 2018
Note

QC 20181031

Available from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-10-31 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved
Van Kerrebrouck, J., Zhang, L., Lin, R., Pang, X., Udalcovs, A., Ozolins, O., . . . Yin, X. (2018). 726.7-Gb/s 1.5-mu m Single-Mode VCSEL Discrete Multi-Tone Transmission over 2.5-km Multicore Fiber. In: 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition, OFC 2018 - Proceedings: . Paper presented at 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition, OFC 2018, San Diego, United States, 11 March 2018 through 15 March 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>726.7-Gb/s 1.5-mu m Single-Mode VCSEL Discrete Multi-Tone Transmission over 2.5-km Multicore Fiber
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2018 (English)In: 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition, OFC 2018 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A 107Gb/s net-rate DMT optical signal was generated using a single-mode long-wavelength VCSEL with a modulation bandwidth of 23GHz. We experimentally demonstrated a total net-rate up to 726.7Gb/s at 1.5 mu m over 2.5km 7-core dispersion-uncompensated MCF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-232647 (URN)000437286300048 ()9781943580385 (ISBN)
Conference
2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition, OFC 2018, San Diego, United States, 11 March 2018 through 15 March 2018
Note

QC 20180802

Available from: 2018-08-02 Created: 2018-08-02 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
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