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Acceleratorers påverkan för sprutbetongens tidiga hållfasthet
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Accelerators affect on the early strength of shotcrete (English)
Abstract [sv]

Vid underhållsarbeten av trafikerade tunnlar stängs trafiken av. Därav sker dessa arbeten oftast nattetid. För att kunna släppa på trafiken igen så snabbt som möjligt eftersträvas effektiva förstärkningsarbeten. Av säkerhetsskäl kan utökade hållfasthetskrav förekomma för sprutbetong som förstärkningsmetod. Om betongen hinner uppnå det krav som ställs för hållfastheten snabbare kan antal nätter som tillägnas förstärkningsarbeten reduceras. Detta examensarbete ska undersöka hur olika tillsatser av typen acceleratorer kan påskynda den tidiga hållfasthetsutvecklingen för sprutbetong. Utav de acceleratorer som utreds ska en slutsats kunna dras om dessa typer av tillsatser lämpar sig för förstärkningsmetoden våt sprutbetong. För att utreda acceleratorernas påverkan på sprutbetong har fullskaliga tester utförts. Vid testning sprutades olika betongrecept i testlådor. På lådorna kunde sedan hållfasthetstester utföras enligt gällande standarder. Testerna undersöker endast betongens tidiga hållfasthet, vilket blir en av arbetets avgränsningar. Resultatet av testerna visas i form av grafer och diagram. Därefter diskuteras metodernas osäkerhet och hur skiljande parametrar påverkar resultatet. Ur graferna kan en positiv effekt utläsas för recepten med tillsatt hållfasthetsaccelerator jämfört med recepten där endast sprutbetongaccelerator användes. Den positiva trenden syns tydligast inom de första fyra timmarna, efter detta framträder osäkerheten i mätvärdena. Slutsatser om acceleratorernas verkan för hela testet kan inte dras utan en statistisk hypotesprövning mellan de olika recepten. En sådan prövning utesluter om det statistiskt går att skilja resultaten åt. Dessutom rekommenderas företaget utföra mindre kompletterande tester på provkroppar i laborativ miljö, där skiljande parametrar kan elimineras och säkrare utdata erhållas.

Abstract [en]

During maintenance work in trafficked tunnels, the traffic must be halted. Therefore, such efforts often take place night-time. In order to enable a quick release of traffic again, it is crucial to have an effective reinforcement work. Due to the safety risks of using shotcrete as a reinforce method, there is a chance of adding additional strength-requirement can exist due to safety risks. If the concrete achieves the strength requirements sooner than expected, the number of nights dedicated to maintenance work can be reduced. This study intends to investigate how different types of admixtures, so called accelerators, can expedite the shotcrete’s initial strength development. Furthermore, the study will include a conclusion of the suitability for the accelerators that have been applied in the shotcrete. To investigate the effects of these accelerators, extensive tests has taken place. During these tests, shotcretes with different recipes were sprinkled into test boxes. Thereafter, tests of strength development could be performed on these boxes in agreement with prevailing standards. To delimitate the study, the selected methods only show the early strength-development of shotcrete. The results from these tests will be presented in graphs. Uncertainties regarding measurement data and how separated physical parameters affect the test results will be discussed as well. By reading the data presented in the graphs, a positive development can be identified in recipes with added hardening accelerators compared to recipes containing only shotcrete accelerators within the first four hours. Following the first four hours, a significant uncertainty in measurements will be noticed. Finally, due to high irregularity in measured values, conclusions of the accelerators’ effect cannot be confirmed solely by the results from these tests. Therefore, a hypothesis trial is necessary as it would exclude if the recipes statically can be separated. Furthermore, the company recommends performing additional small-scale tests in a laboratory environment. Through laboratory tests, a more certain result can be received.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 54
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19155
Keywords [en]
Shotcrete, strength development, Accelerator, Admixture, Hardening accelerator, Shotcrete accelerator.
Keywords [sv]
Sprutbetong, Hållfasthetsutveckling, Accelerator, Tillsats, Hållfasthetsaccelerator, Sprutbetongaccelerator
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-259690OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-259690DiVA, id: diva2:1352993
External cooperation
BESAB
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-24

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