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Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Blum, K. M., Gallampois, C., Andersson, P. L., Renman, G., Renman, A. & Haglund, P. (2019). Comprehensive assessment of organic contaminant removal from on-site sewage treatment facility effluent by char-fortified filter beds. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 361, 111-122
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comprehensive assessment of organic contaminant removal from on-site sewage treatment facility effluent by char-fortified filter beds
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 361, p. 111-122Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To remove organic contaminants from wastewater using cost-efficient and currently existing methods, our study investigated char-fortified filter beds for on-site sewage treatment facilities (OSSFs) in a long-term field setting. OSSFs are commonly used in rural and semi-urban areas worldwide to treat wastewater when municipal wastewater treatment is not economically feasible. First, we screened for organic contaminants with gas chromatography and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry-based targeted and untargeted analysis and then we developed quantitative structure-property relationship models to search for key molecular features responsible for the removal of organic contaminants. We identified 74 compounds (24 confirmed by reference standards) including plasticizers, UV stabilizers, fragrances, pesticides, surfactant and polymer impurities, pharmaceuticals and their metabolites, and many biogenic compounds. Sand filters that are used as a secondary step after the septic tank in OSSFs could remove hydrophobic contaminants. The addition of biochar significantly increased the removal of these and a few hydrophilic compounds (Wilcoxon signed-rank test, α = 0.05). Besides hydrophobicity-driven sorption, biodegradation was suggested to be the most important removal pathway in this long-term field application. However, further improvements are necessary to remove very hydrophilic contaminants as they were not removed with sand and biochar-fortified sand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Biochar, Decentralized wastewater treatment systems, Ion mobility spectrometry, Quantitative structure-property relationship, Two-dimensional gas chromatography
National Category
Environmental Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236333 (URN)10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.08.009 (DOI)000449125800013 ()30176409 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85054082864 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 216-2012-2101 216-2012-2101
Note

QC 20181109

Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved
Hamisi, R., Renman, G., Renman, A. & Wörman, A. (2019). Modelling Phosphorus Sorption Kinetics and the Longevity of Reactive Filter Materials Used for On-site Wastewater Treatment. Water, 11(4), Article ID 811.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling Phosphorus Sorption Kinetics and the Longevity of Reactive Filter Materials Used for On-site Wastewater Treatment
2019 (English)In: Water, Vol. 11, no 4, article id 811Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Use of reactive filter media (RFM) is an emerging technology in small-scale wastewater treatment to improve phosphorus (P) removal and filter material longevity for making this technology sustainable. In this study, long-term sorption kinetics and the spatial dynamics of sorbed P distribution were simulated in replaceable P-filter bags filled with 700 L of reactive material and used in real on-site treatment systems. The input data for model calibration were obtained in laboratory trials with Filtralite P®, Polonite® and Top16. The P concentration breakthrough threshold value was set at an effluent/influent (C/C0) ratio of 1 and simulations were performed with P concentrations varying from 1 to 25 mg L−1. The simulation results showed that influent P concentration was important for the breakthrough and longevity, and that Polonite performed best, followed by Top16 and Filtralite P. A 100-day break in simulated intermittent flow allowed the materials to recover, which for Polonite involved slight retardation of P saturation. The simulated spatial distribution of P accumulated in the filter bags showed large differences between the filter materials. The modelling insights from this study can be applied in design and operation of on-site treatment systems using reactive filter materials

National Category
Civil Engineering
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256497 (URN)10.3390/w11040811 (DOI)000473105700181 ()2-s2.0-85065037122 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190903

Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved
Hamisi, R., Renman, G., Renman, A. & Wörman, A. (2019). Modelling phosphorus sorption kinetics and the longevity of reactive filter materials used for on-sitewastewater treatment. Water, 11(4), Article ID 811.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling phosphorus sorption kinetics and the longevity of reactive filter materials used for on-sitewastewater treatment
2019 (English)In: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 11, no 4, article id 811Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Use of reactive filter media (RFM) is an emerging technology in small-scale wastewater treatment to improve phosphorus (P) removal and filter material longevity for making this technology sustainable. In this study, long-term sorption kinetics and the spatial dynamics of sorbed P distribution were simulated in replaceable P-filter bags filled with 700 L of reactive material and used in real on-site treatment systems. The input data for model calibration were obtained in laboratory trials with Filtralite P®, Polonite® and Top16. The P concentration breakthrough threshold value was set at an effluent/influent (C/C 0 ) ratio of 1 and simulations were performed with P concentrations varying from 1 to 25 mg L -1 . The simulation results showed that influent P concentration was important for the breakthrough and longevity, and that Polonite performed best, followed by Top16 and Filtralite P. A 100-day break in simulated intermittent flow allowed the materials to recover, which for Polonite involved slight retardation of P saturation. The simulated spatial distribution of P accumulated in the filter bags showed large differences between the filter materials. The modelling insights from this study can be applied in design and operation of on-site treatment systems using reactive filter materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2019
Keywords
Breakthrough, COMSOL modelling, P-filter bags, Phosphorus saturation, Solute transport, Effluents, Filtration, Phosphorus, Wastewater treatment, Design and operations, Emerging technologies, Filter bags, Phosphorus sorption, Reactive materials, Small scale wastewater treatment, Passive filters
National Category
Water Treatment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255943 (URN)10.3390/w11040811 (DOI)000473105700181 ()2-s2.0-85065037122 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190815

Available from: 2019-08-15 Created: 2019-08-15 Last updated: 2020-02-19Bibliographically approved
Hamisi, R., Renman, A. & Renman, G. (2019). Performance of an On-Site Wastewater Treatment System Using Reactive Filter Media and a Sequencing Batch Constructed Wetland. Sustainability, 11(11), Article ID UNSP 3172.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performance of an On-Site Wastewater Treatment System Using Reactive Filter Media and a Sequencing Batch Constructed Wetland
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 11, article id UNSP 3172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many on-site wastewater treatment systems, such as soil treatment systems, are not sustainable in terms of purification efficiency, nutrient recycling potential, and economics. In this case study, a sequencing batch constructed wetland (SBCW) was designed and added after a package treatment plant (PTP) using reactive filter media for phosphorus (P) removal and recycling. The treatment performance of the entire system in the start-up phase and its possible applicability in rural areas were investigated. Raw and treated effluents were sampled during a period of 25 weeks and analyzed for nitrogen, phosphorus, BOD7, and bacteria. Field measurements were made of wastewater flow, electrical conductivity, oxygen, and temperature. The entire system removed total-P and total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) by 83% and 22%, respectively. High salt concentration and very low wastewater temperature were possible reasons for these unexpectedly low P and TIN removal efficiencies. In contrast, removal rates of bacteria (Escherichia coli, enterococci) and organic matter (as BOD) were high, due to filtration in the alkaline medium Polonite((R)) (Ecofiltration Nordic AB, Stockholm, Sweden) and the fine sand used as SBCW substrate. High pH in effluent from the PTP was efficiently reduced to below pH 9 in the SBCW, meeting recommendations by environmental authorities in Sweden. We concluded that treating cold on-site wastewater can impair treatment performance and that technical measures are needed to improve SBCW performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
add-on unit, biofiltration, nitrogen, package treatment plant, phosphorus, Polonite, sand
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255445 (URN)10.3390/su11113172 (DOI)000472632200177 ()2-s2.0-85067278721 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20190820

Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-10-09Bibliographically approved
De Colle, M., Jönsson, P., Karasev, A., Gauffin, A., Renman, A. & Renman, G. (2019). The Use of High-Alloyed EAF Slag for the Neutralization of On-Site Produced Acidic Wastewater: The First Step Towards a Zero-Waste Stainless-Steel Production Process. Applied Sciences, 9(19), Article ID 3974.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Use of High-Alloyed EAF Slag for the Neutralization of On-Site Produced Acidic Wastewater: The First Step Towards a Zero-Waste Stainless-Steel Production Process
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2019 (English)In: Applied Sciences, ISSN 2076-3417, Vol. 9, no 19, article id 3974Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recycling of steelmaking slags has well-established applications, such as their use in cement, asphalt, or fertilizer industries. Although in some cases, such as the electric arc furnace (EAF) high-alloyed stainless-steel production, the slag’s high metal content prevents its use in such applications. This forces companies to accumulate it as waste. Using concepts such dematerialization, waste management, industrial symbiosis, and circular economy, the article drafts a conceptual framework on the best route to solving the landfilling issue, aiming at a zero-waste process re-design. An experimental part follows, with an investigation of the use of landfill slag as a substitute of limestone for the neutralization of acidic wastewater, produced by the rinsing of steel after the pickling process. Neutralization of acidic wastewater with both lime and slag samples was performed with two different methods. Two out of four slag samples tested proved their possible use, reaching desired pH values compared to lime neutralizations. Moreover, the clean waters resulting from the neutralizations with the use of both lime and slag were tested. In terms of hazardous element concentrations, neutralization with slag yielded similar results to lime. The results of these trials show that slag is a potential substitute of lime for the neutralization of acidic wastewater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
EAF slag; recycling; re-use; wastewater treatment; sustainable production; dematerialization; zero waste; circular economy
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Materials Science and Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260091 (URN)10.3390/app9193974 (DOI)000496258100033 ()2-s2.0-85073266415 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20191001. QC 20200103

Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved
Hamisi, R., Renman, G., Renman, A. & Wörman, A. Phosphorus sorption and leaching in sand filters used for onsite wastewater treatment - a column experiment [Review].
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phosphorus sorption and leaching in sand filters used for onsite wastewater treatment - a column experiment
(English)In: Article, book review (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The sorption capacities of filter sands used for onsite wastewater treatment and their associated risks of phosphorus (P) leakage on contact with rainwater were investigated in column experiments and modelling studies. Columns packed with sand were exposed to real domestic wastewater of different characteristics and hydraulic loading modes. The wastewater fed into the columns was effluent collected from three different treatment units in the field: a septic tank (ST), biofiltration tank (BF) and Polonite® filter bag (PO). The risk of P leaching to groundwater and surface water was also assessed, by exposing the same sand columns to artificial rainwater. The results indicated that sand columns can exhibit different adsorption capacities for Total-P, phosphate-P and total suspended solids, depending on the characteristics of influent wastewater. The adsorption capacity increased in the order ST > BF > PO, based on availability of organic matter to form biofilm. Effluent from Pol columns was significantly clearer, indicating lower organics content, than effluent from ST and BF columns. The modelled breakthrough curves for Total-P desorption agreed satisfactorily with the measured values, but further model improvement is needed.

Keywords
Adsorption; Constructed wetlands; Leaching; Phosphorus; Sand Column; Suspended solids
National Category
Civil Engineering
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256499 (URN)
Funder
Lars Erik Lundberg Scholarship Foundation, 696881:2017/201
Note

QC 20190903

Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved
Hamisi, R., Renman, G., Renman, A. & Wörman, A. Simulating the hydraulic dynamics and treatment performance of a sequencing batch flow constructed wetland [Review].
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simulating the hydraulic dynamics and treatment performance of a sequencing batch flow constructed wetland
(English)In: Article, book review (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

In a six-month field trial, the performance of a full-scale sequencing batch flow constructed wetland (SBCW) treating on-site wastewater was determined. The filling and draining periods lasted 5-9 days, depending on wastewater production by users (two households). The results indicated that the SBCW system efficiently removed ammonium-nitrogen (NH4-N, 76%) and Escherichia coli (89%). However, draining by pumping increased preferential water flow and considerably limited removal of dissolved phosphorus (PO4-P) in the filter bed. Analysis of water samples from nine points and three vertical levels of the wetland bed showed that pumping aerated the bed, resulting in removal of NH4-N being highest in the top 0-0.2 m layer (43%) intermediate in the 0.2-0.4 m layer (32%), and lowest in the deep (0.4-0.6 m) layer (4%). Complementary modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics software to predict the hydraulic dynamics for three different SBCW designs indicated that the drainage system of the present SBCW should be re-designed to increase contact time and aeration, for improved phosphorus and nitrogen removal.

Keywords
Constructed wetland; Reactive Modeling; Phosphorus; Nitrogen; Design Optimization
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-256495 (URN)
Funder
Lars Erik Lundberg Scholarship Foundation, 696881:2017/2018
Note

QC 20190903

Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7239-7321

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