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Jääskeläinen, P., Holzapfel, A. & Eriksson, E. (2024). AI Art for Self-Interest or Common Good? Uncovering Value Tensions in Artists’ Imaginaries of AI Technologies. In: DIS '24: Proceedings of the 2024 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference: . Paper presented at The 2024 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference, Copenhagen-DK, 1st-5th July 2024.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>AI Art for Self-Interest or Common Good? Uncovering Value Tensions in Artists’ Imaginaries of AI Technologies
2024 (English)In: DIS '24: Proceedings of the 2024 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference, 2024Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The design justice of AI technologies is influenced by value tensions, by which values get embedded and excluded in design processes. In this study, we investigate Euro-Western artists’ expressed values for the design of Creative AI technologies. We conducted four workshops, in which artists engaged in value sketching and critical discussion around Creative AI, and analyzed emerging values. In the sketches, the artists predominantly expressed values of self-interest, while when encouraged for a critical discussion artists expressed values aligned with interest of others. We discuss the challenge of aligning Creative AI with design justice, when values of common good are not inherently part of the technological imaginaries, but rather need to be explicitly evoked. We open up these value tensions, discussing values’ actionability, and the implications for design futures of Creative AI. With this paper, we extend the empirical studies in value sketching and socio-technical landscape of Creative AI.

National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Art, Technology and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-345777 (URN)
Conference
The 2024 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference, Copenhagen-DK, 1st-5th July 2024
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, QC 20230321
Note

QC 20240531

Available from: 2024-05-28 Created: 2024-05-28 Last updated: 2024-05-31Bibliographically approved
Kaila, A.-K., Holzapfel, A. & Jääskeläinen, P. (2024). Gardening Frictions in Creative AI: Emerging Art Practices and Their Design Implications. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Creativity: . Paper presented at 15th International Conference on Computational Creativity, Jun 17 - Jun 21 2024, Jönköping, Sweden. Stockholm, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gardening Frictions in Creative AI: Emerging Art Practices and Their Design Implications
2024 (English)In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Creativity, Stockholm, Sweden, 2024Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Feverish narratives of artistic AI-revolution obscure the fact that empirical documentation of the actual impacts of artificial intelligence on artistic practices is still sparse. This paper focuses on the frictions of working with AI artistically. Based on interviews with 20 AI-artists, we 1) demonstrate that frictions experienced with the technological elements of the work processes with AI are inseparably intertwined with the artists’ socio-material realities and the inherent asymmetries of access, and 2) show how frictional ambivalence and unpredictability in artistic interactions with AI tools function both as restrictive and productive elements of the art-making processes, presenting opportunities to reframe the core notions of artistic agency, authorship, and the ontology of art.We discuss these findings in the context of HCI and critical data studies and provide three invitations for designing with and for frictions. Our empirical work contributes to a deeper understanding of the emerging community of AI-artists and invites new mindful perspectives for the design and development of Creative AI applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: , 2024
Keywords
Creative AI, AI art, AI Artist, Interview study, Friction, Critical data studies
National Category
Arts
Research subject
Media Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-346694 (URN)
Conference
15th International Conference on Computational Creativity, Jun 17 - Jun 21 2024, Jönköping, Sweden
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2020.0102
Note

QC 20240619

Available from: 2024-05-22 Created: 2024-05-22 Last updated: 2024-06-19Bibliographically approved
Jääskeläinen, P., Kaila, A.-K. & Holzapfel, A. (2024). Uncovering Challenges and Changes in Artists’ Practices as a Consequence of AI. In: Workshop Proceedings of GenAICHI - CHI 2024 Workshop on Generative AI and HCI: . Paper presented at ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. May 11, 2024 - May 16, 2024. Honolulu, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Uncovering Challenges and Changes in Artists’ Practices as a Consequence of AI
2024 (English)In: Workshop Proceedings of GenAICHI - CHI 2024 Workshop on Generative AI and HCI, 2024Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Artistic uses of AI technologies are fast gaining prominence in a number of creative domains. In this paper, we describe our preliminary research exploring the challenges and changes that working with AI poses to artists based on interviews with N=20 artists. We present preliminary themes relating to challenges and changes that artists are encountering and highlight the importance of studying AI further in situated artistic practices.

