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Aerodynamics simulations of Scania trucks using OpenFOAM
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Engineering Mechanics.
2024 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In the field of heavy-duty vehicles, fuel efficiency and environmental protection are factors that need to be focused on, while the aerodynamic drag generated during vehicle travelling is one of the most influential aspects. This thesis delves into the aerodynamic simulation of Scania trucks using the open-source Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool, OpenFOAM v2206. This study rigorously investigates the aerodynamics of two Scania truck models under different operating conditions, including scenarios with different crosswind environments at high speeds.The core of this study is to compare and analyse the computational results of OpenFOAM v2206 and its predecessor OpenFOAM v3.0+ in a number of aspects, in order to elucidate the evolution and improvement of CFD techniques and their practical impact on vehicle simulation performance. In order to save computational resources, the RANS method was used for the steady-state simulations. Preliminary comparisons were also made with results from PowerFLOW, another CFD software widely used within the Scania group.Another important part of this thesis is the exploration of an alternative meshing method (ANSA Hextreme Mesh) in CFD simulations. As a widely used pre-processing software in the Scania group today, analysing and comparing the advantages and disadvantages of ANSA and OpenFOAM in terms of meshing, such as the ease of meshing and the accuracy of aerodynamic predictions, can help to provide valuable guidance for the application of truck shape design and aerodynamic simulation.The results indicate that OpenFOAM v2206 excels in predicting aerodynamics and has utility in optimising truck design. Compared to OpenFOAM v3.0+, OpenFOAM v2206 shows smaller discrepancies in results with PowerFLOW. Further exploration is required regarding transient simulations using OpenFOAM. In terms of meshing methods, a simplified model (Allan Body) was investigated, and there is further research to be done on meshing the complete truck.In conclusion, this thesis presents a comprehensive and in-depth exploration of truck aerodynamics using advanced CFD tools. The results not only deepen the understanding of airflow dynamics around heavy vehicles, but also pave the way for the development of more aerodynamically efficient and environmentally friendly truck designs.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024.
Series
TRITA-SCI-GRU ; 2024:008
Keywords [en]
Heavy-duty truck, Computational fluid dynamics, Air drag, OpenFOAM
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-343018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-343018DiVA, id: diva2:1834483
External cooperation
Scania AB
Educational program
Master of Science - Engineering Mechanics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2024-02-05 Created: 2024-02-05 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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