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On-Chip Photonic Crystal Surface-Emitting Membrane Lasers
Univ Texas Arlington, Dept Elect Engn, Arlington, TX 76019 USA..
Univ Texas Arlington, Dept Elect Engn, Arlington, TX 76019 USA..
Univ Texas Arlington, Dept Elect Engn, Arlington, TX 76019 USA..
Univ Texas Arlington, Dept Elect Engn, Arlington, TX 76019 USA..
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2019 (English)In: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, ISSN 1077-260X, E-ISSN 1558-4542, Vol. 25, no 3, article id 4900211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Photonic crystal lasers can be realized either based on photonic bandgap defect mode or defect-free bandedge mode, while the bandgap is not essential for the latter. We review here defect-free bandedge mode based photonic crystal surface-emitting lasers (PCSELs) for on-chip integration. We first discuss ultra-thin membrane reflector vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (MR-VCSELs), where single layer photonic crystal slabs can be designed as a broadband membrane reflector. Later, we discuss another type of defect-free PCSELs where the lasing cavity is formed based on evanescent coupling of gain medium with the photonic crystal bandedge mode near bandedge. Cavity designs were carried out for the optimal modal overlap and high confinement factors. Lateral cavity size scaling was also investigated both theoretically and experimentally in PCSELs. Buried tunnel junction based InGaAsP quantum well heterostructures were also designed and incorporated into electrically injected PCSELs. Finally, discussions are given toward energy efficient lasers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC , 2019. Vol. 25, no 3, article id 4900211
Keywords [en]
Heterogeneous integration, photonic crystals, silicon photonics, surface-emitting lasers
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-251197DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2019.2902904ISI: 000464754300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064629686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-251197DiVA, id: diva2:1317711
Note

QC 20190523

Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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Reuterskiöld-Hedlund, CarlHammar, Mattias

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