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Eliasson, Kristina
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Eliasson, K., Carl, L. & Nyman, T. (2019). Factors influencing ergonomists' use of observation-based risk-assessment tools. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 64(1), 93-106
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors influencing ergonomists' use of observation-based risk-assessment tools
2019 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 93-106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Several observation-based risk-assessment tools have been developed in recent decades. Studies reporting their use often focus only on the user, the ergonomist. The influence of context and the attributes of the tools may also affect the use but are factors that are seldom considered. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the process of risk-assessment assignments and to identify factors influencing the use of research-based observation-based risk-assessment tools among Swedish ergonomists, with a background as reg. physiotherapists, employed in Occupational Health Services (OHS). METHODS: A web-based questionnaire (n = 70) was combined with semi-structured interviews (n = 12). RESULTS: There was limited use of several observation-based risk-assessment tools. Furthermore, the results showed that ergonomics risk-assessment assignments are most commonly initiated reactively and that interventions were seldom evaluated. Factors that influence use are related both to the ergonomist and to the attributes of the tools as well as to contextual factors assigned to authorities, and internal organisations both within occupational health service companies and client companies. CONCLUSION: There was a lack of systematic approaches in ergonomics risks assessment and low use and knowledge of risk-assessment tools. This indicates that there is a need to support OHS companies in implementing systematic tools in their practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS PRESS, 2019
Keywords
Ergonomics, occupational health service, musculoskeletal disorders, observation tools, Ottawa model of research use
National Category
Medical Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261986 (URN)10.3233/WOR-192972 (DOI)000487235000009 ()31450532 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85072551666 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20191011

Available from: 2019-10-11 Created: 2019-10-11 Last updated: 2020-01-28Bibliographically approved
Rolfö, L., Eliasson, K. & Eklund, J. (2017). An activity-based flex office: Planning processes and outcomes. In: 48th Annual Conference of the Association of Canadian Ergonomists: 12th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management. Paper presented at ACE-ODAM; Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 31-August 3, 2017 (pp. 330-338). Banff, Alberta, Canada
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An activity-based flex office: Planning processes and outcomes
2017 (English)In: 48th Annual Conference of the Association of Canadian Ergonomists: 12th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management, Banff, Alberta, Canada, 2017, p. 330-338Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This longitudinal case study addresses activities used in the planning process of a new activity based flex office (A-FO), and addresses results after the relocation. The results show that several activities were used to involve employees in the planning process. Employee satisfaction and perceived performance were rated in more positive terms after the relocation than before. The company’s process can be considered as a good example of planning and design processes.

Abstract [fr]

Cette étude de cas longitudinale porte sur les activités utilisées dans le processus de planification d'un nouveau bureau flexible basé sur les 'activités et aborde les résultats après le déménagement. Les résultats montrent que plusieurs activités ont été utilisées pour faire participer les employés au processus de planification. La satisfaction des employés et le rendement perçu ont été évalués comme étant plus positifs après le déménagement qu’avant ce dernier. On peut dire que le processus de l'entreprise reflète un bon exemple de planification et de processus de conception.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Banff, Alberta, Canada: , 2017
Keywords
Activity-based office, design, employee involvement, satisfaction, perceived performance.
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-213024 (URN)
Conference
ACE-ODAM; Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 31-August 3, 2017
Projects
Projektering och planering av nya arbetsmiljöer
Funder
AFA Insurance, 130200
Note

QC 20170907

Available from: 2017-08-28 Created: 2017-08-28 Last updated: 2017-09-07Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Palm, P., Nyman, T. & Forsman, M. (2017). Inter - and intra - observer reliability of risk assessment of repetitive work without an explicit method. Applied Ergonomics, 62, 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inter - and intra - observer reliability of risk assessment of repetitive work without an explicit method
2017 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 62, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A common way to conduct practical risk assessments is to observe a job and report the observed long term risks for musculoskeletal disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter- and intra-observer reliability of ergonomists' risk assessments without the support of an explicit risk assessment method. Twenty-one experienced ergonomists assessed the risk level (low, moderate, high risk) of eight upper body regions, as well as the global risk of 10 video recorded work tasks. Intra-observer reliability was assessed by having nine of the ergonomists repeat the procedure at least three weeks after the first assessment. The ergonomists made their risk assessment based on his/her experience and knowledge. The statistical parameters of reliability included proportional agreement, kappa, linearly weighted kappa, intraclass correlation and Kendall's coefficient of concordance. The average inter-observer proportional agreement of the global risk was 53% and the corresponding weighted kappa was 0.32, indicating fair reliability. The intra-observer agreement was 61% and 0.41. This study indicates that risk assessments of the upper body, without the use of an explicit observational method, have non-acceptable reliability. It is therefore recommended to use systematic risk assessment methods to a higher degree.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2017
Keywords
Inter-observer reliability, Intra-observer reliability, Observational methods, Risk assessment, Reliability, Explicit method, Intraclass correlations, Kendall's coefficient of concordance, Musculoskeletal disorders, Observational method, Repetitive works, Risk assessment methods, Statistical parameters, body regions, female, human, human experiment, male, videorecording
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207291 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2017.02.004 (DOI)000401206600001 ()28411720 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85013380287 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20170619

Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Carl, L. & Nyman, T. Ergonomics Risk Assessment: Tool Use and Processes.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ergonomics Risk Assessment: Tool Use and Processes
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200477 (URN)
Note

QC 20170127

Available from: 2017-01-27 Created: 2017-01-27 Last updated: 2017-01-27Bibliographically approved
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