kth.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Integration of BIM and 3D GIS for sustainable cadastre
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Geodesy and Satellite Positioning.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2820-5801
2022 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) has prominently innovated and digitalized buildingenvironment through digital representation of buildings, lifecycle process and managementfor involved actors. Rapidly developed from Geographical Information System (GIS) domain,three-dimensionally (3D) GIS provides powerful and comprehensive functions of planning,modelling, visualizing and analyzing 3D geodata in large scale. BIM and 3D GIS, both asmodern 3D spatial technologies, overlap partly but focus on different purposes andapplications with own international standards, for example Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)for BIM and CityGML for 3D GIS respectively. Therefore, the sharing and integration of BIMdata and geodata is mutually beneficial for comprehensive 3D city modelling.

The cadastre playing a pivotal role of land use is a land information system that records legaland spatial information of land parcels, traditionally in textual files and 2D cadastral maps. In order to satisfy the needs for better urban land use and avoid ambiguous problems due tomore complex spaces, cadastre is under transition from 2D to 3D for representing, modellingand visualizing property units, rights and boundaries practically.

This thesis explores the integration of BIM and 3D GIS for sustainable 3D cadastre from legal,technical, registration and organizational perspectives. The outcomes include a method toevaluate geometric aspects of BIM data quality, a framework for representing and visualizing3D cadastre by integrating Land Administration Domain Model (LADM), BIM and 3D GIS, alifecycle process of 3D property formation developed by Information Delivery Manual (IDM),a business ecosystem-based 3D cadastral management, and cadastre ecosystem. The value ofmultidisciplinary integrating these topics is to fulfil the demands of sustainable urbandevelopment and lifecycle management of cadastre in the digitalization of cadastre and smartcity. Overall, the findings show that the integration of BIM and 3D GIS for 3D cadastre canprovide involved actors with necessary and accurate information, knowledge and insight thatenhances financial, environmental, and social outcomes sustainably for both cities andcitizens.

Abstract [sv]

Building Information Modeling (BIM) bidrar till att innovativt och digitaliserat förändra detbyggda samhället genom digital representation av byggnader, livscykelprocess ochförvaltning för involverade aktörer. Geographical Information System (GIS) har utvecklats tilltredimensionell (3D) GIS, vilket ger möjlighet att skapa kraftfulla och heltäckande funktionerför planering, modellering, visualisering och analys av 3D geodata i stor skala. BIM och 3DGIS är båda moderna 3D rumsliga teknologier. BIM och 3D GIS har delvis överlappandeteknologier, men de har olika syften, tillämpningar och åtskilda internationella standarder, tillexempel Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) för BIM och CityGML för 3D GIS respektive. Enkombination av och integration av BIM-data och 3D GIS behöver utvecklas eftersom det skulleskapa förutsättningar för omfattande 3D-stadsmodellering över livscykeln.

Fastigheter har en central roll för markanvändningen och det traditionellamarkinformationssystem som registrerar juridisk och rumslig information om mark skiftenfinns i textfiler och 2D- fastighetskartor. För att tillgodose behoven av bättre urbanmarkanvändning och undvika problem på grund av mer komplex markinformation så ärövergång från 2D till 3D fastighetsindelning central. Fördelar med 3D fastighetsindelning äratt det gör det möjligt att representera, modellera och visualisera fastighetsenheter,äganderätter och fastighetsgränser praktiskt.

Denna avhandling utforskar integrationen av BIM och 3D GIS för hållbara 3D-fastigheter urjuridiska, tekniska, registrerings- och organisatoriska perspektiv. Resultaten inkluderar enmetod för att utvärdera geometriska aspekter av BIM-datakvalitet, ett ramverk för attrepresentera och visualisera 3D- fastigheter genom att integrera Land Administration DomainModel (LADM), BIM och 3D GIS, en livscykelprocess för 3D-registrering utvecklad avInformation Delivery Manual (IDM), ett affärsekosystembaserat 3D fastighetsförvaltning ochfastighetsekosystem. Värdet av multidisciplinär integrering av dessa ämnen är att uppfyllakraven på hållbar stadsutveckling och livscykelhantering av fastigheter i digitaliseringen avfastighet och smarta städer. Sammantaget visar resultaten att integrationen av BIM och 3D GISför 3D-fastigheter kan ge alla inblandade intressenter nödvändig och korrekt information,kunskap och insikt som förbättrar ekonomiska, miljömässiga och sociala resultat på etthållbart sätt för både städer och medborgare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2022. , p. 84
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 2237
Keywords [en]
BIM, 3D GIS, 3D cadastre, LADM, business ecosystem, cadastre ecosystem, sustainability
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering Economics and Business
Research subject
Geodesy and Geoinformatics, Geodesy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-319812ISBN: 978-91-8040-382-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-319812DiVA, id: diva2:1701937
Public defence
2022-10-28, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH Campus, videolänk https://kth-se.zoom.us/j/65376253484, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20221010

