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Utilizing BIM and GIS for Representation and Visualization of 3D Cadastre
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Geodesy and Satellite Positioning.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2820-5801
Lund Univ, Dept Phys Geog & Ecosyst Sci, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
Lund Univ, Dept Phys Geog & Ecosyst Sci, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7886-5926
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2019 (English)In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 8, no 11, article id 503Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current three-dimensionally (3D) delimited property units are in most countries registered using two-dimensional (2D) documentation and textual descriptions. This approach has limitations if used for representing the actual extent of complicated 3D property units, in particular in city centers. 3D digital models such as building information model (BIM) and 3D geographic information system (GIS) could be utilized for accurate identification of property units, better representation of cadastral boundaries, and detailed visualization of complex buildings. To facilitate this, several requirements need to be identified considering organizational, legal, and technical aspects. In this study, we formulate these requirements and then develop a framework for integration of 3D cadastre and 3D digital models. The aim of this paper is that cadastral information stored based on the land administration domain model (LADM) are integrated with BIM on building level for accurate representation of legal boundaries and with GIS on city level for visualization of 3D cadastre in urban environments. The framework is implemented and evaluated against the requirements in a practical case study in Sweden. The conclusion is that the integration of the cadastral information and BIM/GIS is possible on both conceptual level and data level which will facilitate that organizations dealing with cadastral information (cadastral units), BIM models (architecture, engineering, and construction companies), and GIS (surveying units on e.g., municipality level) can exchange information; this facilitates better representation and visualization of 3D cadastral boundaries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 8, no 11, article id 503
Keywords [en]
3D cadastre, BIM, CityGML 3.0, LADM, visualization, cadastral boundaries
National Category
Civil Engineering Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-269139DOI: 10.3390/ijgi8110503ISI: 000502272600037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-269139DiVA, id: diva2:1414202
Note

QC 20210201

Available from: 2020-03-12 Created: 2020-03-12 Last updated: 2022-10-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Integration of BIM and 3D GIS for sustainable cadastre
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration of BIM and 3D GIS for sustainable cadastre
2022 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) has prominently innovated and digitalized buildingenvironment through digital representation of buildings, lifecycle process and managementfor involved actors. Rapidly developed from Geographical Information System (GIS) domain,three-dimensionally (3D) GIS provides powerful and comprehensive functions of planning,modelling, visualizing and analyzing 3D geodata in large scale. BIM and 3D GIS, both asmodern 3D spatial technologies, overlap partly but focus on different purposes andapplications with own international standards, for example Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)for BIM and CityGML for 3D GIS respectively. Therefore, the sharing and integration of BIMdata and geodata is mutually beneficial for comprehensive 3D city modelling.

The cadastre playing a pivotal role of land use is a land information system that records legaland spatial information of land parcels, traditionally in textual files and 2D cadastral maps. In order to satisfy the needs for better urban land use and avoid ambiguous problems due tomore complex spaces, cadastre is under transition from 2D to 3D for representing, modellingand visualizing property units, rights and boundaries practically.

This thesis explores the integration of BIM and 3D GIS for sustainable 3D cadastre from legal,technical, registration and organizational perspectives. The outcomes include a method toevaluate geometric aspects of BIM data quality, a framework for representing and visualizing3D cadastre by integrating Land Administration Domain Model (LADM), BIM and 3D GIS, alifecycle process of 3D property formation developed by Information Delivery Manual (IDM),a business ecosystem-based 3D cadastral management, and cadastre ecosystem. The value ofmultidisciplinary integrating these topics is to fulfil the demands of sustainable urbandevelopment and lifecycle management of cadastre in the digitalization of cadastre and smartcity. Overall, the findings show that the integration of BIM and 3D GIS for 3D cadastre canprovide involved actors with necessary and accurate information, knowledge and insight thatenhances financial, environmental, and social outcomes sustainably for both cities andcitizens.

Abstract [sv]

Building Information Modeling (BIM) bidrar till att innovativt och digitaliserat förändra detbyggda samhället genom digital representation av byggnader, livscykelprocess ochförvaltning för involverade aktörer. Geographical Information System (GIS) har utvecklats tilltredimensionell (3D) GIS, vilket ger möjlighet att skapa kraftfulla och heltäckande funktionerför planering, modellering, visualisering och analys av 3D geodata i stor skala. BIM och 3DGIS är båda moderna 3D rumsliga teknologier. BIM och 3D GIS har delvis överlappandeteknologier, men de har olika syften, tillämpningar och åtskilda internationella standarder, tillexempel Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) för BIM och CityGML för 3D GIS respektive. Enkombination av och integration av BIM-data och 3D GIS behöver utvecklas eftersom det skulleskapa förutsättningar för omfattande 3D-stadsmodellering över livscykeln.

Fastigheter har en central roll för markanvändningen och det traditionellamarkinformationssystem som registrerar juridisk och rumslig information om mark skiftenfinns i textfiler och 2D- fastighetskartor. För att tillgodose behoven av bättre urbanmarkanvändning och undvika problem på grund av mer komplex markinformation så ärövergång från 2D till 3D fastighetsindelning central. Fördelar med 3D fastighetsindelning äratt det gör det möjligt att representera, modellera och visualisera fastighetsenheter,äganderätter och fastighetsgränser praktiskt.

Denna avhandling utforskar integrationen av BIM och 3D GIS för hållbara 3D-fastigheter urjuridiska, tekniska, registrerings- och organisatoriska perspektiv. Resultaten inkluderar enmetod för att utvärdera geometriska aspekter av BIM-datakvalitet, ett ramverk för attrepresentera och visualisera 3D- fastigheter genom att integrera Land Administration DomainModel (LADM), BIM och 3D GIS, en livscykelprocess för 3D-registrering utvecklad avInformation Delivery Manual (IDM), ett affärsekosystembaserat 3D fastighetsförvaltning ochfastighetsekosystem. Värdet av multidisciplinär integrering av dessa ämnen är att uppfyllakraven på hållbar stadsutveckling och livscykelhantering av fastigheter i digitaliseringen avfastighet och smarta städer. Sammantaget visar resultaten att integrationen av BIM och 3D GISför 3D-fastigheter kan ge alla inblandade intressenter nödvändig och korrekt information,kunskap och insikt som förbättrar ekonomiska, miljömässiga och sociala resultat på etthållbart sätt för både städer och medborgare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2022. p. 84
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 2237
Keywords
BIM, 3D GIS, 3D cadastre, LADM, business ecosystem, cadastre ecosystem, sustainability
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering Economics and Business
Research subject
Geodesy and Geoinformatics, Geodesy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-319812 (URN)978-91-8040-382-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2022-10-28, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH Campus, videolänk https://kth-se.zoom.us/j/65376253484, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
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Note

QC 20221010

Available from: 2022-10-10 Created: 2022-10-07 Last updated: 2022-10-27Bibliographically approved

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