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Chitosan-photocatalyst nanocomposite on polyethylene films as antimicrobial coating for food packaging
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5891-0053
Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Central Institute of Technology Kokrajhar, Kokrajhar, Assam 783370, India, Assam.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
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2024 (English)In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, E-ISSN 1873-331X, Vol. 186, article id 108069Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chitosan (CS), an edible and non-toxic natural biopolymer, has been widely used in food preservation attributed to its intrinsic antimicrobial, biodegradable, and excellent film-forming properties. In this work, we report photocatalyst-loaded chitosan coating on commercial polyethylene (PE) film with enhanced antimicrobial properties for food packaging application. To improve the chemical stability of zinc oxide (ZnO) photocatalyst in acidic chitosan matrix, a thin layer (1–5 nm) of amorphous tin oxide (SnOx) was coated on ZnO nanoparticles. Consequently, the charge transfer efficiency of ZnO is improved and most of the surface defects are retained according to the studies of UV–Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. The thin SnOx coating on ZnO was observed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and its effects on crystallinity and particle size of ZnO were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and particle sizer, respectively. The addition of ZnO@SnOx particles in chitosan coating increases water contact angle (WCA) and enhances thermal stability of chitosan coating. The antimicrobial activity of chitosan, ZnO-SnOx nanoparticles, and CS-ZnO@SnOx coated PE films were examined against both Gram-negative (E. coli, A. faecalis) and Gram-positive (S. aureus, B. subtilis) bacteria. Compared to the limited antimicrobial effects of chitosan, ZnO-SnOx demonstrates an improved inhibition effect on bacterial growth over 48 h period under light. For the CS-ZnO@SnOx nanocomposite coated PE films, no inhibition zone was observed due to the limitation of disc diffusion method. Meanwhile, there were no bacterial colonies found to develop on the film, rendering this CS nanocomposite coating a good candidate for food packaging applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier BV , 2024. Vol. 186, article id 108069
Keywords [en]
Antimicrobial, Chitosan, Coating, Food packaging, Photocatalyst
National Category
Polymer Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-340108DOI: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2023.108069ISI: 001112676900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85176446273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-340108DiVA, id: diva2:1815369
Note

QC 20231128

Available from: 2023-11-28 Created: 2023-11-28 Last updated: 2023-12-22Bibliographically approved

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Yu, DongkunLiu, YouZhang, XingyanFei, YeDutta, Joydeep

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