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(2023). Climate-Proof Planning: Creative Design Solutions in Stockholm. Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Climate-Proof Planning: Creative Design Solutions in Stockholm
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction

The waterfront of Stockholm, one of Europe's fastest-growing cities, stands at the forefront of climate change challenges. As such, there is a pressing need for innovative solutions and resilient urban design. The SOS Climate Waterfront research project gathered international experts and local representatives, coming from different disciplines to work together in May-June 2022 to discuss, explore proposals and design Sustainable Open Solutions (SOS).

This book explores three urban sites in Stockholm, holding significant implications for the city's waterfront— Lövholmen, Frihamnen, and Södra Värtan. During the workshop, SOS Climate Waterfront participants, mainly European researchers, analyzed future challenges, raised new questions, and depicted solutions, which can now contribute to cross-country comparisons in a larger EU-framework.

The three sites are not only driven by the demand for more housing but also face crucial issues related to cultural heritage, climate change, landscape ecology, and social development. Achieving a delicate balance between these aspects and economic interests presents a significant task for the city. The waterfront of Stockholm holds substantial relevance in the context of climate change and its impact on coastal areas. Thus, analysis of the Swedish context, based on data collected and on-site knowledge sustains a deeper understanding of the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.

Stockholm is expected to be affected by the impacts of climate change, including temperature increases, changing precipitation patterns, and the potential for more frequent cloudbursts. While the rising sea level is a long-term challenge rather than an immediate concern, increasing risks of extreme weather events and flooding were taken in consideration.

Stockholm rests on two different bodies of water, at a location where the Baltic Sea (Östersjön in Swedish) with brackish water meets Lake Mälaren, which is an important provider of freshwater for the larger Stockholm area. As the lyrics of a popular contemporary Swedish song (by Robert Broberg) describe it: “the city is full of water”. However, to ensure that the ecological and chemical status will be maintained, in facing future challenges in terms of urbanisation and climate change, much attention has been paid to ensure the preservation of the water quality of the Mälaren Lake, a vital water source for two million people.

The city values its water and continuously invests in improving the situation (e.g. the new sluice at Slussen). The activities carried out in the SOS Climate Waterfront workshop in Stockholm integrated this relationship to water as well as the continuing land-rise, the balance of which adds complexity to the sea level modelling and therefore also to the anticipations and scenarios for the future.

In this book, the authors explore innovative strategies and design proposals to tackle these challenges while preserving the cultural identity and heritage value of the sites. Researchers from various European cities, supported by experts and academic lectures, analyze extensive input materials and information, ranging from planning documents and historical records to consultation reports and city visions. By drawing upon multidisciplinary backgrounds and experiences, the researchers identify the socioeconomic and environmental qualities of each site, ultimately developing site design concepts and solutions that address climate change challenges, the maintenance of cultural identities, and the protection of biodiversity.

Throughout the book, the proposed designs emphasize the importance of finding a balance between preserving cultural heritage, the values of local communities, the stimulating economic growth, and promotion of sustainable urban development. Key elements include the reuse of existing infrastructure, the integration of green-blue schemes, the improvement of biodiversity, and the creation of vibrant and multi-functional neighbourhoods that connect people to each other and their surroundings.

While design solutions present promising approaches, their implementation and the institutional challenges that may arise in specific city contexts remain external to the results presented here. The book acknowledges the need for further research and highlights the shared recognition among the workshop participants regarding the gaps and blind spots in their findings.

The following chapters of the book delve into climate change in Sweden, the role of culture and arts in the environmental movement, and specific case studies and design proposals for each site. By exploring these diverse perspectives, this book aims to contribute to the ongoing discourse on sustainable urban design and planning, to inspire innovative approaches in addressing complex challenges faced by Stockholm in the future.

PART 1 of the book offers a comprehensive understanding of climate change in Sweden, street fishing in Stockholm, and the role of culture and arts in the environmental movement in the Nordic Region and internationally. Furthermore, the lessons from Stockholm and its surroundings in this report draw on presentations, by professionals and researchers from various fields, made during the workshop. Some of these lessons have been written into interesting articles, introduced below.

The chapter “Climate change in Sweden” by Magnus Joelsson from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) provides an updated analysis with data and the context for discussing climate change in Sweden. The text makes the distinction between weather and climate, referring to the expression “Climate is what you expect, weather is what you get” that Mark Twain is said to have coined. Moreover, calling for actions by emphasising that the trend of climate change is expected to continue, both globally and in Sweden. What will happen in the far future still depends on our actions, now and in the future.

