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MacKenzie, Jordan
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MacKenzie, J., Söderberg, D., Swerin, A. & Lundell, F. (2018). Turbulent stress measurements of fibre suspensions in a straight pipe. Physics of fluids, 30(2), Article ID 025104.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Turbulent stress measurements of fibre suspensions in a straight pipe
2018 (English)In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 30, no 2, article id 025104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The focus of the present work is an experimental study of the behaviour of semi-dilute, opaque fibre suspensions in fully developed cylindrical pipe flows. Measurements of the normal and turbulent shear stress components and the mean flow were acquired using phase-contrast magnetic resonance velocimetry. Two fibre types, namely, pulp fibre and nylon fibre, were considered in this work and are known to differ in elastic modulus. In total, three different mass concentrations and seven Reynolds numbers were tested to investigate the effects of fibre interactions during the transition from the plug flow to fully turbulent flow. It was found that in fully turbulent flows of nylon fibres, the normal, < u(z)u(z)>(+), and shear, < u(z)u(z)>(+) (note that <.> is the temporal average, u is the fluctuating velocity, z is the axial or streamwise component, and r is the radial direction), turbulent stresses increased with Reynolds number regardless of the crowding number (a concentration measure). For pulp fibre, the turbulent stresses increased with Reynolds number when a fibre plug was present in the flow and were spatially similar in magnitude when no fibre plug was present. Pressure spectra revealed that the stiff, nylon fibre reduced the energy in the inertial-subrange with an increasing Reynolds and crowding number, whereas the less stiff pulp fibre effectively cuts the energy cascade prematurely when the network was fully dispersed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2018
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-224706 (URN)10.1063/1.5008395 (DOI)000426584400034 ()2-s2.0-85042207370 (Scopus ID)
Swedish Energy Agency

QC 20180322

Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved

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