National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-345778 (URN)
Conference
ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. May 11, 2024 - May 16, 2024. Honolulu, USA
Note

QC 20240502

Available from: 2024-04-18 Created: 2024-04-18 Last updated: 2024-05-02Bibliographically approved
Misgeld, O., Lindetorp, H. & Holzapfel, A. (2023). Accessible sonification of movement: A case in Swedish folk dance. In: Proceedings of SMC 2023 - Sound and Music Computing Conference: . Paper presented at 20th Sound and Music Computing Conference, SMC 2023, Hybrid, Stockholm, Sweden, Jun 15 2023 - Jun 17 2023 (pp. 201-208). Sound and Music Computing Network
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accessible sonification of movement: A case in Swedish folk dance
2023 (English)In: Proceedings of SMC 2023 - Sound and Music Computing Conference, Sound and Music Computing Network , 2023, p. 201-208Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study presents a sonification tool – SonifyFOLK –designed for intuitive access by musicians and dancers in their sonic explorations of movements in dance performances. It is implemented as a web-based application to facilitate accessible audio parameter mapping of movement data for non-experts, and applied and evaluated with Swedish folk musicians and dancers in their exploration of sonifying dance. SonifyFOLK is based on the WebAudioXML Sonification Toolkit and is designed within a group of artists and engineers using artistic goals as drivers for the sound design. The design addresses challenges of providing an accessible interface for mapping movement data to audio parameters, managing multi-dimensional data and creating audio mapping templates for a contextually grounded sound design. The evaluation documents a diversity of sonification outcomes, reflections by participants that imply curiosity for further work on sonification, as well as the importance of the immediacy of the both visual and acoustic feedback of parameter choices. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sound and Music Computing Network, 2023
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-333149 (URN)2-s2.0-85171774768 (Scopus ID)
Conference
20th Sound and Music Computing Conference, SMC 2023, Hybrid, Stockholm, Sweden, Jun 15 2023 - Jun 17 2023
Note

Part of ISBN 9789152773727

QC 20230804

Available from: 2023-07-26 Created: 2023-07-26 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Kaila, A.-K., Holzapfel, A. & Sturm, B. (2023). Are we solving the wrong problems – and doing harm in the process?. In: The International Conference on AI and Musical Creativity, Alt-AIMC track: . Paper presented at The International Conference on AI and Musical Creativity.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are we solving the wrong problems – and doing harm in the process?
2023 (English)In: The International Conference on AI and Musical Creativity, Alt-AIMC track, 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Keywords
AI music, value, ethics, provocation, Irish traditional music, artificial intelligence
National Category
Music Media and Communication Technology Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-347987 (URN)
Conference
The International Conference on AI and Musical Creativity
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2020.0102
Note

QC 20240619

Available from: 2024-06-18 Created: 2024-06-18 Last updated: 2024-06-19Bibliographically approved
Huang, R., Holzapfel, A., Sturm, B. & Kaila, A.-K. (2023). Beyond Diverse Datasets: Responsible MIR, Interdisciplinarity, and the Fractured Worlds of Music. Transactions of the International Society for Music Information Retrieval, 6(1), 43-59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond Diverse Datasets: Responsible MIR, Interdisciplinarity, and the Fractured Worlds of Music
2023 (English)In: Transactions of the International Society for Music Information Retrieval, E-ISSN 2514-3298, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 43-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Musical worlds, not unlike our lived realities, are fundamentally fragmented and diverse, a fact often seen as a challenge or even a threat to the validity of research in Music Information Research (MIR). In this article, we propose to treat this characteristic of our musical universe(s) as an opportunity to fundamentally enrich and re-orient MIR. We propose that the time has arrived for MIR to reflect on its ethical and cultural turns (if they have been initiated at all) and take them a step further, with the goal of profoundly diversifying the discipline beyond the diversification of datasets. Such diversification, we argue, is likely to remain superficial if it is not accompanied by a simultaneous auto-critique of the discipline’s raison d’être. Indeed, this move to diversify touches on the philosophical underpinnings of what MIR is and should become as a field of research: What is music (ontology)? What are the nature and limits of knowledge concerning music (epistemology)? How do we obtain such knowledge (methodology)? And what about music and our own research endeavor do we consider “good” and “valuable” (axiology)? This path involves sincere inter- and intra-disciplinary struggles that underlie MIR, and we point to “agonistic interdisciplinarity” — that we have practiced ourselves via the writing of this article — as a future worth reaching for. The two featured case studies, about possible philosophical re-orientations in approaching ethics of music AI and about responsible engineering when AI meets traditional music, indicate a glimpse of what is possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ubiquity Press, Ltd., 2023
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-326016 (URN)10.5334/tismir.141 (DOI)2-s2.0-85165911770 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 864189Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2020.0102Swedish Research Council, 2019-03694
Note