The contribution entitled “Urban nature does not stop at the waterfront, neither should urban planning, a case study of street fishing in Stockholm” raises questions about how planning and strategies for waterfront areas in cities should consider more perspectives from a wider group of interests. It discusses how urban dwellers live with water, with a focus on recreational fishing and what this use entails. The authors (Anja Moum Rieser, from KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Wieben Johannes Boonstra and Rikard Hedling, both from Uppsala University) go beyond the human-centric view and expand the gaze to other species’ needs and also incorporating the body of water in planning for the urban waterfront areas.

The chapter “The role of culture and arts in the environmental movement in the Nordic Region and internationally” by Elisavet Papageorgiou and Iwona Preis from Intercult, discusses artistic perspectives on sustainability and climate change. This focuses on how art and culture can raise awareness, provide inspiring actions, and promote social cohesion around sustainable practices. Drawing on experiences from projects aiming to invite and engage community dialogues, they argue that artistic strategies can challenge dominant narratives and promote alternative visions for a sustainable future.

The contribution “Sense the Marsh” by Thelma Dethelfsen from KTH The Royal Institute of Technology, emphasises the importance of architecture and landscape design in creating adaptive and resilient strategies to manage flooding and sea level rise. The study focuses on how designs can encourage interaction and awareness with the surroundings. Thereby highlighting the interfaces between humans and nature and raising questions about how flooding can be used as a quality and catalyst to attract more people to an area. The resulting design provides an opportunity to experience nature though the design and architectural solutions, situated on the border between human, non-human species and nature.

In PART 2, readers will explore the detailed design proposals developed by different groups for the urban sites in focus. These proposals aim to intertwine sustainability, cultural identity, and economic interests, offering insights into the potential for resilient and vibrant urban spaces.

By assessing existing conditions on three sites analysed in Stockholm, including Lövholmen, Frihamnen, and Södra Värtan, the teams participating in the workshop actively contributed to the analysis of the sites and development of design solutions for the areas, in the end forming strategies for better preparedness for future challenges and better lives for the inhabitants.

Lövholmen is located in the north-western part of Liljeholmen, one of the major developmental centres in Stockholm. The area is currently a closed-off industrial site, but the municipality’s intention is to redevelop it into a mixed urban space with homes, workplaces, shops, schools, and more. It's expected that 1500 new homes will be built in the area. Many of the current industrial buildings are empty and in bad shape. While some of these will be replaced with housing, other industrial buildings have heritage value and should be protected during the development, after which a new use should be found for them. Frihamnen is, together with the Södra Värtan project, part of the larger development of ”Norra Djurgårdsstaden”, the Stockholm Royal Seaport. Frihamnen is located to the south of Värtahamnen and is in turn strongly connected to Loudden in the south. The municipality plans for the area to contain approximately 1700 homes, 4000 workplaces and 75,000 m2 of retail and office space. Some of the existing businesses in Frihamnen will remain, but much of the existing infrastructure is planned to be removed. The harbour no longer handles freight shipping, but passenger ships will continue to depart from the harbour (Frihamnspiren).

Södra Värtan is planned to contain 1500 apartments, 20 preschool departments, 155,000 m2 of office and retail space, as well as 10,000 m2 of parks and a 600 m long waterfront walkway. The new development is intended to co-exist with the activities in the harbour, which creates challenges such as the blocking of noise stemming from the cruise ships. The walkways along the waterfront are planned to have shops and restaurants.

The contributions of the articles, together with the SOS Climate Waterfront teams’ analysis of the three sites in Stockholm, provides relevant and timely interdisciplinary efforts to co-create novel solutions and future strategies to manage the climate challenges ahead.

The solutions relate to the history of the urban territory, actors involved (or those excluded) and changes, over time, of planning ideals. A key theme is how to plan by creating inclusive strategies for the future by involving representatives of diverse interests, competences, and future visions for the sites. The consequences of climate change are affecting these different stakeholders and citizens in a wide range of ways, so including them in the process is crucial. This also includes the inclusion of future generations’ views on urban transformation. The largest challenge is to create new, novel solutions where these human interests, as well as those of local nature and non-human species, can be incorporated, in an effort to plan and design for a mitigation and management of the consequences of climate change.

