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Johansson, Mats
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Johansson, M., Nilsson, P. & Westlund, H. (2018). Migration and Ageing in Expanding and Shrinking European Regions. In: Advances in Spatial Science: (pp. 107-131). Springer International Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration and Ageing in Expanding and Shrinking European Regions
2018 (English)In: Advances in Spatial Science, Springer International Publishing , 2018, p. 107-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Europe is in a phase of vast transition regarded both from a demographic and economic-structural point of view. Studies have shown that demographic development differs a lot when comparing urban regions with more sparsely populated peripheral regions. These diverging patterns are shown to be especially strong in the northern and eastern parts of Europe where a redistribution of people contributes to a concentration process to the metropolitan or big city areas as well as to shrinkage and depopulating of rural and peripheral areas. This paper empirically addresses these differing demographic development paths by analyzing the influence of key underlying demographic factors on population change across European regions. For the stated purpose the paper applies typologies based on both economic and demographic structure and a cross-regional regression model. The economic-structural typology developed within the ESPON/EDORA-project is used to describe and analyze economic-structural factors and a typology based on demographic characteristics that classify regions as either shrinking or expanding in terms of population is used in the empirical assessment. Findings indicate that age structure is of importance with regard to population changes and there exists an east-west divide between the growing west and declining east where the declining sectors are more frequent. It is also shown that large and densely populated regions have better preconditions for growth and fewer risks for shrinking than small and sparsely populated ones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer International Publishing, 2018
Keywords
Ageing, Density and size-effects, East-west divide, Economic-structural factors, Human capital, Migration, Shrinkage, Typologies
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-247442 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-68563-2_7 (DOI)2-s2.0-85059031922 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC20190502

Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M. (2016). Young women and rural exodus - Swedish experiences. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 291-300
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young women and rural exodus - Swedish experiences
2016 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 43, p. 291-300Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Labour market structures which offer fewer options to women than to men, as well as relatively poor educational facilities, are usually mentioned as primary causes for why remote and economically weak regions are affected by selective out-migration and a shortage of young women. This paper is a spin-off from the ESPON-project SEMIGRA - Selective Migration and Unbalanced Sex Ratio in Rural Regions. Its aim is to analyse the out-migration patterns of young women from the Swedish rural region of Västernorrland - with its dual economic and social character - and contrast it to the migration patterns in the expanding Stockholm. The empirical evidence consists of age-specific gross migration data for cohorts in the ages between 18 and 34.By disaggregating the migratory flows during the period 2000-2014 some contrasting results can be shown. Net out-migration is only a reality in the ages between 18 and 24, while the opposite is true in the ages 25-29 and 30-34. This indicates that the 'problem' of out-migration of young women is connected to the pursuit of education and moving to more female-friendly labour markets. In the household creating ages there seems to be a return-migration flow, with net in-migration as one consequence. In the dualistic region of Västernorrland this was particularly evident, especially in the more densely populated coastal areas. It is also highlighted that immigration of both women and men hamper the population decrease and sometimes also result in population increase even if the internal migration is negative for all communities.The dual character of Västernorrland region is also highlighted, and the differing municipalities and cities are analysed. Here, different migratory patterns amongst young women seem to be related to economic, social, behavioural, and demographic structures that also accentuate the dualistic character if the region.

Keywords
Economic dualism, Female migration patterns, Local images, Regional labour market segmentation, Return migration, Rural areas
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175657 (URN)10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.04.002 (DOI)000371188100026 ()2-s2.0-84956890195 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20151021. QC 20160407

