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Does a robot's gaze aversion affect human gaze aversion?
Furhat Robot AB, Stockholm, Sweden..
Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
Leibniz Ctr Gen Linguist ZAS, Berlin, Germany..ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6751-9286
Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
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2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 10, article id 1127626Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gaze cues serve an important role in facilitating human conversations and are generally considered to be one of the most important non-verbal cues. Gaze cues are used to manage turn-taking, coordinate joint attention, regulate intimacy, and signal cognitive effort. In particular, it is well established that gaze aversion is used in conversations to avoid prolonged periods of mutual gaze. Given the numerous functions of gaze cues, there has been extensive work on modelling these cues in social robots. Researchers have also tried to identify the impact of robot gaze on human participants. However, the influence of robot gaze behavior on human gaze behavior has been less explored. We conducted a within-subjects user study (N = 33) to verify if a robot's gaze aversion influenced human gaze aversion behavior. Our results show that participants tend to avert their gaze more when the robot keeps staring at them as compared to when the robot exhibits well-timed gaze aversions. We interpret our findings in terms of intimacy regulation: humans try to compensate for the robot's lack of gaze aversion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media SA , 2023. Vol. 10, article id 1127626
Keywords [en]
gaze, gaze aversion, human-robot interaction, social robot, gaze control model, gaze behavior, intimacy, topic intimacy
National Category
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-333231DOI: 10.3389/frobt.2023.1127626ISI: 001025081900001PubMedID: 37427087Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85164584325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-333231DiVA, id: diva2:1784767
Note

QC 20230731

Available from: 2023-07-31 Created: 2023-07-31 Last updated: 2023-07-31Bibliographically approved

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Skantze, Gabriel

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