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Persson, F., Hulme-Smith, C. & Jönsson, P. G. (2022). Particle morphology of water atomised iron-carbon powders. Powder Technology, 397, 116993, Article ID 116993.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Particle morphology of water atomised iron-carbon powders
2022 (English)In: Powder Technology, ISSN 0032-5910, E-ISSN 1873-328X, Vol. 397, p. 116993-, article id 116993Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Water atomisation can produce metal powders faster and at lower cost than gas atomisation, but it is well known that the powder particles are irregular and may contain a large number of pores. The current study analyses three iron-carbon alloys with different superheats, produced as powder by water atomisation and compares the particle shapes and porosity in each. The alloy with the most carbon (4.2 wt%) showed the highest circularity (0.72) for 20-40 µm particles, but the lowest (0.59) for 180-210µm particles. This is consistent with collisions between droplets affecting particle shape. The lowest-carbon melt (0.22 wt%) solidified fastest, so underwent fewest collisions and showed similar circularity for all particle sizes. The breakdown of water to form hydrogen and the formation of hydrogen bubbles was the most likely cause of porosity. The findings of this study may be used to inform future water atomisation process design to control particle shape and minimise porosity.

Keywords
Water atomisation; turbulent collisions; porosity; water breakdown; hydrogen evolution
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Materials Science and Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-305315 (URN)10.1016/j.powtec.2021.11.037 (DOI)000820281000003 ()2-s2.0-85120423992 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20211130

Available from: 2021-11-25 Created: 2021-11-25 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Persson, F., Jönsson, P. G. & Eliasson, A. (2012). Influence of liquid metal properties for water atomised metal powders.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of liquid metal properties for water atomised metal powders
2012 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main focus of the present study was the influence of liquid metal properties on the particle size during water atomisation. Experiments for liquid iron showed that alloy additions of carbon and sulphur decreased the particle size. Moreover, it was indicated that the reduced d50 value at increased %C and %S may be related to a decreased viscosity and surface tension respectively. An alternative mechanism could be that raised superheats at increased carbon contents increased the total available time for atomisation. This may also have decreased the particle size. The influence of surface tension and viscosity on the d50 value was further analysed with a theoretical d50 model proposed in a previous work. A reduced viscosity from 4∙9 to 2∙1 mPa s decreased the d50 value with 33%. In addition, the particle size was estimated to decrease with 21% by decreasing the surface tension from 1840 to 900 mN m-1.

Publisher
p. 37
Keywords
water atomisation, metal powders, particle size, modelling, viscosity, surface tension
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-94531 (URN)
Note
QS 2012Available from: 2012-05-09 Created: 2012-05-09 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
Persson, F., Eliasson, A. & Jönsson, P. (2012). Prediction of particle size for water atomised metal powders: parameter study. Powder Metallurgy, 55(1), 45-53
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prediction of particle size for water atomised metal powders: parameter study
2012 (English)In: Powder Metallurgy, ISSN 0032-5899, E-ISSN 1743-2901, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 45-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This work aims to investigate how some significant atomising parameters influence the mass median particle size d50 of water atomised metal powders. More specifically, these were water pressure, melt flowrate, water jet angle, liquid metal viscosity and surface tension. Existing models for the prediction of d50 during water atomisation were reviewed. The selected models were fitted and compared with atomising experiments of liquid iron containing 0.5–4.4%C. Experimental results and model calculations were used in a parameter study to investigate how the different parameters influenced d50. The effect on d50 was large for the water pressure, medium for the viscosity and low for the melt flowrate and surface tension. Model calculations indicate that the jet angle has a large effect on d50, which should be verified by additional studies. The model proposed by Bergquist (B. Bergquist: Powder Metall., 1999, 42, 331–343) showed the best agreement with the current experimental data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa UK Limited, 2012
Keywords
Powder metallurgy, Modelling, Water atomisation, Metal powder, Particle size
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-53622 (URN)10.1179/1743290111Y.0000000016 (DOI)000302546300008 ()2-s2.0-84859701828 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20220609

Available from: 2011-12-29 Created: 2011-12-29 Last updated: 2022-06-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7376-9062

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