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Guidelines for practical use when shotcreting close to blasting and vibrations in hard rock
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures.
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Uncertainty about the vibration levels that can be tolerated near newly sprayed concrete (shotcrete) often leads to excessively conservative limit values being used in the construction of tunnels and structures in rock, with additional costs and planning uncertainties as a result. Previously, it has only been possible to give general recommendations for safe vibration levels. A project with the aim of producing a set of practical vibration limit levels for shotcrete work close to blasting in hard rock has therefore been carried out. These recommendations span situations that may arise during "normal" construction in hard rock, and contain guidelines for safe distances and waiting times for newly sprayed shotcrete exposed to vibrations. In the project, the focus is on wet-mixed shotcrete on hard rock, of the type found in Sweden and Scandinavia.

A large number of calculations have been carried out with a previously developed and relatively computationally effective numerical elastic stress wave propagation model. As input data, various combinations of the weight of explosives, distance, rock type, shotcrete type, shotcrete age and thickness are used. For each combination of input parameters, the stresses that arise at the bond interface between rock and shotcrete have been calculated. The results are saved in a database and can be illustrated graphically with a 3D surface, as a function of shotcrete age and distance to the explosive charge. This surface has then been compared with another, which represents the growth of bond strength between rock and shotcrete. The intersection curve between the two surfaces represents the limit for safe blasting, taking into account combinations of shortest distances and the youngest allowable shotcrete at time of blasting.

The report contains a larger number of graphs showing limit values for safe blasting, which will be of value as reference in design work, enable comparisons with data from the field, and thereby feedback of experience. Based on the recommended limit values, dimensioning in the design stage will be made so that the results will be undamaged and safer shotcrete with longer life. Reduced need for re-spraying and repair leads to a high economic sustainability for large infrastructure projects and environmental sustainability when material consumption is reduced. The safety of tunnels and underground constructions will also be increased.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, 2019. , p. 73
Series
BeFo Report ; 189
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-265633ISRN: BEFO-R-189-SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-265633DiVA, id: diva2:1380283
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Ansell, Anders

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