Available from: 2022-10-10 Created: 2022-10-07 Last updated: 2022-10-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Evaluating the geometric aspects of integrating BIM data into city models
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the geometric aspects of integrating BIM data into city models
2020 (English)In: Journal of Spatial Science, ISSN 1449-8596, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 235-255Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) is used to acquire three-dimensional(3D) city model data over large areas. However, because of the longALS update cycle, building information models (BIM) could be utilizedto maintain city models. In this study, we designed, implemented, andevaluated a methodology to formalize the integration of BIM data intocity models. CityGML models were created from BIM data and ALS/footprint data based on common modelling guidelines. Both CityGMLbuilding models are modelled in a similar way and the relative differencesbetween the models are on the order of decimetres.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
Keywords
BIM, CityGML, laser scanning, geometric quality, city models
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
Geodesy and Geoinformatics, Geodesy; Geodesy and Geoinformatics, Geoinformatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-262832 (URN)10.1080/14498596.2019.1636722 (DOI)000477510900001 ()2-s2.0-85085233966 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Data Quality and Data Responsibility within the Built Environment
Note

QC 20191022

Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2023-10-16Bibliographically approved
2. Utilizing BIM and GIS for Representation and Visualization of 3D Cadastre
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utilizing BIM and GIS for Representation and Visualization of 3D Cadastre
Show others...
2019 (English)In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 8, no 11, article id 503Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current three-dimensionally (3D) delimited property units are in most countries registered using two-dimensional (2D) documentation and textual descriptions. This approach has limitations if used for representing the actual extent of complicated 3D property units, in particular in city centers. 3D digital models such as building information model (BIM) and 3D geographic information system (GIS) could be utilized for accurate identification of property units, better representation of cadastral boundaries, and detailed visualization of complex buildings. To facilitate this, several requirements need to be identified considering organizational, legal, and technical aspects. In this study, we formulate these requirements and then develop a framework for integration of 3D cadastre and 3D digital models. The aim of this paper is that cadastral information stored based on the land administration domain model (LADM) are integrated with BIM on building level for accurate representation of legal boundaries and with GIS on city level for visualization of 3D cadastre in urban environments. The framework is implemented and evaluated against the requirements in a practical case study in Sweden. The conclusion is that the integration of the cadastral information and BIM/GIS is possible on both conceptual level and data level which will facilitate that organizations dealing with cadastral information (cadastral units), BIM models (architecture, engineering, and construction companies), and GIS (surveying units on e.g., municipality level) can exchange information; this facilitates better representation and visualization of 3D cadastral boundaries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
3D cadastre, BIM, CityGML 3.0, LADM, visualization, cadastral boundaries
National Category
Civil Engineering Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-269139 (URN)10.3390/ijgi8110503 (DOI)000502272600037 ()
Note

QC 20210201

Available from: 2020-03-12 Created: 2020-03-12 Last updated: 2022-10-10Bibliographically approved
3. Towards Design and Development of a BIM based 3D Property Formation Process
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Design and Development of a BIM based 3D Property Formation Process
Show others...
2021 (English)In: Proceedings of the 7th International FIG Workshop on 3D Cadastres, 11-13 October 2021, New York, USA. TU Delft research repository, 2021Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With the increased interest and demand for 3D property, 3D property formation has shown increased significance. It is important to provide efficient, clear and unambiguous methods to form 3D property units, as well as register 3D property RRRs (rights, restrictions and responsibilities). The 3D property formation process should facilitate solutions to complicated problems within building projects (for example space above and below the ground) and provide secure and lasting rights in complex situations. Therefore, 3D property formation could use the same processes as for the formation of other property units, but adding specific rules and standards concerning the use of 3D models.Building Information Modelling (BIM) contains rich details of building characteristics such as structures, elements, spaces, schedules, etc. that can form the physical models of the 3D cadastre. The 3D property formation process requires that BIM data are exchanged between actors. To model this exchange, we utilize an open BIM process standard Information Delivery Manual (IDM). IDM helps to clarify the detailed property formation process, facilitates actors’ communication, harmonizes different product data models delivered and stored, identifies the results of that activity, as well as improves the management more efficiently and collaboratively. Level of Information Need (LOIN) is a framework that defines the extent and granularity of information, in order to prevent delivery of too much information. The LOIN specifies the granularity of information exchanged in terms of geometrical information, alphanumerical information and documentation, which should be used to specify the information delivery between actors.In this paper, we use LOIN as a basis to specify information requirements according to the 3D property formation purposes, and design a developed process of the Swedish 3D property formation in IDM. In the study, LOIN fulfills the requirements of forming 3D cadastral property in BIM models and harmonizes all involved actors in the whole process in IDM with a more common and standardized approach. The proposed methodology aims to facilitate a standardized and unambiguous digital 3D property formation process on a national level in order to improve and enhance the digital Swedish Cadastral and Land Administration Systems.

