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Sethi, J., Glowacki, E., Reid, M. S., Larsson, P. A. & Wågberg, L. (2024). Ultra-thin parylene-aluminium hybrid coatings on nanocellulose films to resist water sensitivity. Carbohydrate Polymers, 323, 121365, Article ID 121365.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultra-thin parylene-aluminium hybrid coatings on nanocellulose films to resist water sensitivity
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2024 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 323, p. 121365-, article id 121365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Non-sustainable single-use plastics used for food packaging needs to be phased out. Films made from cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are suitable candidates for biodegradable and recyclable packaging materials as they exhibit good mechanical properties, excellent oxygen barrier properties and high transparency. Yet, their poor water vapour barrier properties have been a major hindrance in their commercialisation. Here, we describe the preparation of 25 μm thick CNF films with significantly improved water vapour barrier properties after deposition of ultrathin polymeric and metallic coatings, parylene C and aluminium, respectively. When first adding a 40 nm aluminium layer followed by an 80 nm parylene layer, i.e. with a combined thickness of less than one percent of the CNF film, a water vapour transmission rate of 2.8 g m−2 d−1 was achieved at 38 °C and 90 % RH, surpassing a 25 μm polypropylene film (4–12 g m−2 d−1). This is an improvement of more than 700 times compared to uncoated CNF films, under some of the harshest possible conditions a packaging material will need to endure in commercial use. The layers showed a good and even coverage, as assessed by atomic force microscopy, and the parylene-coated surfaces were hydrophobic with a contact angle of 110°, providing good water repellency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV, 2024
Keywords
Aluminium, Cellulose nanofibrils, Coatings, Parylene, Vapour deposition, Water vapour barrier
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-337409 (URN)10.1016/j.carbpol.2023.121365 (DOI)001086726500001 ()2-s2.0-85172102025 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20231003

Available from: 2023-10-03 Created: 2023-10-03 Last updated: 2023-11-07Bibliographically approved
Abbadessa, A., Dogaris, I., Farahani, S. K., Reid, M. S., Rautkoski, H., Holopainen-Mantila, U., . . . Henriksson, G. (2023). Layer-by-layer assembly of sustainable lignin-based coatings for food packaging applications. Progress in organic coatings, 182, Article ID 107676.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Layer-by-layer assembly of sustainable lignin-based coatings for food packaging applications
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2023 (English)In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, E-ISSN 1873-331X, Vol. 182, article id 107676Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Packaging plays a critical role in ensuring food safety and shelf life by protecting against e.g., moisture, gases, and light. Polyethylene (PE) is widely used in food packaging, but it is mainly produced from non-renewable resources and it is an inefficient oxygen and light barrier. In this study, the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of a sustainably produced lignin-based polymer (EH) with polyethylenimine (PEI) or chitosan (CH) was used to fabricate (partially or fully) bio-based coatings with the aim of improving barrier properties of PE films. The charge density of EH was calculated using a polyelectrolyte titration method and the hydrodynamic diameters of EH, PEI and CH were determined by Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS). LbL assembly was monitored in situ via Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) and Stagnation Point Adsorption Reflectometry (SPAR). PE films were coated with a variable number of PEI/EH or CH/EH bilayers (BL) using an immersive LbL assembly method. Coated films were studied in terms of light-blocking ability, wettability, thermal behaviour, surface structure, as well as oxygen and water vapor barrier properties. QCM-D and SPAR data showed a stepwise multilayer formation and strong interactions between the oppositely charged polymers, with PEI/EH coating having a greater amount of deposited polymer compared to CH/EH coating at the same number of BL. Overall, light barrier properties and wettability of the coated films increased with the number of deposited bilayers. Coated PE films maintained the overall thermal behaviour of PE. A number of BL of 20 was found to be the most promising based on the studied properties. Selected samples showed improved oxygen and water vapor barrier properties, with PEI/EH coating performing better than CH/EH coating. Taken altogether, we demonstrated that a novel and sustainable lignin-based polymer can be combined with PEI or CH to fabricate (partially or fully) bio-based coatings for food packaging.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV, 2023
Keywords
Barrier properties, Bio-based food packaging, Lignin-hemicellulose polymer, Polyelectrolytes, Surface chemistry, Polyethylenimine, Chitosan
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-331230 (URN)10.1016/j.porgcoat.2023.107676 (DOI)001012455600001 ()2-s2.0-85160674986 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20230706

