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Imitera mera: nyttan av färdiga exempellösningar i matematikundervisning
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Imitate more : the benefits of sample solutions in mathematics education (English)
Abstract [sv]

Som ett svar på att den svenska skolans matematikundervisning är i behov av ett lyft har denna studie utförts. Målet har varit att kunna uppvisa en idé gällande hur gymnasieskolans matematikundervisning kan individanpassas till följd av en utökad och mer riktad användning av exempellösningar. Detta har gjorts genom att en alternativ undervisningsmetod har införts i två klasser på en gymnasieskola i Stockholm, som sedan har genomfört matematikprov med och/eller utan den alternativa undervisningsmetoden. Utöver matematikprov har intervjuer och enkäter genomförts. Studiens resultat tyder på att elevernas prestation ökar vid inslag av en undervisning med exempellösningar. Vidare pekar undersökningen på att de elever som lyckas höja sina matematikresultat allra mest vid implementeringen av den imitativa undervisningen är de som i normala fall presterar allra svagast vid ordinarie undervisning. Studien visar även att elever ur olika kunskapsintervall uppskattar studerandet av de färdiga exempellösningarna, och finner sitt sätt på vilket de hanterar dem. Sammanfattningsvis åskådliggör detta arbete att färdiga exempellösningar med fördel kan användas som inslag i matematikundervisning vid exempelvis introduktion av nya procedurer eller teorier för att lättare och mindre tidskrävande kunna ge eleverna möjlighet till den stöttning de erfordrar.

Abstract [en]

This study has been conducted due to the need of a boost of the Swedish school's mathematics education. The aim has been to be able to show an idea of how high school mathematics education can be customized as a result of an extended and more targeted use of sample solutions. This has been done by introducing an alternative teaching method into two classes at a secondary school in Stockholm. The students has then performed mathematical tests with and/or without the alternative teaching method. In addition to mathematical tests, interviews and surveys have been conducted. The results of the study indicate that students' performance increase when teaching with sample solutions. Furthermore, the study points out that those who are most successful in raising their mathematical results often are the students who usually perform the weakest in regular education. The study also shows that students with different academic background appreciate to work with sample solutions, and can find their own way in how to use them. To summarize, this work indicates that sample solutions can be used as an element in mathematics education, for example, when introducing new procedures or theories in order to easier and less time-consuming provide students with the support they need and require.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 63
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:6
Keywords [en]
math education, imitative learning, sample solutions, cognitive load
Keywords [sv]
matematikundervisning, imitativt lärande, exempellösningar, kognitiv belastning
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies Learning Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-241538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-241538DiVA, id: diva2:1281903
Subject / course
Technology and Learning
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Engineering and of Education
Presentation
2018-05-18, 00:00
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-23 Created: 2019-01-23 Last updated: 2019-01-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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