As we embark on this journey of exploration and innovation, we invite readers to delve into the pages of this book, where interdisciplinary research, creative design, and a shared commitment to sustainable urban development and decarbonisation strategies converge. Together, let us envision a future where cities thrive, harmoniously balancing their heritage, environment, and economic aspirations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2023. p. 63
Series
TRITA-ABE-RPT ; 2311
Keywords
climate change
National Category
History Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Climate Research
Research subject
Architecture, Urban Design; Planning and Decision Analysis, Strategies for sustainable development; Planning and Decision Analysis, Urban and Regional Studies; History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-339431 (URN)978-91-8040-654-3 (ISBN)
Projects
SOS Climate Waterfront https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/823901
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 823901
Note

QC 20231115

Available from: 2023-11-09 Created: 2023-11-09 Last updated: 2023-11-15Bibliographically approved
Hale, S. E., von der Tann, L., Rebelo, A. J., Esler, K. J., de Lima, A. P., Rodrigues, A. F., . . . Oen, A. M. P. (2023). Evaluating Nature-Based Solutions for Water Management in Peri-Urban Areas. Water, 15(5), 893, Article ID 893.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating Nature-Based Solutions for Water Management in Peri-Urban Areas
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2023 (English)In: Water, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 893-, article id 893Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The term nature-based solutions (NBS) has gained traction in recent years and has been applied in many settings. There are few comprehensive assessment frameworks available that can guide NBS planning and implementation while at the same time capturing the short- and long-term impacts and benefits of the NBS. Here a recently presented framework, which builds on the theory of change and was developed to assess NBS at different phases of the project cycle, was applied to seven diverse case studies. The case studies addressed water quality and quantity issues in peri-urban areas across the global north and south. Framework indicators covering the sustainability dimensions (environmental, social and economic) were assessed at three stages of the framework: context, process and results. The work sought to investigate the following research objectives: (1) Can this framework be robust and yet flexible enough to be applied across a diverse selection of NBS projects that are at different phases of the project cycle and address different kinds of water challenges within varied ecological, social and economic contexts? (2) Is it possible to draw generalisations from a comparative analysis of the application of the framework to the case studies? Results showed that the framework was able to be applied to the case studies; however, their diversity showed that NBS projects designed in one context, for a specific purpose in a specific location, can not necessarily be transferred easily to another location. There were several process-based indicators that were universally significant for the case studies, including expertise, skills and knowledge of the involved actors, roles and responsibilities of involved actors and political support. The result-based indicators were case study-specific when environmental indicators were case study-specific, and important social indicators were environmental identity and recreational values. Overall, the use of the framework benefits the recognition of the implementation's advances, such as the change in context, the processes in place and the results obtained.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2023
Keywords
peri-urban, case study, indicators, environmental, social, economic
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-325313 (URN)10.3390/w15050893 (DOI)000948273700001 ()2-s2.0-85149927903 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20230404

Available from: 2023-04-04 Created: 2023-04-04 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
Morais de Lima, A. P., Rodrigues, A. F., Latawiec, A. E., Dib, V., Gomes, F. D., Maioli, V., . . . Hale, S. E. (2022). Framework for Planning and Evaluation of Nature-Based Solutions for Water in Peri-Urban Areas. Sustainability, 14(13), Article ID 7952.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Framework for Planning and Evaluation of Nature-Based Solutions for Water in Peri-Urban Areas
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2022 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 13, article id 7952Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent efforts to achieve social, economic, and environmental goals related to sustainability emphasize the importance of nature-based solutions (NBS), as grey infrastructure alone is insufficient to address current challenges. The majority of frameworks proposed in the literature fail to address the full potential of NBS, neglecting long-term results, unintended consequences, co-benefits, and their contribution to achieving global environmental agreements, such as the Agenda 2030, especially for water management in a peri-urban context. Here we present an innovative framework that can be applied to both NBS project planning and evaluation for several water-based challenges, giving practitioners and researchers a tool not only to evaluate ongoing projects but also to guide new ones. The framework considers three main stages of a NBS project: (1) context assessment, (2) NBS implementation and adaptation process, and (3) NBS results. This tool has the potential to be used to evaluate whether NBS projects are aligned with sustainability dimensions through a set of adaptable sustainability indicators. The framework can also highlight how the NBS targets are related to the sustainable development goals (SGD) and contribute to catalyzing the 2030 Agenda. The framework is an important tool for water management and other NBS types.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
sustainability indicators, sustainable development goals, NBS monitoring, NBS implementation
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-315846 (URN)10.3390/su14137952 (DOI)000824418500001 ()2-s2.0-85133642884 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20220721