Keywords
3D cadastre, 3D property formation, Building Information Modelling, Information Delivery Manual, Level of Information Need
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-304426 (URN)10.4233/uuid:4aa9343f-b965-4c44-ba0d-9f91142dc078 (DOI)
Conference
7th International FIG Workshop on 3D Cadastres, 11-13 October 2021, New York, USA
Note

QC 20221011

Available from: 2021-11-04 Created: 2021-11-04 Last updated: 2022-10-11Bibliographically approved
4. A BIM-based approach to design and development 3D property formation process_a Swedish case study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A BIM-based approach to design and development 3D property formation process_a Swedish case study
Show others...
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

During the past decade, 3D property formation has shown increased interest and significance with high demand for 3D cadastre. The 3D property formation process should facilitate solutions to complicated problems within building projects (for example space above and below the ground) and provide secure and lasting rights in complex situations. In addition, the process should clarify clearly how the involved actors exchange and share information between each other. It is important to provide efficient, clear and unambiguous methods to form 3D property units, as well as to register 3D property RRRs (rights, restrictions and responsibilities).

In this paper, to achieve sustainable property management, a lifecycle process for 3D property formation is proposed with four phases: initiation, preparation, decision and registration phase. In order to model cadastral information and model exchange, we utilize the Information Delivery Manual (IDM, an open BIM process standard) for clarifying the detailed property formation process, facilitating actors’ communication and harmonizing 3D cadastral data models delivered, to improve the cadastral management more efficiently and collaboratively. In the IDM process map, the main actors are identified to illustrate responsibilities and activities to delivery of cadastral information and models. Moreover, the four phases of the lifecycle 3D property formation process are explained, and the detailed data/model exchange flow among different actors is described. A case study is developed to specify the Swedish 3D property formation process and information delivery between stakeholders in the IDM. The proposed methodology aims to facilitate a standardized and unambiguous digital 3D property formation procedure on a national level in order to improve and enhance the digital Swedish Cadastral and Land Administration Systems, but the methodology is quite generic and could be applied in other countries.

Keywords
3D cadastre, property formation process, BIM, IDM, lifecycle management
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-319805 (URN)
Note

QC 20221011

Available from: 2022-10-07 Created: 2022-10-07 Last updated: 2022-10-11Bibliographically approved
5. A Business Ecosystem-based 3D Cadastral Management and Cadastre Ecosystem
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Business Ecosystem-based 3D Cadastral Management and Cadastre Ecosystem
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

From an organizational and business perspective, current 3D cadastre lacks clarification of the complex network of various involved actors and poses challenges to coordinate the actors, which is time consuming and costly for 3D cadastral management. To better understand and address the actors' coordination and collaboration issues, we introduce business ecosystem-based 3D cadastral management that clarifies the interconnections between different involved actors. It focuses on ecosystem-level business value creation as a collective and inter-organizational coordination of the actors in the ecosystem. Moreover, based on and expanding the business ecosystem-based 3D cadastral management to a wider ecosystem – cadastre ecosystem, we propose a conceptual framework of cadastre ecosystem with five general components: policy, people, process, technology and business and identify 20 mechanisms by which these components interact. The network results indicate that each ecosystem components are interrelated to and interdependent of other components. The implication of our study is that a cadastre ecosystem is of strategical importance to the 3D cadastral management, that international cadastral standards are central for 3D cadastral management, that the cadastre ecosystem influences how to collaborate and manage the 3D cadastre, as well as how to develop the 3D cadastral business sustainably.

Keywords
3D cadastral management, business ecosystem, cadastre ecosystem, sustainability
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Economics and Business Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-319808 (URN)
Note

QC 20221011

Available from: 2022-10-07 Created: 2022-10-07 Last updated: 2022-10-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(6071 kB)663 downloads
File information
File name SUMMARY01.pdfFile size 6071 kBChecksum SHA-512
11d01c24764580e5ec258ec2a342aa2482f4a8c397a2fb7e83b6b5e728062996ac0b351f0f8bb83254e3d715b0f5bfaf6a950f700f7a8e0731123f2065f0bf34
Type summaryMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sun, Jing
By organisation
Geodesy and Satellite Positioning
Geosciences, MultidisciplinaryCivil EngineeringEconomics and Business

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1203 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf