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A breakthrough in urban rain -harvesting schemes through planning for urban greening: Case studies from Stockholm and Barcelona
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1974-1891
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Water and Environmental Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9769-738X
Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain..
Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain..
2020 (English)In: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, Vol. 51, article id 126678Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A plethora of socioenvironmental issues, and growing concerns over the effects of climate change, are forcing cities to rethink conventional urban water management practices. However, change towards more sustainable practices has been remarkably slow. This paper examines two cases of greening projects aimed at urban rehabilitation in Stockholm and Barcelona, which have turned into examples of innovative approaches to urban rain management. Both cities share high densities and flooding problems in certain neighborhoods. Specifically, the paper attempts to answer three questions: 1) what were the driving forces and key factors that facilitated the breakthrough of urban rainwater-harvesting (URH) schemes based on the two cases?; 2) who were the actors involved and what were their roles in moving towards URH schemes?; and 3) how can URH schemes become part of multifunctional, sustainable urban systems? To answer these questions, the paper uses concepts of adaptive context and capacity, and of actor agency, drawn from the transitions literature, and opportunistic and guided flexibility planning drawn from the planning literature. Empirical material for both case studies was obtained from policy documents and semi-structured interviews with key actors. The main results show first political support for flexibility in public planning, the adaptive context and the capacity of the actors, especially in taking advantage of windows of opportunity for the materialisation of new ideas. Second, the design and implementation of these systems widened the number and scope of actors in urban water management, incorporating new professionals such as architects and involving more city agencies and organizations. Third, small scale URH systems contributed not only to control urban drainage but performed other functions such as the much-needed greening of dense areas in both cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 51, article id 126678
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-277985DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2020.126678ISI: 000539724700012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85084842175OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-277985DiVA, id: diva2:1451765
Note

QC 20200703

Available from: 2020-07-03 Created: 2020-07-03 Last updated: 2022-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Suleiman, LinaOlofsson, Bo

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