Available from: 2022-07-21 Created: 2022-07-21 Last updated: 2022-07-21Bibliographically approved
Adem Esmail, B., Cortinovis, C., Suleiman, L., Albert, C., Geneletti, D. & Mörtberg, U. (2022). Greening cities through urban planning: A literature review on the uptake of concepts and methods in Stockholm. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 127584
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Greening cities through urban planning: A literature review on the uptake of concepts and methods in Stockholm
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2022 (English)In: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, p. 127584-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nature-based solutions (NBS) represent the most recent of several "greening" concepts proposed to support spatial planning and decision-making towards sustainable metropolitan regions. Despite similarities, the concepts stem from different disciplines and policy arenas and reflect various models of people-nature relations. This paper aims to analyze the uptake of greening concepts in scientific planning literature focusing on (urban) nature and landscape in the metropolitan region of Stockholm, Sweden, over the last three decades. It investigates what changes this evolution has brought in terms of the topics adopted, methods applied, and types of planning support put into practice. We identified 574 articles that reflect substantial research on greening concepts in the Swedish planning context. The articles demonstrate an initial prevalence of biodiversity with later increases of interest in ecosystem services and NBS. A detailed analysis of the studies focusing on Stockholm revealed Population growth/densification, Green space management and Biodiversity conservation as the most commonly addressed societal challenges. The most frequently mentioned type of green and blue element is Parks and (semi-)natural urban green areas, including urban forests. Methods applied were mostly quantitative, while mixes with qualitative approaches were only apparent in ecosystem services articles. Half of the studies involved practitioners or decision-makers, but only four seemed related to real-life planning processes. Taken together, the influence of scientific literature on the uptake of greening concepts in spatial planning seems to have been limited. Future mainstreaming of greening concepts in Stockholm and beyond could benefit from available data, methods and experiences, but will require more active translation and boundary management. Further research into science-policy-planning interfaces at city scale is thus imperative to advance more sustainable pathways for people and nature in metropolitan regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV, 2022
Keywords
Biodiversity, Ecosystem services, Nature’s contributions to people, Green infrastructure, Green wedges, Green belt, Transformative change
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-311330 (URN)10.1016/j.ufug.2022.127584 (DOI)000797192300001 ()2-s2.0-85133652583 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2020-00086 and 2021-00054StandUp
Note

QC 20220509

Available from: 2022-04-21 Created: 2022-04-21 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Bast, S., Mörtberg, U., Högström, J., Balfors, B., Suleiman, L., Cortinovis, C., . . . Albert, C. (2022). (Re)Planning of green infrastructure and nature-based solutions for sustainable urban transition. In: Wolski, Jacek Regulska, Edyta Affek, Andrzej (Ed.), Book of abstracts: . Paper presented at IALE 2022 European Landscape Ecology Congress: Making the fugure, learning from the past, Warsaw, Poland, and digital, 11-15 July 2022 (pp. 338).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(Re)Planning of green infrastructure and nature-based solutions for sustainable urban transition
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2022 (English)In: Book of abstracts / [ed] Wolski, Jacek Regulska, Edyta Affek, Andrzej, 2022, p. 338-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Landscape approaches are important for planning of urban sprawl in peri-urban landscapes, continuously emerging in many metropolitan regions. In the case of Stockholm Region, land-take and incremental urbanisation is a continouous process, while the regional development plan has ambitions to steer the overall development in a sustainable direction. This plan contains a green infrastructure effort building on a set of green wedges, mainly serving as support to the needs of the city and suburbs and their citizens. This initiative differ from the later green infrastructure action plan provided by the county administrative board, related to the EU biodiversity strategy and guidelines. The latter has a different approach, mainly targeting biodiversity goals as well as ecosystem services. These approaches differ from each other in several ways while both have unclear roles when it comes to municipal planning on different levels. Furthermore, the municipalities have their own initiatives when it comes to green infrastructure and nature-based solutions and it is not clear how the different planning tiers are linked to each other, to planning and management, and to multifunctional landscapes. The aim of the REPLAN project is to investigate how the different green infrastructure initiatives are linked to planning, to each other on different scales, and whether they can serve multi-functional landscapes when it comes to biodiversity and different ecosystem services. The REPLAN project involves stakeholders and practitioners on different planning levels for co-producing knowledge, methods and strategies for green infrastructure and nature-based solutions to serve as tools for sustainable transition of metropolitan areas and their peri-urban landscapes.

