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Boson-fermion duality in a gravitational background
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
2018 (English)In: Annals of Physics, ISSN 0003-4916, E-ISSN 1096-035X, Vol. 399, no O S, 1990, NUCLEAR PHYSICS B, V346, P293 m Thanh Son, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW X, V5, adlyn Barry, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, V91, omov Andrey, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, V114, omov Andrey, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, V114, omov Andrey, 2014, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, V113, o Gil Young, 2014, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, V90,, p. 1-25, article id OVAS DP, 1985, NUCLEAR PHYSICS B, V251, P117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study the 2+1 dimensional boson-fermion duality in the presence of background curvature and electromagnetic fields. The main players are, on the one hand, a massive complex vertical bar phi vertical bar(4) scalar field coupled to a U(1) Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge field at level 1, representing a relativistic composite boson with one unit of attached flux, and on the other hand, a massive Dirac fermion. We show that, in a curved background and at the level of the partition function, the relativistic composite boson, in the infinite coupling limit, is dual to a short-range interacting Dirac fermion. The coupling to the gravitational spin connection arises naturally from the spin factors of the Wilson loop in the Chern-Simons theory. A non-minimal coupling to the scalar curvature is included on the bosonic side in order to obtain agreement between partition functions. Although an explicit Lagrangian expression for the fermionic interactions is not obtained, their short-range nature constrains them to be irrelevant, which protects the duality in its strong interpretation as an exact mapping at the IR fixed point between a Wilson-Fisher-Chern-Simons complex scalar and a free Dirac fermion. We also show that, even away from the IR, keeping the vertical bar phi vertical bar(4) term is of key importance as it provides the short-range bosonic interactions necessary to prevent intersections of worldlines in the path integral, thus forbidding unknotting of knots and ensuring preservation of the worldline topologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE , 2018. Vol. 399, no O S, 1990, NUCLEAR PHYSICS B, V346, P293 m Thanh Son, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW X, V5, adlyn Barry, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, V91, omov Andrey, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, V114, omov Andrey, 2015, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, V114, omov Andrey, 2014, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, V113, o Gil Young, 2014, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, V90,, p. 1-25, article id OVAS DP, 1985, NUCLEAR PHYSICS B, V251, P117
Keywords [en]
Field theory duality, Quantum Hall effect, Composite boson, Topological field theory, SER S, 1976, NUCLEAR PHYSICS B, V111, P45, SER S, 1982, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, V48, P975
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-241334DOI: 10.1016/j.aop.2018.10.001ISI: 000454750000001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055113539OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-241334DiVA, id: diva2:1281067
Note

QC 20190121

Available from: 2019-01-21 Created: 2019-01-21 Last updated: 2019-01-21Bibliographically approved

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