Available from: 2023-07-06 Created: 2023-07-06 Last updated: 2023-07-06Bibliographically approved
Buchmann, S., Enrico, A., Holzreuter, M. A., Reid, M. S., Zeglio, E., Niklaus, F., . . . Herland, A. (2023). Probabilistic cell seeding and non-autofluorescent 3D-printed structures as scalable approach for multi-level co-culture modeling. Materials Today Bio, 21, 100706-100706, Article ID 100706.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Probabilistic cell seeding and non-autofluorescent 3D-printed structures as scalable approach for multi-level co-culture modeling
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2023 (English)In: Materials Today Bio, ISSN 2590-0064, Vol. 21, p. 100706-100706, article id 100706Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To model complex biological tissue in vitro, a specific layout for the position and numbers of each cell type isnecessary. Establishing such a layout requires manual cell placement in three dimensions (3D) with micrometricprecision, which is complicated and time-consuming. Moreover, 3D printed materials used in compartmentalizedmicrofluidic models are opaque or autofluorescent, hindering parallel optical readout and forcing serial charac-terization methods, such as patch-clamp probing. To address these limitations, we introduce a multi-level co-culture model realized using a parallel cell seeding strategy of human neurons and astrocytes on 3D structuresprinted with a commercially available non-autofluorescent resin at micrometer resolution. Using a two-stepstrategy based on probabilistic cell seeding, we demonstrate a human neuronal monoculture that forms net-works on the 3D printed structure and can establish cell-projection contacts with an astrocytic-neuronal co-cultureseeded on the glass substrate. The transparent and non-autofluorescent printed platform allows fluorescence-based immunocytochemistry and calcium imaging. This approach provides facile multi-level compartmentaliza-tion of different cell types and routes for pre-designed cell projection contacts, instrumental in studying complextissue, such as the human brain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV, 2023
Keywords
Two-photon polymerization Neurons Astrocytes Calcium imaging Co-culture models IP-Visio
National Category
Nano Technology Bio Materials Cell Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-331732 (URN)10.1016/j.mtbio.2023.100706 (DOI)001030630300001 ()37435551 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85166735644 (Scopus ID)
Note

Correction in Materials Today Bio, vol. 23. DOI:10.1016/j.mtbio.2023.100892

QC 20231221

Available from: 2023-07-14 Created: 2023-07-14 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
Yang, X., Li, L., Nishiyama, Y., Reid, M. S. & Berglund, L. (2023). Processing strategy for reduced energy demand of nanostructured CNF/clay composites with tailored interfaces. Carbohydrate Polymers, 312, Article ID 120788.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Processing strategy for reduced energy demand of nanostructured CNF/clay composites with tailored interfaces
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2023 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 312, article id 120788Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nacre-mimicking nanocomposites based on colloidal cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and clay nanoparticles show excellent mechanical properties, yet processing typically involves preparation of two colloids followed by a mixing step, which is time- and energy-consuming. In this study, a facile preparation method using low energy kitchen blenders is reported in which CNF disintegration, clay exfoliation and mixing carried out in one step. Compared to composites made from the conventional method, the energy demand is reduced by about 97 %; the composites also show higher strength and work to fracture. Colloidal stability, CNF/clay nanostructure, and CNF/clay orientation are well characterized. The results suggest favorable effects from hemicellulose-rich, negatively charged pulp fibers and corresponding CNFs. CNF disintegration and colloidal stability are facilitated with substantial CNF/clay interfacial interaction. The results show a more sustainable and industrially relevant processing concept for strong CNF/clay nanocomposites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV, 2023
Keywords
CNF, clay biocomposites, Cumulative energy demand, Fibrillation, Exfoliation, XRD
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-326051 (URN)10.1016/j.carbpol.2023.120788 (DOI)000957252800001 ()37059528 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85150391929 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20230424

Available from: 2023-04-24 Created: 2023-04-24 Last updated: 2023-04-24Bibliographically approved
Asta, N., Reid, M. S., Pettersson, T. & Wågberg, L. (2023). The Use of Model Cellulose Materials for Studying Molecular Interactions at Cellulose Interfaces. ACS Macro Letters, 12(11), 1530-1535
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Use of Model Cellulose Materials for Studying Molecular Interactions at Cellulose Interfaces
2023 (English)In: ACS Macro Letters, E-ISSN 2161-1653, Vol. 12, no 11, p. 1530-1535Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite extensive research on biobased and fiber-basedmaterials, fundamental questions regarding the molecular processesgoverning fiber−fiber interactions remain unanswered. In this study, weintroduce a method to examine and clarify molecular interactions withinfiber−fiber joints using precisely characterized model materials, i.e.,regenerated cellulose gel beads with nanometer-smooth surfaces. Byphysically modifying these materials and drying them together to createmodel joints, we can investigate the mechanisms responsible for joiningcellulose surfaces and how this affects adhesion in both dry and wet statesthrough precise separation measurements. The findings reveal a subtlebalance in the joint formation, influencing the development ofnanometer-sized structures at the contact zone and likely inducingbuilt-in stresses in the interphase. This research illustrates how model materials can be tailored to control interactions betweencellulose-rich surfaces, laying the groundwork for future high-resolution studies aimed at creating stiff, ductile, and/or tough jointsbetween cellulose surfaces and to allow for the design of high-performance biobased materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2023
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-344919 (URN)10.1021/acsmacrolett.3c00578 (DOI)001096724800001 ()37910654 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85178324088 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationStora Enso
Note

QC 20240404

Available from: 2024-04-03 Created: 2024-04-03 Last updated: 2024-04-05Bibliographically approved
Atoufi, Z., Ciftci, G. C., Reid, M. S., Larsson, P. A. & Wågberg, L. (2022). Green Ambient-Dried Aerogels with a Facile pH-Tunable Surface Charge for Adsorption of Cationic and Anionic Contaminants with High Selectivity. Biomacromolecules, 23(11), 4934-4947
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green Ambient-Dried Aerogels with a Facile pH-Tunable Surface Charge for Adsorption of Cationic and Anionic Contaminants with High Selectivity
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2022 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 23, no 11, p. 4934-4947Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The fabrication of reusable, sustainable adsorbents from low-cost, renewable resources via energy efficient methods is challenging. This paper presents wet-stable, carboxymethylated cellulose nanofibril (CNF) and amyloid nanofibril (ANF) based aerogel-like adsorbents prepared through efficient and green processes for the removal of metal ions and dyes from water. The aerogels exhibit tunable densities (18-28 kg m-3), wet resilience, and an interconnected porous structure (99% porosity), with a pH controllable surface charge for adsorption of both cationic (methylene blue and Pb(II)) and anionic (brilliant blue, congo red, and Cr(VI)) model contaminants. The Langmuir saturation adsorption capacity of the aerogel was calculated to be 68, 79, and 42 mg g-1for brilliant blue, Pb(II), and Cr(VI), respectively. Adsorption kinetic studies for the adsorption of brilliant blue as a model contaminant demonstrated that a pseudo-second-order model best fitted the experimental data and that an intraparticle diffusion model suggests that there are three adsorption stages in the adsorption of brilliant blue on the aerogel. Following three cycles of adsorption and regeneration, the aerogels maintained nearly 97 and 96% of their adsorption capacity for methylene blue and Pb(II) as cationic contaminants and 89 and 80% for brilliant blue and Cr(VI) as anionic contaminants. Moreover, the aerogels showed remarkable selectivity for Pb(II) in the presence of calcium and magnesium as background ions, with a selectivity coefficient more than 2 orders of magnitude higher than calcium and magnesium. Overall, the energy-efficient and sustainable fabrication procedure, along with good structural stability, reusability, and selectivity, makes these aerogels very promising for water purification applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2022
Keywords
Aerogels, Alginate, Aromatic compounds, Azo dyes, Calcium, Cellulose, Energy efficiency, Isotherms, Lead compounds, Magnesium, Metal ions, Nanofibers, Porosity, Reusability, Stability, Stripping (dyes), Adsorption capacities, Ambients, Anionic contaminants, Brilliant Blue, Calcium and magnesiums, Cationic contaminants, Energy efficient, Methylene Blue, Model contaminant, Tunables, Adsorption, aerogel, cellulose nanofiber, chromium, congo red, lead, metal ion, nanofiber, water, anion, cation, chromium hexavalent ion, adsorption kinetics, Article, atmospheric pressure, atomic force microscopy, confocal microscopy, controlled study, freeze drying, ionization, isotherm, oxidation, pH, pore volume, scanning electron microscopy, surface charge, thermogravimetry, titrimetry, water management, zeta potential, chemistry, kinetics, water pollutant, Azo Compounds, Anions, Cations, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Water Pollutants, Chemical
National Category
Materials Chemistry Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-329019 (URN)10.1021/acs.biomac.2c01142 (DOI)000879871700001 ()36318480 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85141671200 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20230614

Available from: 2023-06-14 Created: 2023-06-14 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
Görür, Y. C., Francon, H., Sethi, J., Maddalena, L., Montanari, C., Reid, M. S., . . . Wågberg, L. (2022). Rapidly Prepared Nanocellulose Hybrids as Gas Barrier, Flame Retardant, and Energy Storage Materials. ACS Applied Nano Materials, 5(7), 9188-9200
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rapidly Prepared Nanocellulose Hybrids as Gas Barrier, Flame Retardant, and Energy Storage Materials
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2022 (English)In: ACS Applied Nano Materials, E-ISSN 2574-0970, Vol. 5, no 7, p. 9188-9200Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose nanofibril (CNF) hybrid materials show great promise as sustainable alternatives to oil-based plastics owing to their abundance and renewability. Nonetheless, despite the enormous success achieved in preparing CNF hybrids at the laboratory scale, feasible implementation of these materials remains a major challenge due to the time-consuming and energy-intensive extraction and processing of CNFs. Here, we describe a scalable materials processing platform for rapid preparation (<10 min) of homogeneously distributed functional CNF-gibbsite and CNF-graphite hybrids through a pH-responsive self-assembly mechanism, followed by their application in gas barrier, flame retardancy, and energy storage materials. Incorporation of 5 wt % gibbsite results in strong, transparent, and oxygen barrier CNF-gibbsite hybrid films in 9 min. Increasing the gibbsite content to 20 wt % affords them self-extinguishing properties, while further lowering their dewatering time to 5 min. The strategy described herein also allows for the preparation of freestanding CNF-graphite hybrids (90 wt % graphite) that match the energy storage performance (330 mA h/g at low cycling rates) and processing speed (3 min dewatering) of commercial graphite anodes. Furthermore, these ecofriendly electrodes can be fully recycled, reformed, and reused while maintaining their initial performance. Overall, this versatile concept combines a green outlook with high processing speed and material performance, paving the way toward scalable processing of advanced ecofriendly hybrid materials. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2022
Keywords
CNF, functional hybrids, gibbsite, green materials, nanocomposites, self-assembly, Dewatering, Energy storage, Environmental protection, Exfoliation (materials science), Film preparation, Graphene oxide, Graphite, Nanocellulose, Self assembly, Storage (materials), Supercapacitor, Cellulose nanofibrils, Eco-friendly, Energy storage materials, Functional hybrid, Gas barrier, Gibbsites, Hybrids material, Nano-cellulose, Processing speed, Hybrid materials, Energy, Hybrids, Materials, Performance, Processing, Storage, Water Removal
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-326185 (URN)10.1021/acsanm.2c01530 (DOI)000820597300001 ()2-s2.0-85135084223 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20230502

Available from: 2023-05-02 Created: 2023-05-02 Last updated: 2023-05-02Bibliographically approved
Atoufi, Z., Reid, M. S., Larsson, P. A. & Wågberg, L. (2022). Surface tailoring of cellulose aerogel-like structures with ultrathin coatings using molecular layer-by-layer assembly. Carbohydrate Polymers, 282, Article ID 119098.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surface tailoring of cellulose aerogel-like structures with ultrathin coatings using molecular layer-by-layer assembly
2022 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 282, article id 119098Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose nanofibril-based aerogels have promising applicability in various fields; however, developing an effi-cient technique to functionalize and tune their surface properties is challenging. In this study, physically and covalently crosslinked cellulose nanofibril-based aerogel-like structures were prepared and modified by a mo-lecular layer-by-layer (m-LBL) deposition method. Following three m-LBL depositions, an ultrathin polyamide layer was formed throughout the aerogel and its structure and chemical composition was studied in detail. Analysis of model cellulose surfaces showed that the thickness of the deposited layer after three m-LBLs was approximately 1 nm. Although the deposited layer was extremely thin, it led to a 2.6-fold increase in the wet specific modulus, improved the acid-base resistance, and changed the aerogels from hydrophilic to hydrophobic making them suitable materials for oil absorption with the absorption capacity of 16-36 g/g. Thus, demon-strating m-LBL assembly is a powerful technique for tailoring surface properties and functionality of cellulose substrates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV, 2022
Keywords
Cellulose nanofibril, Aerogels, Molecular layer-by-layer deposition, Surface functionality, Wet strength, Oil absorption
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-311623 (URN)10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.119098 (DOI)000782089400002 ()35123738 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85122644631 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20220502

