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Urban Mobility Certificates (UMCs): Informing mobility choices, carbon emissionsand energy use from transportation
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Computer Science, Computational Science and Technology (CST).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1790-0254
2020 (English)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Urban Mobility Certificates (UMCs) : Informing mobility choices, carbon emissions and energy use from transportation (English)
Abstract [en]

Urban transportation today consumes scarce resources of fossil fuels and it is a majorcause for environmental damage and accelerating climate change. To achieve sustainablemobility in the cities, it is necessary to improve energy efficiency and lower carbonemissions through the promotion of walking, cycling and especially public transportation.The urban form is a great obstacle in achieving sustainable mobility. Many Swedishcities were designed for the private automobile and they lack possibilities to walk, cycle anduse public transportation. To address this problem, this project developed and testedUrban Mobility Certificates (UMCs) or transportdeklaration in Swedish. The UMCsvisually inform sustainable mobility as integration with walking, cycling and publictransportation, estimate modal shares, transportation energy use in kWh/year/person andcarbon emission in t CO2/year/person. Visualizing this information has a potential totrigger a virtuous cycle of transforming neighborhoods, catalyzing sustainabledevelopment to better integrate walking, cycling and public transportation in Swedishneighborhoods.The UMCs produce reasonable results with acceptable errors that are common for thiskind of trip generation models. The can be used to identify unsustainable mobility inexisting neighborhoods and new developments. The UMCs directly inform sustainablemobility in a very concise form (integration, modal shares, transportation energy use inkWh/year/person and carbon emission in t CO2/year/person) and show a complex set ofurban form and accessibility factors as background for the modal shares forecasts. Bothconcise and complex information is needed to illuminate the complex link between urbanform and sustainable mobility. In addition, the methodology can be used to analyzealternative scenarios to redesign sprawling Swedish neighborhoods into more sustainableurban forms. Scenarios like mixed development, introduction of public transportation orcreating a network of walkable streets (called promenadstad in Swedish) can decreasetransportation energy use by 1000 kWh/year/person to 3000 kWh/year/person(extensions of historical urban centers) or halve the Swedish average of 6000kWh/year/person. It is very important to use the UMCs in the earliest stage of the urbanplanning and development process.Sustainable mobility is possible only if there are choices to walk, cycle and use publictransportation. To help in redesigning and redeveloping the Swedish neighborhoods thatare oriented to the automobile, this project furthermore presented a model of small andlarge Swedish city with typical neighborhoods. The application of the UMCs in Swedishplanning and development processes must be understood as a process of informing aboutlack of mobility choices and urban interventions such as introduction of walkable streets,cycling and public transportation infrastructures, mix of functions and Transit OrientedDevelopment (TOD) in typical Swedish neighborhoods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2020. , p. 127
Series
TRITA-ABE-RPT ; 2011
Keywords [en]
urban design, mobility choices, carbon emissions, energy use, transportation
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering Transport Systems and Logistics Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Research subject
Architecture, Urban Design; Transport Science, Transport Infrastructure; Planning and Decision Analysis; Planning and Decision Analysis, Urban and Regional Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-272593ISBN: 978-91-7873-473-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-272593DiVA, id: diva2:1425994
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2017-003267; P44551-1Available from: 2020-04-23 Created: 2020-04-23 Last updated: 2022-06-26

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Stojanovski, Todor

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