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-315595 (URN)
Conference
IALE 2022 European Landscape Ecology Congress: Making the fugure, learning from the past, Warsaw, Poland, and digital, 11-15 July 2022
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasStandUp
Note

QCR 20220819

Available from: 2022-07-11 Created: 2022-07-11 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Suleiman, L. (2021). Blue green infrastructure, from niche to mainstream: Challenges and opportunities for planning in Stockholm. Technological forecasting & social change, 166, Article ID 120528.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blue green infrastructure, from niche to mainstream: Challenges and opportunities for planning in Stockholm
2021 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 166, article id 120528Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The need for a transformation from conventional rainwater drainage systems towards Blue Green Infrastructure systems, designed as open spatial systems for sustainable rainwater management, is acknowledged. However, these systems are viewed as sociotechnical systems and, consequently, this transition has been slow. This paper focuses on the planning processes behind Blue Green Infrastructure projects in Stockholm and analyse them as transition experiments, addressing the question: what challenges and opportunities can be identified to enable the new systems to become a common component of rainwater management practices? Based on a literature review, this paper presents a methodological framework by identifying the key factors for facilitating or blocking sociotechnical change. These cluster around six categories ?? context, actors, instruments, processes, outputs and outcomes, and impacts. The paper used the framework to collect data and analyse three urban projects. Stockholm has remarkable strengths associated with moving towards new solutions, in terms of receptive contexts, human agency, space for experimentation, and a collaborative planning culture. However, there is a need for renegotiating the positional power of the actors involved in the planning systems in order to provide opportunities for water professionals to establish a stronger role in fitting the new solutions into the overall landscape, and urban planning processes and goals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV, 2021
Keywords
Blue green infrastructure (bgi), Sociotechnical system (sts) transition, Governance, Planning, Stockholm
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-293400 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120528 (DOI)000635171700009 ()2-s2.0-85100640247 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20210423

Available from: 2021-04-23 Created: 2021-04-23 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved
Suleiman, L., Olofsson, B., Sauri, D. & Palau-Rof, L. (2020). A breakthrough in urban rain -harvesting schemes through planning for urban greening: Case studies from Stockholm and Barcelona. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 51, Article ID 126678.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A breakthrough in urban rain -harvesting schemes through planning for urban greening: Case studies from Stockholm and Barcelona
2020 (English)In: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, Vol. 51, article id 126678Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A plethora of socioenvironmental issues, and growing concerns over the effects of climate change, are forcing cities to rethink conventional urban water management practices. However, change towards more sustainable practices has been remarkably slow. This paper examines two cases of greening projects aimed at urban rehabilitation in Stockholm and Barcelona, which have turned into examples of innovative approaches to urban rain management. Both cities share high densities and flooding problems in certain neighborhoods. Specifically, the paper attempts to answer three questions: 1) what were the driving forces and key factors that facilitated the breakthrough of urban rainwater-harvesting (URH) schemes based on the two cases?; 2) who were the actors involved and what were their roles in moving towards URH schemes?; and 3) how can URH schemes become part of multifunctional, sustainable urban systems? To answer these questions, the paper uses concepts of adaptive context and capacity, and of actor agency, drawn from the transitions literature, and opportunistic and guided flexibility planning drawn from the planning literature. Empirical material for both case studies was obtained from policy documents and semi-structured interviews with key actors. The main results show first political support for flexibility in public planning, the adaptive context and the capacity of the actors, especially in taking advantage of windows of opportunity for the materialisation of new ideas. Second, the design and implementation of these systems widened the number and scope of actors in urban water management, incorporating new professionals such as architects and involving more city agencies and organizations. Third, small scale URH systems contributed not only to control urban drainage but performed other functions such as the much-needed greening of dense areas in both cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-277985 (URN)10.1016/j.ufug.2020.126678 (DOI)000539724700012 ()2-s2.0-85084842175 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20200703

