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Computation, data and AI in Anthropocene history
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2616-5826
Department of History of Science and Ideas, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of History and philosophy of science, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8532-0876
2024 (English)In: History & Technology, ISSN 0734-1512, E-ISSN 1477-2620, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This essay engages with recent scholarship on the epistemology of AI, data and automation, to assert how these practices are becoming increasingly central both to the projects of monitoring and of managing a global environment. We also review Jürgen Renn’s recent contribution The Evolution of Knowledge (2020) in relation to the history of environmental data. Using Renn as point of departure, we stake out a way for understanding the Anthropocene through the interaction between data and environment, taking into account the deeper political implications of datafication. We conclude with discussions about how historians of technology and environment could play an important role in assessing the opportunities and risks of AI for global environmental justice before their full-scale implementation is a fait accompli. In face of the Anthropocene, there is a general need today for integrative efforts of bridging knowledge from natural, technical, social and humanistic domains, and therefore a strong imperative for humanistic studies to transposetools, methodologies, and insights into the realms of policymaking, and legislation. Thus, assessments of AI and environment must account for these historical processes in the present as well as offer critical analysis of the full ontological spectrum from object to epistemology via data and mediation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa UK Limited , 2024. p. 1-19
National Category
History and Archaeology History of Technology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-345206DOI: 10.1080/07341512.2024.2330724OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-345206DiVA, id: diva2:1850200
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

QC 20240411

Available from: 2024-04-09 Created: 2024-04-09 Last updated: 2024-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Wickberg, AdamGärdebo, Johan

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