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Transformation of a policy instrument for energy renovation of housing: Real case application on the French tax credit for energy transition
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
2020 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The fight against climate change and the reduction of energy precarity are two major challenges of the energy policy of any country. Energy management in the building sector, particularly in the housing sector, is therefore crucial, and the energy renovation of housing makes it possible to reconcile these challenges by reducing households energy expenditure and greenhouse gas emissions in the residential sector. By focusing on the tax credit for energy transition, a French flagship financial policy instrument for the renovation of private housing in France but criticised for its inefficiency and antidistributive nature, we show that a major reform of this policy instrument can lead to achieve these energy and social objectives. The new method of calculating public subsidies for energy renovation proposed in this report represents a major step forward compared to the current situation in France, by creating a tailor-made instrument adapted to the financial situation of households and reflecting the energy performance of the renovation works. We show that it is therefore possible to have an ambitious climate strategy while making a policy aimed at modest households and enhancing the efficiency of public expenditure.

Abstract [sv]

Kampen mot klimatförandringarna och minskningen av energiprioriteten är  två stora utmaningar i energipolitiken i alla länder. Energihantering inom byggsektorn, särskilt i bostadssektorn, är därför avgörande, och energirenoveringen av bostäder gör det möjligt att förena dessa utmaningargenom att minska hushållens energiförbrukning och växthusgasutsläpp i bostadssektorn. Genom att fokusera på skattekredit för energiövergång, ett franska flaggskepps finanspolitiskainstrument för renovering av privata bostäder i Frankrike men kritiserat för dess ineffektivitet och anti-distribuerande karaktär, visar vi att en större reform av detta politiska instrument kan leda till att uppnå dessa energi och sociala mål. Den nya metoden för att beräkna offentliga subventioner för renovering av energi som föreslås i denna rapport representerar ett stort steg framåt jämfört med den nuvarande situationen i Frankrike, genom att skapa ett skräddarsytt instrument anpassat till hushållens ekonomiska situation och återspegla renoveringsarbetets energiprestanda.Vi visar att det därför är möjligt att ha en ambitiös klimatstrategi samtidigt som vi gör en politik riktad mot blygsamma hushåll och effektiviserar de offentliga utgifterna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 74
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2020:59
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-269061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-269061DiVA, id: diva2:1410835
External cooperation
French Ministry of Ecology and the Ministry of Territorial Cohesion and Relations with Territorial Collectivities
Subject / course
Energy Technology
Educational program
Degree of Master
Presentation
2020-01-20, 00:00
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-03-02 Created: 2020-03-02 Last updated: 2020-03-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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