Available from: 2020-07-03 Created: 2020-07-03 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved
Adem Esmail, B. & Suleiman, L. (2020). Analyzing Evidence of Sustainable Urban Water Management Systems: A Review through the Lenses of Sociotechnical Transitions. Sustainability, 12(11), 4481
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyzing Evidence of Sustainable Urban Water Management Systems: A Review through the Lenses of Sociotechnical Transitions
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 11, p. 4481-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainability concerns and multiple socio‐environmental pressures have necessitated a shift towards Sustainable Urban Water Management (SUWM) systems. Viewing SUWM systems as sociotechnical, this paper departs from eight factors previously identified by transition research: Pressures, Context, Purposes, Actors, Instruments, Processes, Outputs, and Outcomes as a methodological framework for a structured review of 100 articles. The study seeks to analyze empirical cases of planning and implementing SUWM systems worldwide. A wide range of public actors—driven by social and environmental factors rather than by economic pressures—have initiated SUWM projects so as to locally fulfill defined social and environmental purposes. We provide evidence on the emergence of new actors, such as experts, users, and private developers, as well as on the diverse and innovative technical and societal instruments used to promote and implement SUWM systems. We also explore their contexts and institutional capacity to deal with pressures and to mobilize significant financial and human resources, which is in itself vital for the transition to SUWM. Planned or implemented SUWM outputs are divided into green (wet ponds, raingardens, and green roofs) and gray (rain barrels and porous pavements) measures. The outcomes of SUWM projects— in terms of societal and technical learning, and their institutional uptakes—are often implicit or lacking, which seemingly reduces the rate of desirable change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2020
Keywords
Blue–Green Infrastructure, low‐impact development, sustainable urban drainage system, Water‐Sensitive Urban Design, Water‐Sensitive City, integrated urban water management, Sponge City, rainwater harvesting systems, planning, case study
National Category
Environmental Engineering Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-273948 (URN)10.3390/su12114481 (DOI)000543391800144 ()2-s2.0-85085934777 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

QC 20200717

Available from: 2020-06-02 Created: 2020-06-02 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved
Suleiman, L., Olofsson, B., Saurí, D., Palau-Rof, L., García Soler, N., Papasozomenou, O. & Moss, T. (2020). Diverse pathways—common phenomena: comparing transitions of urban rainwater harvesting systems in Stockholm, Berlin and Barcelona. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63(2), 369-388
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diverse pathways—common phenomena: comparing transitions of urban rainwater harvesting systems in Stockholm, Berlin and Barcelona
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 63, no 2, p. 369-388Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban rainwater management is the terrain of varied initiatives that challenge existing drainage systems. The initiatives that this article refers to as Urban Rainwater Harvesting (URH), promise a more sustainable urban water approach; however, they remain isolated “niche” projects. The article aims to investigate challenges and opportunities for mainstreaming alternative URHs as sociotechnical systems (STS). It identifies six analytical categories: context, actors, instruments, processes/dynamics, outputs and impacts as a framework for the analyses of URH projects in Stockholm, Berlin and Barcelona. Despite the diversity of socio-spatial contexts, driving forces, purposes, instruments used, technical designs and scale of URH projects, relevant factors for a breakthrough of these systems are discussed. Even though URHs have not yet become a common component of rainwater management in any of the cities, context-specific combinations of these factors are found to be essential if these systems are to become complementary options for the sustainable management of rainwater in cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
Keywords
Barcelona, Berlin, sociotechnical, Stockholm, transition, urban rainwater harvesting (URH)
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263279 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2019.1589432 (DOI)000498772000013 ()2-s2.0-85068834245 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20191105

Available from: 2019-11-05 Created: 2019-11-05 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved
Schulz, M. & Suleiman, L. (2020). Palestinian NGOs’ Changed Work Dynamics: Before, During, and beyond the Oslo Process. Middle East Critique, 29(4), 433-449
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Palestinian NGOs’ Changed Work Dynamics: Before, During, and beyond the Oslo Process
2020 (English)In: Middle East Critique, ISSN 1943-6149, E-ISSN 1943-6157, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 433-449Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on data collected from interviews with 41 Palestinian Non-Governmental Organizations (PNGOs) this article will show how they endured the dramatic structural changes that occurred with the advent of the Oslo process and consequently have changed the work dynamics of the PNGO sector in a fundamental manner, and thereby negatively affecting the way society at large and in this case, PNGOs work for the gratification of communities. We theorize around the PNGO’s own descriptions which in detail informs how earlier significant voluntary work in territories under Israeli occupation transformed through an NGOization process leading to professionalization and donor dependence of PNGOs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
Keywords
Civil Society, Communities, International aid, Palestinian NGOs, Structural changes
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-290332 (URN)10.1080/19436149.2020.1826735 (DOI)000589799800001 ()2-s2.0-85094628635 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20210224

Available from: 2021-02-24 Created: 2021-02-24 Last updated: 2022-06-25Bibliographically approved
Projects
Engage4Wet - Stakeholder Engagement and Sustainable Restoration of Wetlands for Water Security [2022-02083_Formas]; Södertörn University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1974-1891

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