Available from: 2022-05-02 Created: 2022-05-02 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
Reid, M. S., Träger, A., Cobo Sanchez, C., Malmström, E. & Wågberg, L. (2022). Tunable Adhesion and Interfacial Structure of Layer-by-Layer Assembled Block co-polymer Micelle and Polyelectrolyte Coatings. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 9(17), 2200065, Article ID 2200065.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tunable Adhesion and Interfacial Structure of Layer-by-Layer Assembled Block co-polymer Micelle and Polyelectrolyte Coatings
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2022 (English)In: Advanced Materials Interfaces, ISSN 2196-7350, Vol. 9, no 17, p. 2200065-, article id 2200065Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding and tuning nanoscale structure is critical in developing new coatings and adhesives. In this work layer-by-layer assembly of block co-polymer (BCP) micelles and oppositely charged polyelectrolytes produces structurally unique coatings with wet adhesion comparable to that of mussel adhesive proteins. Cationic (CAT) and anionic (ANI) BCPs, synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), are used to create colloidally stable, self-assembled, spherical BCP micelles. The assembly of BCP micelle and polyelectrolyte multilayers is monitored in situ where CAT- and ANI-BCP micelles exhibit linear and super-linear growth, respectively. Imaging of the surfaces reveals that CAT-BCP micelles yield flat, uniform layers whereas ANI-BCP micelle assemblies form islands that increase in surface area with each additional layer. The adhesion of these layers, measured by colloidal probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM), shows that the distinct layers of CAT-BCP micelle assemblies produce alternating high and low adhesion surfaces whereas ANI-BCP micelle assemblies continually increase in adhesion with each additional bilayer. The unique behavior of each assembly demonstrates that both composition and structure play important roles in wet adhesion of submicron layers and that each can be tuned to target performance for different applications. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2022
Keywords
block co-polymers, layer-by-layer assembly, micelles, wet adhesion, Adhesion, Adhesives, Anionic polymerization, Atom transfer radical polymerization, Cationic polymerization, Plastic coatings, Polyelectrolytes, Sols, Adhesion structures, Anionic block, Block co polymers, Block copolymer micelles, Cationics, Interfacial structures, Layer by layer, Layer-by-layer assemblies, Tunables
National Category
Polymer Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-321867 (URN)10.1002/admi.202200065 (DOI)000768807600001 ()2-s2.0-85126260907 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20221125

Available from: 2022-11-25 Created: 2022-11-25 Last updated: 2022-11-25Bibliographically approved
Görür, Y. C., Reid, M. S., Montanari, C., Larsson, P. T., Larsson, P. A. & Wågberg, L. (2021). Advanced Characterization of Self-Fibrillating Cellulose Fibers and Their Use in Tunable Filters. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 13(27), 32467-32478
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advanced Characterization of Self-Fibrillating Cellulose Fibers and Their Use in Tunable Filters
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2021 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 13, no 27, p. 32467-32478Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thorough characterization and fundamental understanding of cellulose fibers can help us develop new, sustainable material streams and advanced functional materials. As an emerging nanomaterial, cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) have high specific surface area and good mechanical properties; however, handling and processing challenges have limited their widespread use. This work reports an in-depth characterization of self-fibrillating cellulose fibers (SFFs) and their use in smart, responsive filters capable of regulating flow and retaining nanoscale particles. By combining direct and indirect characterization methods with polyelectrolyte swelling theories, it was shown that introduction of charges and decreased supramolecular order in the fiber wall were responsible for the exceptional swelling and nanofibrillation of SFFs. Different microscopy techniques were used to visualize the swelling of SFFs before, during, and after nanofibrillation. Through filtration and pH adjustment, smart filters prepared via in situ nanofibrillation showed an ability to regulate the flow rate through the filter and a capacity of retaining 95% of 300 nm (diameter) silica nanoparticles. This exceptionally rapid and efficient approach for making smart filters directly addresses the challenges associated with dewatering of CNFs and bridges the gap between science and technology, making the widespread use of CNFs in high-performance materials a not-so-distant reality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2021
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-310565 (URN)10.1021/acsami.1c06452 (DOI)000674333400112 ()34106700 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85108603778 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20220406

Available from: 2022-04-04 Created: 2022-04-04 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0999-6671

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