QC 20230425

Available from: 2023-04-21 Created: 2023-04-21 Last updated: 2024-02-13Bibliographically approved
Pauletto, S., Selfridge, R., Hölling, J., Holzapfel, A. & Frisk, H. (2023). Connecting sound design future with historical creative practices: developing digital tools by modelling historical sound effects. In: Proceedings Forum Acusticum 2023 - 10th Convention of the European Acoustics Association, EAA 2023: . Paper presented at 10th Convention of the European Acoustics Association, EAA 2023, Torino, Italy, Sep 11 2023 - Sep 15 2023. European Acoustics Association, EAA
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Connecting sound design future with historical creative practices: developing digital tools by modelling historical sound effects
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2023 (English)In: Proceedings Forum Acusticum 2023 - 10th Convention of the European Acoustics Association, EAA 2023, European Acoustics Association, EAA , 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes the development of three digital sound prototypes based on three sounding objects selected from those in use at the Swedish Radio Sound Studio. Knowledge about historical and current creative practice was gathered through an in-depth interview with the Swedish Radio sound engineer and sound maker Michael Johansson and the observation of his Foley practice. A design workshop was carried out with music composers and interaction designers to ideate how these historical sound design concepts could be developed in the digital domain. On the basis of the workshop results, we built three prototypes that were exhibited at Tekniska Museet in Stockholm where we gathered feedback from 126 people. Finally, we discuss what we have learnt from utilising an approach rooted in historical creative practice, emphasizing benefits for contemporary digital sound design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Acoustics Association, EAA, 2023
Keywords
sound design, workshop methods, sonic interactions design, Foley effects, digital sound modelling
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Art, Technology and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-335916 (URN)2-s2.0-85191257831 (Scopus ID)
Conference
10th Convention of the European Acoustics Association, EAA 2023, Torino, Italy, Sep 11 2023 - Sep 15 2023
Projects
The Radio Sound Studio
Note

Part of ISBN 9788888942674

QC 20231117

Available from: 2023-09-10 Created: 2023-09-10 Last updated: 2024-07-02Bibliographically approved
Kaila, A.-K., Jääskeläinen, P. & Holzapfel, A. (2023). Ethically Aligned Stakeholder Elicitation (EASE): Case Study in Music-AI. In: NIME: . Paper presented at New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May–2 June.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethically Aligned Stakeholder Elicitation (EASE): Case Study in Music-AI
2023 (English)In: NIME, 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Engineering communities that feed the current proliferation of artificial intelligence (AI) have historically been slow to recognise the spectrum of societal impacts of their work. Frequent controversies around AI applications in creative domains demonstrate insufficient consideration of ethical predicaments, but the abstract principles of current AI and data ethics documents provide little practical guidance. Pragmatic methods are urgently needed to support developers in ethical reflection of their work on creative-AI tools. In the wider context of value sensitive, people-oriented design, we present an analytical method that implements an ethically informed and power-sensitive stakeholder identification and mapping: Ethically Aligned Stakeholder Elicitation (EASE). As a case study, we test our method in workshops with six research groups that develop AI in musical contexts. Our results demonstrate that EASE supports critical self-reflection of the research and outreach practices among developers, discloses power relations and value tensions in the development processes, and foregrounds opportunities for stakeholder engagement. This can guide developers and the wider NIME community towards ethically aligned research and development of creative-AI.

Keywords
computational creativity, music, ethics, stakeholder, Value Sensitive Design
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-328254 (URN)
Conference
New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May–2 June
Note

QC 20230614

Available from: 2023-06-06 Created: 2023-06-06 Last updated: 2023-08-14Bibliographically approved
Holzapfel, A. (2023). Introducing Political Ecology of Creative-Ai. In: Simon Lindgren (Ed.), Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence: . Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introducing Political Ecology of Creative-Ai
2023 (English)In: Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter introduces the perspective of political ecology to the application of artificial intelligence to artistic processes (Creative-Ai). Hence, the environmental and social impact of the development and employment of Creative-Ai are the focus of this text, when we consider them as part of an economic system that transforms artistic creation to a commodity. I first analyse specific Creative-Ai cases, and then conduct a speculation that takes Jacques Attali’s writing on the role of music in society as a vantage point, and investigates the environmental and social consequences of an automatic composition network controlled by a large music streaming platform. Whereas the possibilities that emerge from Creative-Ai may be promising from an artistic perspective, its entanglement with corporate interest raises severe concerns. These concerns can only be addressed by a wide cross-sectoral alliance between research and arts that develops a critical perspective on the future directions of Creative-Ai.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023
Keywords
political ecology, artificial intelligence, arts, computational creativity, sustainability, ethics
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-322602 (URN)2-s2.0-85181779394 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2020.0102Swedish Research Council, 2019-03694
Note

Part of ISBN 9781803928562, 9781803928555

QC 20230110

Available from: 2022-12-21 Created: 2022-12-21 Last updated: 2024-02-22Bibliographically approved
Holzer, D., Aron, L. & Holzapfel, A. (2023). Laser Phase Synthesis. In: : . Paper presented at New Interfaces for Musical Expression conference (NIME).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Laser Phase Synthesis
2023 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-333150 (URN)
Conference
New Interfaces for Musical Expression conference (NIME)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2020.0102Swedish Research Council, 2019-03694
Note

QC 20230804

Available from: 2023-07-26 Created: 2023-07-26 Last updated: 2023-08-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1679-6018

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