Available from: 2015-10-21 Created: 2015-10-19 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, K., Westlund, H. & Johansson, M. (2015). Determinants of net migration to rural areas, and the impacts of migration on rural labor markets and self-employment in rural Sweden. European Planning Studies, 23(4), 693-709
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of net migration to rural areas, and the impacts of migration on rural labor markets and self-employment in rural Sweden
2015 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 693-709Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Across most of Europe, the countryside seems to show a polarized development in which large districts are depopulating, while certain areas, mainly around big- and mid-sized cities, are increasing in population. The latter development is often described in concepts of “rural gentrification” and “rurbanization”, symbolizing a transformation of rural communities to communities with urban values and lifestyles. Most studies of the effects of these processes have focused on social and cultural consequences, as e.g. the displacements of lower-income households with higher-income residents and of rural culture and values with urban ones. This paper examines the phenomenon from another perspective, namely the effects of the “rurbanization” processes on countryside’s labour markets and economic life. This paper aims at analysing the determinants of net migration to rural areas in general and to different types of regions, and the impacts of inmigration on rural labour markets, self-employment and other socio-economic conditions in Sweden for the period of 2003–2005. We find that net migration into rural areas increases with the size of adjacent local and regional centres, whereas net migration decreases with the average commuting distance of workers in the rural areas. When comparing in-migrants to rural areas with rural area stayers, our results indicate that the former has lower incomes, a lower employment ratio and a lower degree of entrepreneurial activities. These differences could—at least partly—be explained by the fact that rural area stayers were on average 6 years older than rural area inmigrants, i.e. the two groups were in different stages of their life cycles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keywords
commuting, labor market, labor migration, rural area, rural economy, self employment, socioeconomic conditions, urbanization
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161245 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2014.945814 (DOI)000349090500004 ()2-s2.0-84923190641 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

QC 20150316

Available from: 2015-03-11 Created: 2015-03-11 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M. (2014). Demographic trends in rural Europe. In: Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe: The Relational Turn in Rural Development (pp. 99-125). Taylor & Francis Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demographic trends in rural Europe
2014 (English)In: Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe: The Relational Turn in Rural Development, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014, p. 99-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2014
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-187588 (URN)2-s2.0-84955353991 (Scopus ID)9780203705001 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20160614

Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-05-25 Last updated: 2022-06-22Bibliographically approved
Falck, S., Snickars, F., Johansson, M. & Lindblad, S. (2012). ESPON:s efterfrågestyrda projekt innebär nya möjligheter för samhällsplanerare och forskare. PLAN - Tidskrift för samhällsplanering, 2(3), 62-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ESPON:s efterfrågestyrda projekt innebär nya möjligheter för samhällsplanerare och forskare
2012 (Swedish)In: PLAN - Tidskrift för samhällsplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 62-65Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2012
Keywords
ESPON
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-98088 (URN)
Note

QC 20121218

Available from: 2012-06-19 Created: 2012-06-19 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M. & Rauhut, D. (2012). European Urban-Rural Relations – A Multifaceted Concept.. Paper presented at A paper prepared for Western Regional Science Association’s 51th Annual Meeting in Kauai, Hawaii, U.S.A., 8-11 February, 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>European Urban-Rural Relations – A Multifaceted Concept.
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-69559 (URN)
Conference
A paper prepared for Western Regional Science Association’s 51th Annual Meeting in Kauai, Hawaii, U.S.A., 8-11 February, 2012
Note
QC 20120209Available from: 2012-01-29 Created: 2012-01-29 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Rauhut, D. & Johansson, M. (2012). Sex Differences in the Regional Settlement Patterns of Immigrants to Sweden 1967-2005.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sex Differences in the Regional Settlement Patterns of Immigrants to Sweden 1967-2005
2012 (English)Report (Refereed)
Publisher
p. 18
Series
Institute of Migration Web Report Series ; 72
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-69562 (URN)
Note

QC 20130115

Available from: 2012-01-29 Created: 2012-01-29 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M. & Reardon, M. (2011). Mental Maps of Europe from Historical Non-Eurocentric Perspectives.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental Maps of Europe from Historical Non-Eurocentric Perspectives
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-80140 (URN)
Projects
WP 6.4 to EuroBroadMap Nordregio
Note
QC 20120213Available from: 2012-02-09 Created: 2012-02-09 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M. (2011). Migration and Settlement Patterns among Young People and Families in Swedish Rural and Urban Areas. In: Kobayashi, K, Westlund, H., Jeong, H. (Ed.), Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas: . MARG
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration and Settlement Patterns among Young People and Families in Swedish Rural and Urban Areas
2011 (English)In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas / [ed] Kobayashi, K, Westlund, H., Jeong, H., MARG , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MARG, 2011
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-80015 (URN)978-4-907830-06-9 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20120213

Available from: 2012-02-09 Created: 2012-02-09 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Westlund, H., Johansson, M. & Eliasson, K. (2011). "New Rurality": Employment, Commuting and Entrepreneurship in Rural Sweden. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 839-852
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"New Rurality": Employment, Commuting and Entrepreneurship in Rural Sweden
2011 (English)In: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, ISSN 1939-1250, E-ISSN 1939-1269, p. 839-852Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-65278 (URN)
Note
QC 20120410Available from: 2012-01-25 Created: 2012-01-25 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
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