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Förbättrad logistik med hjälp av BIM-projektering
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Improved logistics using BIM-design (English)
Abstract [sv]

Byggbranschens effektivitet beror på många faktorer, en av dem är logistik. Välplanerad logistik kan bland annat minska slöseri av tid och kostnader. Studier har tidigare visat att ineffektiv tidshantering i byggbranschen förekommer oftare än i branscher. Examensarbetet har skrivits för att undersöka vilka problem kan förekomma i logistikprocessen och hur digitalisering kan förebygga problem i logistikflödet. Digitalisering som återspeglas i Building Information Modeling (BIM) skapar möjligheter för att uppnå ett effektivt logistikflöde. Rapporten innehåller två huvuddelar: Faktainsamlingen omfattar begreppet logistik och olika strategier relaterade till ämnet som Lean och Just In Time och tillämpningen av dem i byggbranschen. Jämförelser mellan olika standarder kopplade till förbättrad hantering och klassifikation av material tas upp, bland dessa BEAst och Coclass. Även BIM-projekteringens inverkan på logistik har teoretiskt undersökts med programvaran Vico Office och dess 4D samt 5D-funktioner. Den andra delen fokuserar på enkätundersökningar på byggarbetsplats och intervjuer med BIM-specialist, logistikchef, forskare med utvalda intervjufrågor. Frågorna är utformade efter respektive arbetsroll och alla svar finns transkriberade i slutet av rapporten som bilagor. All samlad information från enkätresultat och intervjuer redovisas i resultat och analys för att slutligen diskutera fördelar och nackdelar med BIM-projektering för logistiska ändamål. Rapporten föreslår mer användning av BIM-projektering i projekteringsstadiet för att effektivisera logistik i byggbranschen.

Abstract [en]

The efficiency of the construction industry depends on many factors, one of which is logistics. Well-planned logistics can, among other things, reduce waste of time and costs. Studies have previously shown that inefficient time management in the construction industry occurs more often than in other industries. This report has been written to investigate which problems can occur in the logistics process and how digitization can prevent problems in the logistics flow. Digitization reflected in Building Information Modeling (BIM) creates opportunities for achieving an efficient logistics flow. The report contains two main parts: The collection of facts covers the concept of logistics and various strategies related to the topic such as Lean and Just In Time and their application in the construction industry. Comparisons between different standards related to improved handling and classification of materials are addressed, among them BEAst and Coclass. The impact of the BIM design on logistics has also been theoretically investigated with the software Vico Office and its 4D and 5D functions. The second part focuses on surveys about construction workplaces and interviews with BIM specialists, logistics managers, researchers using selected interview questions. The questions are designed according to each work role and all answers are transcribed at the end of the report as appendices. All collected information from the survey results and interviews are presented in results and analysis to finally discuss the advantages and disadvantages of BIM design for logistics purposes. The report proposes more use of BIM design in the design stage to streamline logistics in the construction industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19407
Keywords [en]
BIM, BIM-design, Logistics, BEAst, Lean, Just In Time, Coclass, Vico Office, 4D, 5D
Keywords [sv]
BIM, BIM-projektering, Logistik, BEAst, Lean, Just In Time, Coclass, Vico Office, 4D, 5D
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-260052DiVA, id: diva2:1354314
External cooperation
Sisab
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25

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Citation style
  • apa
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